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I  P  I  I"  P" 

i  ioo  "o 

_  wL  _  . 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  1 999  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and  index  or  of 
the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any  form  by  any 
means— graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  includingphotocopying,  recordingor  taping, 
or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of  Rutgers,  The  State 
University,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  hi  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  0-89093-703-6 


Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Coeditor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 
Helen  Endick 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editors 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Keith  A.  Nier 

Research  Associates 

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Assistant  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 

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Student  Assistants 

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Bethany  Jankunis  Stacey  Saeig 

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Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  National  Park  Service 


Francis  L.  Lawrence 
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Richard  F.  Foley 
David  M.  Oshinsky 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Roger  Durham 
George  Tselos 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.MoIella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
R.  Frank  Colson,  University  of  Southampton 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  University  of  Alberta 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pemisylvania 
Peter  Robinson,  Oxford  University 

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Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Teclmology 


The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
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Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 

National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the 

National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 



Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of  New 
York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Cooper  Industries 
Corning  Incorporated 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  System) 

Exxon  Corporation 

Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 

General  Electric  Foundation 

Gould  Inc.  Foundation 

Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 

David  and  Nhia  Heitz 

Hess  Foundation,  Inc. 

Idaho  Power  Company 

IMO  Industries 

Internationa]  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
Midwest  Resources,  Inc. 

Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  Lighting  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 

RCA  Corporation 

Robert  Bosch  GmbH 

Rochester  Gas  and  Electric  Corporation 

San  Diego  Gas  and  Electric 

Savaimoh  Electric  and  Power  Company 

Schering-Plough  Foundation 

Texas  Utilities  Company 

Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 

Thomson  Grand  Public 

Transamerica  Deiaval  Inc. 

Westinghouse  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service  Corporation 


A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited 
, l,eu  °f  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 

may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Corporate  Files  -  General  (1910) 

[continued  from  reel  203] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
company  finances,  market  conditions,  and  experimental  activities  at  the 
Stewartsville  works.  Most  of  the  letters  are  addressed  to  Edison.  Among  the 
other  correspondents  are  Walter  S.  Mallory,  who  became  president  of  EPCCo 
after  the  death  of  Robert  H.  Thompson  in  1910,  and  company  officials  Herman 
E.  Kiefer,  William  H.  Mason,  and  Harry  F.  Miller.  Some  of  the  letters  discuss 
the  death  and  funeral  of  Thompson.  There  are  also  numerous  letters 
concerning  kiln  tests,  along  with  other  items  pertaining  to  grinding  tests,  dust, 
and  compressed  chalk.  A  few  documents  deal  with  issues  of  product  quality,’ 
such  as  hair  cracks  and  slow  setting  or  slow  hardening.  One  item  indicates  the 
location  of  accounting  records  relating  to  the  installation  of  the  giant 
intermediate  rolls  at  the  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works 
in  1893  and  1 894.  In  addition,  there  are  documents  pertaining  to  other  cement 
manufacturers  and  trade  associations,  along  with  letters  regarding  the 
company's  withdrawal  from  the  Association  of  Licensed  Cement 
Manufacturers.  Some  of  the  correspondence  relates  to  publicity  for  Edison's 
concrete  house;  to  a  trade  show  for  the  cement  industry  in  New  York  City;  and 
to  the  company's  monthly  sales  brochure,  The  Edison  Aggregate.  Other  letters 
deal  with  properties  at  Menlo  Park,  New  Jersey,  and  Iona  Island,  New  York, 
and  with  litigation  involving  the  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating 
Works  and  members  of  the  Cutting  family  of  New  York. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  includes  items  concerning  crushing  roll  contracts,  royalties, 
and  expenses;  semimonthly  dealers'  records;  monthly  statements  of  cement 
sales;  and  bills  of  lading  and  shipping  instructions  for  cement  bags. 

i*Q/  Schticm. 

THe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paitenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.  o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 


boiiton,'  MAsa'.',  PoVtomcoSou 

SAVANNAH,  OAe,  National  Bonk 

August  3,  19X0. 

AUG  41910 

I  am  sending  you  under  separate  cover 
by  express  a  package  containing  a  sample  or  rock  from 
one  or  the  new  pits  we  opened  up  this  Spring  at  OxTord. 
You  will  see  the  blue  stone  Joined  to  the  calotte.  The 
blue  stone  in  texture  and  appearance  is  exactly  like 
the  Annville  stone,  while  the  calcite  is  same  as  runs 
in  the  reBt  or  the  quarries,  l  have  had  the  calcite 
rrom  the  sample  analyzed  and  it  runs  97.9J8  Carbonate 
or  Lime,  while  the  blue  runs  97. 3£.  I  thought  you 
would  be  interested  in  seeing  these  two  stones  together. 

'  There  is  apparently  a  streak  tnat  is 
pretty  nearly  vertical  running  through  this  pit,  and 
we  round  the  same  thing  in  the  big  pit  when  we  rirst 
sank.  It  iB  evident  the^one  streak  runs  through  the 
two  pits. 

Yours  very  truly, 

j  **\ 

;  Uuperintendent. 



TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  P«lL« 

*»**-  p.  o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J,  SSKS! 

August  3,  1910, 


Ur.  ThomaB  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  K.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

AUG  4' IS  10 

In  regard  to  getting  samples  of  fine 
material  next  to  the  belt  from  the  head  pulleys  of  the 
conveyors  which  we  discussed  last  week,  I  would  advise 
that  I  could  not  get  any  tests  of  this  on  aooount  of 
hoppers  being  closed  up  tight  with  steel  liner  plates, 
until  Sunday,  when  I  had  openings  made  to  get  samples. 
Since  that  time  I  have  taken  various  samples  at  the 
head  of  #132,  which  is  the  long  belt  over  the  clinker 
grinding  rolls,  and  at  the  head  of  #110,  which  is  the 
long  belt  over  the  chalk  grinding  rolls.  These  samples 
were  taken  with  a  narrow  trough  about  2"  wide  and  were 
caught  just  about  at  the  center  line  of  the  head  pulley 
as  the  ore  is  dumped.  One  side  of  the  trough  was  held 
practically  in  oontaot  with  the  belt  on  the  head  pulley. 

The  Cement  samples  taken  at  different 

times  are  as  follows: 

%  #200  jg  #100 
No.  1  10  20.6 

2  11.2  23.2 

S  12  21.6 

4  14.8  41.6 

<  #50 

No.  1 

And  the  Chalk  samples  axe  as  follows: 
*  #200  %  #10Q  jg  #60  g  O  ver  #50  Me  ah 

15  22.4  38.8  61.2 

2  13  18.2  30.0  70.0 

3  14.4  21.0  35.0  65.0 

4  13  19.0  30.4  69.6 

From  these  tests  It  would  seem  that  the 
#200  mesh  material  does:  not  separate  very  thoroughly 
from  the  coarser  material,  but  you  can  see  .there  Is 
quite  a  variation  in  the  samples  and  I  am  going  to  make 
some  more  tests  to  see  If  it  is  possible  that  the  vari¬ 
ations  are  due  to  sampling.  The  dust  in  these  places 
is  so  thick  that  it  is  difficult  to  take  the  samples 

Tours  very  truly. 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

tAWMAN  or  iioAltD  SALE8  OFFIOE8 

.  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Pkiudelfhia,  pa„  Arcad^B 

p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  SSSiffi:  SSrt 

August  3,  1910. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  H.  J 
Dear  Sir:- 

last  Sunday  during  the  shut-down  made 
another  test  of  coal  consumed  in  the  power  house  with 
the  following  results: 

These  hollers  have  no  bridge  wall  and 
heavy  brick  lining  same  as  the  Cahill  and  B.  &  W.  type 
and  we  can  only  bank  them  by  pushing  the  fire  up  agalnBt 
the  water  drum.  Prom  some  experience  that  we  have  had 
before  we  did  not  think  that  banking  the  fires  for  38 
hours  would  be  as  economical  aB  letting  them  die  out 
and  building  them  over  again,  but  to  test  it  we  banked 
one  boiler  Saturday  night  and  it  took  400  pounds  of  coal. 
Sunday  night  this  ooal  was  burned  so  that  it  was  necess¬ 
ary  to  put  on  300  pounds  more  and  then  it  took  800  lbs. 
to  start  the  fire  and  get  up  Bteam  Monday  morning,  mak¬ 
ing  a  total  of  1500  poundB  for  this  boiler.  This  took 

a  little  more  coal  than  letting  the  firee  go  out  when 
we  shut  down  and  building  them  up  again  Monday  morning. 

I  do  not  think  this  would  be  true  if  we  had  all  boiler# 
of  the  Cahill  or  B.  &  W.  type. 

For  12  hours  Saturday  night  we  kept  one 
boiler  operating  and  let  the  firee  die  out  in  the  others. 
During  this  time  we  ran  the  engine  5  times  of  about  12 
minutes  each  in  order  to  turn  the  kilns  over  to  relieve 
the  strain  due  to  cooling.  1  estimate  that  this  engine 
took  about  100  H.P.  running  non-condensing  for  the  10  to 
12  minutes,  and  by  subtracting  this  from  the  total  coal 
consumed  we  get  720  pounds  of  coal  used  per  hour  to  take 
care  of  the  condensation  in  the  mains.  This  was  the 
first  night,  and  the  other  boilers  were  hot  and  did  not 
require  as  much  coal  as  later  on  to  keep  the  steam  press¬ 
ure  up. 

At  Sunday  noon  until  Sunday  night  at  12 
o'clook  I  weighed  both  water  and  coal  in  the  one  boiler 
that  waB  used  to  keep  up  the  b team  pressure.  For  these 
12  hours  it  took  1122  pounds  of  coal  per  hour  and  6900 
pounds  of  water  per  hour,  showing  an  evaporation  of  6.16 



pounds  of  water  per  pound  of  coal.  1  had  all  the  steam 
lineB  gone  over  and  there  were  no  appreciable  leaks,  a#d 
all  small  lines  were  out  off,  even  the  line  to  the 
machine  shop  and  the  line  to  the  laboratory. 

So  aB  far  as  I  can  tell,  this  represents 
purely  condensation  and  running  one  feed  pump  for  feed¬ 
ing  this  boiler.  The  Bteam  lines  are  all  covered  and 
this  condensation  figures  out  considerably  more  than  it 
should  figure  from  all  the  information  1  can  get  of  con¬ 
densation  in  well  oovered  steam  pipes.  I  am,  however, 
going  to  measure  accurately  lengths  of  the  lines  and 
make  some  figures  as  to  condensation  and  will  advise  you 
later  in  regard  to  it. 

fours  very  truly, 




%0-v^  ^n^cA^  y —  <7 

e^-^  ^A  ^  Cbcl^  «r£~*jf 

<a£Zy$sa  ^ 

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x  30  Paraffined  Cardboard  Sign— Imprinted 


'itpisM ' 




-  PORTLAND  ... 


Enameled  Wagon  Sign 

30  x  40  Paraffined  Cardboard  Slgn-Not  Imprinter 






10  Feet  x  30  Inches.  Canvas  (Muslin)  Streamer— Imprint! 



7 1nches  x  30  Inches.  Paraffined  Cardboard  Fence  Sign 


12  x  24  Inches.  Wagon  Sign,  Enameled  Tin 

EDISON  m,,  _  ,, 


x  20  indoor  Sign.  Enameled  Tin 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PHJi« 

p.  o  address,  STE WARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  KKS 

August  6,  1910, 

Union  Bulfdln 
PoitOfflco  8qu 
National  Bank 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

1  put  on  this  morning  the  wide  coal 
gun  and  two  small  guns  delivering  the  same  as  you 
ordered,  and  so  far  seems  to  he  working  all  right 
and  iB  apparently  bringing  the  heat  back  closer  to 
the  end  of  the  kiln. 

Will  advise  you  in  a  few  dayB  just 
how  it  works  for  cutting  out  the  coal  rings. 

Yours  very  truly, 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

:=°;,,OAnU  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAG E,  N.  J.  phi 


Newark  RNH  JPA“  Machesnej^Bu 

p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  S«£  SS 

AugUBt  5,  i?;q, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ^  q  G\3 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  Q /: !  J 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  memorandum 
to  Mr.  Mallory  in  reference  to  the  Atlas  Company.  I  have 
taken  this  matter  up  at  once  for  Mr.  Mallory  and  as  Boon 
as  I  get  data  in  connection  with  cement  shipped  to  Panama 
^  will  advise  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 

ABBistant  to  President. 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  f B  d  le 

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THe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

,  I'™  Telegraph,  Freighfand  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Philadelphia?  pa??  Arcade  Eaulldln^ 

01!^"’”'*  N  r  £  *nH  ’d'PA ' ''  W«|ei'”'J'«f8Bulfd"Jfg 

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Tlie  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

8At.ES  OFFIOE8 : 

b..  KoUona^Bni^BuHdln* 


Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  phiumiphi 

P.  o  address,  STE WARTSVILLE,  N.  J,  SS 

Aug.  8,  1910. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison,  ^ 

Orangs,  S.  J, 

Dear  Sirs-  ,  Burning  Off  Coal  Rings. 

We  tried  this  the  other  day  for  about  an 
hour  with  a  double  jet  oil  burner,  using  sand  and  fire 
clay  alternately.  At  the  end  of  that  time,  the  ring  was 
soft  enough  that  we  could  easily  shave  off  layers  three  or 
four  inches  thick  with  the  bar.  If  continued,  it  could 
all  be  removed  this  way,  and  with  no  loss  in  output  as  the 
kiln  has  kept  running  steadily. 

The  trouble  is  to  get  it  hot  enough,  and  we 
now  figure  if  we  experiment  with  a  single  burner  and  make 
it  so  we  can  direct  the  flame  jiBt  where  we  want  it  -  it 
will  be  better  than  a  double  rigid  burner  in. the  middle.  yf& 
BhaU  try  this  as  time  permits. 

Very  truly, 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Phil 

p.  o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J,  SSK 

August  8,  19X0. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  M.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Ref erring  again  to  the  amount  of  vater 
used  In  the  hollers  while  the  plant  1b  shut  down.  Our 
total  steam  used  per  hour,  as  per  my  letter  of  August 
3rd,  was  6900  lhB.  I  have  figured  out  the  total  surfaoe 
of  pipe  lines  In  the  plant  and  they  are  as  follows: 

16"  Pipe  -  164.25  ft. 

I  sq.  ft. 



-  811 

-  145 

-  1120 

-  114 

Steam  Separators 
TOTAL  -  - 

All  of  these  lines  are  well  covered  with 
magnesia  oovering,  and  as  near  as  I  can  get  at  It  from 

various  technical  books  the  condensation  lose  from  pipes 
covered  in  this  manner  would  be  approximately  2/10  of  a 
pound  per  Bquare  foot  per  hour.  This  would  mean  a  total 
condensation  in  the  pipes  of  1470  lbs.  The  boilers 
which  are  not  in  use  for  keeping  up  steam  were  still  on 
the  line  as  the  stop  valves  leaked  so  badly  we  did  not 
think  it  necessary  to  close  them,  so  of  course,  there 
was  some  condensation  in  the  boilers.  On  investigating 
this  X  find  that  each  boiler  has  above  the  water  line 
2,000  square  feet  of  heating  surface,  and  in  making  tests 
on  4  boilers  I  found  that  each  boiler  condenses  345  lbs. 
of  steam  per  hour.  On  9  boilers  this  would  amount  to 
3,110  lbs.  per  hour.  To  sum  up  we  have: 

Estimated  Loss  in  Pipe  Line  1470  Lbs, 

Losb  from  Condensation  in  Boilers  3^10  LbB. 

Making  a  total  of  4580  lbs. 
of  water  accounted  for,  but  we  actually  used  6900  pounds 
per  hour,  making  a  difference  of  2320  pounds  of  water  per 
hour  which  we  are  unable  to  acoount  for  except  by  leaks, 
running  the  big  steam  pump  for  feeding  the  one  boiler, 
which  would  be  a  heavy  loss,  eto. 


The  only  way  I  know  to  remedy  this  Iobb 
in  the  hollers  la  hy  falling  the  hollers,  when  we  ajiut 
down,  full  of  water.  ThiB  would  reduce  the  condensing 
space  In  the  hollers  from  about  2,000  square  feet  to 
lees  than  100  square  feet.  Of  oourse,  If  the  plant 
were  down  for  any  length  of  time  we  could  break  the 
connections  and  put  on  a  blank  flange.  This  la  what 
was  done  with  6  of  the  9  boilers  last  winter  and  part 
of  the  time  we  had  one  or  more  of  the  others  blanked 
off,  but  had  I  known  that  the  condensation  was  anything  Is  I  would  have  had  them  all  cut  off  during  the 
entire  time  the  plait  was  down. 

Youra  very  truly, 


TFTe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

*  p.  O  address.  STEWARTS VILLE,  N.  J. 

August  9,  1910. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  Chillian  mill  consisting  of  a  kiln 
idler  with  a  tongue  on  it  1"  wide  and  hillet  with  a 
groove  in  it  in  whioh  the  tongue  rolls,  Beems  to  he  very 
accurate  for  testing  the  grindahility  of  various  clinkers. 
Have  already  made  a  large  number  of  tests  and  they  oheok 
up  very  closely.  I  rdoently  decided  to  change  the  method 
of  testing  from  2  passes  of  the  roll  on  the  material  to 
20  passes  as  by  the  latter  method  1  get  a  very  muoh 
larger  percentage  of  #200  meBh  material  and  the  error 
will  be  proportionately  less. 

The  following  are  some  of  the  facte  that 
have  shown  up  so  far,  and  after  1  get  more  tests  1  will 
give  you  more  detailed  report. 

1st  -  Mixing  10^  of  #200  mesh  material  with  the 
material  whioh  we  are  testing  reduoes  the  grindability 
of  the  material  very  considerably. 



2nd  -  Under-burned  clinker  or  eoft  burned 
clinker  makes  more  #200  mesh  material  than  harder  burned 
clinker  but  at  the  Bame  time  the  percentage  of  #100  mesh 
is  very  much  larger  in  proportion  and  it  would  aeem  tha} 
this  #100  mesh  material  is  what  causes  the  trouble  from 
sand  in  the  grinding  plant  whioh  you  have  heard  ub  speak 
of  before,  and  when  we  get  a  large  load  of  this  in  the 
mill  then  the  mill  does  not  operate  satisfactorily  as 
the  rolls  do  not  reduoe  the  #100  mesh  readily  to  #200, 
and  it  is  difficult  for  the  blowers  to  separate  properly 
the  #200  from  the  #100  mesh  material, 

further,  took  samples  from  one  cooler,  cooled 
part  of  the  sample  by  sprinkling,  another  part  by  dipping 
in  water  and  allowing  the  3rd  part  to  cool  by  air.  This 
was  done  on  two  or  three  different  samples  and  in  each 
case  the  olinker  cooled  by  dropping  in  water  is  the 
hardest  to  grind.  That  oooled  by  sprinkling  is  the  next 
hardest  and  that  cooled  by  air  alone  is  very  considerably 
easier  to  grind  than  the  other  two.  This  maohine  for 
testing  seems  to  be  quite  accurate  for  we  oan  take  the 
same  sample  and  run  teBts  3  or  4  times  just  alike  and  the 
results  are  very  close  together,  and  1  have  great  hopes 
that  we  will  be  able  to  determine  something  difinite  on 
the  clinker  proposition. 

I  obtained  some  samples  of  Vulcanite 
clinlcer  which  is  quite  different  in  appearance  from  ourB 
and  apparently  softer  burned  but  it  does  not  look  like 
our  softer  burned  clinker  but  looks  more  like  the  clinker 
which  we  made  from  #3  kiln  when  we  were  using  the  8  inch 
gun.  This  ground  better  than  any  of  our  samples  of 
clinker  except  the  sample  which  was  under-burned. 

Yours  very  truly, 




<W*r  U-OA/\M  ; 

(_/  v^svw,  'jpk&.a. 

<b-£^'v — "W-ft-  Gw  Sr-W^-  oJi-k_- 

■\v\X&~.  OLwX^c^o^Y^*'- 




^u^c-  y~^r~ 

’Vv-o^v  2^,^jLoow_  <s_tfeo-v^ 

'“'Vs-"'  <3-a^>.SLK~.~^^  ^  cx-v> _ -  &\jy< 

^  ^  -^SL^ 

VySUjj^-  ^§xe-  'W'-ervJlj^  E^-^_  "vv-JU^ 

WDwJt~  Qiirvr^-  "v^4 

1*0-  fid^OYU 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  8‘V*N",H•  QA" 

August  10,  1910. 

°  d  a  m  es“  B |ul  Mdfi n  e 
B  u?l  d  I 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

Sear  Sir:- 

The  8"  coal  gun  which  was  put  on  Ho.  8 
kiln  yesterday  ran  through  the  24  hours,  and  looking 
at  the  kiln  this  morninglfind  the  «•*!  ring, has  entirely 
disappeared  and  the  coating  of  clinker  extends  clear  to 
the  coal  end  of  the  kiln  and  in  fact,  covers  the  nose 
brick.  The  coating  where  the  coal  ring  was  formerly  is 
apparently  about  6"  thick  while  at  the  end  of  the  kiln 
where  the  clinker  drops  out  it  is  only  about  2".  The 
kiln  vseems  to  be  working  nicely  and  we  are  going  to 
continue  this  gun  for  some  time  to  Bee  what  develops 

I  never  saw  one  of  these  kilns  with  the 
coating  extending  over  the  nose  brick  before  and  with  so 
little  coal  ring,  except  when  a  kiln  is  started  up  JUBt 
after  being  relined. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Mr.  Thomas’  A. Edison, 

. .  Orange,  IT.  J. 

Bear  Sirs-  •  ■  ’ 

I  thank  yon  very  much  for  forwarding  to  me . 
the  information  regarding  the  Atlas  Portland  Cement  Company 
Which  I  am  returning. 

Yours  rnrr  -fcrnlr 


,  4,t 


$  y 


Boy  Head,  H.  j.,  8/8-10 

Hy  dear  Mr. 

Yea  ter/lay  I  met  a  gentleman  from  Hew  York,  who  lo  s 
director  of  the  Lawrence /dement  Co.,  and  ho  gave  me  the  following 
information,  which  I  will  repeat  juat  aa  ho  otated  It}  he  says  hio 
information  ia  direct  and  he  believes  it  to  be  tru^s. 

Mr.  iiosoirell  of  tho  Atlas  Co*  waa  interested  in  some 
of  the  stock  syndicates  and  has  lost  an  immense  amount  of  money  and 
he  was  indorser  on  about  $750,000  of  the  Atlas  paper,  of  which  there  is 
over  #2,000,000  in  the  various  banks,  and  when  the  banks  were  informed 
of  his  losses  in  tho  stock  market,  they  called  on  him  to  make  good  on 
his  indorsements  and  pay  up  the  loans,  which  ho  was  unable  to  do  without 
help,  so  he  was  compelled  to  go  to  J.  p.  Morgan  who  agreed  to  finanoe 
him  through  his  trouble  and  also  to  protect  the  loans  mads  by  tho 
Atlas  Co.  ,on  condition  that  Maxwell  surrender  control  of  the  Atlas  Co. 
which  he  has  done;  and  nr.  George  S’.  Baker  of  the  First  national  Bank 
is  to  be  made  President  of  the  Atlas  to  represent  tho  Morgan  interests 
as  well  as  his  own. 

As  Hr.  Baker  lo  a  director  in  tho  steel  Corporation, 
it  probably  means,  if  this  condition  is  true,  that  the  policy  of  the 
Universal  and  Atlas  companies;,  will  bo  the  same  and  as  their  combined 
outputs  represent  over  20,000,000  bbls.  per  annum,  they  will  dominate 
the  whole  situation  and  as  the  steel .popple  are  believers  in  fair 
sailing  prices  and  like  to  make  money  Vey  Wer6  ^  lead;r^  in  Q&i 


ought  to  improve  materially,  even  if  this  condition  is  not  true,  it  is 
doubtful  whether  the  Atlas  Co.  could  keep  up  the  policy  of  extermination, 
as  their  credit  has  been  greatly  hurt  and  they  will  need  to  make  money 
to  pay  off  their  floating  dobt  and  resume  dividends.  Go  it  looks 
as  if  good  would  coiae  t j  the  industry  either  way. 

.^Maxwell  is  reported  to  have  sold  his  yacht 
and  to  now  be  in  a  s  Aitariura  with  nervous  prostration. 

/  Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  V.  8.  Mftllor^i 


August  11,  1910. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

I  have  your  favor  of  August  10th, 
enclosing  copy  of  letter  of  Mr.  Mallory  regarding  ATLAS, 
and  thank  you  for  same,  which  I  have  perused  with  interest 
I  have  heard  some  similar  rumors  at  this  end  of  the  line. 
If  the  facts  are  as  suggested,  it  should  be  beneficial  all 

With  kindest  regards  and  best  wishes, 
Yours  very  sincerely, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Edison  Laboratory, 

N.  J. 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


Nrw’YohK.'nV  Y.,’’  8t.  damos 
Newark,  N.  J.,  Union  Bu 

0  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  SSftfnTffl 

AugUBt  IX,  1910. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  herewith  a  sketch  showing  the 
8"  pipe  gun  which  is  made  as  I  understood  your  sugges¬ 
tion  on  my  visit  to  Orange.  The  2-l£"  pipes  stick  in 
the  end  of  the  8"  pipe  about  6"  or  8"  and  the  8"  pipe 
comes  flush  with  the  inside  pf  the  door  which  hangs  in 
front  of  the  kiln.  The  8"  pipe  is  64"  long,  closed  on 
the  rear  end  and  flattened  down  somewhat  on  the  delivery 
end,  as  shown  in  sketch.  This  gun  is  still  working  on 
#8  kiln  and  has  built  a  slight  coal  ring  Just  at  the  nose 
brick  while  this  afternoon  the  lining  burned  through 
where  the  original  coal  ring  was  located.  'Am  now  try¬ 
ing  to  patoh  the  kiln.  If  I  do  not  succeed  in  patching 
it  satisfactorily  1  will  take  off  this  gun  for  perhaps 
a  day  and  let  the  coating  grow  at  this  point  and  then 
put  it  back  on. 

The  coal  in  coming  out  the  end  of  the 
8n  pipe  seeme  to  fill  the  whole  area  of  the  pipe,  and 
the  flame  begins  within  about  3"  to  6"  from  the  end  of 
the  pipe,  Thie  makes  this  end  of  the  kiln  very  hot. 

I  hope  this  sketch  will  explain  what  we 

are  using. 

Yours  very  truly. 



These  two  letters  dwell  on  different 
phases  of  the  slow  hardening  question, 
other  letter  first  and  then  the 
manufacturing  side. 

Very  t 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Tcl'2raph'  Fra'«ht  and  Pewter  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  PmUDaLnHu,*PA.?  £c«d°e  Bulwinj 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  S?Saj 

August  16,  1910. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  EdiBon, 

Orange,  H.  J.  ftjJQ  22  IS  10 

Dear  Sir:- 

Herewlth  find  two  letters;, 
let  -  StatuB  of  Slow  Betting  Question 

2nd  -  Blow  Hardening  Prom  a  Manufacturing  Point  of  View. 

I  dislike  very  much  to  burden  you  with 
such  a  mass  of  material,  but  feel  that/ you  are  most  vitally 
interested.  I  have  endeavored  to  beibrief,  but  oan  hardly 
put  the  whole  question  in  less  spa  J.  Please  read  them  in 
the  above  order,  as. the  second  meafcs  nothing  without  the 
first,  and  if  both  together  helots  to  arrive  at  some 
conclusion,  i  shall  feel  j)usti/ed  in  having  forced  such 
lengthy  communi oat ions  oi/you/ 

I  have  rouymyself  in  the  absurd  position 
of  a  lawyer  pleading  bothVeides  of  a  case.  Mrst  1  argue 
to  the  judge  that  there  is  no  such  thing,  that  it  is  not 
a  true  bill,  and  then  I  argue  if  there  is,  then  it  may 
have  happened  in  several  different  ways. 

Nevertheless  I  am  unlike  the  lawyer  in 
that  I  am  after  the  truth,  no  matter  which  client  gets 


the  verdict.  I  am  on  both  si  do  a  and  when  we  have  decided 
which  we  shall  believe  and  act  on.  we  can  make  more 

Very  truly, 



JBe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

iwark"  n'  j'  v" 


August  18,  1910, 

Hr.  ThomaB  A,  Edison, 
Orange,  ir,  j. 

Dear  Sir:- 

'  AUG  22  1910 

fePlHQ  QDESTinff 

it  might  be  Inferred 
Is  a  fault  peculiar 
prepared  to  admit,  as  from 
1  to  be  no  more  so  than  any 
our  records  I  do  not  believe 

From  the  title 
that  Slow  Setting,  or  Slow 
to  EdiBon  Cement.  This  I 
the  evidence  I  can  get  it  a] 
other  brand  of  cement,  and 
we  have  as  much  of  it  as  others.  When  we  do  have  it.  or 
when  other  companies! have /it,  I  believe  in  nine  cases  out 
of  ten  it  is  because  the  /cement  has  not  been  used  properly. 
X  know  it  is  hard  toljuge  how  far  the  cement  company  is 
responsible  and  how  Vthe  user  is  responsible,  and  how 
many  or  the  complaints  are  true  bills,  but  1  believe  it  is 
only  a  very  small  percentage. 

gE»0W  HARDENING  AWp  its  fiAirnpa 
A»  stated  bettre.  there  are  a  heater  or 
the  user  osn  anintentionsUy  er  carelessly  „  ,l0, 
hardening.  !  shall  g,T,  ,  aotM1  „„  aa4  ^ 

the  past  re.  years  and  the  reason.  ..  „.,rly  ..  ,  cm  g„, 
at  them. 





Several  yeara  ago  the  Good  Roads  Machinery 
Company  of  Kennett  Square,  Pa.,  got  a  carload  of  cement  and 
after  using  part  of  it  claimed  it  would  not  aet  up  and 
insisted  on  our  tailing  it  away.  We  did  not  inveatigate  the 
work  immediately,  hut  have  only  their  word  for  it.  After  a 
time  they  became  more  urgent  and  Wakeman  made  a  proposition 
to  them  to  send  them  another  car  and  if  the  second  oar  was 
all  right  they  would  accept  hoth  oars  and  pay  for  them.  We 
sent  the  car  and  it  worked  all  right,  yet  they  went  back  on 
their  agreement  and  demanded  that  we  remove  the  first'  car. 

I  went  on  the  job  and  I  could  not  see  where  they  had  any  use 
for  two  carB  of  cement  and  concluded  that  after  making  the 
blunder  of  accepting  Wakeman* a  proposition  they  found  them- 
selfea  with  an  extra  oar  of  cement  on  hand  at  the  time  and 
wanted  to  get  out  of  it.  The  end  of  it  was  that. after  con¬ 
siderable  time,  Wakeman  sold  that  same  oar  of  alleged  de¬ 
fective  cement  to  a  contractor  in  Kennet  Square  at  a  higher 
price  than  he  originally  sold  it  for  and  it  gave  excellent 


We  sold  a  car  of  cement  to  Angus  McDonald, 
Cambridge,  Mass.  He  used  part  of  it  on  ene  end  of  a  building 



and  part  on  another,  using  sand  taken  from  the  foundationa. 

On  one  end  the  oand  was  loamy  and  hlaok  with  organic  matter. 

On  thio  end  the  oement  had  not  hardened  In  three  weeks.  They 
claimed  they  had  not  ueed  any  of  the  loamy  oand,  hut  it  ia 
my  own  private  opinion  that  they  d£d.  My  ohemical  teato  ahowed 
that  they  did.  Their  own  ohemist  reported  the  cement  0.  K. 
and  reported  the  oand  aa  loamy.  We  took  Hr.  H.  1-.  Moyer  up 
and  he  expressed  hia  opinion  that  it  waa  loamy  sand.  The  work 
they  put  in  on  the  other  end  of  the  building  waa  made  from 
oement  from  the  aamd  oar  and  waa  0.  K.  It  ia  impoasicle  to 
get  two  kinde  of  oement  in  the  name  car  and  if  it  were  pooaihle, 
it  ia  extremely  improbable  that  all  of  the  one  kind  would  go 
in  one  end  and  make  good  work  and  all  of  the  other  kind  go  in 
the  other  end  and  make  poor  work.  We  chipped  about  aixteen 
other  oara  from  thia  same  lot  of  cement  and  five  of  them  went 
on  Boston  orders,  yet  we  did  not  hear  a  murmur  about  any  of 
them  being  "alow  eat". 

We  made  an  allowance,  but  the  oement  waa  not 

at  fault. 



Adams  &  Rond  put  in  a  foundation  wall  13  inohea 
thick  and  about  8  feet  high  with  no  footing  course ,  and  that 
on  olay  bottom.  The  architect  was  wise  enougn  and  apeoified 
that  a  layer  of  broken  atone  should  be  put  in  the  bottom  to 


drain  off  the  surplus  water.  They  dioregarded  thia  precaution 
and  the  water  aoftened  the  oiay  and  the  wall  aettled  and  fall 
8  inchea  out  of  plunh  without  diatorting.  aa  the  forme  held  it, 
hut  they  diaturhed  the  initial  set  and  suboequent  hardening 
waa  alow.  Parte  or  it  hardened  quickly,  probably  before  or 
after  the  aettling  took  place.  Another  portion  of  cement  from 
the  came  car  waa  uaed  in  a  portion  of  the  wall  where  they  uaed 
broken  atone  below  to  drain  aa  opacified,  and  thia  waa  hard  aa 
any  job  of  any  cement.  Thia  caae  waa  called  a  -alow  e«t"  and 
to  retain  the  trade  we  made  an  allowance,  yet  the  cement  waa 
not  at  fault. 

4th  Type‘  SPICK  SETT  I  MS  TOE  TO  HOT  WttATmp 

Srerr  brand  of  cement  ia  liable  at  timea  to 
become  quick  aetting  in  excessively  hot  weather,  even  though 
elow  aetting  in  normal  weather.  On  aocount  of  poor  credit 
we  changed  from  one  dealer  Ho  another  at  Yankere.  H.  y.  The 
firet  oar  of  cement  we  ahipped  them  waa  aold  quickly  and 
250  barrels  more  on  the  way,  when  the  contractor  who  bought 
the  loot  16  barrels  of  cement  from  the  first  lot  reported 
it  faulty  and  the  dealere  got-coldW-  and  wanted  to  throw 
up  the  agency.  I  went  on  the  Job***' the  foreman  who  uaed 
11  barrels  of  it  in  a  sidewalk  told  u a  that  the  three  or  four 
days  they  worked  on  the  walk  were  exceaaively  hot  dry.  and 
that  the  cement  laid  out  in  the  hot  sun  every  day,  that  when 


he  mixed  it  toe.  oould  not  use  enough  water  to  keep  it  from 
setting,  yet  he  was  ignorant  enough  to  keep  on  using  it. 

The  result  was  a  raulty  walk  that  had  to  come  up.  The  fire 
barrels  that  were  unused  toe  returned  to  the  dealer  who  in 
turn  sold  this  same  fire  barrels  to  a  man  to  put  in  a  mosaic 
floor,  it  evidently  gave  satisfaction  there,  as  we  never 
heard  from  it.  It  was  used  ineido  and  did  not  lay  in  the 
hot  sun  up  to  say  96  degrees  before  using. 

To  show  how  newB  travels,  the  report  or  thie 
eleven  barrels  reached  a  mason  who  was  putting  in  another 
mosaic  floor  in  a  saloon  and  toe  promptly  put  in  a  kick  on 
slow  setting.  By  the  time  1  got  there  the  ttior  was  0.  K. 
in  every  respeot,  but  the  ignorant  mason  had  to  defend  hia 
unwarranted  complaint  and  still  maintained  that  it  was  not 
good  cement,  that  there  was  no  good  cement  exoept  "Alice" 
Cement.  He  meant  Atlaa.  There  was  a  case  of  ISO  barrels, 
and  yet  the  users  of  about  15  barrels  fancied  they  had  a 
complaint  while  they  only  abused  the  oement.  The  other 
135  barrels  we  never  heard  from. 

A  quick  setting  oement  which  has  its  Initial 
set  broken  in  working  la  always  alow  hardening..  Then  we 
are  responsible  ror  the  quick  setting  I  am  willing  to  admit 
it,  but  if  it  lays  in  the  toot  aun,  it  may  or  may  not  be  our 
fault.  I  have  known  the  aun  to  make  oement s  with  2jf  Sul- 



Phurio  Acid  quick  setting,  yet  we  would  not,  dare  add  that 
much  to  prevent  it.  That  ia  one  of  the  things  we  must 
taie  as  it  comes,  but  it  is  fair  to  assume  that  If  135 
barrels  gives  good  work  and  15  barrels  makes  poor  work, 
the  cement  ie  not  at  fault. 

6th  TyPe*  ggMBXATHTS  QP  SLOW  BBT  BABUp.  pg  TRAMTTnffl 

This  is  at  the  bottom  of  a  very  large  majority 
of  our  complaints.  At  one  time,  Bdison  Cement  was  low  in 
lime.  Low  lime  cements  are  quick  setting  and  in  many  cases 
no  doubt  the  initial  set  was  broken  in  mixing  and  the  inevi¬ 
table  result  was  slow  hardening.  The  faot  that  we  ground 
86*  was  the  envy  of  our  competitors  and  by  a  concerted  action 
they  all  made  us  a  target  for  attack  and  passed  -slow  setting- 
argument  to  the  trade  everywhere.  Today  we  have  a  high  lime 
cement  and  as  we  can  not  be  cited  as  falling  down  on  any 
epeoifications  those  who  do  not  want  to  use  it  or  want  to 
prevent  a  sale,  fall  back  on  tradition  and  use  an  argument 
that  is  so  intangible  that  they  can  not  back  up  in  a  teat 
but  create  an  unfavorable  impression  by  claiming  -alow 
setting-.  We  have  no  vulnerable  point  in  the  line  of  apeoi. 
fications.  .0  what  is  a  -knocker-  to  do  but  appeal  to  prejudice* 
Some  time  ago  we  had  a  ease  with  Bradley  Con¬ 
tracting  CO.  who  used  126,000  barrels  on  the  Subway  with  good 
results.  They  were  dickering  with  ua  for  200,000  more,  and  I 



that  the  young  fellow  (Frank  Bradley)  who  Is  foay, 
to  hammer  at  alow  eet  to  get  our  prioe  down.  He 
put  In  hi b  complaint  in  oold  weather  and  demanded  that  I 
come  over  at  once.  1  went  over  and  before  seeing  him.  went 
on  the  job  and  found  out  that  even  though  it  wae  a  very  cold 
Bpell  they  were  taking  their  forms  off  in  four  daye  and  were 
not  heating  any  of. their  materials.  That  convinced  me  that 
the  cement  wae  0.  K.  and  1  went  in  to  see  him,  and  he  immed¬ 
iately  made  all  eorte  of  threats  about  cancelling  on  account 
of  "slow  set".  I  said,  "Look  here,  you  have  no  slow  set 
cement  and  are  doing  as  well,  or  better,  than  jCranford  is 
on  the  other  Subway  job  with  Oiant".  He  said,  -It  is  not 
so,  they  take  them  off  in  two  days".  I  said.  -All  right, 
get  Cranford's  enief  engineer  on  ’phone". 

Bradley;-  "What  for7" 

Kiefer;-.  "Hover  mind.  I'll  dictate  a  conversation 
when  you  get  him”. 

The  engineer  was  rung  up  and  the  following 

passed:- - 

"How  long  do  yon  leave  your  forms  up?" 

Answer:-  "Pour  days".  "Are  you  heating  your  materials?" 

"Yob,  all  of  them". 

X-then  said,  "Mr.  Bradley,  you  are  using  no 
precautions  and  are  doing  as  well- as  a  man  who  is  using  every 
precaution.  You  have  no  grounds  for  complaint".  He  only 

was  going 


laughed  and  oald,  "Parget  it*.  Prom  that  day  to  thie.  he 
never  aaye  slow  eat  unleea  he  ia  trying  to  beat  the  price 

A  short  time  ago  we  tried  to  get  a  contract 
from  him  and  he  atarted  in  on  "alow  act*.  I  reminded  him 
Of  the  Cranford  telephone  oonveraation  and  laughingly  said, 
"How  follow  the  advice  you  gave  me  and  'Forget  it**.  He 
aaw  the  point  and  laughed  and  aaid,  four  cement  ia  all  right, 
now  let  ue  get  down  to  braBB  taoke  and  talk  price*. 

6th  Type.  BLOW  SET  A8  AH  EXraJHR 

Haay  timea  our  ealeamen  are  peraletent  in 
getting  an  order  (that  la  commendable)  that  the  purchaser 
already  decided  to  give  to  some  one  elae,  which  he  haa  a 
perfect  right  to  do,  ae  the  other  fellow  alao  haa  friends. 
Uvery  purchaeer  givea  acme  reason,  and  it  ia  quite  natural 
for  him  to  repeat  parrot-like  what  he  haa  been  told  -  four 
cement  la  too  alow  aet".  There  ia  no  baaia  for  a  poeition 
like  that,  in  one  oaae  it  waa  put  up  that  way  that  Bdiaon 
wae  put  off  the  job  on  account  of  alow  aet  and  Lehigh  sub- 
atituted.  and  when  the  facta  were  obtained  it  waa  the  Lehigh 
that  waa  thrown  of r  the  Job  for  the  fault  they  Attributed 
to  Sdiaon,  and.Sdiaon  Cement  aubstituted  beoauae  it  jUd 
give  satiafaotlon. 

This  ia  true  in  a  great  many  oaaea.  l  give 



you  only  one  instance  ae  typical.  The  Boston  Office  obtained 
an  order  from  the  Aberthaw  Construction  Co.  for  20,000  barrels 
for  vrhat  will  be  the  largest  cotton  warehouse  in  the  world. 
They  began  using  it  and  in  a  short  time  Borne  one  evidently 
hammered  them  full  of  "slow  hardening"  bobh.  They  began  to 
oomplain  and  Bernard  'phoned  that  unless  we  would  guarantee 
quioker  setting  cement  they  would  canoel  the  order.  I  believe 
in  Christian  Soienoe  to  this  extent  -  ffor  an  imaginary  ill  an 
imaginary  remedy  suffices.  I  promptly  wrote  Bernard  to  tail 
them  to  be  a  little  patient  and  we  would  prepare  a  cement 
especially  for  them  and  ship  it  the  next  week.  Of  course, 
we- did  nothing  of  the  kind,  but.the  next  week  we  shipped  them 
three  oars  of  identically  the  same  kind  of  cement  they  had  been 
UBing  and  I  wrote  Bernard  giving  him  the  oar  numbers  and 
requesting  him  to  have  the  Aberthaw  people  watch  those  three 
oars  and  report,  and  under  date  or. July  2Bth  Bernard  writes  - 
"We  have  received  advices  from  the  Aberthaw  people  to  the 
effeot  that  the  three  oars  of  oement  arrived  and  they  are 
much  quicker  setting  which,  of. course,  is  a  great  advantage 
to  them,  so  that  you  oan  see  that  it  pays  ub  to  a  quioker 
setting  cement  than  we  have  heretofore  made". 

Wonderful  I  a  letter  from  us  telling  them  three 
oars  were  quick  setting  madft  them  g£,  as  that  was  absolutely 
the  only  step  we  took.  You  oan  see  what  oonfi den oe  it  plaoed 
in  the  Aberthaw  people,  who  are  reputed  to  be  the  most  expert 



reinforoed  concrete  firm  in  New  England.  Imagination.  Our 
Boaton  Office  aleo  yielded  to  Christian  Soienoe  treatment, 
as  shown  by  the  latter  part  of  their  letter. 

With  many  people  a  thing  la  what  they  think 
it  is  and  when  they  think  it  is  alow  setting  it  ia  not  a 
change  of  cement  that  ia  neoeaaaty  hut  a  change  of  mind  on 
their  part.  My  coneoienoe  is  elaetio  enough  to  reoort  to 
the  above  course  if  it  brings  results.  Had  we  been  thrown 
off  the  above  Job  it  would  have  been  aooeptcd  as  bona  fide 
evidence  of* alow  setting. 


Hr.  Upton  aella  a  great  lot  of  our  cement. 

He  very  Beldom  has  a  complaint  and  hao  had  no  alow  hardening 
complaints  that  he  ia  not  convinced  was  due  to  the  way  it 
waa  used  and  not  the  cement.  He  has  a  way  of  silencing 
that  argument.  When  he  gets  a  refusal  to  buy  cement  on 
that  a core,  he  challenges  a  comparative  teat,  using  a  bag 
of  each  of  four  or  five  brands  of  oeraent  in  a  piece  of 
work,  treating  all  the  same  way  and  noting  results.  He 
has  dope  this  several  times  and  it  gave  him  renewed  confi¬ 
dence  in  Edison  Cement.  He  can  give  you  all  particulars. 


Cement  held  e  long  time  in  storage,  or  exposed 
to  dampness  becomes  alow  hardening.  We  had  two  oases  recently 
where  the  loss  on  ignition  was  4$#.  Ho  oement  like  this  ever 



left  the  mill  and  the  Blow  hardening  was  undoubtedly  due  to 
one  of  the  above  causes. 

10th  Type.  IGNORANCE  INMIftlKp 

Mary  of  the  oomplainta  coming  from  dealers 
show  that  a  few  of  their  customers  get  poor  results  and  the 
majority  get  good  reeulte  from  the  same  oar  of  cement.  If 
an  ignorant  fanner  or  laborer  uses  a  rew  barrels  and  uses 
poor  sand,  poor  proportions,  poor  mixing,  lets  it  take  its 
lnitUal  set  before  he  places  it,  or  any  one  of  one  hundred 
other  things,  and  gets  a  poor  job  he  complains, to  the  dealer. 
To  show  to.what  extremes  ignorance  can  lead,  one  man  used 
8  or  12  barrels  at  Bangor,  Maine,  by  filling  his  forms  with 
stones  and  briok-bats  and  pouring  in  the  cement.  He  made  a 
olalkn,  of  course.  Another  had  his  cement  all  washed  out  of 
the  forms  by  tides  or  high  water,  and  made  his  claim.  Our 
Sales  Department  ran  these  things  down  and  explained  them 
on  their  cwuplaint  slips.  If  we  took  the  trouble  to  run  down 
every  little  kick,  there  would  be  many  more  like  them  and  no 
doubt  many  general  slow  Bet  oomplaintB  are  on  the  eame  plane. 

Uth  Type.  SSL 9m  CAPgE.PF-BlOff  HARDpfffp 

Case  was  at  Freeport,  l.  I.,  where  a  claim  was 
made  for  $400.00,  alleging  that  the  cement  would  not  harden. 

1  went  on  the  Job  and  found  the  top  ooat  of  the  sidewalk  was 
0.  K. ,  but  on  digging  under  it  on  the  side  could  dig  out  the 
concrete  base  with  a  knife.  The  cement  was  not  put  in  it. 



The  same  fellow  put  in  a  piece  on  the  opposite  aide  of  the 
street  with  Vuloanlte  Cement  and  olaimed  it  was  0.  K.  On 
digging  under  it  on  the  Bide  I  could  taJce  out  the  founda¬ 
tion  just  toelow  the  top  ooat  with  my  fingers  in  handB  full. 
Do  not  know  whether  he  complained  to  them  or  not,  hut  it 
was  a  Bkin  game  in  both  oaeea. 



Z  do  not  Know  that  we  have  ever  Seen  able  to 
spot  a  case  of  this  kind,  out  many  walks  are  epolled  by 
breaking  the  initial  net  by  waiting  too  long  to  finish  it. 
Slow  hardening  follows  and  it  isjLot  due  to  the  oement. 

•  Tbia  ie  such  a  common  occurrence  that  we  must  have  had 
many,  cases,  whether  they  are  reported  or  not. 


If  we  ship  a  dealer  160  barrels  of  cement 
and  he  only  gets  complaints  from  16  barrels,  os  at  Yonkers, 
the  other  135  barrels  gave  good  work,  1b  it  not  probable 
that  all  the  cement  was  0.  K.  and  my  explanation  the  proper 
one?  There  are  numberless  cases  like  this. 

Ifv/e  ship '40  oars  or  oement  in  one  day  all 
from  the  same  pile  of  oement  and  have  a  complaint  on  one 
car  and  that  is  not  substantiated,  and  we  hear  nothing  from 
the  39  oars,  is  it  not  probable  that  all  40  were  0.  K.? 


12  op  out  b  and  eend  6  or  them  to  Hew  England  and  work  done 
with  one-half  oar  of  cement  on  one  end  of  building  wao 
faulty  end  with  the  other  half  of  the  earne  oar  on  the 
other  end  waa  0.  K. ,  and  we  hear  nothing  from  the  other 
fire  oaro.  lo  it  not  probable  that  all  six  care  were  0.  X.? 

If  our  reoord  for  four  years  shows  leas  than 
1A0  of  1#  cement  not  paid  for.  is  it  not  probable  that  the 
cement  wae  all  0.  X.? 

If  our  Sales  Department  get  actual  complaints 
from  users  (not  hearoay  or  excueeo  to  the  effect  that  that 
io  the  reason  they  wont  ,buy)  to  the  extent  of  8#,  or  80  timeo 
the  above  reoord.  Is  it  not  the  law  of  probabilities  that  if 
we  made  96#  of  our  cement  good  and  6#  off  quality,  that  this 
8#  would  be  made  at  one  time  and  therefore  shipped  at  one 
time?  If  so,  our  complaints  would  always  come  In  bunches  from 
ears  shipped  the  same  day.  The  fact  is.  I  do  not  think  It  has 
ever  occurred  that  we  got  two  complaints  on  cement  that  were 
shipped  the  same  day.  or  from  the  same  lot  to  different  parties. 

If  there  is  any  slow  setting  cement,  there  is 
more  than  a  oarload,  or  two  or  three,  or  even  five  carloads 
on  a  pile,  and  these  would  go  at  or  about  the  same  time. 

If  we  make  any  slow  setting  oement.  it  is  certain 
that  it  is  mors  than  a  handful  and  must  be  at  least  a  half 
day's  run,  or  5,000  barrels,  or  16  carloads.  These  16  earloads 
are  about  three  hours'  packing  and  if  begun  late  in  the  day 



o°uld  extend  over  two  shipping  daye,  but  should  we  not  find 
occasionally  on  looking  up  recorda  that  oomplainta  ehould 
be  on  cement  shipped  on  oertaln  dates?  The  contrary  ie  the 
faot,  however,  that  the  dates  are  far  apart  and  never  two 
on  the  same  day. 

The  Sales  Department  claim  that  there  are  many 
slow  set  complaints  we  never  hear  about  end  while  we  lose  the 
business  they  do  not  report  them.  When  the  bulk  of  those 
reported  prove  to  be  unfounded,  it  is  safe  to  say  that  those 
not  reported  are  goaslp  only,  with  nothing  tangible  to  report. 

To  oover  all  kinds  of  possibilities  from  the 
sales  point  of  vieW,  I  admit  for  Bake  of  argument,  not  aa  a 
fact,  that  5#  of  our  cement  is  alow  setting.  If  so,  then  we 
manufacture  It  some  time  and  if  so,  why  dont  the  complaints 
ooinolde  as  to  date  of  shipments? 

From  a  manufacturing  point  of  view,  1  am  at  sea. 
I  can  not  put  my  hands  on  any  carload  of  "slow  setting"  cement 
at  the  1411.  We  will  ship  ioo  or  160  or  more  oars,  then  oomes 
a  complaint  on  one  or  them,  then  we  ship  that  many  more  and 
another  complaint,  eta.  There  Is  absolutely  no  mathematical 
way  that  I  can  figure,  that  we  oan  make  and  store  "slow  setting* 
cement  bo  that  it  oan  be  Shipped  to  coincide  with  the  erratic 
way  the  complaints  traced  back  to  shipping  date  shows  it. 




In  the  foregoing,  I  have  covered  a  number  of 
waye  the  oomplainte  originate  and  covered  about  every  serious 
caee  we  have  had  in  several  yeara,  and  while  we  have  made 
allowances  in  some  oases,  I  have  not  yet  found  a  case  where 
I  could  honestly  and  candidly  confess  to  myself  or  any  one 
else  that  the  cement  was  "slow  setting".  It  Is  not  an  easy 
matter  for  any  one  to  always  be  able  to  say  where  the  fault 
lies,  especially  as  the  complainant  will  never  tell  all  he 
knows  or  assist  in  getting  at  the  bottom  of  things  if  he 
thinks  he  is  at  fault,  but  it  is  not  fair  to  say  that  because 
we  can  not  always  prove  the  case  to  the  satisfaction  of  the 
conoumer  that  the  cement  was  at  fault. 

I  admit  the  hales  Department  have  oomplainte, 
but  is  that  not  part  of  any  business?  It  is  Unfortunate  for 
us  that  every  faulty  Job  is  attributed  to  "slow  pet"  because 
knockerh  keep  alive  a  tradition.  It  is  not  in  the  power  of 
the  Mill  to  stop  it.  The  only  way  is  by  firmness  on  the  part 
of  every  member  of  the  selling  force. 

They  get  some  complaints,  but  let  them  remember 
they  sell  from  1,000  to  1,800  oars  per  month,  or  say  one  and  a 
half  million  barrels  per  year.  That  la  easily  said,  but  oon- 
veys  no  idea  of  magnitude  to  them,  let  them  look  at  it.  in 
another  way.  That  is,  equivalent  to  about  10,000  carloads 
or  a  train  400000  feet,  or  about  7?  miles  long,  let  them 



con  aider  tnemselves  riding  in  a  train  from  Hew  York  to  Easton 
or  Hew  York  to  Hew  Haven,  and  passing  nothing  tout  one  solid 
string  of  freight  oars,  all  Edison  Cement,  representing  one 
year's  sales.  Would  they  not  expect  to  see  one  oar  and  there 
about  which  somebody  would  complain?  Can  any  one  tell  ue  any 
business  the  magnitude  of  this  that  does  not  have  complaints? 
If  so,  what  is  it? 

I  have  written  a  great  deal  on  this  subject, 
but  1  feel  that  it  1b  necessary  as  a  preliminary  to  my  letter 
on  manufacturing  problems  and  to  give  my  estimate  on  what  we 
should  consider  and  what  we  should  disregard. 

1  should  be  pleased  to  have  the  Sales  Depart¬ 
ment  compile  a  list  of  all  the  authentic  cases  they  have. on 
hand  and  give  all  the  evidence  to  support  each  case,  so  that 
wo  may  consider  the  whole  as  a  problem.  In  considering, 
hearsay  evidence  or  unsupported  opinion  should  be  taken  at 
what  it  is  worth. 

We  gdjni_t  that  a  great  many  customers  believe 
Edison  is  slow  hardening,  but  we  do  not  want  to  prove  what 
they  believe,  we  wish  to  prove  whether  there  is  any  basis 
for  the  belief  or  not.  Popular  Belief  is  frequently  erron¬ 
eous.  Several  hundred  years  ago  many  people  believed  in 
witches,  but  there  were  no  more  witches  then  because  the 
people  believed  in  them  than  there  are  now  when  they  do  not 



believe  in  them.  Some  yearn  ago  six  million  oitisene  voted 
for  "Free  Silver".  It  had  no  more  merit  then  than  it  has 
now  when  you  oould  not  even  make  it  a  splinter  in  a  political 

I  am  not  critioissing  the  Sales  Department  in 
any  manner,  shape  or  form,  but  only  agitate  the  question  to 
bring,  out  all  the  facts  and  determine  whether  "Slow  Hardening" 
is  a  "witch"  or  "Free  Silver",  or  whether  it  is  a  real  evil 
inherent  in  the  cement,  and  if  so,  whether  it  is  more  pro¬ 
nounced  in  Edison  than  in  any  other  brand. 

If  we  establish  it,  then  we  are  justified  in 
spending  money  to  oorrect  it.  If  we  are  ohasing  a  Will  o' 
the  Wisp,  let  ua  find  it  out  by  amicable  argument  and  stop 
spending  money. 



TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

ON.ciiAmuAKOiriioAiiD  _  .  SALES  OFFICES : 

.  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Philadelphia,  pa„  Arcade^Bu 

—  P.  O  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

August  17,  1010. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  liaison, 

Orange,  H.  J, 

Bear  Sir:- 


That  alow  hardening  cement  oan  be 
made  li  an  admitted  fact,  and  1  shall  endeavor  to  show 
each  of  the  ways  and  make  any  oamnents  aa  to  how  we  could 
modify  It. 

let  Method;.  Low  lime  cements  are  quick  Betting  and 

If  the  sulphur! o  aold  is  not  properly  regulated  there  Is 
a  danger  of  the  oement  taking  its  initial  set  in  mixing 
and  then  when  placed  the  final  set  or  hardening  la  greatly 
retarded.  This  may  have  happened  frequently  in  the  past, 
but  for  several  years  we  have  made  no  low  lime  oement  and 
oan  dismiss  this  subject  aa  a  cause  for  the  slow  hardening 
complaints  we  get. 

ggdHethod:-  Sags  or  water 

All  oement*  beocrae  slow  setting  and  slow 
hardening  with  ago.  Thio  is  due  to  the  faot  that  they 
absorb  water  and  oarbonio  aeid  in  storage.  The  oarhonio 
acid  probably  has  no  effeot,  as  it  simply  forms  s  small 



amount  of  carbonate  of  lime  and  la  inert.  The  water  on 
the  other  hand,  doea  have  a  deolded  effeot  In  hydrating 
the  lime,  partially  netting  the  oement,  even  though  it 
may  atill  remain  aa  a  fine  powder.  Theoretically  it  only 
taken  8 %  to  1Q$  of  water  to  complete  the  reaotiona,  but 
to  bring  the  part  Idea  Into  a  aeml  aolution  and  get  them 
in  contaot  from  2Q$f  to  26#  la  uaed. 

If  a  oement  abaorba  eeveral  per  oent  of  water 
It  can  not  help  blit  be  injurioualy  affected. 

There  are  eeveral  waya  the  water  can  get  in 

the  oement. 

let—  In  the  clinker.  If  it  i8  atored  in  the 
yard  too  long  it  abaorba  water  and  ahowa  a  high  loaa  on 
ignition.  We  have  not  ehipped  any  of  thla  kind  of  oement 
for  aome  in  on  the,  yet  alow  hardening  oomplainta  continue. 
When  we  did  ahip  it ,  we  mixed  the  olinker  with  freah 
olinker  and  kept  the  ioaa  low  in  the  oement. 

2nd—  If  hot  olinker  ia  treated  with  too  muoh 
water  and  allowed  to  oool  under  water,  it  abaorba  enough 
to  make  it  high  loaa  on  ignition.  Since  we  have  punched 
holea  in  the  oonveyor  buckets  we  have  none  of  thla  trouble 
and  while  I  think  we  are  atill  uaing  an  exoeasive  amount 
of  water,  I  am  not  prepared  to  prove  that  it  ia  having  any 
injurious  effeot.  It  may  or  it  may  not. 



3rd.-  Our  losses  on  ignition  are  still  high, 
hut  analyses  of  the  olinker  before  adding  the  gypsum  do 
not  show  that  it  is  high.  We  use  more  gypsum,  whioh  has 
about  26#  of  water,  but  of  this  at  least  4/6  is  water  of 
crystallization  and  I  hare  my  doubts  as  to  whether  lime 
in  the  cement  hae  enough  affinity  for  water  to  break  up 
the  water  of  crystallization  of  the  gypBum.  If  not,  then 
the  addition  there  is  not  objectionable.  Moreover,  many 
other  mills  use  it  with  no  bad  results. 

The  water  has  been  out  out  of  the  revolving 
and  other  humidors  during  the  summer  and  there  oould  be 
no  extra  water  added  at  that  point.  The  only  thing  that 
oould  happen  would  be  the  formation  of  a  small  amount  of 
oarbonate  with  the  oarbonio  aoid  in  the  gases.  This 
would  be  inert. 


We  have  tested  and  analyzed  a  great 
many  samples  of  oement  returned  to  us  from  lots  that 
are  olalaed  to  be  "slow  setting",  in  the  great  majority 
of  these  eases  we  found  the  pbysioal  tests  0.  K.  In  the 
earlier  lots  several  years  ago  we  found  the  lime  below 
62.Q#  and  the  loss  on  ignition  above  Thinking  that 

low  lime  oaused  it ,  we  inoreased  the  lime  to  offset  this 
and  for  two  years  our  analyses  on  these  returned  samples 


are  above  62. Q#  and  yet  they  olaim  slow  eet.  The  conolu- 
Bi°n  that  2i  to  Iobb  on  ignition  caused  it  was  inevitable 
as  every  sample  returned  had  thia  much  and  none  ot  them 
showed  low  loss.  Heoently  we  had  two  samples  returned  rrom 
small  dealers,  one  from  New  York  and  one  from  Pennsylvania 
where  the  Iobb  was  4tf.  It  is  absolutely  oertain  that  no 
cement  was  ever  shipped  from  the  mill  like  this.  The  high 
loss  there  is  undoubtedly  due  to  being  stored  in  a  damp 
place  and  beyond  our  control.  The  one  sample  we  could 
trace;  the  other  was  bought  through  a  dealer  and  we  could 
not  locate  the  shipment.  In  the  one  we  did  locate  we  found 
it  was  shipped  from  Bin  "J» ,  on  May  10th,  and  on  that  same 
day  we  shipped  about  40  oars  from  that  bin.  No  complaint 
was  heart  from  the  others,  henoe  it  is  evident  that  this 
high  loss  was  due  to  it'  being  damaged  by  exposure  after  it 
left- here.  If  other  oements  are  treated  this  way  they  aot 
the  same.  I  have  had  similar  experiences  wherever  I  have 
been  and  other  companies  have  them.  We  are  no  exception. 
There  is  no  question  that  cement  oarried  in  a  dealer's 
warehouse  a  great  length  of  time  becomes  a  little  slower 
hardening  than  fresh  oeraent,  and  that  fresh  oement  exposed 
to  extremes  of  moisture  soon  becomes  slow  hardening.  We 
are  not  in  a  position  to  prevent  either  of  these. 

Whether  we  are  any  worse  in  this  respeot, 
remains  to  be  determined.  I  admit  we  have  a  name  for  it  - 
our  Sales  Department  believes  it,  and  some  of  the  trade 


-B-  " 

believes  it  or  pretendB  to  believe  it.  1  do  not  queation 
the  belief,  but  aak  whether  there  ie  any  baele  for  believing 
ua  any  Blower  hardening  than  the  others,  no  matter  who 
believeB  it.  We  hear  our  own  troubles  doubly,  the  other 
peopled  we  only  learn  of  by  aooident.  High  lose  on  ignition 
whether  we  are  responsible  for  it,  or  whether  it  ia  due  to 
exposure,  is  a  real  cause  of  alow  setting  with  ua,  but 
whether  it  is  the  principal  cause  or  a  contributing  cause, 
we  must  determine, 

, The  faot  that  alow  setting  complaints  do  not 
originate  in  the  shipments  from  one  particular  day  leads 
us  to  believe  that  if  49  cars  are  right  and  a  complaint 
comes  from  one,  it  ia  either  not  a  true  bill  or  it  came 
from  exposure. 

If  high  loss  on  ignition  is  only  a  contribut¬ 
ing  cause  without  whloh  we  would  not  topple  into  the  slow 
setting  class,  then  there  may  be  a  primary  cause  which  if 
eliminated  would  permit  ub  to  go  to  3£.  or  4 j/H  loss  on 
Ignition  without  hearing  from  it.  In  making  this  state¬ 
ment,  I  do  not  endorse  high  loss  on  ignition  in  any  cement. 

A.THEORy  Op  BpppffO 

Over  since  being  with  this  ocmpany,  I  have 
advanoed  the  argument  that  Portland  Cement  is  not  a  definite 
stable  oheraioal  compound,  as  is  often  held,  but  an  unstable 
compound,  and  the  greater  proportions  of  unstable  compounds 



the  more  energetically  it  react e  and  the  quicker  it  hardene 
on  addition  of  water.  I  have  never  believed  the  "free  lime" 
theory,  as  such  a  thing  does  not  exist,  but  I  do  believe  a 
great  deal  of  the  lime  should  not  be  looked  up  as  a  silicate 
but  rather  that  it  be  loosely  combined  so  that  decomposition 
reactions  take  place  more  readily.  I  believe  that  over¬ 
burning  makes  too  many  definite  compounds  whioh  are  not 
attacked  readily  and  whioh  takes  longer  to  decompose  and 
harden  into  new  compounds. 

•'ilnSipient  fusion  is  all  that  is  necessary 
and  I  believe  more  than  this  makes  Blow  setting.  I  have 
always  believed  that  if  the  ohalk  were  fused  to  a  glass 
it  would  be  vety  slow  setting.  I  think  it  has  been  tried 
some  time  ago  and  found  so,  but  cannot  find  any  reference 
to  it.  There  is  a  series  of'artioles  running  in  the  "Cement 
and  Engineering  hews"  now  on  "EUsed  Cements",  but  so  far 
are  theoretical  considerations,  tests  in  a  small  way,  but 
nothing  is  Baid  so  far  as  a  commercial  proposition  or  gard¬ 
ening  in  aotual  work. 

At  any  rate,  slag  oements  made  by  mixing  ground 
Blag  and  lime  are  slow  hardening  and  this  no  doubt  is  a 
solution  of  silicates  of  lime  and  hydrate  of  lime  and  the 
breaking  up  of  the  basio  silioate  into  a  mono  silicate  is 

In  the  old  shaft  kiln  process,  all  the  hard 


burned  fused  clinkers  were  rejected,  as  it  was  coneiderod 
that  they  made  slow  hardening  cements. 

Mr.  Isaac  C.  Johnson,  who  claims  to  be  the 
originator  of  Portland  Cement,  and  who  is  now  96  or  100 
years  old  and  is  still  operating  a  plant  in  England, 
published  the  following  in  1880: • 

JohnBon'?  Experiments.-  "I  had  a  laboratory 
and  appliances  on  the  premises,  so  I  worked  n-c~u4. 

t*  find  out  the  o omp  onent °p art s  o f°t he ^stones  from 
trfTd °mnand  Shep?ey •  H«vlng  found  these,  and  having 
tried  many  experiments,  spreading  over  some  month* 

ed  9uloJcllnie  powdered  and  mixed  with 
d  “aloin«d»  which  means  I  got  something 
th?ra?’  w?°  a  oement  very  much  like  Proofs116  After 
this  I  used  ohalk  and  day  as  used  in  Prod's 

^l*11  more  ohalk  in  proportion.  The  re  suit  in*  oom 
pound  being  highly  burned/ 'swelled,  and  craSSd^ 

Ltffa:  satis  t.1- 
iirivui  ' 




tefore,  when,  to  my  a  at  oni  aliment,  it  gauged  8moothly 
and  pleasantly,  and  did  not  oraok  and  blow  aa  before, 
but  became  aolid  and  increaaed  in  hardneaa  with  time." 

Thia  looks  like  alow  hardening  from  overburn¬ 
ing.  We  have  always  been  aware  that  we  burn  harder  here 
than  elsewhere,  but  it  has  always  been  our  belief  that 
when  we  bum  as  we  think  it  should  be  Durned,  it  makee  it 
very  difficult  to  grind  and  we  have  continued  to  burn  hard 
for  the  sake  of  the  output.  I  ehall  refer  to  this  again, 
but  shall  quote  from  LeChatelier.  the  French  authority,  firi 

.  ..  _  fundamental  reaction  which  brings 

oaloiumh«nf^ni?e*i8  th°  sPllttinB  up  of  a  baBio8 
calcium  silicate  into  a  mono-oaleium  silicate  and  cal- 
oium  hydrate:  Si02  3CaO  aq.  -  SiOg  Ca02#H2o  Ca(pH)2 

I  believe  that  in  overturning  clinker  the  case 
oited  by  Johnson  and  the  hard  burned  clinker  thrown  away  in 

the  shaft  kiln  process. there °Jsf"formed  multiple  silicates 

of  lime  the  same  aB  in  blast  'furnaces.  LeChatelier  also 
expresses  the  same  belief. 

I  q^ote  you  at  length  again  from  his  work:- 

—  -v "ror,. example,  in  order  to  inorease  the 
rapidity  of  the  set,  an  indispensable  quality  in  certain 
works,  the  calcination  will  be  produced  at  a  lower  tem- 
peratqre  to  make  the  reaction  less  complete  and  augment 
l**  **°*°2*on  t^  aluminatt^Tbut  at  the  same  time , 
^l0n  °fJth«  llme  will  be  diminished  by  several 
unoombined*0  the  possibility  of  any  of  it  remaining 

addition  to  the  normal  Portland  cement  studied 
with  a  °?“eB  fr0I?  the  kiln  ln  sreenish  olinkers 

♦  t  8°°roaoious  appearance  and  very  hard,  there  will 
i!«!  ttae  kiln  about  2B  per  cent,  of  refhse,  or 
oeraent»  which  for  reasons  of  economy 
800  habitually  been  made  to  pass  with  the  rest. 

These  are,  first,  pulverised  materials  designated 


o?d-f-.?he  ?“?*  powders  arising  from  the  disintegration 
f -Tf11  °®lcined  olinker,  but  containing  too  large  a  pro¬ 
portion  of  di-oaloium  silicate.  The  preaenoe  of  this  sili¬ 
cate  1b  due  to  excessive  burning  in  the  caBe  of  a  too 
argillaceous  Blurry,  and  likewise  to  the  auperfioial 
action  of  fuel  ashes,  or  of  the  siliceous  walls  of  the 

haidnnUoinJ^heh,8+rfaCf!  the  clinker.  •  These  powders 
harden  slowly,  but  in  the  long  run  may  take  set  with  great 
hardneee,  like  the  hydraulic  limes.  On  th e  oiler  tent, 
free  the  great  merit  of  being  certainly  exempt  from 

free  lime,  and  consequently  are  not  subject  to  swelling. 

Secondly,  unburned  slurry  is  found,  brown  or  grey. 
ofS-he1^?8’  w?ioh  by  iittle  slakes  from  the  moisture 

giving  a  brown  powder.  These  unburned  slurries 
contain  free  lime  and  calcium  ferrites  and  aluminates. 
of*  -  S  sradual  slaking  they  give  a  cement  which  takes 
set  ragidly,  but  of  Blight  and  very  irregular  strength." 

Note  in  paragraph  2  he  refers  to  the  slagged 
refuse  being  thrown  away  (shaft  kiln  oement).  Note  in  the 
last  paragraph  he  refers  to  the  quick  setting  of  the  under¬ 
burned  particles. 

This  already  cumbersome  letter  would  be  much 
more  so  were  I  to  quote  him  at  greater  lengths,  but  ir  you 
can  find  time  to  road  the  English  translation,  I  shall  for- 
ward  it  to  you  after  indexing  and  marking  the  pages  for 
your  consideration.  I  feel  that  it  would  be  well  worth  while, 
so  that  we  can  get  together  and  discuss  my  letter  on  our 
experiences  with  slow  hardening  and  decide  whether  the  belief 
is  Justifiable  and  if  so,  whether  the  points  raised  in  this 
are  to  your  mind  probable  reasons.  , 

There  is  a  possibility  that  with  our  long 
clinker  zone  with  high  pressure  air  we  keep  the  clinker 
in  the  hot  zone  and  oariy  fusion  too  far,  that  we  get 



more  of  the  overturned  and  not  enough  of  the  quick  Betting 
described  by  LeChatelier  in  the  last  paragraph  quoted.. 

It  may  be  possible  that  the  single  gun  we  are 
trying  or  the  oscillating  pressure  may  burn  a  clinker  less 
completely,  and  make  a.  quicker  hardening  cement,  l'hese 
are  suggestions,-  in  fact,  this  whole  letter  is  dependent 
upon  the  conclusions  reached  after  reeding  the  letter  on 
status  of  investigated  Blow  set  complaints. 


We  have  -first  to  read  the  accompanying  letter 
and  determine  hbw  much  is  false  belief  and  how  mutfi  is 

We  have  to  consider  whether  water  as  we  now 
apply  it  is  a  real  cause 'or  a  contributing  oauBe. 

We  have  to  oonsider  whether  we  are  overburning, 
as  has  always  been  my  belief.  .  I  have  collected  samples  of 
Vulcanite,  Alsen  and  Katcham  olinker,  for  comparison. 

We  have  to  oonsider,  if  we  decide  to  burn 
lightly  as  others,  what  effect- it  will  have  on  ^clinker 
grinding  capacity. 

We  have  to  consider  that  much  depends  on 
whether  slow  set  or  hardening  is  peculiar  to  us,  and  if 
80,  how  to  attack  the  problem. 

It  is  either  true  or  false,  and  if  true,  we 
must  solve  it.  if  false,  our  Bales  Department  mist  fight 


it  down. 

In  any  event,  I  thin*  we  should  consider  the 
whole  matter  very  seriously  and  decide  on  which  end  the 
labor  must  be  put . 

Very  truly, 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

°'  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Pjila^eLPnj*^.?  A«a 

P.  o  address,  STEW ARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  1*°^  “ "*''' 

•  August  16,  1910 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  .17  19 1 0 

Orange,  H.  J.  Jj4/  ^ 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  '  4^ 

The  total  amount  of  shipments  for/' 
month  of  July  wbb  163,290  barrels,  as  per  report  made  to 
the  Arbitrators,  but  on  account  of  the  inorease  in  price 
we  can  hardly  make  the  same  distribution  as  given  on 
previous  reports  of  Territory  "X"  prices  and  Territory  MB" 
prices,  so  on  the  following  report  I  will  give  you  the 
percentage  at  or  above  mill  price  of  70^,  and  below  mill 
price  of  70^,  whioh  is  as  follows:- 

"A"; Prices,  at  or  above  Mill  price  of  70 4 

Dealers  49$ 

Consumers  19$ 

Before  Jan.  13,  1909,  1$ 

Shipments  outside 

Territory  "A«  3 % 

"B"  Prices,  below  Mill  price  of  70gf.  -  2B$ 

The  average  selling  price  after  all 
deductions  were  made  is  67.7*?. 

YourB  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  EdiBon, 
Orange,  N.  J. 


Dear  Sir:- 

Rep lying  to  your  note  about  why  I  ran 
last  Sunday,  I  did  thiB  because  at  that  time  we  had  a 
clinker  stock  of  about  45,000  barrels  and  a  cement  stock 
of  70,000  barrels. 

We  ought  to  have  in  our  clinker  stook 
for  convenient  operation  at  least  20,000  barrels.  This 
left  25,000  barrels  available  olinkes  stock,  and  with 
the  amount  of  cement  under  teBt  and  tied  up,  we  should 
have  at  leaBt  50,000  barrelB  of  cement,  which  allowed 
only  20,000  barrels  of  cement  available,  and  at  this 
time  we  had  shipping  orders  for  about  30,000  barrels 
of  oement. 

In  view  of  the  fact  that  I  had  just 
gotten  up  a  scheme  which  I  believed  would  make  our 
present  circulators  work  all  right,  and  hoped  to  be 
able  to  grind  more  clinker  than  we  are  making  in  the 
kilns,  I  thought  it  advisable  to  run  the  entire  plant, 
We  have  three  of  these  circulators 


going  now,  and  bo  far  have  had  no  trouble  with  them, 
and  in  two  or  three  days  I  hope  to  have  the  other  two 
going.  I  am  also  putting  more  pressure  on  the  Bolls 
and  wa  hope,  to  get  our  grinder  plant  so  that  it  will 
grind  more  than  the  kilns  are:  making. 

The  change  which  I  made  on  the  cir¬ 
culating  conveyors  was  to  raise  the  tail  pulley  so 
that  the  conveyor  would  act  like  a  feed  roll.  That  1b , 
it  would  scoop  out  the  clinker  as  it  ran  into  the  pit 
at  the  bottom,  and  in  case  the  conveyor  was  stopped  or 
Bpilled  at  the  top  there  could  be  no  avalanche  of 
olinker  to  block  it  at  the  tail  pulley.  That  is,  1 
have  arranged  the  tail  pulley  of  the  elevator  eo  that 
no  olinker  would  run  to  it  wxcept  to  fill  up  the  spaoe 
which  the  previous  bucket  had  dug  out.  This  has  worked 
all  right  so  far  and  I  have  threet  of  them  going  now  and 
it  seems  to  me  that  it  will  stop  our  troubles  with 
circulating  conveyors. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Hie  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

■raw^T*  °r  MA,,I>  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PHliAoaLPHi*,  P*„  Arcade 

p.o  address.  STEW ARTSVILLE.N.J. 

August  20,  1910. 

!•■!*  22  iSIO 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

I  have  received  a  telegram  from  Mr.  ... 
Charles  A.  Klotz,  Pres.  of  the  U.  8.  Crushed  atone/thT. , 
Chicago,  asking  me  to  meet  him  in  New  York  onJitonday 
night.  Through  Mr.  Williams  I  know  that  £rfwantB  to 
talk  over  a  scheme  of  raising  some  mone^T  to  further 
Inarease  the  capacities  at  Chicago,y^nd  he  has  hoped 
to  be  able  to  interest  you.  I  witfl  explain  to  him  the 
present  situation  and  tiy  to  d^taourage  hia  coming  to 
Orange  to  see  you,  but  if  he  /nsistB  we  will  come  out 
on  Tuesday.  I  am  sending  yj/u  this,  so  that  you  may 
undepstapd  the  situation,  w<t.  co-w. a.  b\St  . 

Yours  veiy  truly, 



u>(X  Sjworu 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

and  Passenger  Station.  NUW  VILLAG U.  N.  J.  Phjlamlphij.  Pa.,  Arcnd*^  BuNdlng 

is.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  SKfe.Si 

August  20,  1910. 


Dear  Ur.  Edison:-  .  ,  w|f 

■  -3^0 

ay,  I  learned 
)  of  three  year 
rious  hanks, 
ae  notes  were 
lind  them. 

Lon  wps  obtained, 
i rice  which 

The  supposition  is  that  the  bankers  who 
came  to  the  rescue  of  Ur.  U swell  last  month  have  arranged 
to  float  these  notes  throughout  the  country  and  in  that  way 
relieve  themselves  of  the  Uoad.  1  hope  later  to  have  infor¬ 
mation  as  to  the  endorser/,  or  what  security  is  hack  of  the 
notes.  1  understand  tha Y this  loan  has  been  consummated, 
so  it  mans  that  th^-At/as’  financial  troubles  are  over 
for  a  time . 

/AsAhe  hankers  undoubtedly  obtained  a 
good  oommisBion  for/handling  the  matter,  the  loan  is 
probably  pasting  the  Atlas  Co.  quite  a  little  more  than  7 f> 
which  is  an  added  reason  for  their  obtaining  living  prices. 

Yours  very  truly, 

"MfW-  oSlSlvT^j 

Presidrat . 

Copy  to- 

Ur.  E.  C,  MILLER 
Ur.  W.P.HEID 
Ur.  E.R.  UPTON 
Mr.  P.L.DXEB 
Ur.  H.  RAGE 

... _ H. 

£%j&omab(X  €cfw<m- 

TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Your  note  is  at  hand.  In  reply  will  say 
I  have  not  sent  Mr.  Meyer  a  copy  as  yet,  hut  shall  with 
your  approval.  I  should  prefer  to  elimiate  one  part  of  it 
before  sending.  That  is,  about  the’’ fake  quiok  Bet  cement 
sent  to  Boston  -  the  Christian  Science  treatment.  If  I 
hold  off  on  that  a  little  whil^  we  may  be  able  to  catch 
the  other  offices  in  the  same/game  and  make  them  all 
admit  it.  If  we  put  them  wjee  now  we  can  not  catch  the 
other  offices.  Shall  take/this  up  with  you  personally 
in  a  day  or  two./  / 

f  Yours  vexy  truly, 


Dpar  Siro:- 


SEP  3-  1910 

Tho  writer  is  ploasoft  to  advise  you  that  in  August 

wo  shipped  aomothing  oiror  836,000  barrola.  about  60,000  barrels 

groat  or  than  any  previous  month'  n  shipment  in  tho  history  of  tho 
Compnny.  shipments  wore  made  bb  follows:* 

How  York, 

?  itf  aburgh. 

30 ,645 
IS  ,081 

In  tho  latter  part  of  July,  Ur.  Mallory  tund  Ur,.  Kdinon 

woro  vory  anxious  and  concerned  about  tho  stock,  and  Ur.  Kdiaon  aont 
word  that  wo  would  havo  .to  gat  an  ovorlaating  hump  on  ouroolvoa  to 
provant  going  into  the  wintor  with  a  largo  atooik.  We  ahippod  thorn 
down  to  tho  boards. 

Of  course*  thin  is  all  anoiont  history  now.  What  wo  havo 
before  us  ia  Septamhor,  the  only  big  month  loft  to  us  this  year,,  m A 
wo  havo  got  to  ship  800,000  barrolo.  Tho  writer  wants  to  ship  this  in 

l'orritory  "A”  anA  haa  praotioally  out  out  Pittsburgh,  savannah  and 
Territory  "B"{  oonaeauently,  it  ia  up  to  the  Managers  in  Territory" A" 
to  fumieh  shipping  instruotiona  pro  rata.  Tho  writor  haa  AividoA  it 
for  you  as  follows 

.  Hew  York  00,000 

Philadelphia.  55,000 

Boston,  45,000 

Howark,  80,000 

You  know  there  is  no  money  in  selling  cement  in  tho  op  on* 
Territory,  and  thiB  Company  needs  it  badly.  T ho  more  monoy  wo  oan 

#8—  xo  AI'“  p/«Aq. 

make  in  the  few  remaining  wontlm  in  this  year.  the  more  nonoy  wo  will 
have  to  store  oopiont  and  koop  the  Mill  running  longer  thin  winter  bo 
that  wo  will  have  plenty  of  oomont  for  tho  Mg  bueinofis  that  is 
coming  in  tho  Spring,  and  iot  got  like  wo  did  thin  Spring  and  ho 
ooinpollod  to  buy  cement. 

Please  got  buoy  and  got  your  shipping  orders  in.  non1 t 
wait  for  tho  latter  part  of  tho  month  an  something  Might  happen.  Bo 
it  now  while  you  are  in  the  humor,  and  while  the  weather  in  pleanant 
and  tho  buninoen  going. 

Again  o ongratnla t ing  you  for  the  good  work  done  in 
August ,  and  awaiting  shipping  ardors  to  toko  earn  of  your  quota  for 
this  month,  tho  writer  remains. 

Yours  very  truly, 


HIE  EDI80H  iilllM  UEiS  CO, 

copy  to  Now  York, 

Phila.  Pop. 





T,’.  3. Mallory. 

S'. A.  Edison, 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


September  10,  1910. 

The  distribution  for  the  month  of 

Distributors  (Territory  "A")  7# 

Dealers  "  4# 

Consumers  "  i# 

Territory  "B"  Shipments:-  23# 

This  is  the  best  showing  made  this  year, 
.y  23#  as  shipped  to  Territory  "B". 

Yours  very  truly, 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

0'  ”OA,">  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  philad.lphia,*^  Area"* 

ZT~  5p"'°“™ 

p-  0  address.  STEW  ARTS  VILLE,  N.  J.  NPS,Vo°n?,° 

September  10,  1910 


Dear  llr.  Edison:- 

When  I  saw  Mr.  Harsh,  of  the  Kelley 
Island  Dime  &  Transport  Co.,  he  told  me  that  his  Bon, 
who  has  charge  of  the  All is- Chalmers,  Dunbar,  Rolls  at 
Detroit,  Mi  oh.,  had  reported  to  him  that  the  Rolls  were 
commencing  to  go  to  pieoes,  that  they  were  having  trouble 
with  the  hopperB,  bearings,  and  other  parts,  and  that  if 
the  Rolls  were  to  run  anything  like  satisfactory,  they 
would  have  to  be  all  overhauled.  This  confirms  your 
judgment  as  to  "improvements'1  which  the  Allis-Chalmers 
people  would  probably  make. 

Yours  very  truly, 

President.  /  \ 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J, 

p.  o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

September  13,  1910 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Please  note  that  jlv.  Richard  N.  Iyer 
is  called  to  a  hearing  in  Washington  on  Thursday  of 
this  week,  so  that  the  testimony  in  the  Cutting  case 
will  go  over  until  some  day  next  week.  Will  advise 
you  later  as  to  the  day,  and  in  the  meantime  will  take 
to  you  the  copy  of  the  testimony,  so  that  you  may 
refresh  your  mind  in  case  any  questions  are  asked  on 
the  cross  examination  relative  to  other  things  than 
the  Directors  Meeting  in  question. 

Yours  very  truly. 

President . 


SEP  16  1910 

September  13,  1910. 

Ur.  35.  Meyer, 

Mgr.  of  Sale b. 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Slnce  my  return,  I  have  investigated  the 
matter  of  complaint  of  Mr.  H.  W.  Rugglee,  of  33uzerne,  Pa., 
and  beg  herewith  to  hand  you  a  letter  from  Mr.  Williams 
dated  June  18th,  which  explains  itself,  copy  of  which  has 
already  been  sent  you  and  Mr.  v/akeman. 

1  have  personally  investigated  the  matter 
and  am  assured  by  both  Dr.  Kiefer  and  Hr.  Williams,  who 
tried  the  experiments  in  question,  that  both  in  the  case  of 
the  sample  of  paint  returned  by  Mr.  Ruggles  and  in  the  case 
of  the  Harrisburg  brick,  that  when  the  surface  of  the  brick 
receiving  the  waterproofing  was  clean,  that  no  discoloration 
of  any  kind  was  shown,  therefore  it  seems  to  be  beyond  ques¬ 
tion  that  the  discoloration  in  both  cases  i0  du«*  to  the 
improper  cleaning  of  the  surfaces  before  the  paint  was 
applied.  This  applies  to  practically  every  paint;  if  you 
take  any  surfaoe  that  is  not  oleah  and  paint  it  with  the 
ordinary  white  paint,  it  requires  severql  ooats  before  you  ' 
get  a  good  dear  white  surface.  In  the  oase,  however,  of  a 

transparent  paint  like  ours,  I  doubt  if  you  could  get 
ooats  enough  on  to  cover  the  dirt.  There  is  also  nothing 
in  the  paint  what  would  cause  the  condition  described  in 
these  two  cases. 

As  I  have  already  stated  to  you  before, 
this  matter  of  paint'  is  a  hobby  of  Hr.  Edison's,  and  he 
believes  it  to  be  the  boat  material  on  the  market,  he 
having  thoroughly  tested  out  everything  that  is  sold  by 
our  competitors,  and  he  thoroughly  believes  that  there  is 
nothing  superior  to  our  paint  and  he  cannot  understand,  if 
our  competitors  can  sell  their  products,  why  a  selling 
organization  such  as  we  are  supposed  to  have  does  not  make 
a  better  showing  with  an  artiole  which  has  so  muoh  merit 
to  it,  and  he  can  only  conclude  that  either  the  Selling 
Department  as  a  whole  are  indifferent  and  do  not  try  to 
sell  this  product,  or  that  the  Selling  Department  is  not 
as  efficient  as  he  had  supposed.  You  will  note  from  the 
memorandum  of '1910  saleB  which  I  have  had  put  on  Mr.  Williams' 
letter,  instead  of  increasing,  the  volume  of  sales  are  fall¬ 
ing  off. 

Ab  stated  to  you  the  other  day,  even  on 
the  small  .volume  of  sales  we  are  now  making,  wo  are  making 
some  small  profit  and  wiping  out  the  Iobs  which  was  in¬ 
curred  when  the  product  was  first  started.  There  Beemp  to 
be  no  reason,  having  an  artiole  of  merit,  why  reasonable 


8ales  should  not  he  made,  considering  the  large  number  of 
men  we  have  in  the  field. 

If  you  have  any  doubt  as  to  the  merits  of 
the  article,  it  is  very  simple  both  for  Wakeman  and  yourself 
to  get  some  brick,  clean  one  side  of  them,  and  then  on  the 
other  side  arrange  to  have  some  small  discoloration,  such 
as  would  come  from  the  leaching  of  lime  in  the  mortar  and 
which  usually  accounts  for  the  white  spots,  and  see  for 
yourselves  JuBt  what  happens. 

The  writer  has  had  a  personal  experience 
with  this  Waterproofing  Paint  where  it  was  used  on  brick 
which  was  cleaned  before  our  paint  was  applied  and  then 
after  two  coats  of  our  paint,  the  ordinary  brick  colored 
paint  was  used  on  top  of  our  paint,  with  result  that  the 
red  paint,  although  it  was  applied  some  six  or  eight  months 
ago,  looks  today  as  if  it  had  just  recently  been  painted, 
showing  that  the  Waterproofing  Paint  had  prevented  the 
brick  from  drawing  the  oil  out  of  the  red  paint. 

I  wish  to  impress  upon  you  particularly 
the  fact  that  Ur.  Edison  and  the  writer  both  believe  the 
article  to  have  more  merit  than  anything  else  on  the  market 
and  that  Mr.  Edison  particularly  is  disappointed  in  the 
results  that  the  Soiling  Eepartment  had  obtained,  as  he 
believes  not  only  that  sales  enough  can  be  made  to  wipe 
out  all  the  losses  that  have  so  far  been  made,  but  also  to 

make  aome  profit  out  of  it,  and  that  the  problem  ia  purely 
one  of  salesmanship. 

Yours  very  truly, 




TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

tAiitMAK  or  HOM'D  8AI.ES  OFFIOES: 

,,dkmt  Telegraph.  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J.  philamlphia,  Pa„  Arcoda^Bu 


Ueptenbcr  13,  1910. 

Mr.  Js.  Moyer, 

m- •*»!??&. v. 

1  have  just  received  the  percentage  of 
shipment  a  for  the  month  of  August ,  1910,  nn  compared  v/ith 
the  same  month  lent  year,  nnd  tho  results  ore  ob  follovjs:- 

Atloo  139^ 
Aracri  con  139?.' 
Nextor  130# 
BDIUOH  127# 
Lehigh  127# 
Lawrence  126# 
Alpha  108?; 
Vulcanite  106# 

The  total  overage  inoroaoe  of  all  the 
Companies  for  tho  month  of  Auguot  was  21#.  The  total  ship- 
mento  for  tho  month  of  August  from  the  North  American  and 
Licensee  Companies  was  3,147,037  barrels,  this  being  tho 
record  shipments  since  the  Association  has  been  formed, 

The  next  largest  shipments  having  been  Juno,  1910,  of 
2,846,000  barrolo.  The  stock  on  hand  on  8opt .  1st  is 
1,984,000  barrolo,  as  against  2,666,000  on  Oept .  1st,  1909, 
and  3,584,000  on  fJept .  1st,  1908.  So  you  will  note  that  the 
stock  is  omallor  now  than aSp  Oeptenbor  since  the  Association 
was  formed. 

Youro  very  truly, 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


cr  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

jiSVILLE,  N..J>ti>  .. 

—  September  14,  19lo.  ^ 


UXlC£*V  tfcsvC  Cj^  Co-  J  6zcrut&4 

Dear  Mr.  Edi son : Ua  b  [</.>«.&?  0.4  £1.^. 

I  £g  October  .let  -the  couponsr-en  our  bpnda  *“*"'*  /A 

G<^»u«w  ccAA-P  w«Mr 

will  fall  due,  andOJit  oil  the  ISO^leeued  we  will  he  able  » — - 

,  _  .  '  .  /^tc*  (c  cmO  ia**_  iAet 

to  settle  by  notes  Tor  1189.  covering  tlyjse  held  by  youri" 

self,  the  Thmpson^tftt^.  Shelfei^e_and^ ifc.  Thos. 

M.  Thompson,  Philadelphia.  Shis  will  leave  311  to  pay, 

Which  will  take  $9,330;00,  which  must  be  deposited  at  the 
Williamsburg  Trust  Co.  before  October  1st. 

Since  last  April  Mr.  E.  C,  Miller  has. 
sold  the  27  bonds  Which  he  held  to  parties  outside  the 
Company,  making  it  necessary  for  the  coupons  to  be  paid 
at  this  time.  Will  you  pleaBe  arrange  to  have  Hariy  Miller 
either  make  the  above  deposit  at  the  Williamsburg  Trust  Co., 
Brooklyn,  W.  Y.,  or  Bend  hs  the  checks  so  we  may  make  it 
from  here,  so  the  coupons  will  be  covered  on  Sept,  30th. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Mr.  J.  I.inton  Thompson, 

10  Prince  Street, 

Brooklyn,  IT.  Y. 

My  dear  Din:- 

In  aooordnnce  with  our  conversation  of 
last  week  relative  to  the  5125,000.00  of  the  notes  of  our 
Company  falling  due  on  Feb.  1st,  1912,  I  heg  to  oonfim 
the  statements  made  to  you,  which  are  as  follows: 

In  November,,  of  1905,  your  Father  sub¬ 
scribed  for  $25,000.00  of  the  preferred  stock  of  our  Com¬ 
pany,  carrying  common  stock  as  a  bonus.  Payments  on  ac¬ 
count  of  this  subscription  were  made  from  December,  1905, 
up  to  and  including  July  16th,  1906. 

In  September,  1906,  he  also  subscribed 
for  5100 ,000.00  of  the  preferred  stock  of  our  Company,  ' 
car  lying  a  bonus  of  common  stock,  payments  for  which  were 
made  from  January  17th  until  Hay  7th,  1907.  At  this  time 
your  Father  stated  that  to  make  these  subscriptions  it  was 
necessary  for  him  to  borrow  the  money,  and  arranged  with 
the  writer  to  enable  him  to  oarry  the  loans,  that  notes 
of  the  Company  representing  the  amount  of  his  payments  • 
should  be  issued  to  him,  and  that  as  soon  as  he  had  paid 

US  , 

off  the  loans  which  he  made  to  advance  the  money  to 
that  he  would  then  acoopt  the  preferred  and  common  stock 
and  return  to  us  the  notes  already  described. 

In  accordance  witth  your  request,  I  beg 
to  quote  you  extracts  of  letters  from  your  Father,  con- 
finning  this  arrangement :- 

On  Sept.  29th,  1906,  I  wrote  your  Father  as 


"I  wish  again  to  thank  you  for  the  way  • 
in  which  you  backed  up  Mr.  Edison  in  his  plan 
yesterday,  and  I  feel  sure  that  you  will  make 
a  great  deal  of  money  out  of  your  subscription 
of  yesterday,  and  you  nay  rest  assured  that  J 
shall  work  as  hard  to  moke  it  for  you  as  I  possi¬ 
bly  can.  Pers-onally,  I  appreciate  your  help  and 
,•  backing  through  the  post  three  years  more  than  I 
,  can  express,  and  if  I  had  no  other  incentive,  the 
desire  to  have  you  win  out  is  sufficient  to  make 
me  put  forth  my  very  best  efforts." 

On  Sept.  29th,  1906,  your  Father  wrote  me!- 

"I  will  be.  glad  to  have  you  come  over 
any  day  this  coming  week.  I  want  to  talk  over 
the  subscription  matter  and  deteimine  how  it 
will  be  called,  i.e.,  in  what  amounts  and  when." 

On  Deb.  13th,  1906,  I  wrote  him:- 

"We  are  adding  materially  to  our  con¬ 
struction  force  and  also  are  receiving  material 
on  account  of  the  new  construction,  so  it  will 
be  necessary  for  us  to  make  calls  on  aocount  of 
your  subscription  starting  with  January,  1907. 

I  wiBh  you  would  advise  whether  it  would  be  sat¬ 
isfactory  for  you  to  pay  in  at  the  rate  of 
$25,000.00  per  month  say  during  January,  February, 
Karoh  and  April,  so  that  1  may  be  able  to  make 
my  plana  accordingly 

On  Dec.  14th  your  Father  replied :- 

"Replying  to  your  letter  of  yesterday 

regarding  payment  of  the  instalmenta  on- my 

'(mh'  1  had  a  talkTith 

OntnW  «  ??  th®  train  ooninB  in  from  the 

*esarding  an  exchange  with  him 
of  the  stook  that  would  be  due  him  on  final 

jb  a-- - sag-, 

to  fl8  me.  to  wore  eaBily  raise  the  money 

effect6  not  tmy  8U*B' sription.  He  then  said  in  * 
effect,  not  to  worry  about  that,  for  he  would 

should®^0?,  the  -?fhl8  Until  the  money  market 
.“™ld  in  condition  that  would  enable  me  to 
borrow  from  my  bank  at  a  reasonable  rate.  Mr? 

I"8  •  08  nearly  os  I  can  remember:  "We 

^  °n  you  until  late  la  the  Spring  or 
early  in  the  Rummer,  and  if  you  need  nddi  ti  n«ni 
security  I  can  lend  it  to  you"?  hi  will  kJow 

of^hat  h/S-S**  Hrifrrne  in  my  unt,erBtandine 
oi  wn at  he  said,  and  if  1  am  wrong,  T  will  raise 

io%c°lly'  Vhe^snvsV  haV\to  piadKrny  shirt* 

:  If  he  8ays  1  am  substantially  rimbt 
d2JndetrSti:?dinC  and  conditions  have  not 
tv«r  :nth  hlln  80  88  not  to  "Ofcc  it  concern ent 
I ° aha  11  fL?TVUt  £1b  8Ueeestion,  well  and  good, 
I  8hall  feel  easier,  but  in  any  event  I  would 

?20f000t00hinVh1  .^t^raents  called  in  sums  of 
$f<:u,uoa.oo  instead  of  325.000.00  an  it  win 
cover  five,  instead  of  four  monihs?"  11 

To  which  I  replied  on  i)eo,  17th,  1906:- 

5Mr?rS!!  °if 

ahead  with  the  construction  work  and  have  very8 

material^ is°nomi  *S?id88  whlch-  ^te  a  lot^ 

Id  «  Lit  raMe  ir\  for  ’'dlich  we  to  pay, 

and  as  cement  shipments  on  account  of  the  weather 
and  season  have  fallen  off  very  material lv ft ? 
necessary  that  we  have  the  co^t™0Uon  ^A^  be 
tween  January  and  May.  Five  payments  las?™ 
suggest,  of $20 ,000.00  each,  would  be  satisfactoty  . « 
will  -h«  om1  TerJ  much  whether  Mr.  Edison  ^ 

Siintlon  dn  ^  ln°rea8e  the  amount  of  his  suh? 
soription  in  the  above  five  months,  as  during  last 

week  I  talked  the  matter  over  with  Mr.  Randolph, 
who  had  already  talked  it  with  Hr.  Gilmore,  and 
they  stated  that  the  amount  promised  wbb  all  they 
oould  see  their  way  clear  to  give." 

On  Dec.  20th,  1906,  I  wrote  your  Father  as  follows: 

"Confirming  conversation  of  yesterday, 
heg  to  state  that  I  understand  it  is  your  expect¬ 
ation  to  send  us  on  account  of  your  subscription 
of  $100,000.00  at  the  rate  of  $20,000.00  per  month 
starting  in  January,  and  continuing  foi;  five  months. 

Also  that  you  will  try  and  arrange  so  that  the  first 
payment  will  reach  us  about  January  15th.  I  have 
carefully  again  gone  over  our  January  payments 
and  am  figuring  on  using  your  payment  os  against 
our  Pay  Doll,  7/hlch  will  be  duo  and  payable  Jan. 

21st,  which  will  amount  to  about  $25,000.00. 

I  am  writing  Mr.  Edison  today,  advising 
him  as  to  our  conversation  of  yesterday,  and  I  know 
he  will  greatly  appreciate  your  action  in  thiB 

On  Deo.  26th,  1906,  your  Father  wrote  me:- 

"Regarding  the  instalments  on  my  subscrip¬ 
tion,  I  shall  Bpare  no  possible  effort  to  make  them 
as  you  state  they  will  be  required,  namely,  in  five 
monthly  instalments,  each  as  near  the  rniddi  of  the 
month  as  I  can,  beginning  next  month.  Of  course, 

I  shall  have  to  depend  upon  my  bank,  which  I  am 
assured  will  see  me  through  unless  something  extra¬ 
ordinary  happens  to  prevent'.' 

On  April  13th,  1907,  your  Father  wrote:- 

In  accordance  with  our  personal  under¬ 
standing,  I  herewith  enclose  my  check  on  the  TIassau 
national  Dank ,. Brooklyn ,  for  $10,000.00.  This  will 
leave  a  balance  of  $30,000.00  due  on  my  subscrip¬ 
tion  on  the.  27th  of  September  last,  and  I  think 
you  oan  confidently  expeot  a  remittance  for  the 
full  amount  on  or  about  the  15th  of  May,  provided 
it  oan  be  used  to  advantage. 

As  you  are  aware,  I  am  borrowing  this 
money  from  my  bank,  and  pay  (quarterly)  the  full 
legal  rate  of  interest;  I  would  like  to  have  you 
send  ay  notes  covering  sudh  transaction  and  bearing  • 
interest  to  be  paid  also  quarterly ,  the  notes  to  be 

converted  at  the  proper  time  into  Btook  of  the 
Company,  as  per  our  understanding." 

June  Bth,  1908, 

MI  loft  with  Hr.  Day  the  stock  covering 
the  1200  coupons  which  he  handed  to  me,  and  I  told 
him  I  would  write  you  relative  to  our  notes  .which 
you  hold,  as  follows:- 

Due  June  16th  -  $20,000.00 

"  July  16th  -  20,000.00 

"  Aug.  15th  -  10,000.00 

"  Sept.  7th  -  30,000.00 

"  "  17th  -  20,000.00 

"  .  "  18th  -  25.000.00 

Making  a  total  of  -  $125,000.00,  with 
interest  to  June  1,  amounting  to  1.139.16 

Making  a  total  of  -  $126,139.16;  bb  per 
statement  herewith  enclosed,  for  which  we  are  now 
ready  to  deliver  you  2,522  shares  of  preferred  stock 
5’?44  sharea  of  common  stock,  and  our  check 
for  £.39. 16," 

On  June  10th,  1908,  your  Father  wrote 

"Regarding  the  conversion  of  the  notes  I 
hold,  I  am  aware  that  to  do  so  immediately  is  in 
accordance  with  my  original  agreement,  and  that 
agreement  will  he  carried  out  if  some  arrangement 
more  just  as  between  the  general  stockholders  and 
mysdlf  can  he  devised.  I  do  not  think  Hr.  Edison 
would  object  to  having  ray  case  treated  the  sane  as 
his  own  as  to  the  time  the  exchange  shall  he  made, 
and  I  feel  sure  you  will  do  all  you  consistently 
can  for  me  in  this  way,  and  shall  therefore  leave 
the  matter  entirely  in  your  hands." 

On  June  15th,  1908,  your  Father  again  wrote  me 

;  ,  “Regarding  the  notes  of  the  Edison  Port¬ 

land  Cement  Co.  which  I  hold,  I  do  not  know  that 
I  can. say  much  more  than  I  have- already  told  you. 

It  goes  -without  saying  1  would  like  to  have  the 
present  arrangement  oontinued  until  I  am  able  to 
pay  off  my  loans  in  hank,  $50,000.00  of  which 
still  remains.  I  see  now  that  in  my  anxiety  to 
help  out  when  we  wore  in  such  straits  I  strained 
nyBelf  to  the  limit,  which  I  really,  ought  not  to 
have  done." 


On  June  16th,  1900,  I  wrote  your  Father: - 

.  ^  replying  to  yours  15th,  regarding  the 

dUe  in  June*  July'  August  and  Sep- 
1  >>aye  carefully  noted  all  you  say  andP 
fuily  appreciate  the  situation,  and  we  wish  to 
meet  your  views  to  the  utmost,  as  we  appreciate 

throuffhaoif,^fin?ncia:i  aid  you  have  Riven  us 
through  all  the  stages  of  our  enterprise.  Of 

£etrthi  not  und®£0tand  that  we  are  anxious  to 
Bet  the  notes  off  our  hooks  at  the  earliest 

wishes^®  m0nent’  but  that  18  secondary  to  your 

You  state  that  you  still  have  $50 .000.0 
at  your  hank.  Would  it  be  feasible  to  pay  off  as 
the  notes  fall  due  half  of  them  in  stock  and 

months ^  t hen ^wh en  $£.1 

at ^ that mt ime . "  ”  ^  °r  in  ?“*•  aa  you  may  "ish 

On  June  17th,  .1908,  your  Father  replied:- 

„„  4X.-  4.  w111  he  feasible  to  pay  off 

renewBthe  h8i  fal1  Mlf  of  then  »i*h  «t^k  and 
lalnce  for  a  further  period  of  four 
months,  then  when  these  notes  fall  due  either  tiav 
K  time*”  fUU  °r  ln  P8rt*  as  y°udmlye2sh  at°y 

is  fensibT e °t><o+0?  ’"here  1  am  concerned,  anything 
rto  ■w  necessary  for  the  Company  to 

„4+>,but  1  think  I  better  see  you  and  have  a  talk 
with  you  beiore  we  decide  finally  about  it  I 
nn^1MilCe  hav®  the  note  due  yesterday  renewed 
be  flxedrneatvPaid*  ?he?  aX1  d8«  late”  can 

fav^nbie-  BUeeast'  if  no  arrangement  more 

favorable  to  me  can  be  consistently  made." 

From  the  time  of  the  correspondence  in 
June, -3,908,  up  until  May  of  this  year,  the  matter  was 

mentioned  from  time  to  time  in  my  conversations  with  your 
Father,  and  he  advised  me  that  he  was  still  carrying  the' 
loana  of  the  bank  and  preferred  to  have  the  matter  carried 
along  as  it  had  been.  In  either  the  latter  part  of  April 

or  early  in  Hay,  In  one  of  my  conversations  with  your 
Father,  he  otated  that  for  reaaona  you  understand  and 
which  I  do  not  need  to  repeat  here,  that  he  would  like  ■ 
to  have  the  old  notes  cancelled  and  new.  notes  drawn  to 
the  order  of  the  Cement  Company  and  endorsed  by  the 
Cement  Company,  to  enable  him  to  make  delivery  of  then, 
as  was  subsequently  done,  so  that  the  old  notes  were 
returned  and  the  now  notes  delivered  to  him  in  accord¬ 
ance  with  his  request . 

I  understand  that  now  the  loans  to 
which  your  Father  referred  from  timo  to  time  in  the 
correspondence  and  in  our  many  conversations  on  the 
subject,  have  been  paid,  and  therefore  the  reason  for 
continuing. the  noteB  does  not  exist,  and  in  accordance 
with  the  understanding  with  your  Father,  there  is  no 
reason  why  the  preferred  and  common  Btock  should  not 
now  be  issued  and  delivered,<i. if  you  will  indicate 
what  names  the  stock  is  to  be  drawn  and  the  amount  of 
each  certificate,  I  will  arrange  to  hove  the  Btock  issued 
promptly  and  delivered  to  you  in  exchange  for  the  notes 
which  you  hold,  amounting  to  $125,000.00. 

If  I  hove  not  made  the  matter  perfectly 
plain  and  there  is  any  further  information  you  wiBh, 
please  adviBe  me  and  I  will  either  send  it  to  you  in 
writing,  or  oome  to  sqe  you  personally,  as  you  prefer. 

yours,  I  am, 

With  my  very  kindest  regards  to  you  and 
Yours  veiy  truly, 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

could  look  it  over  and  be  ready  to  testify  on  Thursday 
next  at  2:00  P.M.  at  the  Laboratory,  and  ob  it  is  very 
Important  that  Mr.  Edison  read  this  testimony  before 
Thursday,  1  wish  that  you  would  arrange  with  Mr.  Vyer 
to  get  the  copy  of  this  testimony  so  Mr.  Edison  may 
have  it  not  later  than  Wednesday  morning.  As  this  is 
the  only  copy  of  the  testimony  we  have,  I  think  it  would 
he  wise  for  you  to  arrange  to  send  a  messenger  to  Mr. 
tyer's  house  for  it. 

As  I  will  he  busy  Monday,  Tuesday  and 
Wednesday  in  the  negotiations  with  the  Worth  American 
Co.,  I  would  appreciate  it  very  much  if  you  would  give 
tfiia  your  personal  attention. 

Yours  very  truly, 

WSM-HBS  President. 

C^UhomoftCi  CcJtftotu 

THe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


September  17,  1910 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

Edison  Laboratory,  >9 1 U 

PleaBe  advise  Mr.  Edison  that^w^/m 
take  testimony  in  the  New  Jersey  *  Penna<  c0no.  Works, 
vs.  Cutting  case  on  Thursday  next,  Sept.  22nd,  at  2:00 
P.M. ,  at  the  Laboratory.  I  will  see  him  Thursday 
morning  and  you  oan  tell  him  what  I  have  written  you 
in  another  latter  relative  to  the  testimony. 

Yours  very  truly, 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  phiiaoelphi^p*?  Area! 

o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  «*«“»*«•  ' 

September  26,  1910. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Chairman  of  Board, 

Orange,  E.  J. 

hear  Sir:- 

The  Stout  suit  over  water  rights  is 
called  for  tomorrow,  and  as  we  have  already  been 
notified  that  sane  of  the  other  Directors  will  be 

unable  to  attend  the  regular  monthly  meeting  on 
Thursday  next,  and  as  also  the  writer  will  be  unable 
to  atten^ the  meeting  will  be  postponed  until  a  later 
date,  of  which  due  notice  will  be  given. 

YourB  very  truly, 


Newark,  N.  J.  October  5,  19l0. 

.  S.  Mallory  Esq. , 

Vice  President, 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 

StewartBVilie,  N.  J. 

Referring  to  the  N.  J.  &  P.  C.  Works  matter,  Mr.  Perkins  prom¬ 
ised  me  that  he  would  file  his  report  by  October  15th,  and  he  also  inti¬ 
mated  confidentially  that  he  would  allow  Mr.  Edison'B  claim. 

You-  s  very  truly, 

THe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Paaaenger  Station.  HEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

October  5, 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  Beoy. , 
Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sirs.. 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  October  3rd 
regarding  potatoes  we  beg  to  state  that  we  have  had 
quite  a  good  crop  this  year  and  are  ready  to  make  ship¬ 
ments  at  66  cents  per  bushel  in  bags.  This  price  to 
include  the  bags,  which  are  not  returnable. 

Awaiting  your  order,  we  beg  to  remain, 
Yours  very  truly, 


TTie  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

°r  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PHU.»MLPHj«,*p*.?  A^adi' 

•  P.  O  address.  STEWART^VI’bLE,  N.  J.  &&%“::  R!.V.°n! 

t  \y  October  5,  1910. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


Orange,  H.  J. 
Dear  Mry  Edison 

I  beg  to  adviBe  you  that  the 
distribution  of  shipments  for  the  month  of  Septerabe: 

as  follows:- 

-MAH  Price  at  or  above  70d:~ 







"B"  PrioeB  below  70i/:- 

(Territory  "A")-  Distributors 


"  Dealers 


"  Consumers 


Territory  «B“  Shipments 


You  will  note  that  we  shipped  a  smaller 
percentage  below  70/  during  September  than  we  did  in 
August,  when  the  percentage  below  70)/ was  25%,  whereas 
this  month  it  is  27%,  or  more  nearly  the  percentage  of 
July,  which  waB  2B%. 

The  average  selling  price  for  Sept¬ 
ember  waB  71.9)/.  • 

Yours  very  truly 



Bbls.  ) 








i  h 




,  fjjgB 





L  Zs£ 





"A"  PrioeB  at  or  above 
Mill  Prioe  of  7<W. 













Before  1A3/09 




Our  own  Use 








Total  :  - 




*B"  Prioes  below  Hill 
Prioe  of  70rf. 


















Total  :  - 




TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pasienger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Phil. 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  = 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  the  extra  belt 
which  we  are  using  as  a  tightener  on  the  Chalk 
Grinding  Rolls,  beg  to  advise  that  last  week  while 
I  was  away,  the  idler  bursted  and  part  of  the  frame 
work  was  torn  loose.  I  am  arranging  to  have  this 
put  on  again,  as  it  seemed  to  work  very  satisfac¬ 
torily  vhile  it  was  there. 

YourB  veiy  trply, 



TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paatenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

O  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

October  5,  1910 


Mr.  H.  S'.  Miller.  Tress., 
i  Edison  Laboratory, 


i>l  lASCv-watJil 

a—  ^  \0,\$  “ 

rlli>v»jt  Cal  Wtr  vfl  K-M.  Hi 

C^aJLic.  tru-otvad  uLa^i>1aj? 


Dear  sir$-  f u* ^ 

to  'aJdwrftia/i.  U>t)>A^' 

to  U>t>vjJW  d*.  fctA^R^i  Cp  Ua 

I  am  attaching  herewi^  letter  fi!oa  Ux.aU*°'"' 
Chari ee  Klotz.  President  y^the  UnU^dTtates  Crushed 
Stone  Go.,  in  reference  to  the  Commonwealth  Edison 
Company  of  Chloago  being  in  the  market  for  approximately 
80,000  cubic  yards  of  crushed  stone.  In  Mr.  Mallory’s 
absenoe  from  the  office  and  on  account  of  the  communi¬ 
cation  requiring  immediate  attention  I  have  decided  to 
forward  it  to  you  to-dBy  by  mail  so  that  it  can  be 
answered  to-morrow  and  so  that  in  case  Mr.  Edison  wishes 
to  communicate  with  the  Commonwealth  Edison  Company  they 
will  be  in  receipt  of  his  letter  by  the  end  of  the  week 
as  you  will  note  this  contract  is  to  be  let  come  time 
this  week.  How  would  it  be  to  send  a  "Might  Letter" 
telegram?  This  would  reaoh  the  parties  in  question  on 
Friday  morning, 

1  am  attaching  herewith  copy  of  letter* 
of  even  date  to  Mr.  Klotz,  which  is  self  explanatory. 

Yours  very  t' 

ESB-JW  EHCL:  Adslstant  t^PresidejJit] 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

>“*»*  r TeleSfaph.  Freight  and  Piuenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Phiuohlphw^Pa.?  Urcnd* 

r*A“"-T"“-  p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

October  6,  1910. 

Mr.  H.  J.  Miller, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Ml ller: - 

1  regret  very  much  that  through  on 
oversight  in  our  mailing  department,  copy  of  my  letter 
of  the  5th  to  Mr.  Klotz,  of  the  U.  S.  Crushed  Stone  Co., 
together  with  his  communication  of  the  3rd,  were  not 
enclosed  with  mine  of  the  5th  to  you. 

Should  you  experience  errors  of  this 
kind  in  the  future,  I  would  appreciate  it  very  much  if 
you  would  kindly  call  my  attention  to  it. 

President . 

Yours  very  truly, 

Assistant  to 



October  3,1910 

nr.  17.  s.  Mallory, 

c/o  The  Edition  Portland  Cement  Co., 

New  Village,  N.J., 

Dear  Mr.  Mallory; 

The  Commonwealth  Edison  Company  of  Chicago 
is  erecting  a  large  building,  and  are  on  the  market  for 


October  5,  1910. 

•Hr.  Charles  A.  Klots,  Prest. , 

United  States  Crushed  Stone  .Co., 

Ohio ago,  Ill. 

bear  Sir:- 

In  Mr.  Mallory's  absence  from  the  office 
I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  yours  of  the  3rd,  and 
would  state  that  I  forwarded  your  communication  to  Mr. 
Edison  at  Orange,  and  have  no  doubt  but  what  it  will  re¬ 
ceive  his  personal  attention. 

Trusting  you  will  be  able  to  land  the 
con  tract  for  20,000  cubic  yards  of  crushed  stone  referred 
to,  1  beg  to  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Assistant  to  President. 

THe  Edison  Portland  Cement 

'kot  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  philaoelp 

—  P.  O  address,  STEW  ARTS  VILLE,  N.  J. 


October  7,  1910. 

Dear  Hr.  Edison:- 

tfA  & 


Replying  to  your  inquiry  in  the  Stout 
matter,  in  which  you  aBk  "Can  he  sue  us  again  or  is 
this  the  end  of  it",  would  Btate  that  my  understanding 
is  that  if  we  can  get  the  verdict  set  aside,  it  will 
then  he  neoeesary  for  Stout  to  Btart  suit  all  over 
again,  and  if  we  are  unahle  to  get  the  verdict  Bet  aside 
we  will  carry  it  to  the  higher  court.  ThiB  1b  absolutely 
necessary  in  my  opinion,  as  if  we  were  to  make  payment 
of  the  present  judgment  to  Stout,  we  will  have  half  a 
dozen  suits  started  against  us  by  the  other  mill  owners 
al ong  the  Creek  . 

■The  effect  of  this  verdict  haB  already 
been  commenced  to  be  felt  in  our  dust  matters,  and  I 
have  received  one  letter  from  an  attorney  in  Washington 
and  one  verbal  notice  that  unless  the  dust  is  stopped 
they  propose  to  take  action.  We  will  try  and  handle' 
the  matter  same  as  we  have  heretofore,  by  renting  the 
properties,  if  possible. 

I  had  Mr.  Carhart  see  one  of  the  jury 

jnen  in  the  Stout  case ,  and  find  out  just  how  they 
arrived  at  the  verdict,  and  he  learned  that  my 
surmise  was  correct  that  the  jury  allowed  Stout 
$30.00  a  month  from  July  1st,  1904,  for  five  years, 
and  two  months  up  to  Sept,  let,  1909,  when  the  suit 
was  started.  This  ie  directly  contrary  to  the  charge 
of  the  Judge,  who  stated  to  the  jury  that  in  case  they 
should  allow  a  verdict  against  us,  that  it  was  to  date 
from  July  1st,  1905,  for  the  reason  that  the  testimony 
had  shown  that  Stout  had  received  rent  up  to  July  1st, 
1905,  consequently  under  the  verdict  he  would  receive 
double  rent  for  one  year. 

This  information  I  have  forwarded  to 
Mr.  McCarter  and  Judge  Morrow,  and  I  have  no  doubt  hut 
what  it  will  cut  a  material  figure  in  their  argument 
to  set  aside  the  verdict. 

Yours  very  truly. 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passen 

in,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J.  I 

f- o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

October  10th,  191 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  M.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  the  attached  letter  from 
the  Cement  Products  Exhibition  Co.  dated  the  4th  inBt. 
to  Mr.  Mallory  which  he  referred  to  you  under  date  of 
the  8th  and  you  returned  with  notation  "Why  should  we 
show  the  model  again  -  is  it  essential",  would  Btate 
«ad  your  note  to  Mr.  Mallory  over  the  telephone  at 
41  ^  Easton,  and  Mr.  Mallory  states  that  you  promised  him 
to  allow  the  model  to  be  exhibited  again  in  accordance 
with  arrangement  which  he  made  with  the  Cement  Products 
Exhibition  Co.  Since^Mr.  Mallory  advised  these  people 
that  the  model  would  be  exhibited  it  has  been  advertised 

Will  you,  therefore,  kindly  advise  amount 
of  space  necessary  for  proper  display  of  exhibit  so  Mr. 
Mallory  can  communicate  with  Mr.  Beach,  and  oblige? 

Yours  very  truly r 

Assistant  to  President. 


Adams  St; 

i™?  Cbme**t  Products  Exhibition  Go. 


j  i 



'  l / 

October  4,  19X0.  ^P,|  r'i~~  ^ 

'  p  Vi 
%  Vr  Edioon  Portland  Cement  Co.. 

■t  si 

v__  ltr*  W‘  S’  1161  lory.  President, 

J  .r  Stewartsville,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs- 

I  want  to  definitely  assign  a  space 
at  the  New  York  Show  for  the  display  of  Mr.  Edison's 

Will  you  kindly  advise  me  as  to  the  amount 
of  spaco  that  will  be  necessary  for  the  proper  dis¬ 
play  of  this  exhibit. 

Yours  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

iiukmt  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

Hr.  I!.  Heyer, 

Mgr.  of  Sales , 

Mew  York,  II,  Y 

Dear  Sir:- 

1  bog  herewith  to  give  you  a  duplioate 
of  tho  Septemb er  rpport  showing  the  amount  of  otook  on  hand 
Sept,  lot ,  together  with  September  ohipments,  etc.:- 







Glenns  i’allo 

Lawrenc  e 







Total  - 




Cement  Cement  Cement  Cement  Clinker 
On  Hand  Ground  Shipped  On  Hand  On  Hand 
Sept.  1  Sent.  Sept.  Oct.  1.  Oct.  1. 

89 ,009 

1 ,$84 ,221 

384,570  384,265 
160,688  157,133 
602,569  814,783 
57,720  67,344 

38 '15.3  53,741 

71,062  65,237 

185,194  167,003 
51,445  78,928 

149,013  137,448 
449,850  542,600 
90,740  86,438 

51,400  54,490 

18,244  24,984 

112,054  127,732 
300  216 

£$23  ,0022^62 ,342 

4  ,345 





198  none 
881  21$ 





37,243  36,871 
230,788  307,970 
243,985  327,342 

25,469  -1,583 

91,372  77,200 

156,826  non3 

Yours  very  truly, 

Assistant  to  President. 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Z“  °'  ,”A“"  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PJOamiphia,  pa„  Are 

"  P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  lS“JS2i„“A55::  nS»’ 

Oo  toiler  13,  1910, 

Hr.  Corse  «et.t.r,  w,  ;L4  E» 

Bdison  Laboratory, 

Oragge,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sirs- 

On  October  6th  we  wrote  t^  yourself  together 
with  Mr.  H.  I,  Miller,  Mr,  M.  Gardner-;  Hr.  Thomas  A.  Bdison 
and  Mr.  Pat  Brady,  all  gontlemen  connected  with  the  laboratory 
regarding  their  orders  for  potatoes,  but  to  the  present 
writing  we  havahad  no  reply .  f 

pier  requested  that  I  ask  you 
to  kindly  see  these  parting  and  secure  their  orders  so 
that  we  may  make  shipman/ alt  an  early  date  thereby  saving 
us  considerable  trouble^t  this  end. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  trouble, 
we  beg  to  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


£^wmab(X  Siwol- 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


Mr.  E,  Meyer, 

Mgr.  of  Sales, 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Sir:- 

October  13,  1910. 

ftCI  14  .910 

I  have  just  received  the  percentage  of 
shipments  for  the  month  of  September,  1910,  as  oompared 
with  the  same  month  laBt  year,  and  the  results  are  as 

Lehigh  142$ 

Atlas  127$ 

Lawrence  123$ 

American  123$ 

Vulcanite  115$ 

Dext er  100$ 

EDISON  97$ 

I  am  sorry  to  note  that  our  shipments 
for  September  were  3$  less  than  last  year,  especially 
in  view  of  the  fact  that  the  average  shipments  for 
September,  1910,  increased  15$  over  those  of  September, 

1909.  I  hope  we  will  make  a  better  record  for  the 
balanoe  of  the  year. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Copies  to 

Mr.  J.  L.  THOMPSON 
Mr.  E.  C.  MILLER 
Mr.  HEID 

Mr.  CRANE  .  . . i _ .  _ j 

TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

~Zl.  Telearaph.  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J 

»•  °  address,  STEWARTS VILLE,  N.  J, 

October  20th,  1910. 

Mr.  Harry  p.  Miller,  Treas., 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

OCT  31 1310 

Under  date  of  the  15th  ultino,  we  mailed  you 
statement  covering  labor  assorting  and  shipping  tube  mill 
pebbles  against  Mr*  Edison  of  *1.50.  Up  to  this  time  we 
have  not  received  remittance  covering  this  charge.  Will 
you  kindly  take  this  up  at  once  and  let  us  have  check  cov¬ 
ering  the  amount  by  early  mail,  and  oblige. 

Yours  very  truly. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 
Assistant  Treasurer. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Ediaon, 

Orange,  N.  J.  0C\ 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  received  your  note  in  regard  to  the 
explosion  on  the  Climax  Boilera.  We  had  one  holler 
down  today,  and  it  waa  examined  hy  Hr.  Opdyke  and  myaelf 
and  we  cannot  detect  any  oorroaion  on  the  outBide  of  the 
holler  at  all.  This,  however,  ia  one  of  the  new  hollers 
which  has  only  heen  in  about  two  years. 

We  will  inapeot  one  boiler  every  day, 
as  they  are  taken  off,  until  we  have  completed  the  whole 

ThiB  ia  a  matter  which  we  have  had  up 
before,  and  about  twice  a  year  we  paint  the  bottoms  of 
the  boilers  with  red  lead.  The  red  lead  still  covered 
the  iron  on  this  boiler,  and  as  far  as  we  can  tell  there 
was  no  deterioration  on  the  outside.  There  is,  however, 
a  alight  pitting  on  the  inside  of  this  o«A-boiler,  but 
we  have  that  on  all  of  the  boilers,  and  so  far  it  is 
very  slight  and  of  no  importance. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Supt . 


THe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J.  I 

o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 



November  3,  mo. 

.NOV  5-  1910 

Mr.  Thomas  a.  Edison 
Orange„,  If. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  pt  on  the  pelt  (/fghtney  pvtlley  day 
before  yesterday  and  we  were  dpin^t  pomp  other  repairs 
ythieb  took  most  of  the  day,  I  had  two  splices  in  the 
belt  and  the  weigh*  of  the  pulley  put  a  tension  in  *he 
bplt  of  6,500  lbB.,  vhiph  is  jupt  about  what  ie  required 
theoretically  to  transmit  this  iipyse  Poway,  This  ran 
for  four  or  five  hours  yeiy  oat.ipfajstprlly,  arid  we  hpd 
a  full  load  on  the  roll,  ^heye  WPS  ho  tpndenqe  for  the 
beit  to  slip,  ao  far  ae  ppuld  tell, 

At  VW.  ?f}4  P#  thie  time  the  belt  tore, 
or  at  least  started  to  tear,  and  the  mill  was  shut  dpwp. 
It  waa  discovered  on  examination  that  the  iron  damp 
splice  had  torn  apayt;  fn  the  penter  of  the  belt,  but 
still  he  It  on  each  pjLdj,  and  algg  pfle  pf  the  leather 
splices  which  I  was  taring  jn  two.  I  found  on 

examination  that  the  pulley  fpy  ^*0  roll  was  worn  quite 
the  °r°Wn  W  vaI?  higher  than  they  are 

shen  u**d,  therefore. turned  off  *his  pulley  yesterday 


-2  r 

and  also  turned  off  the  in  the  tightener  pulley, 

leaving  it  perfectly  straight  tj  cross  the  face,  and 
started  up  again  last  nig^  <?  new  belt,  as  the 

other  one  was  a  little  tflp  phprt  fpr  this  long  drive, 
and  two  splioes,  one  of  tjie  ippn  .olarap  variety,  ljjte 
the  one  I  showed  you  in  Opgjigg,  and  one  of  the  copper 
wire  lacing.  The  belt  pt  j?pt  phph  and  had  to  he  taken 
up.  The  men  were  green  at  lpcing  the  copper  wire,  and 
it  took  a  long  time  to  tugcg.  up  thq  belt ,  but  thiB  ran 
part  of  the  night  and  thi||  morning  the  copper  wire  broke, 
I  am  putting  it  on  agaifj  JJiis  afternoon  with  two  iron 
clamp  spli oes ,  and  I  hBY9  ^fyiped  another  type  of  splioe 
similar  to  the  leather  gp^cp,  but  arranged  so  that 
theoretically  it  will  pq  jtylly  8b  strong  as  the  belt 
itself,  and  will  tty  thlg  at  the  first  opportunity. 

yours  very  truly, 

^ytrv\  • 


// tyift 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Panenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 

p.  o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

November  7,  1910. 


Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  jy/wra-fg/tf 

An  engagement  had  been  mMe  for  our 
Committee  to  meet  representatives  of  the  Allentown  and 
Penn  Allen  Companies  today,  with  the  intent  of  their 
becoming  members  of  the  Licensees  Association.  I  re¬ 
ceived  word  on  Saturday  from  Mr.  Lober  to  the  effect 
that  the  Lehigh  and  Alpha  Companies  were  not  agreed  with 
the  other  Companies  as  to  the  prices  in  the  Pittsburg 
district,  their  inclinations  seeming  to  be  to  Btill  fight 
the  Universal  Co.  by  making  ridiculously  low  prices  in  the 
Pittsburg  District,  so  you  will  note  from  copy  of  letter 

to  Hr.  Gerstell,  which  I  beg  herewith  to  enclose,  our 
position  in  the  matter.  In  other  words,  we  are  trying  to 
force  the  Alpha  and  Lehigh  Companies  into  line  before  we 
will  take  up  the  negotiations  with  the  outside  Companies. 

I  am  sending  you  this,  so  that  you  may 
be  posted  as  to  what  iB  being  done. 

Yours  very  truly, 


November  7,  1910 

Dear  Ur.  Gerstell:- 

On  Saturday  when  we  oame  down  in 
the  ear,  I  promised  to  let  you  know  the  rooults  of  our 
interviews  at  Allentown,  hut  on  reaching  the  offino  I 
found  a  letter  from  Mr.  l.ober  stating  that  it  would  not 
he  convenient  for  him  to  go  to  Allentown  today,  and  that 
ho  thought  it  not  advisable  to  talk  to  the  outside  com¬ 
panies  until  the  North  American  Companies  are  agreed 
upon  the  vital  points  of  the  License  Agreement,  and  as  I 
feel  that  he  is  quite  right,  I  have  cancelled  the  appoint 
ments  with  the  Allentown  and  Penn  Allen  Companies,  and  I 
will  not  make  any  further  engagements  with  them  until  the 
North  American  Companies  are  agreed,  so  that  we  can  offer 
the  outside  companies  a: propositi  on  which  we  know  will  be 
acceptable  to  the  Licensor. 

While  I  am  not  fully  infomed,  1  assume 
that  one  of  the  points  on  which  the  North  American  Com¬ 
panies  do  not  agree  is  fixing  the  line  between  1'erritoxy 
"A"  and  **B",  and  in  considering  this  question  we  should 



not  overlook  certain  foots. 

1st .  on  ocoount  of  their  Geographical  ndvan- 
toce,  there  is  no  price  the  Lehigh  Valley  mills  can  make 
which  will  prevent  the  millu  looated  in  the  Pittsburg 
diotriot  from  cutting  our  prices  if  they  so  desire. 

Suppose  for  illustration,  that  w  sell  cement  to  net  us 
thirty  seven  cents  per  barrel  (thirty  cents  for  tho  cement 
and  seven  cents  profit  on  the  hags),  with  the  freight  of 
forty  two  cento,  the  delivered  prioe  Pittsburg  would  he 
seventy  nine  oontn,  and  as  I  understand  it,  the  freight 
from  Universal  to  Pittsburg  is  seven  conto  per  barrel, 
the  net  therefore  to  tho  Univoroal  Company  would  be 
seventy  two  cento,  and  if  thoy  want  to  cut  our  delivered 
price,  they  can  do  so  at  little  or  no  loos  per  barrel  to 
themselves,  whereas,  the  net  price  to  the  Lehigh  Valley 
mills  of  thirty  seven  cento  means  a  heavy  Iobb  on  every 
barrel.  It  would,  therefore,  seem  impossible  for  ua  by 
any  mill  price  wo  can  afford  to  make,  to  take  away  the 
natural  advantage  the  Pittsburg  district  mills  have,  and 
any  selling  policy  to  accomplish  this  by  low  prices  would 
in  reality  be  bumping  our  heado  ngainot  a  stone  wall. 

2nd.  Assume  that  we  obtain  a  living  mill  price 
for  shipments  to  tho  Pittsburg  diotriot,  it  is  my  Judgment 
that  wo  will  soil  just  as  many  barrels  in  that  territory. 



for  the  reason  that  the  local  mills  in  the  Pittsburg 
district  would  not  need  to  cut  our  price  any  more  por 
barrel  to  take  business,  no  matter  what  the  not  price 
was  to  us,  and  on  the  cement  we  would  Bell  in  that 
district  we  could  at  leant  save  making  a  loss  on  every 
barrel  and  could  probably  mako  some  profit. 

3rd.  There  is  Rood  foundation  for  the  belief 
that  the  Pittsburg  district  mills  will  cooperate  with  us  in 
the  effort  to  obtain  living  prices.  Unfortunately,  some 
of  our  hchigh  Vnlley  friends  assume  that  ouoh  cooperation 
could  not  be  carried  out  and  apparently  prefer  to  attompt 
the  impossible  of  trying  to  control  by  low  prices.  Uhy 
not  try  the  experiment  of  obtaining  living  prices  in  the 
Pittsburg  district  and  give  the  Pittsburg  mills  a  chanoo 
to  show  what  th<y  '.Till  do?  And  if  they  do  not  make  good, 
we  can  then  make  any  change  that  seems  doBi table,  you 
may  argue  that  this  has  hoen  done,  and  while  I  admit  that 
it  was  tried  for  a  very  limited  period,  X  would  call  to 
your  attention  the  fact  that  conditions  ore  very  different 
now,  owing  to  certain  recent  changes  in  conditions  than 
they  were  before.  X  am  very  much  afraid  that  personalities 
cut  quite  a  figure  with  some  of  our  I.ehigh  Valley  friends 
when  they  consider  the  Pittsburg  district  problem,  and  this 
certainly  is  very  unfortunate,  an  well  ns  unprofitable,  for 


we  all  know  that  personalities  have  cost  the  I, oh igh 
Valley  mills  millions  and  millions  of  dollars  in  inoome 
during  the  past  two  years,  and  I  would  like  you  to  point 
out  to  mo  a  single  n.dvantngo  gained  by  any  of  our  I-ehigh 
Valley  mills  by  such  a  policy.  If  this  loos  of  inoome 
be  true,  are  we  not  follish  to  consider  continuing  a 
policy  which  has  caused  great  loss,  and  accomplish  nothing? 

4th.  Such  J.ehlgh  Valley  companies  that  have 
plants  in  Territory  'W  near  the  Pittsburg  district,  and 
which  would  not  come  undor  the  License  Agreement,  Beom  to 
me  to  have  a  decided  advantage  over  the  Lohigh  Valley  mills 
without  such  western  plants,  yet  as  I  understand  it,  these 
latter  companies  do  not  object  to  including  the  Pittsburg 
district  in  Territory'  "A". 

It  way  be  urged  that  if  the  Pittsburg 
district  is  put  in  territory  -A*'  that  the  Lehigh  Valley 
plants  may  lose  some  business  in  that  district' and  thuB 
have  a  surplus  here.  While  I  do  not  believe. that  ouch 
will  be  the  case,  we  will  assume  it  to  be  so  for  the  sake 
of  argument,  and  If  so,  I  now  fully  believe  we  can  prac¬ 
tically  take  care  of  any.  surplus  by  cutting  out  the  oper¬ 
ation  of  all  our  kilna  on  Sundays,. and  obtain  a  living 
price  for  all  our  product  and  not  be  compelled,  as  wo 
have  been  in  the  post,  to  ship  the  surplus  to  Territory 
"B"  at  a  loss  on  practically  every  barrel.  It  would  seem  ^ 


muoh  'better  business  judgment  to  manufacture  a  smaller 
amount  and  obtain  a  living  price  for  all  of  it,  rather 
than  givo  away  some  of  the  profit  we  moke  in  Territory 
"A"  for  the  privilege  of  shipping  to  Territory  "B". 

Another  fact  we  should  remember  is,  that 
under  present  conditions  our  rrioe  agreement  is  legal, 
but  with  the  notion  of  th'e  Government  against  the  "Bath 
Tub"  agreement,  thoro  in  a  possibility  that  the  Supreme 
Court  may  decide  it  is  not  legal  to  maintain  prices  under 
patents.?  It  will  probably  take  a  couple  of  years  for  this 
case  to  reach  the  final  court ,  so  that  we  may  have  only  a 
limited  timo  to  work  under  prenent  obnditions,  and  it  would 
Beem  good  bus i neon  Judgment  to  take  advnntago  of  the  oppor¬ 
tunity  to  the  extent  of  obtaining  living  prices  for  all  of 
our  product. 

I  trust  you  will  pardon  this  long  letter 
and  that  os  soon  as  the  North  American  Companies  hove 
agreed  to  the  vital  conditions  of  the  License  Agreement, 
that  you  will  advise  me,  so  that  our  Comittce  may  take 
the  matter  up  with  the  outside  companies. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Mr.  A.  V .  Gorstell,  Pres., 

Alpha  Portland  Cement  Co., 

Boston,  Fa. 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  ar 

ssenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  8AVANN,H' 
November  8,  1910. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller,  TreaB., 

o/o  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J.  W  9-  Off) 

Dear  Sir« 

We  have  your  favors  of  the  7th  Inst.,  en¬ 
closing  check  for  $5015.47,  being  proceeds  of  our  note 
for  $5100.00  kindly  discounted  for  us.  We  also  have 
memorandum  of  discount  of  our  note  for  $10,000.00  by  the 
Union  National  Bank,  entry  for  whioh  has  been  duly  made. 

We  also  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  all 
oertifioates  of  stock  sent  you  as  per  your  letter  con¬ 
cerning  same. 

Yours  truly, 

WB-CMW  perj^2^L_ 

By  the  sense  of  the  first  regular 
meeting  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Club  #1, 
the  officers  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 
were  to  he  requested  to  accept  honorary  mem¬ 
bership  in  our  Club,  and  as  the  first  Chairman 
of  The  Club,  it  is  my  pleasure  to  extend  to 
you  this  request. 

The  object  of  our  Club  is  only  to  fur¬ 
ther  the  interest  of  our  employers,  and  member¬ 
ship  is  limited  to  salesmen  in  the  employ  of 
the  Philadelphia  office  of  this  Company. 

Trusting  that  you  will  honor  us  with 
your  co-operation,  wo  are 

Yours  very  respectfully, 



TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pauenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  phiijwuphm,  P, 

o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N,  J.  «“"t: 

Mr.  K.  Heyer, 

Mgr.  of  Sales, 

Hew  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  beg  herewith  to  give  you • the  figures 

for  the  October  report  of  Eastern  mills  on  cement  shipped, 
nnd  stocks  on  hand,  ao  follows 

Cement  Cement 

On  Hand  Ground 

Oct.  1.  Opt . 

Cement  Cement  Clinker 

Shipped  On  Hand  On  Hond 

Oot .  Hov.  1  Hoy,  i. 





Cat  ski 11 



Olens  Falls 

Lav/ re  n  ce 






40 ,893 





408,763  471,846 

167,275  166,571 

739,936  74G.697 

77,001  72,477 

40,357  54,236 

69,950  77,059 

166,529  176,004 

54,024  84,445 

126,523  132,672 

470,535  528,685 

76,640  93,716 

59,000  49,318 

20,724  25,231 

84.718,,  157,271 

*250"  271 

29 , 126 
46 , 229 






15  j  300 



Yours  very  truly. 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

— p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  N“,lon“‘  BbA  Bl 

November  16,  1910. 

Mr.  Thome  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Jtear  8irj» 

In  connection  with  our  coal  consumption 
in  the  kilns  1  beg  to  submit  some  data  which  may  throw 
some  light  on  the  subject  and  as  it  appears  to  me  may 
enable  you  to  put  us  right  not  only  as  to  coal,  but  pos¬ 
sibly  may  improve  our  quality.  At  any  rate  the  arguments 
appeal  to  me  as  being  at  leaBt  worthy  of  consideration. 

Before  going  into  it  in  detail,  I  will, 
review  our  ooal  tests.  These  showed  from  about  75  to  115 
lbs,  under  different  conditions  which  have  been  raptiaUu^ 
and  I  believed  we  could  get  about  85  or  90  lbs.  as  an  aver¬ 
age.  1  stili  believe  it  but  perhaps  we  have  not  yet  struck 
the  right  idea  and  possibly  the  following  conclusions 
which  I  explain  as  dearly  as  possible  can  be  amended  and 
revamped  by  you,  so  as  to  find  the  "bug",  1  think  this  time 
it  iB  concealed  somewhere  in  the  following  pages,  or  in  the 
pamphlets  I  send  you,  or  both. 

Tests  have  shown  that  75  lbsv  is  possible 
under  certain  ideal  conditions,  but  I  cannot  hope  for  this 
at  present  in  practical  working  for  the  following  reasons:- 

1st.  Our  coal  1b  weighed  at  the  kilns  banco  the  moisture 

in  the  coal  as  it  io  received,  and.  the  losses  in  grinding 
are  not  included,  One  hundred  lbs,  on  the  cars  does 
not  yield  us  100  lbs.  at  the  kilns,  There  would  have 
'  to  be  a’ correction  made  f or  that* 

2nd,  Our  testa  were  made  when  the  kilns  were  in  con¬ 

tinuous  operation  and  while  they  covered  from  2  to  15 
hours  each,  they  represented  continuous  rune  as  the 
kiln  operator  would  make  every  effort  to  avoid  any 
shut-down  for  any  purpose.  They  are  ideal  therefore, 
in  this  respect,  and  cannot  be  called  normal  operations, 
3rd.  losses  oocured  by  starting  from  a  cold  kiln  are 

not  inoluded. 

4th.  I  might  name  others,  but  think  these  are  sufficient 

to  show  that  until  we  disc  overcome  now  principle  we 
•  ought  to  strive  for  85  or  90  lbs. 

Why  dost  we  get  that  figure?  My  explanation 
would  be  that  we  pursued  our  investigations'  until  late. in  the 
spring,  and  then  gave  them  up  for  the  following  reasons: - 
1st.  We  were  very  short  of  cement  and  could  not  supply 

the  demand;  We  were,  therefore,  compelled  to  push  the 
kilns  to  their  utmost  to  make  them  average  as  high  as 
possible  and  concluded  if  we  could  get  sevoral  barrels -ww-rv 
an  hour,  for  each  kiln  it  would  pay  us  to  sacrifice  a 
little  coal. 

We  started  to  got  the  kilns  to  average  28  barrels 

par  hour  and  I  think  our  t^twill  show  wo  do  bettor  than 
that.  If  wo  do  that  and  minimize  the  amount  of  lost 
timo  I  think  our  coal  consumption  will  fall  below  100  lbB. 

Wa  stopped  tooting  because  thu  weighing  gang  was 
costing  us  considerable  even’  day  and  as  a  commercial 
emergency  made  it  nacasoary  to  get  a  miximum  number  of 
barrels,  wa  could  not  run  a  few  barrels  lose,  even  though 
wa  could  have  domonstrated,  that  we  could  save  fuel  by 
running  at  a  more  moderate  rate. 

These  conditions  ara  changed  now,  and  we  shall  soon 
begin  to  accumulate  stock  and  I  think  it  would,  ba  a  good 
timo  to  run  a  few  experiments  as  soon  as  wo  have  stock 
enough  ahead  to  protect  ub  in  case  the  quality  should  be 
ailittle  off.  If  our  tests  show  off  quality  and  we  have 
plenty  of  cemont  to  mix  with  it,  we  con  work  it  off 
without  trouble,  or  without  interefering  with  our  ship¬ 

What  I  have  in  mind  is  this.  It  has  always 
been  my  belief  that  we  bum  our  clinker  harder  than  necessary. 
How  ouch  harder,  I  oarmot  tell  without  a  trial.  We  have 
always  believed  that  if  we  did  not  bum  so.  hard  it  would  cut 
down  the  output  of  the  Pina  Grinders  but  I  do  not  know  that 
this  has  ever  been  demonstrated.  We  ought  to  know  this  posi¬ 
tively  also  whether  the  water  has  any  effect  on  a  less  hard 
burned  olinker. 

1st,  If  it  does  not  reduce  the  grinding  cupaoity. 

ilnd.  And  is  not  affootsd  by  exoesB  water,  then  there  is 

no  use  for  burning  so  hard. 

Hard  Burning  Requires  an  Excess  of  Fuel. 

There  is  no  question  that  if  we  burn,  it  less 
we  can  save  fuel.  In  other  words',  after  wo  have  it  clinkerad 
we  still  go  on  putting  heat  into  it  to  make  it  densa  and  hard. 
This  eats  up  fuel,  which  could  be  saved  provided  we  did  not 
got  into  worsa  difficulties  on  grinding  or  quality.  'We  ought 
to  make  the  test. 

If  wo  can  burn  less  hard  we  will  save  fuel 
and  while  wa  have  demonstrated  to  the  satisfaction  of  the 
Sales  3apt,  that  Slow  Hardening  is  Imagination,  I  am  not  so 
sure  that  we  cannot  improve  it  some  by  lighter  burning;  It  is 
worth  a  trial  for  that  reason. 

On  Aug,  17,  1910  I  wrote  you  at  some  length^y 
on  this  subject,  and  outlined  a  Theory  of  Burning.  I  attch 
a  oopy  of  this  for  your  reference. 

In  support  of  this  theory,  X  shall  write  at  some 
length,  and  think  it  will  be  interesting  enough  for  your 

To  begin  with  Dr,  Michaelia  to  whom  I  shall 
refer  frequently  and  Who  fs  the  author  of  £he  papers  I  send 
you  has  made  a  study  of  Portland  Cement  for  dose  on  to  50 
years?  The  translator  is  hiB  son.  The  father  is  an  aclcnow- 

lodged  expert  in  l{uropc,  and  X  have  read  puperu  of  hie  in 

Garoan  for  the  l&at  15  years,  out-  just  lately  have  boon 

able  to  get  complete  English  copies  of  what  I  hud  already  read. 

Soma  years  ago  Mr,  Iflchaelis  published  his 
colloid,  theory  for  cements,  It  was  rejected  generally  by 
lupopean  and  American  chemists,  including  the  grant 
laChatclier  of  Prance.  Even  now  many  doubt  it  but  as  I  told 
•you  a  few  years  ago,  X  believe  his  theories  because  they 
uppeal  to  me  as  correct, 

Ihs  fact  that  they  agree  vary  closely  with 
your  theories,  leads  raa  to  command  my  own:  judgment  in 
accepting  them  when  first  proposed. 

As- you  are  interested!  sand,  you  the  papers 
instead  of  quoting  from  them  and  to  save  you  some  time  shall 
mark  certain  passages- by  pencil,  to  direct  attention  and 
refer  to  them  from  time  to  time,  J  have  lettered  the  pam¬ 
phlets  A.  b’.  &  0,  for  identification  of  the  references  to 
which  f  call  special  attention. 

Bco  Pamphlet  -  C  page  17 

«  »  "32 

I  think'  I  have  heard  you  express  all  of  these 
same  theories  from  time  to  time 'and  you  arrived  at  them  in-  ' 
dependent!..-/  Of  lUchaelio  who  published  only  in  German  until 
lately.  It  is  pleasing  to  state  that  European  chemists  are 
gradually  accepting  those  views,  and  those  Americans  who 
read,  are  following  suit. 

Practical  Application  of  chose  Theories, 

I  b&vo  been,  lengthy  in  ay  preliminary,  but 
oun  we  not  get  something  practical  from  it,  .1  oonf ess  Z 
always  believed  that  silica  and  lime  should  at  least  be 
loosely  combined  to  form  a  quids  hardening  product,  and  that 
possibly  free  silica  did  not  combine  readily  although  as 
my  letter  of  Aug.  17th  states  I  believe  in  burning  only  hard 
enough  to  gat  the  maximum  quantity  of  unstable  compounds, 

I  have  believed  that  it  was  not  necessary  to 
burn  as  hard  as  v/e  do  hut  still  necessary  to  burn  harder 
tbun  soma  others,  "What  the  limiting  point  is,  wo  can  only 
tell  by  test, 

What  annoyed  me  most  was  what  would  happen  to. 
unoombined  silica.  .By  that  I  mean  silica  as  sand, 

■>In  hie  1909  paper  ha  Gives-  some  interesting 
experiments  with  pure  quartz  and  oalouim  hydrate.  Sec  pam¬ 
phlet  IJ,  pages -6  and  7,  Jn  numerous  other  plnoos  he  leads 


you  to  infer  that  allien  in  a  fine  state  of  division  is 
readily  acted,  qpon  by  lima  pasta  i  wa  know  it  doss  slowly)  and 
th«  paint  whioji  arises  in  sy  mind  is  da  wo  not  bum  so  hard 
that  instead  of  having  a  vary  fins  powder,  whioh  goes  to  a 
hydrogel  readily  on  account  of  its  porosity,  we  have  a 
dansa  powder  of  fused  glass,  which  on  account  of  its  density 
does  not  go  to  a  hydrogel  so  readily  in  spite  of  its  fineness.. 

The  abstract  attached  goes  into  physical 
examples  of  this  and  I  nosd  not  repeat  them, 

X.  will  only  call  attention  to  natural , Cements 
which  ara  quick  hardening  -  which  are  burned  at  a  low  tem¬ 
pera  sure  -  which  are  not  fused  and  which  show  from  Sji  to  10^ 
Carbon  Dioxide-.  Shay  burden  rapidly  in  spits  of  this  and 
owing  to  their  lime  content  being  much  lass  than  Portland 

Cement  they  should  be  less  readily  converted  into  colloids 

th>Vn  Portland  Cement,  which  has  an  axcase  of  lime, 

If  I  ware  to  mark  all  the  interesting  pas¬ 
sages  in  the  3  pamphlets,  there  would  be  nothing  left  un¬ 
marked  so  shall  -only  note  my  conclusions  hare. 


1st,  If  v*9  bum  lighter  than  our  custom  we  can  save  fuel. 

That  goes  without  saying, 

(A)  Ve  may  find  it  more  difficult  to  grind 
but  let  us  demonstrate  it, 

*  (3)  Wa  mayi  or  may  npt  find  an  excess  of  water 

in  the  olinkar  injurious* 

2nd.  If  wo  burn  lighter,,'  we  may  moke  quicker  hardening 

in  accordance  with  sane  of  the  views  expressed  by 

3rd,  Vo  can  not  afford  to  experiment  bn  our  whole  output 

during  the  busy  season  when  wu  ship  direct  frou  the 
grinders,  ‘out  new  as  stock  accumulates  is  it  not  wise  to 
burn  our  clinker  lighter  for  a  time  and  see  bow  much 
fuel  ws  can  b&voT  That  is  the  primary  motive,  A  secon¬ 
dary  and  equally  important  is  the  quality  if  it  makes  it 
quicker  hardening  vrithout  involving  us  in  other  troubles. 

Vi  11  you  kindly  consider  and  if  you  think 
there  is  anything  to  this  line  of  argument,  make  suggestions 

for  carrying  it  out. 

Very  truly, 




Test  to  determine  oapaoity  of  ona  Pine  Grinder  when  operating 
alone,  as  run  on  #3  Clinker  Pina  Grinder  Friday  Nov.  IB,  1910. 

load  on 

Production  C  onvey  o  r  s 

'  as  shown  hy 

lbo.  hhls.  Amperes 

Horeep  ower 
as  shown  by 
indicator  car^s 
taken  on 
Ho.  2  Engine 


S^JeJurJr-4ac!lnfcL°li0ne„P}n“  0rindar  when  operating 
— - * - ~,on  ^ ^.QJ-^nlcor  j^lne  Grinder  Friday,  Mov.  16,  191Q. 

Hoc alar  opera- 

“*•  *™s“ 

pulling  WSS  1“!“ar  “w“" 

tins  WM4  ^SiJfiKufS  102  r-  »• 

n  othinr*’, PlaJ}t  htul  l,o«n  running  continuously  f  or^a^iours^nd*^ 
nothing  Wtt3  done  except  to  shut  the  feed  og  Hi  gi&re  except  #3. 

«4«-  that^M  *  «  d«tor- 

®  «ouLUhave  S1abour5Jo\blBf1pernhoS?  R^"k“r 

clear  of  flnB’  *** 

on  ^  -0  "i°5oSSor“lS Z*l  Jg  "til  *“*  dow«  «>«  clinker 
this  are  showed  on  #130  «4  #?00r  ia^32°m°S#ioO  ttVOrtt(fe  BowinK  °* 
16.1?,  #L00j  /i.^Z  #100 

from  the  griSr  S  r?°^  ver “»  cl^er  coming 

10,00  A.h?Pwain^S/rd  ffV^S  5T  S-fr%7-00  ™tll 

feed  roll  Wae  made^T  and  rAn^-i’  °poiunS  01  f»»‘l  irate  over 
A.K.  opening  of  fled"  gate  o SS  ron  11:0.0  A.M.  at  li,oo 

so  during  balanoe  of  teat.  f  d  ro11  waH  wade  -3^"  and  remained 



impossible,-  ws^^o%rrari^-jir 

TBe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

:  and  Pasaenjer  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

r.  o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 


N  o  1 1  (u|C[UmkU(J  u  ?l  d  |  n  “ 

Mr.  E.  Meyer, 

Wgr.  of  SaleB, 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

Near  Sir:- 

November  18,  1910. 


fl'Yf- 1 

NOV  . 

^  I  have  received  the  report  for  the  month 

of  October,  1910,  and  find  that  the  shipments  as  compared 
with  October,  1909,  are  as  follows:- 








133  “-a 

cement  i 

You  will  also  note  that  the  stock  of 
m  hand  of  1,378,000  barrels  is  the  lowest  stock 
lor  Hov.  1st  since  1905,  and  if  the  cement  manufacturers 
this  Winter  would  only  manufacture  a  moderate  amount  of 
cement,  there  is  absolutely  no  reason  why  we  should  not 
obtain  good  prices  throughout  the  entire  year  of  1911. 

I  am  doing  everything  I  know  how  to  get  the  manufacturers 
to  appreciate  their  present  opportunity. 

Youwery  truly, 


President . 

TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paaaenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 

p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

November  18,  1910. 

Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  j. 
Near  Sir:- 

NOV  19  <S 10 

Referring  to  the  question  of  going 
over  cOnveybts  dh  which  belts  are  UBdd  and  cuitihg 
off  every  sharp  corner  so  that  there  will  he  no 
place  for  a  belt  to  catch,  would  state  that  I  have 
instructed  Mr.  Mason  to  attend  to  this  work,  which 
has  now  been  completed. 

This  for  your  information. 

Yours  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 


Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  Philadelphia,  pa.,  Arcado^BuncNnj 

p.o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.N.J.  K,Vo°„Ti°B,.X‘If,dB,'Sf 

Hovember  21,  1910. 

Mr.  Harry  P.  Miller, 

BdiBon  Laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Bear  Sir:- 

22  ,513 

Tomorrow  Mr.  Bdiaon  will  probably 
receive  a  letter  from  Mr.  Hobbina  in  reference  to 
Holla  at  Panama,  and  after  Mr.  Sdison  haa  noted  the 
aame,  pleaae  hold  it  in  your  office,  aa  1  ehall  be 
down  on  Wedne8day  and  wish  tp  take  the  matter  up 
with  Mr.  Bdiaon  peraonally  and  diaouae  it  with  him. 

Youra  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paasenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


November  (25,  5193.0. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J.  %  Q 

Dear  Sir:-  tlln  Experiment. 

IhiB  kiln  was  fixed  up  last  Sunday  with  a 
collar  in  front  as  per  euggeetipn  in  letter  of  Nov.  18th. 

The  collar  stands  9  inches  above  the  lining  and  makes  the 
area  of  the  opening  now  16  Instead  of  28  square  feet. 

We  have  watohed  it  oarefully,  for  4  days 
and  it  does  hank  up  a  pile  of  white  not  olinker  and  make 
a  quicker  combustion.  The  Kiln  has  run  very  steadily  and 
while  we  have  made  no  tests  on  it,  and  it  is  too  early  tP  aake 
any  predictions  Z  give  you  the  hourly  average  whioh  our 
log  shows  for  the  past  few  months,  and  from  Nov.  1st,  until 
.  18th  with  the  open  month  omit  ting  .Monday  only  as  the  kiln  was 
cold  on  Sunday  and  only  started  up  Monday  morning  henoe  it 
would  be  unfair  to  include  tb^t  'average.  The  November  average 
ehpwP  every  day  thafi  j.t  fUf 1  :24  fcqure* 

#8.  JCiln  Average  for  June  •  26.2 

July  w  ao.i 

Aug,  - 

Sept.  - 



U0T.’.'l8t,±0  U07>  asth.  »  50.1 

Average  98.fl  VnjsjMvA^ 

f j.*h  .typeping 

'*W  W  r  %l> 

^  99' 9 

9,4  *!, 

31,3  VviOsS^'^^V^w^ 

All  these  averages  p,fe  taken  pn  the  Banja 
b&sie,thet  is  m  have  not,  changed  the  Pha^k  pr  pp^I  feeds 
any  and  ubs  the  revolution  count era  in  each  pass  tp  determine 
the  output. 

Three  days  records  Is  npt  sufficient  test  hut 
so  fas  it  looks  good.  There  is  a  ohalk  ring  forming  today, 
hut  this  does  not  necessarily  have  anything  tp  do  With  pur 
change,  so  we  shall  dig  it  out  pp  Sunday  and.  try  it  again. 

I  tried  burning  lighter  op  this  Kiln  today, 
and  kept  it  up  tqr  several  hoars  without  getting  heavy  chalk 
f  loods  pa  we  dp  when  we  try  it  in  an  open  Kiln.  Tfe  would  get 
the  fine  chalk  dpwn  tp  the  ooal  ring  5  feet  from  the  end,  when 
instead  of  slopping  out  in  a  brown  powder,  it  would  flash  into 
clinker  instantly  the  moment  it  flowed  in  to  the  4*p  pf  hot 
clipker  behind  the  ripg,  I  psewnt  samples  of  these,  and 

shall  forward  them  %o  you  with  comments,  I  jpa.  pleased  With 
this  first  effort  at  lighter  burning,  $nd  shall  try  it  a  few 
more  times. 

Very  truly* 


'TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph.  F reight  and  Passenger  Station,  HEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J .  phil*d«.pmi»,A|R».?  Area! 

-  P.o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J.  ^ 

Nov.  25th,  1910. 

Mr.  H,  T.  Miller  SeCy. , 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Mi  Her: - 

In  reply  to  your  fav>  r  of  the  23rd  inst. 
regarding  tax  on  "Egbert  Church  Mineral  Right" ,  the 
only  description  I  have  of  said  property  is  in  the  tax 
book  that  used  to  be  kept  by  Judge  Elliott.  The  first 
record  I  have  of  it  i s  under  date  of  1896,  and  it  is 
headed"Egbert  Churoh  Mineral  Right",  Mt.  Bethel, 
Mansfield  Township,  Warren  County,  M.  J.  At  that  time 
it  was  assessed  at  $425.00,  and  it  seems  to  have  slowly 
crept  up  to  its  present  amount, 

I  think  Mr.  Edison  told  me  once  that 
this  was  a  few  acres  comprising  a  Mineral  Right  to 
mine' for  Iron  Ore ,  and  bel  ong  ed  to  the  Mew  Jersey  & 
Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Wo iks.  .1  think  Mr.  Edison 
has  deoided  to  pay  the  tax  on  it  all  thiB  time,  because 
it  was  only  a  matter  of  so  few  dollars  and  do  not  think 
that  he  values  it  as  amounting  to  much.  However,  if 
you  will  speak  with  Mr.  Edison  about  it  he  oan  no  doubt 



give  you  a  better  idea  of  it  than  I  am  able  to. 

Thanking  you  for  your  letter,  I 
Yours  very  truly, 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Piuenger  StaHon.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  phiuo.lphu  ,*pa“ 

8RJCT.V"  Union 'su 

— — -  P.  o  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J,  SSEM'S::  5i.Vo°nT,c 

November  26,  1910. 

Bear  Mr.  Edison: - 

iw  tea  i9io 

The  North  American  Co.  held  a  meeting 
yesterday.  All  the  N.  A.  Companies  were  represented 
and  nearly  all  details  were  agreed  to  with  the  single 
exception  of  the  division  line  between  Territory  "A* 
and  Territory  -B-.  The  Atlas  and  VUloanite  Cos.  were 
anxiouB  to  have  the  present  line,  which  runs  from 
Rochester,  N.  Y.,  down  throigh  Altoona,  Pa.,  extended 
to  cover  the  Western  State  lines  of  New  York  and  Penn¬ 
sylvania.  The  Lehigh  and  Alpha  did  not  approve  of  this 
and  it  was  finally  agreed,  subject  to  the  approval  of 
Mr.  Morron,  who  is  in  Chicago,  that  the  present  line 
from  Rochester  to  Altoona  be  maintained  and  that  a 
second  line  be  established  in  New  York  and  Pennsylvania, 
which  is  to  run  along  the  eastern  line  of  the  most  western 
counties  of  New  York  and  Pennsylvania.  In  the  section 
between  the  Rochester  -  Altoona  line  and  this  new  line, 
is  to  be  a  price  of  *1.26,  with  return  bags  at  10/ each. 
The  Western  tier  of  count ie/J0fAOhio  «»dln3ianaand 

other  western  states  are  all  to  he  Territory  "B".  The 
price  in  Territory  "A"  is  to  he  $1.36,  with  hags  off 
at  40 1!'. 

Mr.  Horron  is  expected  hack  the  early 
part  of  the  week,  and  if  this  division  is  satisfactory 
to  him,  then  the  North  American  is  to  notiftr  me  finally, 
and  l  am  to  take  up  with  our  Committee  the  question  of 
the  outside  Companies  joining  the  Association.  I  am 
told  that  moBt  of  the  outside  Companies  think  favorably 
of  the  new  Agreement,  including  the  Alsen.  Every  effort, 
of  course,  will  he  made  to  bring  the  matter  to  a  con¬ 
clusion  at  the  earliest  possible  moment. 

Yours  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Go 

graph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

.  p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

November  29,  1910. 

Mr.  Thermae  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  D,  J, 

Dear  8irj- 

1  have 

22nd.  until  J  tjould  make  some  observations  on  the  Kilns.  The 


question  of  burning  at  a  lower  temperature  and  screening  out 
the  Uhblinker'Sd  powder  is  alright  in  principle,  if  we  could 
taake  if  wokk.  i  have  watched  the  oourse  of  Chalk  floods 
frequently  in'  the  past  and  recently  run  them  specially  to 
tortfihn  past  observation*.. 

The  difficulty'  seams  to  be  that  the  effect 
is  cumulative.  That  is  if  we  run  only  a  small  part  of  un- 
c lingered  material  the  blanket  or  bed  which  it  forms  about 
the  clinker*  s^ut^.  off  direct  heat  from  radiation  getting  at  the 
ol inker  which  is,. burled  and  lias  a  chilling  effect  on  the  front 
of  the  Kiln,  and  t&e  longer  you  proceed  the  worse  it  gets 
unti}.  it  iq  all  powder  and  no  clinker.  As  soon  as  it  begins, 
it  must  be*  checked  before  the  powder  gets  to  the  front  end» 

It  ere ,.4 e.  not  atop  it  10  or  l£  feet  back  in  the  it  is 

nepeseary  to  ffcut  down  and  heat  up.  No  amount  of  jockeying 
will  specie  us  to  keep  running  after  powder  reaches  the  front. 


ilayed  answei 



delayed  answering  your  letter  of  Nov. 

Afl  t  Wrote  you,  I  have  also  tried  it  6h  Kiln 
#6  with'  the  collar  in  front  (reduced  Section)  and  find  that 
the  darn  of  hot  clinker  permits  ub  to  clinker-  powder  ae  far 
front  as  the  ooul  ring  (that  ip  6  feet  from  tile  front),  Thi* 
is  al  least  10  feet  farther  front  than  we  have  keen  able  to 
carry  the  load  continuously  before. 

It  looks  good  so  far  and  we  have  put  jt i 
collar  on  Kiln  #2  to  try  it  out  there.  This  is  the  Kiln 
which  gives  us  the  most  trouble,  and  if  it  improves  thjat 
Kiln  we  shall  try  it  on  others. 

Very  truly, 

S,  The  log  for  #8  Shows  that  it  ran  33  barrels  On  Sat¬ 
urday  again  which  looks  good.  Ths  28  average  of  the  day  before 
was  due  to  a  chalk  ring  which  came  cut  itself  Kridhy  night , 
hence  on  Saturday  it  was  in  its  normal  Condition  again. 

December  1,  1910sV4« 

m.t,  MASON:-  ' 

Wishing  to  know  approximately  the  extra 
cost  of  running  the  Clinker  Pine  Grinding  Plant  as  we  did 
on  Sunday  last,  I  have  hod  Hr*  Moses  prepare  for  me  a 
statement  in  detail,  which  I  beg  herewith  to  attach.  From 
it  you  will  note  that  he  has  taken  the  Pay  Poll  of  the 
various  departments,  crediting  tho'  amount  of  half  time 
allowed  Foremen  in  the  various  Departments  if  the  Plant 
had  been  idle,  adding  all  supplies,  oil,  coal,  etc.,  de¬ 
ducting,  however,  the  necessary  coal  for  banking  the 
boilers  if  the  Plant  had  not  been  in  operation,  adding  1 
to  this  the  prcportional  amount  of  overhead  expense, 
showing  that  the  total  coot  of  grinding  the  clinker  on 
Sunday  last  was  11.3^  per  barrel,  which  is  veiy  much 
higher  than  if  the  clinker  had  been  ground  on  the  5-J-  day 

You  will  also  note’  that  if  we  were  to. 
run  the  Grinding  Plant  every  Sunday  with  the  other  plants 
shut  down,  it  would  cost  3-J-fi  per  barrel  more  on  the  entire 
output  for  a  month.  .Thus  you  will  see  that  it  is  most 
uneconomical  to  operate  the  plant  os  it  was  done  last 
Sunday,  and  in  fact,  it  was  contraiy  to  the  plan  as 

outlined  ,  and  I  am  sending  you  these  figures  and  statement, 
so  that  you  may  appreciate  the  importance  of  getting  the 
Clinker  Pine  Grinding  Plant- up  to  a  capacity  so  it  will, 
take  care  of  the  output  of  the  kilns,  for  the  reason  that  ' 
it  we  are  compelled  to  shut  down  the  kilns  from  their 
present  six  day  a  week  schedule,  it  will  still  further 
increase 'the  cost  of  our  finished  product. 

VI.  0.  MALLORY , 



Mr,  MALLORY:-  .  /  ^  5-  ',910  .  • 

Replying  to/your  letter  of  Nov.  28th, 
in  regard  to  the  numberof  meji  employed  on  Sunday,  in 
regard  to  the  quarry,  Railroad  and  Washer,  in  which 
there  were  35  men  employed,  theBe  men  in  the  quarry  and 
on  the  Railroad  were  engaged  in  ohanging  trackB,  in 
order  to  get  out  our  atone  from  No.  2  quarry  for  the 
Winter.  I  have  been  putting  off  this  change  of  tracks 
for  some  weeks,  hoping  for  an  opportunity  to  get  it 
done  during  the  week,  and  I  was  afraid  the  tracks  would 
freeze  in  and  it  would  oost  us  very  much  more  in.  labor 
to  remove  them,  and  I  thought  it  best  to  have  it  done 
on  Sunday  and  arranged  accordingly  before  I  went  to 
Tomkins  Cove.  This  is  work  which  oould  not  be  done 
while  the  quarries  and  railroad  ^aa^ope rating,  and  it 
was  a  case  of  either  doing  it  on  Sunday  or  doing  it.- at 
night,  and  I  figure  that  it  is  less  expensive  to  do  it 
on  Sunday .  . 

In  regard  to  the  Washer,  this,  was  also 
arranged  for  and  the  work  done  was  due  to  necessity  of 
putting  a  new  belt  on  the  elevator  and  all  the  buckets 
had  to  be  riveted  on.  This  whole  job  had  to  be  done  at 
one  time  and  it  was  either  a  case  of  doing  it  on  Sunday 

or  doing  it  at  night. 

In  regard  to  the  Yard,  13  men,  four  of 
these  were  handling  gypsum  in  the  Clinker  Grinding  Plant 
and  three  of  them  were  helping  the  Kiln  Department  out 
out  the  lining  in  the  kilns.  The  rest  of  them  were  digging 
the  ditch,  which  was  entirely  unnecessary  to  do  and  was 
done  without  my  orders.  I  will  Bee  that  this  does  not 
happen  again. 

In  the  Mechanical  Department  there  were 
some  repairs  done  on  the  Redrying  Plant,  which  was  neces¬ 
sary  to  have  done,  as  this  Plant  lately  has  been  working 
the  full  24  hours  and  then  has  not  been  able  to  keep  up 
a  sufficient  supply  of  dry  stone  for  operating  the  mill. 

In  regard  to  the' Power  Department ,  there 
were  several  men  working’  on  repairs,  part’ of  which  could 
have  been  done  on  another  day, 

In  regard,  to  the  Packing  Department,  as 
I  understand  it,  there  was  about  4,000  barrels  in  the 
Humidor,  but  some  of  this  did  not  come  right  as  fast  as 
was  necessary,  and  on  Saturday  afternoon  Dr.  Kiefer  re¬ 
quested  Mr.  Richardson  to  have  the  Humidors  filled  up, 
and  Sunday  morning  the  gang  came  out  and  worked  four  hours. 
This  was  piece  work,  but  nevertheless  it  should  have  been, 
arranged  for  before,  and  it  was  not  necessary  to  have  done 
it  on  Sunday,  as  the  Humidor  Bhouldhave  been  filled  up 

during  the  week  before. 

I  note  what  you  say  in  regard  to  running 
the  Grinding  Plant  on  Sunday,  and  quite  agree  with  you 
that  it  is  too  expensive  to  do,  and  you  will  note  that 
although  we  have  been  losing  on  our  grinding  as  compared 
with  the  output  of  the  kilns  the  whole  month,  this  wsb 
the  only  Sunday  that  we  operated  the  Grinding  Plant. 

I  will  arrange  to  keep  the  clinker  stock  down  under  40,000 
barrels  and  not  run  the  Grinding  Plant  on  Sundays. 

In  regard  to  the  output  of  the  Clinker 
Grinding  Plant,  this  has  oertainly  fallen  off  very  mater¬ 
ially,  but  the  average  of  the  grindings  that  you  cite  for 
1908  were  296  barrels  per  hour,  whiAl/our  average  output 
for  September  was  295,  and  October  291  barrels  per  hour. 
The  first  24  days  of  Hovembe'r  it  was  271  barrels.  The 
Foreman  has  been  changed  in  thiB  Grinding  Plant,  as  you 
know,  and. we  are  using  every  effort  to  increase  the  out¬ 
put  and  are  carrying  on  experiments  on  the  blowers  at 
the  present  time. 

YourB  very  truly, 


Mr.  MALLORY':-  ' 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  Nov.  29th, 
in  regard  to  the  large  consumption  of  coal  per  barrel 
in  the  Kiln  Plant,-  I  do  not  know  what  our  competitors 
are  doing  in  this  line,  hut  at  any  rate  I  believe  that 
we  can  reduce  the  amount  of  coal  per  barrel  in  our  own 
plant,  and  have  started  out  to  see  what  can  be  done 
during  the  month  of  December  along  thiB  line. 

I  note  that  thiB  time  you  put  the  full 
responsibility  of  the  coal  consumption  up  to  me,  and  I 
will  certainly  do  whatever  I  can  to  reduce  it  as  low 
as  possible.  In  regard  to  the  various  items  listed, 

I  will  answer  them  in  detail. 

1st-  I  have  already  had  taken  a  oareful 
invent oxy  of  the  coal. on  Deo.  1st,  and  will  arrange  for 
another  one  Jan.  1st. 

2nd-  I  will  certainly  txy  to  keep  the  output 
of  the  kilns  to  approximately  what  they  have  been,  during 
the  past  few  months,  but  it  may  be  possible  that  we  will 
lose  Borne  output  on  account  of  our  experiments.  This  can 
only  be  ttetexmined  after  further  tests. 

3rd-  In  regard  to  air  leaks  at  the  coal  end 

of  the  kilns,  of  course,  these  should  he  olosed  up  and  ■ 
all  the  air  go  through  the  cooler,  where  it  will  he come 
heated  to  some  extent,  hut  it  appears  to  me  now  that  it 

is  possible  there  is  too  much  restriction  in  area  in  the 

*771  Si tiY*  hduUv o 

opening  between  the  kiln  and  the  cooler,  as  Borne  of  the 


kilns  do  not  seem  to  operate  as  well  with  all  these 
openings  closed,  as  they  do  with  a  certain  amount  of 
opening  around  the  coal  gun  doors.  I  cannot  answer  .this 
positively  jintil  I  have  made  further  measurements 
calculation,  which  can  only  he  done  while  the  kilns  are 

4th-  I  realize  what  the  possibilities  in 
saving  are,  and  with  that  idea  in  view  will  bend  every 
effort  to  make  the  saving. 

5th-  I  think  that  Kr.  8hipman  has  spent  too 
much  time  in  looking  after  the  output  of  the  kilns  and 
father  too  little -in  regard  to  the  economy.  This  matter 
has  been  taken  up  vigorously  and  we  have  arranged  that 
he  will  have  all  of  histime  to  devote  to  this  one  object. 

6th-  In  regard  to  the  quality  of  clinker 
being  burned  too  hard,  that  is  a  matter  which  we  have 
tried  several  times  and  gotten  in  trouble.  However,  there 
is  no  conclusive  evidence  that  the  trouble  was  due  to  the 
softer  burning  of  the  olinker,  and  I  believe  that  we  oan 
burn  softer  without  interfering  with  our  efficiency  in  . 

other  departments  or  the  quality  of  .the  cement,,  and  we 
will  make  an  effort  to  do  this. 

7th-  In  regard  to  the  question  of  the  ohalk 
coming  down  and  the  possibilities  of  remedying  this  by 
putting  in  high  nose  brick,  same  as  we  have  on  No.  8  and 
No.  2  Kilns,  would  advise  that  so  far  I  am  not  satisfied 
that  the  ohange  on  No.  8  and  No.  2  Kilns  is  an  economical 
and  satisfactory  change,  aB  in  both  kilns  we  have  had  a 
good  deal  of  trouble  with  rings,  and  on  No.  8  Kiln 
apparently  the  spaoe  between  the  nose  briok  and  the  coal 
ring  is  filling  up  and  it  would  Been  in  a  few  dayB  it 
will  be  level  for  this  whole  distance,  and  then  we  will 
be  in  the  same  place  we  were  before,  with  a  Ibbs  area  of 
opening  in  the  kiln.  This  can  only  be  determined  by 
experiment,  and  if  these  kilns  are  apparently  taking 
more  ooal  than  the  others,  I  will  cut  out  these  ringB 
and  let  this  experiment  be  tested  out  at  another  time, 
if  it  seems  desirable. 

No.  8-  was  answered  in  No.  6. 

No.  9-  I  do  not  expect  to  get  the  results 
from  the  total  operation  of  all  the  kilns  for  the  com¬ 
plete  month  that  we  get  from  testing  kilns  for  a  few 
hourB,  unless  there  are  some  radical  changes  in  conditions 
which  I  oannot  at  present  foresee,  for  I  have  never  yet 
known  of  anything  in  thiB  line  which  could  be  made  to  run 

-4-.  . 

month  in  and  month  out  1-ilie  ^sts  with  the  aame  efficiency 
as  shown  in  the  testB  for  a  short  period,  when  every  one 
is  keyed  up  and  conditions  are  of  the  best.  ThiB  has  been 
proven  many,  p»awy  timeB  hy  holler  and  engine  tests,  and 
tests  on  various  other  mechanical  devices.  At  the  same 
time,  I  do  believe  there  is  a  very  material  saving  in  coal 
which  can  he  obtained  and  will  bend  efery  effort  in  that 

10th-  In  regard  to  the  finer  coal,  there  1b 
no  doubt  but  what  finer  coal  would  oertainly  give  us  as 
good  economy,  and  possibly  a  better  economy.  I  should 
like  to  be  able  to  grind  a  finer  coal  and  make  tests 
accordingly,  but  I  do  not  believe  that  the  margin  from 
the  finer  coal  is  very  great,  and  it  can  only  be  determined 
by  conclusive  tests.-  I  have  watched  No.  8  as  you  suggest, 
and  in  my  opinion  the  sparkling  is  due  partially  to  coarser 
coal,  but  in  a  greater  measure  to  the  swirls  of  air  catching 
the  outside  edge  of  the  coal  as  it  is' injected  into,  the 
kiln  and  carrying  it  down  on  the  hot  clinker,  and  .1  believe 
you  will  get  the  same  sparkle  and  flashes  if  the  coal  was 
ground  all  through  200’ mesh.  I  may  be  wreng  in  this,  and 
would  like  to  have  an  opportunity  of  grinding  coal  about 
90%  through  200  mesh  for  a  considerable  length  of  time,  to 
eee  what  improvement  it  would  make  with  all  other  conditions 

CSJbamat>(JL  Cdwovu 

TITe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co  Freiuhl  nnd  PMinnepf  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N  ,aJ  O-ifOtL-uif'p.1*  aTtaaVe 

Please  note  the  attaohed  note  from 

Meyer,  whioh  explains  itself.  I  think  it  would  be  a 
▼eiy  good  thing  if  you  would  spend  the  time  during  the 
Cement  8how  to  go  to  Hew  York  some  afternoon,  meet  our 
men  ai?4  00m«  o f  our  oustomers,  and  then  attend  the 
Cement  8how,  and  1  hope  that  you  will  see  your  way 
clear  to  do  thie,  aa  1  think  it  will  be  a  mighty  good 
investment  for  ua. 

The  Show  opens  Wednesday  night,  and 
you  oan  come  over  either  Thursday ,  Friday,  or  Saturday, 
whichever  suite  you  best.  Will  you  please  have  Harxy 
Miller  write  me,  e/o  Hotel  Aetor,  Hew  York,  shat  you 
decide  to  do  in  this  matter,  also  the  day  you  will  oome, 
so  1  may  make  arrangements  to  meet  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 



LU<Il{j  C^fil^xo  ~%>  WJL  £Lir*iGsy --i-'/ 

.^■/LfoO  -  /Uo-xas  /fri-L-rW  dty 

Jiyy/  ^Qyfy-  ^icidj  '^JL/ 

d~&J?Xs  (x2.x^'^-i--'d  j&dj-L*} 

\<d/  ■ls-'V  <Hs  Mr/^djS 


sdJUs  s/y-uJ  ui-is  jjlMs  GOwU*^ 
tyU-Cs  e2s~u 

l  (try 

LOds-  tudb 

l  d  .AAI-L&b  LaJUL/1  -/LsiV^ d^yxJli  - 
^  nco-9'Q'O 

V-  y(d  isy-irtsiJLtO  LlsO  CUUdj 


*s\a  CS 

^  JjXs\_&J  C/tyf'C--)^  CO  r\,AJ^ylr£— 


/  ' 



yAsU^L  -  O-i 

$(ju  /!  f2c^*  lyQ^A&*U 

fi— o^-/l  w-yy_  ^ 

A? risJ-dCi  CAjLJ 
iHAry~!^^yy**eyy^£ — 

(Aj.l_S^KJ  O  ’y 1-yVte^  V  y^L^yesAy* 




^ na*Ct 

TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pass* 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE, 

t,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  phiimm-phia,  pa.,  Arenda  BuDdhaf 

Newark,  N.  J.,  Union 'ouMdl'ni:'11'16 

bobtoh,  Mass.,  Po.tomcoBnuarn 

5VILLE,  N.  J.  Savannah,  □».,  National  Bant  Bulldl 

Mr.  13.  Moyer,  Copy  to 

Mgr.  of  Sales, 

Hew  York,  !f, 

Do comber  14,  1910. 


DEC  -.1.5  >510 

I  beg  herewith  to  give  you  the  figures 

for  November,  1910,  of  cement  on  hand,  shinned,  and 
clinker  on  hand,  no  follows 


Ameri can 

At  las 


Cat  ski 11 



Glens  Falla 






Vul canite 


Come  nt  Cement 

On  Hand  Ground 
Nov.  1.  !lov. 

140,943  366,664 

09,609  142,830 

676,033  730,250 

18,069  69,324 

27,014  29,571 

4.701  69,566 

60,040..  139,241 

23.655  52,595 

03,206  96,313 

09,523  444,130 

29,120  04,330 

46,229  60,000 

10, .384  21,126 

78,897  77,003 

177  0 

Cement  •  Cement 
Shipped  On  Hand 

.  .  »ov.  Dec.  1, 

314,031  192,775 

115,639  117,000 

595,645  810,638 

45,078  43,115 

45,076  11,509 

72,221  2,046 

128,745  70,036 

57,997  10,253 

90,258  89,261 

324,562  209,091 

00,378  33,080 

04,370  01,859 

22,513  8,997 

100,312  55,588 

33  144 

YourB  very  truly, 

On  Hand 
Dec.  1. 




20 , 400 
1 , 619 


iftCl  £dl4<ftu 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

'  Telegraph.  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 

p.  o  address.  STEW ARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

"  s«rd¥n' 

N  a  t  l*on?l°B  b  g  f I 

December  14 1  1910 1 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  .1-5  '9\0 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs- 

I  have  just  been  trying  the  bombB  in 
the  kiln.  The  first  bomb  that^.  ehot  I  think  miSBed  the 
ring.  The  seoond  one  hit  the  ring,  but  evidently  it 
glanced  off  and  went  on  up  the  kiln.  The  third  one  hit 
the  ring  and  bored  a  hole  into  it,  aa  far  aa  X  could 
judge,  about  6"  to  10"  deep,  and  in  about  ten  seconds  the 
powder  in  the  bomb  began  to  bum  and  Bpouted  a  flame  out 
of  the  hole  which  the  bomb  had  made  for  two  or  three  seconds. 

It  is  evident  to  me  now  that  it  will  be 
necessary  to  oonfine  this  powder  so  that  it  will  explode 
instead  of  burn.  I  had  it  in  the  small  brass  tube  with 
gun  wads  on  the  end,  but  this  evidently  1b  not  enough  to 
confine  it  so  it  will  explode.  X  am  making  up  another  set 
with  little  heavier  shells,  and  will  confine  it  olosely 
so  that  it  will  explode. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Supe  ri  nt  endent . 



UTe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

er  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Deoember  15,  1910. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  DEC  1910 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  had  several  large  chalk  halls 
roll  up  In  the  kilns  today,  and  one  of  them  I  am  told 
hae  been  in  there  Bince  yesterday  morning,  hut  I  did  not 
see  it  while  looking  into  the  kiln,  as  it  was  away  hack. 
These  halls  were  about  2 %  ft.  in  diameter  and  seemed  to 
stay  just  haok  of  the  ohalk  ring.  It  is  something  that 
we  have  had  frequently  before,  hut  sometimes  we  are  free 
from  them. 

I  had  three  brass  borabB  made  up  and 
Borewed  an  end  into  them  so  they  would  be  tight,  and 
filled  them  with  gunpowder.  Two  ,of  these  bombs  hit  the 
ball  and  left  a  bright  place  on  it,  which  oould  be  seen 
on  account  of  tearing  off  part  of  the  surface,  but  we 
could  not  tell  what  became  of  the  bomb.  The  third  one 
went  right  into  the  ball,  apparently  about  eight  inches, 
as  you  oould  see  the  round  hole  just  the  Bize  of  the  bomb. 
I  watched  it  carefully  for  an  expioBion,  but  there  was  no 
ejqplosion,  and  in  about  three  minutes  the  brass  of  the 

tomb  melted  and  ran  over  the  hole  in  the  hall.  I  think 
this  was  the  melted  hraaa,  on  aooount  of  the  greeniBh 
color  ae  it  trickled  out.  These  bombs  are  about  Zj[n 
long  and  in  diameter. 

1  am  now  of  the  opinion  that  it  may 
be  necessary  to  detonate  this  powder,  or  perhaps  use 
a  different  type  of  powder,  as  it  is  very  clear  from 
these  experiments  that  the  powder  did  not  explode. 

Yours  very  truly, 



TTfe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

n.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  PHjL»MLPKj»f  wf,8  A^cTd^BuiidlnB 

Pittsburgh,  pa.,  Mschasney^uMdTng 
Newark.  N.  d„  Union  Building 

NntfoiTi”  niS<UBlIfldln| 

1  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pai 

P-  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J, 

,0^  December  18,  1909. 

Mr.  H.  V.  Miller, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Logan  W.  Page,  who  is  at  the  head  of  the 
Road  Deportment  of  the  U.  S.  Government  at  Washington,  was 
at  the  Laboratory  yesterday  to  meet  Hr.  Edison  and  will- 
send  to  Mr.  Edison  some  pamphlets  and  literature  on  the 
subject  of  "Good  Hoads".  When  these  are  received,  please  - 
be  sure  that  they  reach  Mr.  Edison. 

Yours  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

°'  Telegraph.  Freight  and  Pasienger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

December  20,  1910. 

.  # 

Dear  Sirs- 

I  have  been  trying  for  two  or  three  days 
to  get  some  satisfactory  results  on  the  chalk  compressing 
ejiperiment,  but  it  doeB  not  seem  to  do  any  appreciable 
amount  of  good. 

I  put  up  a  chute  about  12"  wide,  with  a 
feed  roll  about  12"'  wide  and  14"  in  diameter,  setting  down 
in  the  chute  so  it-  just  touched  the  bottom.  X  _aent  this 
up  to  the  Kiln  Room  and  by-passed  the  chalk  from  one  of 
the  kilns  into  this  chute,  then  by  revolving  the  feed  roll 
it  would  feed  it  down  the  ahute.  The  feed  roll  had  corru¬ 
gations  about  1 AS"  deep  and  k"  wide,  and  wbb  turned  off 
true  on  the  outer  surface.  By  putting  some  pressure  on 
the  feed  roll,  part  of  the  ohalk  would  come  out  somewhat 
compressed,  as  oould  be  seen  by  the  difference  in  appear¬ 
ance,  but  before  it  slid  four  feet  down  into  the  chute  it 
was  apparently  in  the  same  condition  as  when  it  came  off 
the  elevator.  It  seems  it  is  possible  to  take  out  some 
of  the  air  from  the  chalk  by  this  method,  but  that  the 

chalk  on  sliding  down  a  chute  as  it  does  into  the  kilns 
will  piok  up  the  air  rapidly,  and  he  in  the  same  con¬ 
dition  as  before, 

Even  with  the  slight  pressure  that  we 
had,  after  a  short  time  the  corrugations  in  the  feed 
roll  filled  up  until  it  was  smooth. 

Yours  very  truly, 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

" ,,OA,m  TeleSraph,  Freieht  and  Panenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PjMUomjHijl^p”  Area! 

p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  «"'« 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  M.  J. 

December  22,  1910. 

Dear  Sir:- 

You  will  remember  I  spoke  to  you  about 
the  possibility  of  getting  short  weights  on  our  coal. 

I  have  had  fourteen  cars  of  coal  weighed  by  the  D.I..&  W. 
on  their  P.hillipeburg  scales,  and  these  checked  out 
almost  exactly,  so  it  does  not  seem  that  there  is  a 
shortage  on  the  coal  we  buy. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Superintendent . 




TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


December  23,  1910. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ,  Qrp  ry~  ig|Q 
Orange,  N.  J . 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  regular  monthly  meeting  of  the  Board 
of  Directors  will  be  held  at  the  Edison  laboratory,  Orange, 
N.  J . ,  Thursday,  Deo.  29th,  at  12:00  o'clock  noon. 

As  the  meeting  of  the  North  American  Co. 
•will  be  held  on  Wednesday,  Deo.  28th,  when  final  action 
will  be  taken  on  the  present  License  Agreement,  it  is 
urged  that  eaoh  Director  attend  the  Thursday  meeting,  so 
that  we  may  take  whatever  action  may  be  necessary  in  the 

Yours  very  truly, 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Tctegraph,  Freight  and  Paasenger  Station,  HEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Kr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  II.  J. 
Dear  3'ir:- 

December  S3,  1910. 

We  are  forwarding  you  under  another  cover 
a  copy  of  the  material  we  have  incorporated  into  a  ^Sales¬ 
man's  Reference  Book".  Each  one  of  them  will  get  a  copy 
for  his  o,wn  personal  use,  as  we  expect  to  hold  him  re- 
epo'nsible  for  a  knowledge  of  ito  contents.  If  he  gets  a 
complaint  he  can  refer  to  parallel  cases  that  we  have  had 
for  his  argument.  If  there  is  no  parallel,  then  he  oan 
refer  to  "Possible  Cases  That  Hay  Arise".  Further  than 
that,  we  have  included  miscellaneous  matter,  including 
copies  of  different  hardening  tests  on  sidewalks  and  such 
other  data  as  may  be  useful . 

We  shall  add  to  this  from  time  to  time 
as  new  subjects  occur  to  u‘b,  and  should  be  glad  to  have 
you  suggest  any  additional  topics  on  which  you  think  we 
should  enlighten  them. 

Very  truly, 

CXThcmo&Cl  Cdwaru 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

P.  o  address,  stewartsville,  n.  j. 

VILLAGE,  N.  J.  '  y  A" 

Newark,  lit  J*„  ”  Union 'bu  tiding 

BOSTON,  Mass.,  Postomco  Square  B! 
r  c  VT  I  Savannah,  Oa„  National  Bank  Bulldl 

paeenbar  »?,  1910. 


Dear  W*v  Zdieon;* 

Beplyiag  to-  your  data  o evening  the 
goeeip  ae  ta  tha  Sales  Departments  "brought  you  by  Ur, 
from  the  tfevffork  Ct&ant  4?how»,  1  hag  herewith 
tb  hand  yon  tha  coats  pa r  barrel  Shipped  for  eleven 
ihontha  Of  1509  and  1910  of  the- three  off  ice  a,  esolta- 
«lva  of  advertising,  which  are  ae  fellows •- 

gssL  im 

PHiUmpHiA  W"  y 

vn  YOBK  10.09  08.89 

BOBTCH  18.94  99,  W 

froa  which  you  will  note  that  Is  hothyanws  -Ehiladeliibia 
hat  tba  cheapest  coat  and  Boston  the  highest . 

please  note  that  the  above  le  sot  a 
oritielam  on  war  Boston  Office,  ae  that  being  the  last- 
of  th*  three  off* pot  to  be  Installed,  they  have  had  harder 
wosfc  than  the  others,  bat  it  la  directly  contrary  to  tbs 
gossip  of  tbs  Cs&ent  8how» 

%  have  today  written  Baohnan  on  this, 

•ttbitet,  giving  hue  tbs  position  of  tad*  of  tbs  am o?* 

**  \%  tty**  *?dt  Pfr  Xmrrsl,  but  not  diving 

W®  the  figure**  aa  i  do  not  aarft  biav  tft  Unde*  a 
ni«tt]M>Mben*ioio  totted  on  go*nip. 

Your*  rosy 



Hr.  HAS  ON: - 

f®.  1-.®" 

In  diaouaaing  the  natter  with  Mr. 
Bdison-on  Friday  night  Xaiet,  he  auggeata  that  we 
take  up  with  the  Carpenter  Steel  Co.,  or  the  Beth¬ 
lehem  Steel  Co.  the  natter  of  a  proper  ahell  and 
exploaive  for  cutting  down  the  lining  of  the  kilne, 
aa  they  from  their  expert  an  oe  night  he  able  to  give 
ue  the  information  exaotly  that  we  want. 

Hr.  Hdieon  a eke  that  thia  matter 
he  taken  up  and  a  report  made  hin  aa  aoon  aa  you 
have  any  definite  information. 


V.  8.  HALLO HT. 

Mr.  Mallory j- 

•  '  _  In  reply  to  the  above,  the  Carpenter 

s-tegj:  Oo*  sa-y  they  have  no  experience  in  this  line 
reLai^Le  The  Bethlehem  Steel  Co#  a  ay  the  same  thing- 
°m 3,3 9 t o  make  an  appointment  to  discuss  the 
^WSUdHBSSr^  ^  So  far  I  have  not  been  able  to  get  in 

touoh  with  them. 

J  not  believe  from  any  of  the  letters 
that  anybody  is  posted  in  this  line  of  work.  I  very 
much  doubt  the  effloienoy  of  the  explosive,  anyway, 
on  account  of  the  plasticity  of  the  ball  and  ring. 

'  Will  try  out  the  anchor  proposition  as 

•  discussed  with  Mr.  Edison. 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Corporate  Files  -  General  (1911) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating 
primarily  to  the  Stewartsville  works,  legal  matters,  and  market  conditions. 
Most  of  the  letters  are  addressed  to  Edison.  Among  the  other 
correspondents  are  Walter  S.  Mallory,  Herman  E.  Kiefer,  William  H.  Mason, 
and  Harry  F.  Miller.  There  are  numerous  letters  pertaining  to  product  quality 
and  testing.  Included  are  references  to  tests  on  cement  briquettes, 
experiments  with  mixtures  of  sugar  and  cement,  and  work  with  an 
experimental  humidor.  Some  of  the  letters  contain  evaluations  of  materials 
for  packaging  cement,  including  waterproof  and  paper-lined  bags.  Others 
discuss  the  burning  of  buckwheat  and  gas  coal  in  the  kilns.  There  are  also 
letters  regarding  limestone,  cement  sales,  and  the  operations  of  other 
cement  companies,  including  the  federal  antitrust  suit  involving  the  North 
American  Portland  Cement  Co.  Additional  documents  relate  to  an 
abandoned  patent  for  waterproofed  belting;  agreements  governing  the  use 
of  Edison’s  long-kiln  patent  and  his  crushing  technologies;  and  the 
receivership  of  the  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works.  A 
few  letters  concern  Edison's  schedule  and  visitors  to  the  laboratory. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  includes  monthly  statements  of  cement  sales  and  items 
concerning  crushing  roll  contracts,  royalties,  and  expenses. 


Pittsburgh,  Ev.  Danuary  3rd,  1911 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  K 
Dear  Sir:  — 

The  writer  was  handed  this  data  a  clipping  from  the  n\w  Yofk^  ' 
American,  which  he  understands  was  printed  on  December  38th.  Th<Aar-1  3 
tide  is  of  a  considerable  amount  of  interest  to  the  writer  for  thi 
pie. reason  that  you  have  personally  done  so.  much  to  further  the  * 
cement  for  various  purposes,  that,  he  is  taking  the  liberty  today  ov— »> 
writing  to  you  to  ask  whether  you  were  quoted, correctly  in  the  folSowini 
paragraph:  .JL' 

"The  use  of  cement  for  building  concrete  bridges,  *4 
sewers  and  subway  walls  has  increased  wonderfully,  and  j 
wiil  go  forward  more. rapidly  by  the  use  of  steel  models 
for  this  work.  Blaw  &  Co.,  of  Pittsburg,  are  working  V 

their  steel  plant  night  and  day  filling  orders  for  these  (4 

models.  They  are  my  own  invention,  and  by  their  use 
bridges,  houses  and  other  structures  can  be  built  at  a  T 

savin g..of  aboi£t  seventy-five  per  cent,  and  the  models  5 

can  be  used  over  and  over  again. "  J 

We  would  deeply  appreciate  a  reply.  ^ 

Most  respectfully  yours, 


p  <  d-ttxXrv? 


t/O-fcMfc.  YWa  p 
■$  vo-~o  Wul 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

ZT  °r  Ttl'2raPh.  Freight  »nd  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  philadbi.phia,*p“  °r 


—  p.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  .  M 

January  S,  1910. 


Dear  Ur.  Bdieon:- 

1  assume  that  Mr.  Hioke  has  prohahly 
written  Ur.  Hyer  giving  him  his  impressions  of  the 
hearing  in  the  Roll  Case  at  Buffalo,  H.  Y.  Ur.  Williams 
was  at  Buffalo  and  he  reports  that  Mr.  Hicks  feels  entire 
ly  satisfied  with  his  presentation  of  the  oase  and  Bays 
that  he  does  not  believe  that  Judge  Hazel  was  impressed 
with  the  Allls«Cha Inters  presentation  e#~ tfa£- oa*raj  the 
two  points  they  made  being  prior  use  and  the  slipping 
connection,  and  Ur.  Hloks  feels  that  on  both  points  tyst- 
an  both  point  a  the  Judge  takes  Hicks*  point  of  view. 

Mr.  Hioke  also  says  that  he  believes 
we  will  get  a  decision  in  the  course  of  a  oouple  months, 
and  he  believes  it  will  be  favorable  to  our  side  of  the 

Yours  very  truly. 


Jan.  3/11. 

> .Mallory 5 Pros. , 

tffliacHi  Portland  Cement  Co., 
Stowartivillo,  n..T. 

foal::  tli.  t 
lei'. nt  600,000  hi, 
"  '  '  that 

.  .  -  ,v,’°  ^isooyorort  to-iU*y  .Cron  ill  ouar  torn,  that  A  tin  a  Ainha 

/».*(!  --.Onigh  ^ro  quoting  on  n  bnnin  o T  7!ijl  bulk,  400  lbn.  to  the  ^ 
barrel,  T»b oh  iu  equivalent  to  77 ft  por  barrel  bulk  rt  the  mi]}  v?o 

g^sj^issg^  s?-«rwT^3^ 

te  u« 

, 1,10  writer  also  instructed  our  Managers  to  toko  onlv 
*•  «  L'^HV?r200  ?n  t,1Q  opon  ^ritory  and  leave  no  quotations  out 
ui.o  objoot  boirig  to  do  in  pool tl on  to  advance  prio m  in  tho  onon  ' 
territory  or,  ipilokly  an  possible,  to  oounli-o  tho  in 

tory  vm  ich  rrill  eventually  oono.  \  1,1  #i?1" 

i-o  con  t0ri’H  wn^r.H  instruct#  otherwise,  is 

"v  7  ?‘r^',ao-  v017  fn(-  not*  »°°1:  UP  too  inch,  ’no  not 

roro  and  ‘he  ‘.‘Vi n?  ’  )W unSil  thingn  shape  thonoolvos 
:*G,  L°t  1‘  clearer  insig: t  into  tho  Hituation.  Tho  vri  f  -r 
ti.nd  pat  .'or  two  ro..::ons.  First,  wo  have  i-.t 
1h  on  the  bookn  tin  t  vill  bo  c? Hoc1  for  during 
^  count  on*  Secondly,  wo  have  an  orcontjnmi lv 
strong  soiling  iOrco  th.,t  tho  writer  onn  roly  on  for  quick  -oti on 
hafl(\ia0ln-tUVflf ly’  vL°i'n  +'k&  n°jS  olirf''0B  ^th  hotter  prioos  ns’ 
il.,y  tho  writer' •"  uin^hr^n fcl/no°*  v;o  had  «  weak  soiling  force  to- 
Ivw!  Vii  i  V'“a  iff”  to.  go  :.nto  tho  market  to-d/yand  toko 
5  non-  la  tor  in  ohnT,  *  S*®6  lf!  Going  to  he  hotter  b'us- 

monnv  wehAvn  ^  W?  m}at  not  overlook  tho  Cs.ot  the* 

monoy  v/e  hay o  spent  for  advertising  and  tho  bettor  muilitv  of  nur 
fn°  “orce  G«i°i°ncy  of  onoh  individual  mni?the  soll- 

-°rce,  and  we  can  get  tho  hit:  ineas  to-day  that  wo  could  not 

work^whioh°wna  nocrth°m9nt  *v  P.rtU!fci0blly  aocoptod  on  all  large 
°  2  vhp°L  the  on so  last  year,  and  very  much  moro  so  tho 

yoi.r  before.  Tho  writer  in  almost  confident  that  this  yor.r  will 
ojthor  put  the  southern  office  out  of  business  or  get  the  saiiH) 
price  as  wo  will  got  for  instance  in  How  York  Oity^nd  Philadelphia. 

■j..  will  ho  natural  in  the  first  rush  for  the  weak  ones 

f?  up  some  business,  and  they  may  as  well  get  it,  and  after 

will  ntTffnn0lMT  ^  B°n°  *^7  w111  hnve  moro  1>aok-hone  and  prices 
HI1  any  °/°nt*  n?  Bfltter  how  tho  gnno  l8  pis  ye-  ,  wo 

?nLo&,“vl  th  f°roe ,  ’yo  have  got  the  goods  ana  we  cun  get  the  l’us- 

on8r^°?hraSer*itT£  syY-ork  nn-ot’  -or  in8tfnoa- 18 


'  question  whon  w^EwUHIR  NVr.MMWFIF- 


Yours  very  truly. 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

”  ”°AI"’  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


January  5Kiaio. 

Mr.  ThomaS  A.  Sdidoh, 

Orange,  H.  J.  JAN  0- 

Dea*  Biri- 

Herawlth  find  copy  of  page  18,  of  the 
Salesmen's  Text  Book,  Which  we  have  re-writiin  elitiiin- 
atlng  the  undealrable  etatementa.  With  thle  correction 
the  hook  ie  now  ready  to  go  forward* 

Very  truly. 


^^amo^CiEdUm u 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pauenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  , 


|||  3L.  -xc  w ^CS-a»r 

'-ji-rt-w  c-t» 

ttec-  * — 

^  j 

y/«v.  LO-et  Cf'-e-M*-#  iLrr-O^ 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:--  O*  / 

—  £  A-,w-w~ 

Hy  /firls  are  quite  anxious  for  me 
to  buy  them  an  Electric  from  the  insurance  money 
which  came  from  Captaio/'MJller,  and  th«  Anderson-.*  > 
people  at  Detroit  have  Trio  WconShand  machine/^ of 
■the  type  we  would  like  to  have.  1  am  thinkirte  of 
going  to  Detroit  next  Friday,  spending  Saturday  morn¬ 
ing  there,  and  returning  Sunday,  and  I  would  appre¬ 
ciate  it  greatly  if  you  would  give  me  a  letter  of 
introduction  to  Mr.  Anderson  suggesting  that1  he 
arrange  to  extend  what  favors  he  can  to  me  in  the 
way  of  price.  I  will  appreciate  this  very  much. 

Yours  very  truly. 



to  Messrs, Churohill' 
Balmer  ■ 

January  10,  1911 

j  AN  U  IS  1 1 

Por  your  information,  the  writer  wishes  to  inform  you  that 
sinoe  the  Atlas  has  oome  under  the  control  of  the  Morgan  Interests,  you 
will  find  that  the  same  influence  that  threw  all  the  steel  corporations 
■business  and  influence  to  the  Universal,  will  do  the  seme  thing  for  the 
Atlas.  In  fact,  it  was  recently  demonstrated  on  the  Bethlehem  Steel  Co.  s 
order  where  the  Atlas  got  the  order  againBt  lower  prioes  of  other  brands. 

If  seems  to  the  writer  that  our  salesmen  should  be  in¬ 
structed  of  this  condition  of  affairs  fcnd  to  advise  the  users  of  oement 
that  are  not  direotly  under  the  oontrol  of  the  Morgan  Steel  Trust  Inter¬ 
ests  that  Whenever  they  buy  Universal  or  Atlas  oement,  they  are  encour¬ 
aging  a  hydrqheaded  monopoly  that  will  eventually  get  them,  and  instead 
of  encouraging  this  huge  and  growing  monopoly,  they  should  give  the 
preference  to  independent  oement  companies.  Hot  only  must  the  steel 
mlllB  buy  their  supplieB  from  the  Monopoly  interests,  but  they  go  fur¬ 
ther  and  use  their  influence  with  the  banks  from  whom  many  of  our  custo¬ 
mers  must  borrow  money. 

The  writer  believes  if  thiB  is  put  up  in  the  right  way 
to  the  trade,  that  the  average  buyer  will  prefer  to  deal  with  an  inde¬ 
pendent  oompany  and  take  the  risk  of  ijfeaving  a  rope  that  some  day  may 
hang  them. 

Yours  truly 

Copy  to  ^tr.Mallory. 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

°'  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  PHic.«yoatnHi»,A|Pa.?  Arcad°/ 

—  p. o  address. STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Januaiy  11,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  If.  J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  am  enclosing  herewith  a  letter  from 
Mr.  Ahles,  of  the  National  Limestone  Co.,  which  shows 
analyses  of  the  stone  they  have  been  shipping  from 
their  quarry  while  opening  it  up  hy  hand  and  getting 
ready  for  the  Rolls . 

ThiB  oertainly  looks  like  a  high  grade 
of  stone,  and  so  far  home  out  the  testB  and  analyses 
that  were  made,  crrl 

Yours  very  truly, 


— ^ 7  ^ — 5 




/National  Limestone  Company 

Williamsport,  Pa.,  Jan.  10,  1911. 

Dear  Mason:  (y 

Enclosed  please  find  analysis  of  sample  taken 
from  car  shipped  to  the  Maryland  Steel  Co.  I  also 
enclose  a  number  of  other  analyses  showing  the  Silica 
iron  and  alumina.  These  will  give  you  a  pretty  fair 
idea  of  how  the  stone  is  running.  These  are  not 
selected  samples.  In  addition  to  this  wo  have  received 
a  number  of  analyses  from  the  Steel  Companies  we  are 
shipping  to  which  confirm  ours.  We  have  yet  to  find  a 
bad  piece  of  stone  in  the  Quarry. 

Yours  very  truly. 



January  9,  1911.  ' 



Gar  //26B01. 

3amplo  dried  <2  212°  y. 



(shi  o2  #) 

.  15# 

Iron  *  Alura.  Oxido 


.  22% 

Calcium  Carbonate 


09.  20% 

Magnesium  Carbonate 


0. 24#  j 

Juoaa  on  Ignition 







Cambria  Steel  Co. 
Cambria  Steel  Co. 
Maryland  Steel  Co. 
Maryland  Steel  Co. 
Maryland  Steel  Co. 
Maryland  Steel  Co. 

24811  .52 
20869  .20 
63761  .43 
29527  .18 
2.3772  .36 
27305  .20 









Mr.  w.  B.  Mallory,  Pros., 

Stev/artavillo,  II.  .T. 

Dear  Kir;- 

J/W  #3/9// 

In  reply  to  yours  of  the  9th  inst  j ,  the  v/ritor  bogs  to 
say  that  he  thinks  that  Mr.  Edison1  n  and  your  suggestion  about 
putting  on  the  avorago  prioe  on  tho  daily  salos,  an  excellent 
ono  but  as  far  aa  the  suggestion  applying  to  tho  writer,  beg  to 
say  tliat  this  hnn  always  boon  his  ountom  and  tho  writer  thought 
yon  knew  this  as  ho  has  shown  you  tho  sheet. 

Kvory  day,  a  statement  is  made  out  to  tho  writer  and 
placed  on  his  desk,  showing  tho  salon  made  by  each  office  and  tho 
average  price  received  from  each  office  and  the  total  sales  and 
total  avorago  prioe  of  all  tho  offices.  Ho  could  not  keep  a 
lino  on  tho  business  in  any  other  way. 

In  regard  to  Mr.  Edison’s  statement  that  v/e  are  getting 
6(V  or  69^,  tho  writer  enolosos  herewith,  an  extract  taken  off 
his  blotter  and  would  suggest  that  you  permit  him  to  sond  a  sheet 
like  this  to  hath  you  and  Mr.  Edison  and  permit  him  to  sond  you 
daily,  tho  items  to  ho  inserted  on  this  3hoot,  so  both  you  and 
Mr.  Edison  can  toll  just  what  hach  offioo  is  doing,  both  in  regard 
to  the  amount  of  comont  sold  and  tho  amount  ahippod. 

The  reason  wo  do  not  work  out  tho  avorago  price  on  the 
comont  shipped,  is  that  it  is  ancient  history,  too  late  for  any 
practical  use  to  the  writer,  and  hard  to  get:  at,  and  can  he 
figured  out  hotter  at  tho  Hill. 

Ur.  w.ti.U.,  Pros, 


On  further  consideration,  the  writer  is  nailing  you 
a  copy  of  the  aforesaid  shoot  and  ono  to  Mr.  Edison  and  if  you 
do  not  want  to  keep  it  up,  you  oan  dontroy  it  ana  we  will  give 
you  tho  information  any  way  you  want  it.  If  you  accept  it  in 
this  way,  it  will  not  ho  nooosnary  to  put  it  on  tho  daily  sheets. 
Furthermore ,  we  could  not  put  tho  total  on  the  daily  shoots  for 
tho  'reason  that  wo  entor  ordors  on  this  shoot  up  to  quitting  time 
and  wo  could  not  do  tho  figuring  until  tho  noxt  day  when  wo  oould 
Just  as  well  nond  you  tho  figures  right  through  tho  lino  and  you 
could  have  someone  add  them  to  tho  sheet.  V.'hat  do  yon  think? 

As  tho  writer  explained  to  you  in  Philadelphia  yoater- 
day,  he  incidentally  hoard  tjint  tho  Alpha  and  Lehigh  had  advanced 
their  prices  5/  in  the  South  and  he  immediately  wiroa  Savannah  at 
12  o'clock  that  night,  to  advanoo  their  price.  Thin  shows  how  keen 
tho  writor  is  to  advando  prices.  in  doing  this,  he  taken  a 
chance  and  ho  has  to  take  many  ehancen  during  tho  course  of  tho 
year.  You  want  tho  Mill  running  full.  For  instance ,  in  taking 
the  ohanco  of  advanoine  prices  in  tho  South,  ho  had  to  consider 
whothor  ho  oould  get  thin  business  in  tho  north  in  oebo  it  dropped 
off  in  the  South  in  view  of  the  advanoe.  That  is  the  element 
of  chance  that  entoros  into  tho  business  and  requires  judgment 
and  tho  writer' n  judgment  in  based  on  faith  in  his  Soiling  De¬ 
partment,  the  future  of  the  mnrkot,  eta.  eto.  Ho  did  not  fail 
you  last  year  in  August  whenyyou  got  the  highest  price  and  the 
highest  shipments.  last  year  in  January,  wo  shipped  a  total  of 
42,000  barrels.  This  year,  so  far,  v,o  are  shipping  at  tho  rate 
of  60,000  barrels. 

As  the  writor  explained  to  you  in  Philadelphia  last 
night,  ho  is  99$  sure  of  closing  up  200,000  barrels  in  Phi la- 

Ur.  V/.K.u.,  Pros. ,  #3.  l/lk/ll 

delphia,  made  up  in  thin  way;  130,000  on  tho  Horth-East  Boulo- 
vnrd’i  30,000  on  ntroot  repairs;  and  30,000  in  Choster,  at  a 
prico  that  will  net  un  77$/  at  tho  Mill. 

The  v/rit or  will  shortly  mako  out  a  stator.iont  of  hig 
contracts  that  wo  have  on  hand,  that  will  require  a  grout  deal 
of  nomont  in  tho  gyring  and  will  neoonsitato  having  a  good  stook 
on  hand. 

Kindly  advise  the  writer  whother  a  statement  of  tho  kind 
wo  are  sending  you,  would  not  ho  tho  thing  and  lot  tho  writer  non A 
both  to  you  and  to  Ur.  Adi non,  tho  day  following,  all  tho  itoms 
so  that  they  can  ho  inserted  in  tho  statement  and  you  aan  b|  just 
an  fully  posted  an  the  v/rit  or  is  overy  day  as  to  what  lie  is 
doing  in  tho  colling  line. 

You  will  notice  an  far  as  we  have  gone,  that  tho  cement 
in  not  sold  for  60$/  or  69?'.  for  instance,  on  the  11th  innt., 
thnro  wore  14,000  barrels]  sold  at  practically  76$/;  on  tho  10th, 
over  10,000  at  73£-$/  and  tho  only  two  days  where  tho  price  wan 
below  70$/,  wan  on  tho  7th  when  wo  only  sold  3000  barrels  and  it 
happened  to  bo  Pittsburgh  and  flowark  business  that  took  about 
half  of  it  and  tho  other  day,  wan  the  3rd  when  v/e  sold  3800 
barrels;  Pittsburgh  again  coming  in  for  about  half.  Tho  writer 
has  to  take  Pittsburgh  buninons  until  ho  in  absolutely  sure  that 
ho  can  run  the  Mill  without  it. 

Tho  v/rit or  goon  into  tho  explanation  more  to  lot  you 
know  that  he  is  not  guessing  any  more  than  he  can  help.  Some 

part  of  this  end  of  it  is  gives  work  and  always  will  bo.  Tho 

only  thing  to  do,  is  to  try  to  bo  a  good  guessor. 

Another  thing,  if  the  v/rit  or  believed  that  you  had  the 
money  to  store  up  cement,  he  would  ask  you  and  Mr.  Edison  to 


■back4  hlr.  up  on  a  speculation  to  out  out  all  saloa  in  tho  Wont  and 
South  except  at  7G^  as  he  believes  that  tho  South  la  going  to 
come  up  and  that  we  are  going  to  he  ablo  to  got  all  the  huainoaa 
wo  need  this  year  at  an  average  price  of  7Gf^  or  bettor. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Copy  to  Ur.  Edison. 

Moose  Mountain.  Limited. 


j.  w.  gates,  mines  at  sellwood,  ont. 


^ffivsmabCX  £di4oru 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

jdrbss.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N,  J, 

,  Wn.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

Edison  laboratory, 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft 

the  net  average  of  our  sales  each  w< 
with  to  enclose  you  a  card  made  up  < 

weeks,  and  hereafte: 

i  will  forward  direct  to  yoi 

the  weekly  average  and  I  wish  that  you  would  have  it 
entered  and  show  it  to  Mr.  Edison  from  time  to  time. 
Do  not,  however,  put  any  heading  on  it  and  be  careful 
that  it  does  not  lie  around  on  his  desk  too  much,  as 
this  is  confidential  inf orraation  that  we  do  not  want 



TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Rataenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 

D  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

January  23,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

J.W  24  1911 

As  we  will  not  hare  the  results  of 
our  1910  operations  ready  on  or  before  January  26th, 
the  regular  monthly  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors 
will  he  postponed  until  a  later  date. 

It  is  now  my  intention  to  call  a 
speoial  meeting  of  the  Directors  about  the  middle  of 
Pebruary,  by  which  time  we  expect  to  have  all  the 
reeults  from  inventories,  etc.  completed.  Due  notice 
will  he  sent  you  of  this  meeting. 

Yours  very  truly. 

P  re  si  den/.  \ 

^^amo»(X  fctaen. 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

in,  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.J. 


p.  o.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N,  J.  8*V,T  Hl OA"  'u,lon 

January  30th,  1911, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  n  „ 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J.  JflN  31  19 1 P 

Dear  Sir:-  ’  '  > 

We  of  course  have  been  buying  some  Babbitt  to 
make  up  the  loss  in  bearings  that  are  burnt  out,  &o.  We 
are  still  using  the  Edison  Genuine  Babbitt,  which  is  the 
old  Isaac  babbitt  formula.  We  have  purchased  this  as  low 
as  28c  and  30c  per  lb.,  but  the  price  of  tin  has  gone  up 
so  high  that  on  the  last  order  of  1000  lbs.  we  had  to  pay 
40c  per  lb. 

I  do  not  like  the  idea  of  changing  Babbitt,  but 
there  are  many  metals  which  are  being  UBed  by  other  people 
with  considerable  success,  at  a  very  much  lower  price.  I 
thought  it  best  to  bring  the  matter  to  your  attention,  to 
see  if  you  would  make  any  suggestions  or  thought  it  ad-  * 
vi sable  .to  try  out  some  other  metal. 

j  Yours  very  truly, 



ibCX  Sdi^aru 

TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  o.  address.  STEW ARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  Si'S  sH 

January  30,  1911. 

Mr.  E.  Moyer,  ,Qii 

Mgr.  of  Sales,  VCiN  I5& ' , 

Hew  York,  H.  Y.  ' ; 1 

Dear  Sir:- 

As  near  as  1  can  learn,  the  present  situation  is 

as  follows 

The  Atlas  have  closed  down  their  Hudson  Mill  for 
an  indefinite  period,  and  it  is  their  expectation  to  close 
down  their  Ho.  4  Mill  at  Northampton,  which  is  their  largest.  .,.v 
mill,  for  a  period  of  a  month  or  more. 

The  Alpha  Co.  will  close  down  two  of  their  four 
mills  for  the  month  of  Februaiy. 

The  VulcaMte  have  two  out  of  their  three  mills 
closed,  and  do  not  expect  to  stirt*  either  of  them  until  about 
April  1st.  ,  » 

The  American  is  closed  down  in  all  Departments, 
but  I  was  unable  to  learn  when  they  ^exjje  ct  to  start. 

The  Pennsylvania,  Alseri,  Allentown  and  Penn 
Allen  are  all  closed  down.  *  5  ■ 

The  Dexter,  Lehigh  and  Nazareth  are  all  operating; 
1  was  unable  to  learn  as  to  the  Bath  Co. 

As  you  Jcnow,  we  ourselves  are  running  on  a  fivS-,  ! 
day  schedule,  so  that  from  this  .yoi^will  note  that  the  . ..  ... 

production  is  being  considerably  cuttaiTedj  which  together 
with  the  fact  that  the  Companies  of*4;he.T,ehigh  Valley  and  . 

New  York  State  have  about  756,000  b&rrel's  less  cement  on  M ' 
hand  on  Jan.  1st,  1911,  than  they  had  on  Jan.  1st,  1910, 
should  help  to  sustain  the  present  price  situation. 

Yours  very  truly, 

President . 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J.  Philadelphia, *£».?  a^! 

P.  o. address. STEWARTSVJELE,  N.J.  ® 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 


January  21,  1911. 

®  «'»// 

X  beg  herewith  to  hand  you  brief  pre¬ 
pared  by  the  A1 lie- Chalmers  lawyers  in  the  Roll  Suit, 

which  after  you. have  read  pleaBe  return  to  me  here. 

You  will  note  that  the  brief  is  full  of  mis-statements 
as  to  the  testimony  given  us  by  our  witnesses  and  does 
not  at  all  touch  upon  the  action  of  the  sluggers,  without 
which  the  Rolls  would  not  be  a  success.  It  would  seem  on 
the  faoe  of  these  two  briefs  as  if  the  chanoeB  were  much 
in  our  favor,  but  in  view  of  your  past  experience  in  Buch 
matters  I  am  trying  not  to  be  too  confident  as  to  the  result 
After  you  have  read  the  brief,  I  would 
appreciate  it  if  you  would  write  me  a  pencil  memorandum 
in  which  you  would  Bay  some  nice  things  about  Hides'  brief 
and  work  in  connection  with  the  case.  I  know  that  he 
would  very  greatly  appreciate  it,  as  he  did  a  tremendous 
amount  of  hard  and  very  good  work,  from  my  point  of  view. 

Yours  very  truly, 


'  %  SJC,  - 


ff.  S.  Mallory,  Esq., 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 
Stowartsville ,  IT.  J 
%  dear  Mr.  Mallory; 

Pet.  1,  1911. 

Merely  to  keep  the  matter  from  being  over¬ 
looked,  Is  there  any  new  development  in  reference  to  Mr. 
Edison's  scheme  for  a  waterproofing  fillor  for  driving  and 
conveying  holts,  referred  to  in  my  -let tor  of  June  7,  1909, 
and  which  was  first  brought  to  my  attention  in  your  letter 
to  mo  of  Hovember  28,  1900? 

Yoiirs  very  truly. 


General  Counsel. 



Mr.  E.  D.  Lewis:  12/4/08. 

I  hand  you  herev/ith  letter  from  Mr.  Mallory,  together 
with  copy  of  my  reply.  Please  hear  this  matter  in  mind  and  remind 
me  in  a  couple  of  v/eekB  or  so  in  case  Mr.  Edison  does  not  in  the 
meantime  furnish  us  with  data  from  which  to  prepare  the  appli¬ 






tbCXEd  wott. 

TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

"  <*•  o.  address.  STEWARTS VILLE,  N.  J, 

November  28,  1908, 

NOv  80  iyud_ 

Mr.  Prank  I.  Dyer, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Dyers 

We  are  having  some  negotiations  with  your 
brother,  Mr.  Phillip  Dyer,  in  connection  with  driving  and 
conveying  belts.  He  has  a  plant  at  Phillipsburg  for  manu¬ 
facturing.  belting  but  has  thus  far  been  unable  to  find  a 
satisfactory  filler  which  makaB  the  belts  waterproof. 

Mr,  Edison  has  already  done  Borne  little  work 
in  this  direction  and  we  expect  to  do  quite  a  little  bit  more, 
having  in  mind  that  in  all  probability  the  same  material  which 
we  use  for  waterproofing  cement  bags  could  be  uBed  to  suc¬ 
cessfully  waterproof  the  belting.  1  understand  that  you  have 
already  made  application  for  patents  on  the  waterproofing 
material  in  connection  with  the  bags  and  I  am  writing  this 
letter  so  that  you  may  take  the  matter  up  with  Ur.  Edison 
and  see  if  it  would  not  be  well  for  you  to  include  belting 
as  well  as  bags  in  the  application  for  patentB. 

Please  let  me  know  what  action  is  taken  in  the 


Yours  very  truly, 

JEl _ 


W.  S.  Mallory,  Esq.,  Vice-President , 

Dec.  4,  1008. 

Edition  'Portland  Cera?nt  Co., 

Stewartsville,  If.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Mallory: 

Your  favor  of  the  H8th  ult,  vreis  duly  re¬ 

ceived,  in  reference  to  the  application  on  waterproofing  material 
for  driving  and  conveying  Dolts,  and  I  immediately  took  up  the  . 
matter  with.  Mr. ,  Edison,  who  told  ma  that  he  would  let  me  have, 
the  data  for  a  patent  application  as  soon  as  possible.  I  will 
bear  the  matter  in  mind  bo  that  it  will  not  bo  overlooked  and 
as  soon  as  the  application  is  filed  will  let  you  know. 

Yours  very  truly, 

YXiD/lWff  General  Counsel. 

yff  S.  Mallory  (  "Eaq ,  ( 

Bdibon  Portland  Cement  Co., 

Stewartoville,  u,  j. 

Hy  dear.  Hr.  Malloiy: 

You  wrote  me  on  November  28th  in  reference 
to  one  Of  Mr.  ratoon 'e  eohotiea  for  a  »terp  roof  lag  finer  t„ 
«rt„8  and  oonreying  bolt,.  ,  W  mentioned  tKl.  Mrttar,.veral 
ttooo  to  Mr.  Edison,  but  he  dooo  not  deem  ready  as  yet  to  go  , 
ebeud  «th  the  Patent.  .1  w„h  you  .ould  hoop  lit  1„  »i„d,  „  a* . 
when  the  scheme  is  fuuy.  deyeloped  It  my- not  to'  loot  tract  of  . 

p._g-E..  y 

Certified  Public  Acoountante. 

Wm.  E.  Lybrand 

T.  Edward  Robb  Land  Tltl*  Building, 

Adam  A.  Bobs 

Robt.  H.  Montgomery  PHILADBLPDIA ,  lat  Pebruary ,  1911. 

Joseph  M.  Pugh 
Walter  A.  Btaub 


FEB  3-1911 

Hr.  W.  B.  Mallory,  President, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company, 
Stewarts vi lie,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  have  examined  the  accounts  of  your  Company 
pertaining  to  the  Bhipmenta  of  cement  during  the  aix  years 
ended  31st  December,  1910,  and  the  olalms  made  by  customers 
on  aooount  of  quality  and  condition  of  cement,  and  we  find 

that  of  the  total  value  of  cement  shipped  the  proportion 
accepted  by  your  customers  was  aa  follows 

Year  1908, 

•  1906 , 

"  1907, 

»  1906, 

"  1909 , 

•  1910, 

99. 34# 

Very  truly  youre, 


Dear  Ur.  EDISON :- 

This  is  the  present  situation  in  the 
Cutting  matter.  I  will  advise  you  as  to 
later  developments. 

W.  S.  HALLO RY. 

Referring  to  the  Cutting  va.  Jlew  Jersey 
&  Penna.  ,-  Cono.  Works  litigation,  would  state  that  since 
writing  you  last  I  have  had  to  interviews  with  Ur.  James 
D.  VI'.  Cutting,  and  find  the  situationis  as  followB:- 

Mr.  Robert  L.  Cutting,  who  was  the 
brother  of- Ur.  J.D.V.  Cutting,  made  an  arrangement 
with  Ur.  Enright , on  a  contingent  foe,  Ur.  J.  D.  W.  Cutting 
simply  saying  to  his  brother  that  if  anything  was  obtain¬ 
able  as  a  result  of  the  litigation  that  hiB  brother  might 
have  half  of  his  sha^e , of  whatever  may  bo-  recovered,  con¬ 
sequently  ho  takes  the  position  that  he  ha's  not  employed 
Ur.  Enright  tado  this  work  and  he  does  riot  want  in  any 
way  to  take  the  matter  up ’with  Ur.  Enrigrit  whioh  would4 
put  him  in  the  position  of  being  responsible  for  any 
bill  for  services  whioh  Mr;  Enright  has.  •'  • 

On  the  other  hand,  Hr.  Cutting  is  per¬ 
fectly  willing  to  drop  trie^iitigation,  as  he  stated 
yesterday,  there  seems  to  be  little  or  no  value  left 

and  also  for  the  reooon  that  he  does  not  want  to  cause 
Ur.  Edison  any  further  annoyance.  At  ray  suggestion,  Mr. 
Cutting  did  write  Ur.  Enright  about  a  week  ago,  asking 
hira  to  advise  the  present  status  of  the  litigation,  and 
also  asking  whether  Ur.  Enright  thought  a  settlement 
could  he  reached  in  any  7/ay,  to  whi oh  Ur.  Enright  made 
a  rather  vague  reply  as  to  the  present  status  of  the 
litigation,  hut  saying  he  did  not  think  it  would  he  well 
to  consider  a  question  of  settlement  until  after  the 
trial  of  the  case  in  the  Court  of  Chancery.  In  view 
of  this,  Mr.  Cutting  hesitates  about  taking  the  matter 
up  any  further  with  Mr.  Enright,  as  for  reasons  already 
stated,  he  does  not  want  to  put  himself  in  a  position 
where  he  personally  will  become  liable  for  any  fees,  and 
he  suggested  that  I  go  and  talk  to  Ur.  Enright  in  , the 
matter.  ’ 

After  thinking  this  proposition  over 
very  oarefully,  it  is  a  question  in  my  mind  whether  or 
not  it  would  be  wiser  for  you  to  take  the  matter  up  with 
Mr.  Enright  and  see  what  can  be  done  in  the  way  of 
settling  the  matter  so  far  as  Mr.  Enright  is  concerned, 
or  whether  in  your  Judgment  it  would  really  be  better 
for  me  to  go  and  see  him.  Hr.  Cutting  says  he  has  no 
objections  to  either  you  or  ourselves  Saying  to  Hr.  Enright 

that  he  talked  the  matter  over  with  me  and  that  he  ie 
perfectly  willing  to  have  this  suit  discontinued,  and 
he  further  uaya  that  if  it  is  our  judgment  that  he  should 
advise  Hr.  Enright. that  he  had  disouBsed  the  matter  with 
me  and  that  he  desires  to  have  the  suit  discontinued,  that 
he  is  willing  to  ask  Mr.  Enright  what  ho  would  want  to 
drop  out  of  the  litigation,  on  condition  that  we  would 
agree  to  protect  him  against  Mr.  Enright. 

You  have  had  so  much  more  experience 
in  matters  of  this  sort,  and  know  Mr.  Enright  so  much 
better  than  1  do,  I  wish  that  you  would  advise  me  what 
is ,  in  your  judgment,  the  host  way  to  handle  it,  and 
if  you  thirik  it  would  he  better  for  you  to  take  the 
■  matter  up  with  Hr.  Enright,  I  wi'ah  you  would  do  so  and 
advise  me  as  to  the  results. 

As  already  stated,  Mr.  Cutting  ia 
entirely  willing  and  ready  to  discontinue  the  litigation 
but  does  not  want  to  put  himself  in  the  position  where 
Mr.  Enright  oan  come  back  at  him  with  a  bill  for  services. 

Yours  very  truly, 


i&Ct  fdworu 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passi 

0.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  8'VA""*H'  N*tlon“' 
February/ 3,  1911. 

V*  /T\ 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  '  ‘  u  / 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

special  improvement  about  this  hag,  except  the  cord  in 
the  open  end.  This  iB  probably  supposed  to  prevent 
fraying,  hut  my  experience  is  that  we  have  no  special 
trouble  on  that  part  of  the  hag. 

The  bord  might  also  reduce  the  tendency 
for  the  string  to  slip  off;  but  1  do  not  think  our 
troubles  in  this  line  a re :  sufficient  to  warrant  the 
extra  expense. 

Yours  very  truly, 


- .. . 


C Jje  Cfctson  ^ortlanti  Cement  Co, 

©t.  3Iames  TBuHOfnu,  It33  TSroaDtoag 

Wo  are  a  ending  you  today,  a  statement  shov^tn;;  tho 
shipments  in  1911  an  oomparod  with  shipments  in  1910,  showing  a 
percentage  of  increase  or  deoreaae  hy  divisions.  Also  on  tho 
same  sheet,  a  statement  of  sales  hy  month  and  hy  division, 
showing  tho  average  not  price  for  oement.  Every  month,  ilia n 
Boyd  will  aond  you  figures  which  you  can  have  insortod  on  those 
statements  and  you  can  toll  pretty  well  just  v/hat  wo  aro  doing 
in  tho  way  of  sales,  and  compare  the  different  offices  or  divl- 

Tho  writer  io  sending  a  copy  of  this  letter  with  the 
safao  statement  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Iho  writor  has  for  over  a  month,  oxpresoo'd  tho  opinion 
that  this  is  going  to  ho  a  good  yoar  for  oomont.  So  far,  saloa 
and  shipments  havo  confirmed  his  opinion.  The  writor  now  predicts 
that  oomont  will  advance  and  that  in  his  opinion,  the  ohnnooB  are 
that  in  tho  latter  half  of  tho  year,  there  is  going  to  ho  a 
shortage  in  the  Lehigh  Valloy  for  prompt  oomont. 

The  writor  also  is  fearful  that  this  Company  in  going 
to  ho  short  of  oement  in  the  Spring,  unless  wo  got  morb  of  a 
stock.  However,  tho  writer  will  advise  you  later  on  this  point. 
Having  these  views,  we  are  only  Bolling  oement  in  tho  South  and 
in  the  West  for  immediate  shipment;  taking  no  contracts.  The 
contracts  that  wo  aro  taking,  are  76^  net  for  the  cemont. 

as  the  statement  will  show  you,  wo  sold 

Bast  month. 

Hr.  R'.S.H.,  Proa.,  #2.  ,  2/8/11 

280,000  barrels,  I±’  v;o  pull  the  200,000  barreln  in  Philadelphia 
thin  month  which  tho  writer  ia  99.9Ju  aure  of  getting,  he  prediots 
■that  we  will  a 03 1  400,000  barrol8  thia  month  and  that  wont  bo  ao 
bad  for  a  "bear"  market. 

Yourn  vory  truly, 

H/K  i"t  EDISON  PORIUMI!  CUfllT  i'll. 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

°'  Telegraph.  Freight  and  Paiicnger  Station.  HEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  jj  jjuoalPM«.*PA.!  *rcad^ 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  ""  W! 

February  10,  1911. 

1  191.1 

Dear  Hr.  Edison: - 

Referring  again  to  the  matter  of 
having  a  man  do  work  among  the  block  manufacturers, 
beg  to  state  that  Hr.  Meyer  thinks  that  our  Mr.  Stev¬ 
enson  will  be  able  to  devote  say  25??  of  his  time  to 
this  work,  I  am  trying  to  find  out  what  proportion 
of  cement  is  used  by  the  block  people,  and  hope  to 
have  this  information  a  little  later  on. 

In  the  meantime,  we  have  arranged 
to  have  Mr.  Stevenson  go  among  the  block  makers  in 
all  his  spare  time  and  pick  up  all  the  information 
he  can  on  this  subject,  and  then  when  this  has  been 
accomplished,  we  will  have  him  either  come  here  or 
go  to  the  laboratory,  as  you  prefer,  and  see  if  he 
cannot  work  out  some  scheme  to  carry  out  your  idea. 

At  the  rate  we  have  been  taking 
business  lately,  and  with  the  business  that  apparently 
is  in  sight,  we  will  probably  get  enough  of  the  large 
orders  so  that  it  now  looks  as  if  we  would  be  able  to 


sell  our  maximum  output  thiB  year,  unless  something 
veiy  unexpected  happens.  You  no  douht  have  noted 
the  large  orders  which  we  have  been  taking  recently. 
These  are  all  real  "business  for  specific  work  in 
which  the  cement  will  he  used,  and  this,  together  with 
the  trade  that  we  should  have  from  our  regular  dealers, 
ought  to  keep  us  pretty  busy,  if  conditions  are  at 
all  normal. 

Yours  very  truly, 

<s> rtSoa--w-  ,fcJ>-c^G=5\v_  ^ 


Tlie  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J,  philmii 

February  lBth,  1911. 

8  OFFIOE8 : 

„  Arcjd^^BuMdl, 

Edison  CHemi cui  Works, 
Orange,  M.J. 

For  the  first  time  in  several  years  we  have  Been  run¬ 
ning  our  plant  in  full  during  the  winter  season,  and  ea  you  will 
appreciate  this  requires  considerable  capital  on  account  of  the 
large  stock  which  we  are  obliged  to  carry  and  the  light  shipments 
which  make 8  our  collections  correspondingly  light.  We  are  obliged 
to  ask  you  to  grant  us  a  part  renewal  o£  the  note  failing  due  on  the 
24th  instant,  ano  are,  therefore  handing  you  herewith  our  note  for 
(62b. 92,  but  desire  a  renewal  of  $626.52  on  the  above  note.  We 
wish  you  would  be  good  enough  to  have  same  discounted  and  send  us 
your  check  for  the  proceeds  of  the  (626.52  of  this  note  so  as  to 
reach  us  a  aay  or  two  before  the  due  date. 

We  trust  you  canarange  to  accommodate  us  in  thiB  mat¬ 
ter  and  assure  you  it  will  oe  greatly  appreciated  at  this  time. 
Thanking  you  in  advance  for  the  accommodation,  we  beg  to  remain. 


Assistant  Treasurer. 

^AmamabCX  &3u><nu 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Edison  Laboratory, 

VILLAGE,  N.  J.  !£gai  V 

Bobton,' Mass’.')  Post  Office  Square  Bids 
r  p  VI  ,  8AVANNAH.  Oa.»  National  Bunk Building 

find  letter  from  Mr.- 

James  D.  W.  Cutting,  in  referenoe  to  the  Enright  matter 
from  which  you  will  note  that  the  claim  can  he  fixed ^ 
up  for  $500.00. 

Mr.  Mallory  called  me  on  the  ’phone 
from  Easton  today,  when  I  read  this  letter  to  him.  He 
instructed  me  to  forward  the  letter  to  you,  and  advise 
that  he  thinks  you  better  dispose  of  the  claim  in 
consideration  of  $500.00,  vrtilch  is-  quite  nominal. 

Kindly  advise,  and  oblige, 

TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

•umUKoinung  BALES  OFFICES: 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paaaenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  pmiuoilphia.  PA..  Aro.d^  Bu 

—  p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.N.J. 

February  27,  1911. 

Mr.  H.  P.  Hiller, 

Edison  Laboratory, 


Dear  81  r:- 

I  reported  to  Hr^dieon  on  Thursday 
last  that  I  would  be  unable  to  get  any  help  in  the  way 
of  discounts  from  the  Brooklyn  Thompson  on  acoount  of 
the  law  suits,  Philadelphia  Thompson,  and  probably  Ur. 

Page.  ThiB  will  out  me  snort  of  the  amounts  of  money 
we  will  need,  and  after  consultation  with  Mr.  Edison 
on  Thursday  1  saw  the  North  Ward  Bank  on  Priday  morn¬ 
ing  and  arranged  with  them  to  dlsoount  $10,000.00  for 
us,  $5,000.00  in  Uaroh  and  $5,000.00  in  April,  but  as 
they  have  the  maximum  amount  of  cement  company's  paper 
allowed  by  law,  we  will  have  to  arrange  the  same  as  we 
did  last  year,  making  out  the  Cement  Company's  notes 
to  the  order  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  or  National 
Co.,  and  exchanging  the  notes  and  having  these  latter 
notes  disoounted  by  the  North  Ward. 

We  will  do  the  same  as  we  did  last  year, 

pay  our  notea  when  they  fall  due,  and  this  will  put  the 
Sdison  Manufacturing  Co.  or  National  Co.  in  funds  to  pay 


their  noteB  •when  they  fall  due. 

I  am  writing  this  to  you  now,  ao  that 
you  may  obtain  Mr.  Bdieon'B  approval  and  take  the  matte 
up  with  the  proper  party,  ao  that  when  we  are  ready  to 
make  the  exchange  of  paper  it  will  be  thoroughly  under- 

Yours  very  truly, 




TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  end  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PtJJi»o.ip„„f  A 

P.  o.  address.  STEW ARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  SSife  K5 

ftabcuaxy  87.  19U. 

Bear  Ur.  adeem*  { 

You  will  mentor  at  the  Slrootoea’ 
##*ting  on  Thar* day  tint  z  stated  that  condition*  ward 
«uth  that  they  weald  probably  earrant  an  odruno*  in 
»*iee  «a  of  Eareh  let,  end  os  Saturday  1  aetm«t  nr. 
*ty«r  to  advance  ear  prim  in  Territory  «4*  Sf  per 
Barrel,  thie  will  bring  the  oat  prior  up  to  about 

Sir  barrel  in  Territory  **»,  end  z  hare  no  doubt  bat  what 
Territory  "8*  prioee  win  eiee  be  better. 

to*  or  oouree,  will  be  oonpelled  to 
frataat^aMi  ee  all  the  other  largo  companies  win  de« 
«1»  quotation*  ehiah  wo  bow  Dare  out  to  ear  dealers  tot 
ahipoeata  Curies  the  month  of  Sarah,  ee  that  it  will 
probably  net  bo  until  nearly  the  firat  of  ipril  that 
m  mi  faal  tfee  advene e  re  nr  oueh. 

Aa  thio  (tun  in  pvioe  will  uadoubt- 
ally  atinuloto  toxoh  ehipaonte,  x  an  enraging  ttm 

po*  on  to  *un  tight  through  without  any  stops,  and  x 
.sisofisiy  hop*  that  tits  volune  of  oasinoos  «m  he  tucfo 
that  «•  si U  ha  sola  to  tun  through  to  Horemher  first 
nest  without  any  tutorial  shut.doima. 

Yours  vory  truly, 

•  umumuo 


THe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

"■>*»*  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paitenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  phiuo«i.pmi»,*p».? 

- ... —  p.o.  address.  STE  W  ARTS  VILLE.N.J. 

February  28th,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory. 


,  ,r  0 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs 

After  talking  with  you  yesterday,  I  went  over 
to  the  office  of  the-  American  Society  of  Mechanical 
Engineers  and  there  met  Mr.  Hice  and  Mr.  William  Kent, 
of  "pooket  book  fame". 

Mr.  Kent  asked  me  to  include  in  ray  paper  the 
cost  of  plates  on  rolls,  also  lest  time  on  the  rolls, 
which  I  am  doing, 

Mr.  Kent  is  working  on  the  pocket-book  for 
re-inferoed  concrete,  whioh  you  suggested  to  him  some 
two  years  ago.  He  is  very  rauoh  interested  in  this,  and 
says  he  will  probably  go  and  see  you  again  in  a  short 
time  in  regard  to  it. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Tfie  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

™3"°’’"OAnD  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PHjUMWHj*,*.**  Arc! 

p.  O.  address.  STEW  ARTS  VILLE,  N.  J.  SSi 

March  13,  1911. 

\#  'V& 

Dear  Mr.  Bdison:- 

Relative  to  the  demands  made  upon  ue 
hy  Messrs .  Spades  &  PUller,  who  are  attorneys  for  Mr. 
Robert  H.  Thompson's  widow,  for  payment  of  the  ooupnne 
whioh  fell  due  on  Oot.  1st,  1910,  would  state  that  Bin, 
Bob  and  Marion  have  signed  a  request  to  Sparks  &  Puller 
asking  that  litigation  to  collect  the  coupons  should  not 
be  taken,  and  as  they  represent  two-thirds  of  the  estate 
in  any  event,  Mr,  Crawford,  who  is  attorney  for  Bin, 

Bob  and  Marion,  states  that  he  does  not  believe  that  any 
suit  will  be  started.  He  is  very  strongly  of  the  opinion 
that  the  decisions  given  in  both  the  will  and  real"  estate 
oases  will  be  upset  by  the  higher  court.  He  tells  me 
that  he  has  had  Judge  Brown,  of  Brooklyn,  who  atandB,  l 
believe,  veiy  high,  go  over  all  the  papers  and  it  is  his 
opinion  that  the  deoiaion  in  both  oases  will  be  reversed. 
Judge  Brown  is  to  be  associated  in  the  cases  with  Mr, 
Crawford,  and  1  believe  is  to. argue  them  before  the 
Court  of  Appeals. 

1  am  today  sending  Mr.  Crawford  a  prints*} 

copy  of  the  Bonds,  and  ho  ie  to  oall  to  the  attention 
of  Sparks  &  Juller  the  Sedion  14  which  I  called  to  your 
attention,  under  which  no  holder  of  any  Bond  or  coupons 
shall  have  any  right  to  Institute  a  suit  unless  the 
holders  of  a  majority  of  the  bonds  ehail  make  a  request 
upon  the  Trustee  to  have  his  suit  started,  and  Mr. 
Crawford  is  of  the  opinion,  with  the  notice  already 
served  upon  Mrs.  Thompson’s  lawyers  and  this  provision, 
that  there  is  no  danger  of  a  suit  being  started. 

Yours  very  truly, 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

0.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Maroh  13,  1911. 

mm  P 

Dear  llr.  Edison:- 

Eoplylng  to  your  note  to  Maaon  and 
myself:-  "I  see  you  have  fallen  down  again  on  outputs", 
would  state  that  Mason  was  away  all  last  week,  being 
called  to  his  home  in  West  Virginia  upon  receipt  of 
word  that  his  Father  was  seriously  ill.  His  Father 
died  on  Thursday  night  and  X  assume  that  the  funeral 
was  held  yesterday  and  expect  Mason  hack  in  a  day  or 
two . 

Friday  and  Saturday  I  was  in  Hew  York 
and  Boston  going  to  the  latter  place  to  try  and  straigh¬ 
ten  out  Borne  trouble  whioh  came  up  with  cement  shipped 
for  the  Boston  Elevated  Co's  work.  During  Dr.  Kiefer's 
absenoe  at  the  time  that  his  baby  was  dangerously  sick 
and  then  during  the  period  of  the  death  and  funeral,  we 
shipped  Borne  cement  to  Boston  whioh  should  not  jUnvS  left 
the  Plant,  and  did  not  pass  specifications  on  itg^r^jy^l 
at  Boston,  with  result  that  we  have  lost  out  on  a  opn- 
traot  whioh  we  had,  Then,  in  addition  to  this,  there 
have  been  some  decided  variations  in  the  lime  contents 


of  our  raw  material,  due  to  the  fact  that  the  Bteam 
shovel  In  Ho.  2  quarry  has  been  constantly  breaking 
down  and  forcing  ua  to  take  cement  rook  from  No.  1 
Quarry  which  really  should  have  gone  through  the  Washer, 
whioh  of  course  was  not  in  operation,  and  this  has 
resulted  in  the  kilns  working  hadly.  I  hope,  hpwever, 
we  are  now  at  the  end  of  our  troubles,  as  we  are  turning 
the  Washer  over  this  afternoon  and  should  have  it  ip 
operation  in  a  day  Or  two.  We  planned  in  the  Winter 
that  the  weather  would  probably  be  in  shape  so  that 
we  could  use  the  WaBher  from  the  15th  of  March,  and  we 
will  undoubtedly  be  operating  it  from  that  time,  but  it 
would  have  been  better,  in  view  of  our  experience  of 
the  last  ten  days,  if  we  had  arranged  to  have  started 
it  up  earlier. 

1  am  having  Dr.  Kiefer  reorganize  his 
chemical  laboratory  and  arranging  to  have  a  triple  cheok 
where  we  have  heretofore  only  had  a  double  oheok,  so  to 
avoid,  if  possible,  the  trouble  we  have  just  had  at 
Boston.  With  the  double  check,  one  of  whioh  was  made 
by  Dr.  Kiefer,  in  the  Dootor’ e  absence  shipments  were 
made  on  the  Judgment  of  one  man,  but  in  the  future  this  re 
will  always  be  at  least  two  men  to  pass  on  these  ipatterp, 
and  nearly  all  the  time,  three. 


The  kilns  are  running  better  today  and'- 
have  been  for  the  last  three  days,  and  with  uniform  raw 
material,  we  wught  to  get  baok  to  the  regular  outputB. 

The  fine  grinding  lower  records  laet  week  I  think  are 
largely  due  to  lower  lime  in  the  cement.  We  are  keeping 
a  record  of  the  lime  contents  of  the  clinker,  and  indi¬ 
cations  point  that  when  the  lime  is  62t#  or  higher  that 
we  get  higher  grinding  results  than  when  it  is  below  this 
figure.  In  13  cases  where  the  lime  wbb  62^  or  higher, 
we  got  11  averages  above  300.  In  13  coses  tfce  lime 

contents  is  below  62i%,  there  are  only  three  oasep  of 
where  we  averaged  300  or  better.  There  also  Booms  to  be 
an  Indication  that  the  grindings  are  higher  wheq  we  use 
a  larger  percentage  of  the  yellow  rock,  but  we  have  npjt 
gone  far  enough  in  this  to  be  able  to  definitely  dete^pins, 
We  are  now  keeping  a  reoord  by  whioh  we  can  traoe  the 
yellow  rock  and  blue  rook  from  the  quarry  alljthe  way 
through  the  plant  until  it  is  cement,  and  from  this 
record  we  hope  to  be  able  to  definitely  determine  some 
of  the  inequalities. 

Yours  very  truly, 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

D°*n”  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  PMa«sip„i»,  P*„  Arcnt 

:r:„. . —  P.  0.  ADDRESS.  stewartsville,  n.  j.  “  o"" 

March  18,  1911. 

Mr.  Harry  J.  Miller, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Harry 

MAR  20 

I  note  in  the  press  this  morning  the 
shooting  case  at  the  National  offioe  yesterday,  and 
knowing  that  suoh  cases  have  been  known  to  arouse  the 
antagonism  of  unbalanced  persons,  and  also  recalling 
one  or  two  experiences  which  happened  when  I  was  at 
the  laboratory,  it  makeB  me  feel  that  Brady  should  he 
particularly  oareful  for  a  time  as  to  the  visitors  to 
see  Mr.  Edison,  and  in  case  he  has  any  doubts  as  to  the 
visitor,  that  he  ask  you  or  Borne  one  elBe  to  pass  on 
them.  I  write  you  this,  as  I  know  Mr.  Edison  is  some¬ 
what  careless  in  such  matters  and  is  inclined  to  see 
anybody  who  calls. 

Undoubtedly  this  same  thought  has 
occurred  to  either  Mr.  Dyer  or  yourself ,  but  I  am 
writing  so  that  we  may  be  on  the  safe  side. 

Yours  very  truly. 

President,  (j 

£$wrnab(X  fidworu 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

0.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

ion,  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  JJSw Vo'nK  HN.'  £*•'  sf.°*J VoViluiiXr 

NEWARK,  N.  d„  "  Union  Bulldlnc 

T'CX/ T T  I  C  XT  T  SAVANNAH,  QA.’’  N.tlonTi  Bnnl(  Bulldlnc 

Answering  your  note  as  to  whether  we 
are  over-selling,  beg  to  Btate  that  I  have  had  this  matter 
up  with  Mr..  Meyer  several  times  and  he  estimates  that  in 
spite  of  the  number  of  orders  booked  we  will  not  be  called 
on  for  shipments  this  year  on  account  of  present  orders 

boohed  inexcess  of  c 

9  million  barrels,  and  he  rigur< 

that  we  have  a  good  deal  of  cement  yet  for  sale,  and  in 
view  Of  the  way  stock  is  accumulating  now  X  am  getting 
somewhat  worried  over  the  situation. 

We  have  on  hand  at  the  present  time  in 
cement,  and  clinker,  232,000  barrels,  of  which  197,000 

barrels  is  oement .  Assuming  that  on  account  of  ^orders 
which  we  have  booked  and  for  which  we  have  to  carry  stock  ^ 
^that  the  minimum  point  this  year  faT which  we  will  be  able 
to  reduce  our  etock  is  77,000  barrels,  it  will  give  us 
120.QQ0  barrels  of  the  present  stook,  which  we  should 
ship  on  or  before  Oct.  1st,  which  will  make  20,000  barrels 
pe,r  month  whioh  we  should  reduce  stock.  Then  I  think  we 

are.  aafe  in  figuring  that 

will  average  an  output  of 

180,000  barrels  pec  month,  so  that  it  1b  necessary  for  us 
to  ship.,  an  average  of- 200,000  harrela  per  month  from  the 
first  of  April  to  the  first  of  October  to  reduce  our  Btook. 

last  year,  for  the  six  months  from  April 
to  September*  inclusive,  our  shipments  averaged  160,000 
barrels  per  month,  so  that  we  must  average  2QJ$  lnoreaae 
to  bring:  us  up  to  the  200,000  barrels  per  month  basis. 

You.  understand  it  is  neoessary  that  we  reduce  the  stock 
we  now- have- on  hand,  so  that  we  will  have  the  money. from 
it.  to  release  the  warehouse  certificates  whioh  have  been 

Meyer  is  quite  an  optimist  on  this  year's 
business,  and.  believes  that  our  shipments  are  going  to  be 
ve*y  heavy*  and  I  hope  he  is  right.  At  the  same  time,  on 
account  of  finances,  we  cannot  arrange  to  accumulate  tab*" 
large  a  atook  of  oement  and  olinker  at  this  time  and  carry 
it  until  August  and  September  before  it  is  .shipped. 

Maroh  shipments  have  .been  a  great  dis¬ 
appointment  to  me.  With  the  amount  of  orderfe  booked,  I 
had  expected  that  we  would  ship  176,000  to  180,000  barrels, 
but  it  looks  now  as  if  we  would  nbt  ship  to  exceed  150,000 
unless  the  orders  in  the  next  ten  days  are  very  much  heavier 
than  they  were  for  the  same  period  last  year.  Jt  am  urging 
Mr.  Meyer  to  do  everything  possible  to  get  us  the  maximum 

shipping  orders  in  the  next  sixty  day a,  an  I  do  not  want 
to  shut  down  now  that  we  have  gotten  a  good  owing  to  our 
manufacturing,  aa  eaoh  shut  down  ooBte  ua  a  lot  of  money 
in  overhead  expense  and  increases  our  manufacturing  ooot, 
ajUi^as  you  understand  we  have  a  limit  in  stock,  heyond 
which  we  oannot  go. 

I  am  hopeful  that  the  Selling  Department 
will  he  able  to  get  us  the  neceBsaxy  shippipg  orders  and 
avoid  a  shut  down.  I  will  discuss  tnis  matter  with  you 
when  I  come  down  on  Wednesday  or  Thursday.  I  am  sending 
Meyer  a  carbon  copy  of  this  letter. 

Yours  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paa.enger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 

P.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

April  5,  1911. 

Mr.  Thtaas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  got  the  "buck"  ooal  dryer  started 
up  today  and  ran  through  a  few  tons.  It  seems  to  work 
all  right,  and  the  little  ooal  that  came  through  was 

dry.  Will. have  to  change  a  chute  which  spillB,  and 
y  4*iai— 

- ,  ....  - 1  little  bit,  and  then  will  give 

»-the  elevator  s 
it  another  trial. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

•I  beg  herewith  to  hand  you  a  copy  of 
a  letter  written  Mr.  Meyer  by  Djt.  Kiefer,  giving  results 
of  the  Water  Board  tests,  which  are  very  satisfactory. 

Later  on,  when  we  can  afford  it,  it 
might  pay  us  to  buy  a  compression  machine  and  make  a 
lot  of  tests  of  our  oement  as  compared  with  others, 
and  X  believe  we  would  obtain  the  results  which  would 
give  us  some  very  good  advertising  material. 

Yours  veiy  truly, 



5i'  A 

Mr.  E.  Meyer, 

Mgr,  of  Sales, 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Marcli  25,  1911. 


Aa  you  are  aware,  no  brand  of  cement 
is  used  in  The  Hew  York  aqueduct  job  until  it  has  stood 
compression  tests  up  to  one  year.  Under  these  provisions 
Mr.  Ernest  Jonson,  engineer,  visited  our  plant  one  year 
ago  and  took  a  sample  of  cement  from  each  bin  we  had  in 
stock  and  made  a  composite  sample,  giving  him  an  average 
of  all  our  product. 

The  tests  were  made  on  two  inch  cubes 
and  three  parts  Ottawa  Band  to  one  part  cement.  We  have 
just  secured  the  record  of  their  results  on  Edisor.  Cement 
and  also  the  average  of  23  competitive  brands.  In  every 
case  "Edison"  wa a  ahead  of  every  competitor,  whose  indivi¬ 
dual  records  are  given  only  to  the  company  furnishing  it, 
but  the  average  was  furnished  us  for  comparison. 

The  following  table  shows  the  compressive 
strength  per  square  Inch  at  each  period  for  Edison  Cement, 
and  for  the  same  period  the  average  of  all  other  brands 


B.M.  -  3/28/11 


and  the  excessive  strength  in  percentages  over  U.u  other 
brands.  Average  of  six  cubes  each,  or  144  breaks. 

Compressive  Strength  in  Pounds  per 
Sq.  Inch,  5  to  1  Sand 

Edison  Cement 

Average  of  25 

?  23 

Pays  Pays 

1560  2130 

1065  1425 

Hoa.  Ho a.  Year 

2020  .  5160  5566 

1660  2000  2010 

Excess  strength 

Of  Edison  over  26.7 f,  49.4/  51. o/  56. <  66.9/ 

competitors  '  ' 

This  shows  not  only  the  increased  sand  carrying 
capacity  of  Edison,  but  also  a  uniform  progression  at  an 
increasing  rate  with  time. 

^^fionu4Q>  £dt4<nu 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paatenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

P.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

April  6,  1911. 

Mr,  H.  F.  Millar,  Secy,, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs- 

Your  favor  of  the  5th  inst.  to  Mr.  w.  S.  Mallory, 
President,  with  referenoe  to  Pulverized  Limestone  for  Mrs. 
Edison's  use  has  been  received  and  handed  to  me  for  attention. 
We  presume  you  meant  our  regular'Pulverized  Limestone  for 
agricultural  purposes  which  we  can  ship  during  the  next  3  or 
4  days. 

You  speak.':of  "12  barrels"  this  will  amount  to 
about  2-1/2  tonB  as  we  pack  Barae  in  100  lb.  bags.  This  product 
is  having  a  large  sale  among  the  most  intelligent  agriculturists 
with  the  best  results,  and  is  the  best  and  cheapest  means  of 
supplying  the  land  with  lime.  The  orders  in  a  single  mail  a 
few  mornings  since  amounted  to  nearly  900  tons,  which  will  give 
you  some  idea  of  how  the  product  is  selling,  so  if  you  will  let 
us  have  the  order,  we  will  see  that  same  iB  shipped  promptly. 

Meantime ,  we  are , 

Yours  very  truly, 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  an 

[er  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

*  O.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  8AVANN,H’ 
April  8th,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A,  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Bear  Sir:  nrr‘  7q 

We  ran  the  buok  ooal  dryer  all  morning,  and  as  near 
as  I  oan  estimate,  it  will  take  and  dry  to  1#  of  moisture 
about  15  tonB  per  hour.  Everything  works  very  well,  and 
about  the  only  thing  I  oan  see  that  will  have  to  be  done  is 
to  ohange  the  method  of  feeding  with  sorew  oonveyor  which 
oarries  the  ooal  from  the  pit  under  the  oars.  1  had  a  small 
adjustable  gate  put  to  this  sorew  and  this  workB  perfectly 
except  that  there  are  a  lot  of  stioks,  pieces  of  rag,  &o.,  in 
the  doors  of  the  oars  to  prevent  leaking  while  in  transit. 
These  stiokB  occasionally  get  over  the  feed  hole  and  stop  off 
the  feed.  I  think  I  will  put  a;,  grabs' over  this  to  oatoh  all 
foreign  material,  and  possibly  ohange  the  spaed  of  the  sorew 
and  use  it  for  feed  regulation. 

We  will  start  in  running  half  and  half  for  awhile, 
to  see  what  results  we  oan  get. 

.  Tour.s  very  truly,  - 

0^hrr\a^  ^ 


OvhomoftU.  Cdwoo. 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


Apil  1  IS,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  Sir:-  M  ^ 

Some  time  ago  Mr.  Mallory  explained 
some  tests  you  wished  to  have  made  by  making  very  sloppy 
briquettes  of  several  brands  of  cement  and  then  sealing 
them  up  so  that  no  air  could  get  at  them  for  28  days.  To 
do  this  we  clamped  glasses  on  both  top  and  bottom  of  the 
moulde  and  then  coated  them  thoroughly  with  paraffine. 

As  our  supply  of  moulds  is  limited,  we  did  not  wish  to  tie 
up  many  of  them  for  one  month,  hence  made  six  of  each  only 
and  when  they  came  out  made  six  more.  This  accounts  for 
the  delay. 

We  noticed  that  in  the  sloppy  briquette^ 
at  the  end  of  28  days  they  did  not  completely  fill  the 
moulds,  hence  the  breaking  section  waB  a  trifle  less  than 
a  square  inch,  but  we  could  not  tell  how  much,  owing  to  ' 
the  uneven  surface. 


April  12,  1911: 

S223E  «■  1*1*  °n  ,?Aiaoa>  &  lie  high 

Bt  by  !?aWaS  them  up  by  Standard 
8'  ?nd  ?®oond  ^  “^"S  ^em  very 
^°?Py+ald.?2Verinfi  the  glasB  and 

contents  With  paraffine,  ao  that  they  were 

28  £  te  t  Sht*  Th6  followinS  are  the 



25^  Water  22&  Water 
662  Lbs  807  Lbs 

2g#  Water 
654  lbs 

30#  Water 
451  LbB 


28#  V/ater  2^5  water 
464  Lbe  602  Lbs 

2.8  LAY  SAMP  3:1  TESTS 

10#  Water  9#  Water  9#  Water 
333  Lbs  319  Lbs  336  Lbs 

16#  Water  14#  Water  14#Water 
315  Lbs  351  Lbs  369  Lbs 

£^(wma*(X  £c|Uotu 

TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

_  BALES  OF! 

™  ,  Telegraph,  Freighl 'and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J.  PHlLAMLWia,  pa.,  Are 

p. 0.  address, STE WARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  Si! 

April  15th,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Siri  0.  % ^ 

Enclosed  find  report  on  one  week'B  operation  of 
the  kilns  with  a  mixture  of  buckwheat  and  gas  ooal.  This 
shows  a  saving  of  about  one  oent  a  barrel  on  a  mixture  of 
30#  buok  and  70#  gas.  Part  of  this  time  we  were  running 
about  80#  buok  and  at  other  times  we  were  running  40#  buok. 

I  think  we  oan  go  to  66#  without  any  trouble;  -tt 
may  be  higher. 

Toutb  very  truly. 

Eno.  i 


ANTHRACITE  and  SLACK  Mixture  ueed  April  Bth 
_ _ to  15th,  Compared  with  Straight  Gas. _ 

Coal  in  Kilna  for  Week,  April  6th  to  15th,  1911,  -  5,072,800  lhB. 
Anthracite  -  30#;  Oaa  Coal  -  70# 

Anthracite  ijl.'/?  per  ton;  -  Caa  Coal  2.77  per  ton 

Average  coat  of  mix  -  2.17  per  ton 

Barrels  of  Clinker  produced  -  46,230  bbls. 

Lbo.of  Coal  mixture  per  bhl.  -  109.7  lha. 

Coat  of  mix  per  barrel  of  Clinker  .106 

Estimated  coat  of  operating  Coal  dryer  for  Buck. 

Labor  &  Supplies  20.00 

Coal  38.50 _ .002 


Running  Straight  Oaa  -  95  lba.  per  bbl. 

Coat  of  Gas  Coal  -  2.77  per  ton 

Coat  of  Gas  Coal  per  Bbl.  ,,hb 

Saving  on  a  mix  of  Oaa  &  Buck  70  &  30#  .01 

Output  for  week  best  ao  for  thiB  year. 

April  16th,  1911. 

ure  it  s"  ■ 

Your  kind  favor  of  tho  14th  in  at  hand.  In  roply, 
will  nay  that  olnoe  receiving  ray  report  of  tho  Bomo  dato 
(14th)  you  will  agree  that  the  etrongth  at  24  hours  dopondo 
primarily  upon  tho  weight  of  ooment  in  tho  mould,  and  if 
it  la  manipulated  ao  an  to  evon  approach  the  woipht  of  other 
hrandB ,  '-‘diacn  oemont  will  far  oxooed  your  epoaifiontionn. 

The  amount  of  evaporation  in  a  moderately. raoiet 
oloaot  or  in  a  saturated  molot  elonet  will  bo  governed  to  a, 
large  extont  by  tho  rolativo  roighta  of  ooment  and  wator  in 
the.  i'renhly  made  hrlquottoo,  and  If  you  got  an  muoh  weight 
oemont  in  tho  mouldo  no  wo  do,  you  will  far  oxoood  200  lbs. 
oven  in  a  caturatod  atmosphere,  since  tho  oxoosa  wator  io  not 
thore.  Our  tosto  mailed  you  on  tho  14th  ahow  what  effect  a 
llttlo  difforenoo  in  tho  woipht  of  the  driod  briquette  roakoB. 

To  aloar  up  tho  argument  mentioned  in  paragraph  1, 
pago  2,  of  your  letter,-  will,  oay  wo  nfcill  think  the' amount 
of  oemont  going  into  tho  oonoroto  is  by  actual  weight  no^C- 

I3r.  J.  a,  ff.  -2-  4-10-11. 

measure,  ns  n  givon  woight  of  ooment  (94  lbs. )  lo  arbitrarily 
Riven  a  fixed  measure  In  racking  oonoroto.  My  lino  of  reason¬ 
ing  is  as  follown: 

Assume  1  barrel  (376  lbs.)  equals  3.75  ou.  ft.  and 
we  are  to  make  on  aggregate  of  1:3:6.  Then  one  bnrrol  would 
mnko  dry  aggregate  as  follows:  ' 

1  bnrrol  oement  equals  3.70  ou.  ft. 

3  "  oand  "  11.25  "  " 

6  "  gravol  ”  10.76  "  " 

Assume  tho  gravel  lion  40$  voids  and  the  sand  33-1/3$ 
18.75  x  .40  equals  7.5  ou.  ft.  voids  In  tho  gravol 
11.25  x  .33-1/3  "  3.76  ”  "  «  «  Band 

1  barrel  cement  equals  3.75  cu.  ft. 

In  this  oaoo  thore  In  Just  enough  ooment  to  fill  the 
voids  in  the  oand  and  11.26  ou.  ft.  sand  loss  7.6  ou.  ft.  voids 
in  tho  stone  equals  3.75  ou.  ft.  oxoeno  of  oand  wwptui  and 
cement,  the  total  volum’o  of  dry  aggregate  would  bo  18.76  plus 
3.76  or  22.60  ou.  ft. 

Suppose  Kdiscn  ooment  weighs  8#  lose  in  tho  oonoroto 
ao  it  aoot?  in  tho  briquette,  then  1  to  volume  must  be  8$  greater; 
oo  tho  full  376'  lbs.'  have  gono  in.  , 

8#  of  3.76  ou.  ft.  equals  .3  ou.  ft.  end  your  dry  . 
aggregate  booomoo  22,60  plus  .3  equnln  22.8  ou.  ft.,  whioh  -Is 
1-1/3$  more  than  with  a  clandard  brand. 


rir.  J.  R.  Vi.  -a-  4-16-12 , 

Wo  havo  no  oontontlon  on  oo  moll  a  ooncidorntion 
ao  In  tonnilo  otrongth,  and  ovon  If  sro  had,  the  If.  Y. 

Wntor  Board  oornprocoion  tooto  doraonefcrato  that  It  hao  the  oand 
carrying  capacity  far  in  oxoooo  of  that  figure.  1  'onolopo  copy 
of  Hunt  6  Co.'n  ooraproBnion  tooto,  nhiah  vorify  tho  Wator 
Board  rooulto. 

Cuppoco  you  nro  malting  a  riohor  miwtxiro  and  oon- 
nidor  376  lbo.  no  only  3.6  jya.  ft.,  then  tho  flgureo  booomo 
1  hnrrol  oanent  —  3.-W6  ou.  ft. 

2^  "  nand  —  0.76  ” 

4  '*  gravo!  -  16.76  ” 

16.76  tlnioo  .40  oquala  6.3  voldo  in  gravel 
0.76  ou.  ft.  nand  loon  6,3  oquolo  2.46  ou.  ft.  exoonc  rand 
0.76  nand  tiraoo  33-1/8  equal o  2.02  on.  ft.  voido  in  nand 
3.60  on.  ft.  cement  lone  2.08  oguale  ,68  ou,  ft,  oxoooo  ooaont. 
Total  dry  oggroToto  o'gualo  16.76  gravol 
2.46  nand 
.68  ooaont. 

10.78  ou.  ft.  . 

Bight  por  oont,  additional  volumo  of  oomont  would 
nsafeo  thin  only  ,28  ou.  ft.  grootor  for  tho  ooao  weight  (376  lbo.) 
ooaont  and  the  inoroooo  in  onl^r  1.45?,  not  cuffiolont  for  con- 

In  viow  of  thceo,  1  otlll  tbinlc  that  whilo  tho  forrao 


Mr.  J.  R, 


govern  the  number  of  cublo  foot  of  oonoroto,  tho  eomo  ao  tho 
moulds  govern  tho  amount  of  oonont,  tho  fnot  that  tho  ooment 
is  only  a  nnall  part  of  tho  volume  of  tho  aggro,' rato  and  It 
gooa  by  woipht  instead  of  monnure,  tho  amount  of  ooraont  in 
n  oubio  yard  of  oonoroto  it?  for  all*  practloal  purpoooo  tho  otuno 
for  Edition  op  for  other  brondo  and  ite  oomprcoolvo  strongth 
in  groator, 

1  ’vould  not  ricgloot  to  admit  the  force  of  your  argru- 
mont  if  you  wioli  to  nco  tho  comont  noat  no  in  briquetton  and 
oxpoot  a  given  woight  per  eu.  ft.  Even  in  that  oooe  1  should 
v/ish  to  ooe  oomprosoion  tooto  boforo  admitting  the  groator 
rtrongth  of  the  othor,  ninoo  the  tooto  I  fo-rwnrdod  you  show 
Edison  equally  otrong  evon  at  looo  weight. 

It  io  a  eourco  of  groat  ploonure  to  ua  tc  have  you 
intorootod  in  thin  matter,  no  yo??r  auggontionn  -are  valuable  in 
loading  to  experiments  whiah  wo  ohould  othorwlne  not  hove  tried. 

ffo  ohall  be  glad  to  -doome  further  suggestions. 

P.  S.  On  roport  of  April  12th,  uning  Z2$  of  water,  pleaoo 
change  avorogo  weight  when  token  from,  mould  to  137.4,  inntend 
of  134.1  which  is  an  orror. 


ROBERT  W.  HUNT  &  CO . ,  J2HGI  HKKR3 , 

Bureau  of  Inspection,  Teata,  and  consultation. 
90  West  Street, 

-  Hew  YORK, 

Pile  Ho.  7144-A 

Edison  Portland  Ceraent  Co.  -  TeatB. 

December  2nd,  1910. 

Meeara.  EdiBon  Portland  Ceraent  Co., 

H.  E.  Kiefer,  chemiet, 

Stewartaville,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirj- 

We  give  you  Below  reaulta  of  Compression  Teata 
aa  requested  in  your  lotter  of  HoveraBer  29th. 

Compression' Teata  made  on  2"  CuBea  of  one  (1) 
part  "Edison"  Cement  and  three  (3)  parts  Standard  Ottawa  Sand. 
CuBea  kept  one  (1)  day  in  moist  air  and  the  remaining  time  in 

Ultimate  Strength 
7  Day a  20  flaya 

1239  2630 
1236  2419 
1267  2857 

J.Bq.  per  Sq.  In. 

3  Mob. _ 6  Hob. 

2680'  2877 

2980  3060 

2740  2789 

2600  2899 

2640  2734 

2800  2977 

Average  -  1260  2644 

2740  2889 


ROBERT  W.  HIJ1IT  ft  CO. 

Dictated  By  Jno.J.Cone 

Tfie  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pauenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 

. .  p.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

April  17th,  1911. 

Ijlr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory,  0\\ 

Orange,  H.  J.  ^\°J 

Dear  Sir; 

.1  have  been  trying  the  experiment  of  atomizing 
water  on  oement  and  then  heating  it  to  drive  off  the 
water.  We  did  this  in  the  laboratory  with  a  small  atomi¬ 
zer,  and  after  it  was  spread  out  thin  and  sprayed  it  was 
put  on  a  plate  and  kept  at  a  temperature  of  about 225  degrees 
for  ten  or  fifteen  minutes.  The  pats  made  from  this  showed 
no  improvement  over  the  oement  whioh  was  not  treated;  in 
faot,  it  disappeared  in  the  boiling  teBt. 

Yours  very  truly, 

^ khhrm  ^ 

Blf  Jam  s  »U  Bu /  Idfn  g 
Po«t  Office  Square  Bh 




Hie  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co 

£3"  "  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paasenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  philaobiphia.^pa  *  Ar 

P.  o  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  »°° 

April  19,  1911: 

Mr.  Geo.  A.  Meiater, 

IKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Panenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J.  ph^eiahu,4^.?  a/c 

p.  o.  address.  STEW ARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

April  22,  1911. 

Mr.  W.  S.  Mallory, 

President.  ^  'U~> 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  find  copy  of  some  interesting 
results  obtained  by  Mr.  Stevenson  on  a  mixture  of  small 
per  cents  of  sugar  with  Portland  Cement. 

You  will  note  from  these  that  in  the 
laboratory  tests  the  effect  of  sugar  1b  to  make  very 
quick  setting,  which  apparently  is  only  on  the  surface. 
This  is  not  to  be  confused  with  the  hardening  which  iB 
an  entirely  distinct  process. 

The  hardening  you  will  note  is  extremely 
slow,  as  even  at  the  end  of  28  days  the  3  to  1  Band 
mixtures  show  practically  no  strength  when  tested  with 
bar  and  needle  weighing  ten  pounds. 

You  will  note  also  that  the  testB  were 
made  in  wooden  boxes,  each  holding  six  cubeB,  and  that 
when  the  sugar  test  was  made  in  a  compartment  next  to  a 
straight  cement,  that  the  sugar  water  which  percolated 
through  the  partitions  into  the  neat  cement  mixture,  re- 



tarded  It  very  greatly  also,  but  that  when  placed  in 
different  boxes  or  in  compartments  far  enough  apart  in 
the  same  box,  so  that  there  could  be  no  contamination, 
the  straight  cement  worked  in  the,  ordinary  manner, 
while  the  sugar  tests  showed  no  strength  whatever. 

Very  truly, 



UTe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N,  J. 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 
New  Village,  N.  J. 

Apart  1  22,  1911 


Enclosed  please  find  report  of  tests 
made  on  mixtures  of  granulated  sugar  and  cement.  The 
mixtures  used  were  Z%  and  5%  sugar,  with  Edison  Cement 
and  made  into  a  3  to  1  mortar,  using  ordinary  bank  Band 
and  made  into  six  inch  cubes.  These  cubes  were  tested 
ever  24  hours  by  dropping  a  steel  bar  weighing  nearly 
ten  pounds,  with  a  needle  in  the  end  four  inches  long 
and  3/16"  diameter,  giving  them  a  drop  of  24"  and  36". 

In  the  first  24  hours’  test  on  Borne  of 
the  oubes  this  needle  would  go  straight  through  the  cube 
and  at  the  end  of  seven  days  in  nearly  all  of  the  cubes 
the  needle  penetrated  over  two  inches,  and  in  28  days  it 
still  penetrated  one  inch.  To  make  these  experiments, 
boxes  were  made  to  hold  six  of  these  cubes  and  we  found 
that  cement  that  had  proven  good  in  all  other  places 
where  used,  when  put  next  to  these  sugar  cubes  were  all 
affected  and  caused  slow  set,  and  in  24  hours  a  36"  drop 
of  the  needle  would  nearly  go  through  the  cube.  This 


E.P.C.Co.  -  4/22/11  -  #2- 

seemed  to  only  affect  it  the  first  48  hours,  and  at  the 
end  of  72  hours  was  nearly  as  good  as  the  other  tests 
made  with  the  same  cement. 

Pats  were  made  using  24#  water,  the 
setting  time  being  3#  sugar.  Initial  5  min.  Pinal  io  min. 

5#  sugar.  Initial  3  min.  Pinal  8  min. 
After  grinding  the  sugar  veiy  fine,  pats  were  again  made, 
the  setting  time  of  these  being 

1#  sugar  -  Initial  45  min.  Pinal  1  hr.  35  min. 

2#  "  -  "  35  "  "  1  «  5  ii 

3#  "  -  11  15  ii  ii  35  „ 

5#  "  -  '*  12  "  «  30  ,, 

In  these  pats,  it  was  only  the  outer  surface  that  got 
hard  and  when  boiled  they  all  fell  to  pieces. 

Yours  very  truly,  _ 



1st  Teat 

3;2  Sugar, 

13 $  Water 
5$  Sugar 

1 2$  Water 

4i  4  3f  2i  2k  if  If  5"  4*  4"  3*  3 f  2f 

4*  3f  2f  2f  if  if  If  4f  4"  3“  2,%  3f  2f  if 

2nd  Test 

3$  Sugar 

l'S$  Water 

5$  Sugar 















. 12$  Water- 

Ordinary  Cement 

4f  3% 













15$  Water 

3$  Sugar  . 















15$  Water 
b%  Sugar 

















4'h  $u 




1  f 







(NOTE)  -  In  the  Teat  on  Cubes  marked 
went  through  cube. 

on  first  24  hours,  Needle 

3rd  Teat 

3$  Sugar 

15$  Water 
Ordinary  Cement 
15$  Water 

4"  A&  If  If  If  /#  if  4f  Jjz  3"  x 

2f  1"  f"  f«  f»  f«  f«  %%  if..  &  %i 

2"  If 
t”  f". 

(NOTE)  -  Inthe  third  Teat  .the  sugar  cube  was.  put  at  one  end  of 
n+ w % o,?  d  the  ordinary  cement  at  the  other,  the 

other  four  spaces  in  the  box  remaining  empty. 



TSe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

a.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

April  24,  1911. 

Dear  Ur;  Edison: - 

Please  note  the  attached.  This  is  the 
advance  about  which  I  spoke  to  you  some  time  since.  The 
Lehigh  and  Alpha  Companies,  together  with  some  of  the 
smaller  companies  are  largely  sold  up,  and  my  understanding 
is  that  the  increase  in  price  is  made  at  this  time  with 
the  endeavor  to  stimulate  shipments  which  have  been  un¬ 
satisfactory  to  most  of  the  mills,  as  X  understand  stocks 
on  hand  are  larger  than  they  we  re  this  time  last  year, 
with  the  exception  of  the  Atlas,  who  have  not  run  as  full 
the  past  Winter  as  they  did  a  year  ago.  We  will  endeavor 
to  obtain  the  maximum  benefit  of  the  advance. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Mr.  E.  Meyer, 


April  24,  1011. 

Mgr.  of  Sales, 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Sir: - 

I  understand  that  the  AtlaB,  Lehigh 
and  Alpha  Companies  have  today  advanced  their  prices 
to-  as  follows: - 

TERRITORY  "A"  «  For  p rompt '  and  future  shipments, 

10 /  above  hook  price. 

This  is  on  an  85/  -  400  lb.  basis. 

TERRITORY  "B"  -  west.  Spot  shipments,  75/  bulk 
at  Mill.  Shipments  after  30  days, 
80/  bulk  Hill. 

"  "  -  South.  Spot  and  future  shipments, 

70/,  although  in  the  South  some  of 
the  Companies  have  advanced  prioos 
to  75/. 

I  understand  that  Vuioanite,  Dexter, 
Pennsylvania,  Nazareth,  Phoenix,  Penn  Allen,  hove  all  been 
advised  as  to  the  change,  and  I  want  you  to  arrange  to 
handle  our  sales  so  that  we  will  get  the  maximum  benefit 
of  these  prices. 

YourB  veipy  truly, 

,  WDM -MB 3 

President . 


Cfje  Ctifeon  ^ortlanb  Cement  Co. 

©t.  James  OSuflDfnff,  U33  TBroabtoap  ^  jy 

Mr.  W, 

S«  Mallory,  Pres., 

Stewartsville,  U.J, 

yy  yr 

rv^  A*/  , ^ 

Dear  Sir;- 

AQU4BAR  WATERRROOFIDQ  co.  A  representative  of  this 
concern,  made  one  or  two  oalla  here  t/see  the  writer  but  the 
writer  hae  not  met  him.  Satiate d^hat  they  wanted  to  sell 

out  and  wanted  to  knc^othor  A/would  conoidor  buying  their 
buoineae.  They  e^tod  that  tdir  waterproofing  waa  better  than 
ours  and  that  the£  would  mak/a/prioe  that  would  interest  ue.  it 
ooourrod  to  the/writer  thuf PfteBibly  we  might  wear  the  reBt  of 
them  out.  There  is  busX/  enough  for  one  concern  and  perhaps 
if  we  stick  it  out  and /ijtf  the  other  fellows,  our  business  may 
increase  to  a  profitab^/basis.  This  month,  we  have  shipped 
about  700  gallons  If  we  could  keep  this  up  and  increase  the 
business,  it  would  look  all  right.  Possibly  by  the  time  you  ' 
have  worked  ®  from  which  you  manufacture  the  water¬ 

proofing,  you  may«g^  the  other  fellows  and  our  orders  may 
inorease.  let's  hope  sw. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Cije  Ctitson  ^ortlanti  Cement  Co, 

St.  3Iameis  TBuflDfng:,  1133  TStoaDtoap 

Jiaeto  gOtMrpr.  29,  1911. 

Mr. T/.S. Mallory,  Pres.  ,  -  7* 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co,, 

Ste  war tavi lie , • U . J ,  MM  - 

AIIiAS  "  1IUDSOH  Mill;  The  writer  had  awards  atop 

there  aomotime  and  got  real  information  in  ra^ard  to  the  output 
of  thia  mill.  .  - f  .. 

He  reporta  that^tflioy  have  two/lcilnfa ,  240  feet  long; 
although  there  ia  only\  220  feet  between,  the  front  end  and  the 
stack.  Ho  states  that  the  outWf  to-daj/y&f  each  kiln  is  2?00 
barrels  and  he  is  positive  of^this  aa>^e  got  it  straight  from 

Darrels  and  ho  is  positive  of'this  as /fie  got  it  straight  from 
a  party  who  has  inside  info&rcatiojjf  Of  course,  you  .know  they 
have  not  been  running  thii  winter  and  are  not  running  now,  but 
they  are  getting  the  quarry  stripped  ready  for  operation  in 

Mr. Edwards  further  states,  that  he  understand  that 
this  plant  doesnot  legally  belong  to  the  Atlas  go,  and  is  not 
under  control  of  Moran,  but  that  it  belongs  to.  officials  of  the 
Atlas  Cement  Co.  and  is  running  under  the  name  of  the  Hew  York 
&  Hew  England  lime  &  Cement  Co.  Shis  he  is  not  sure  of  but  got 
it  from  pretty  good  source. 

All  of  the  above  for  your  information. 

Yours  very  truly , 


Cfje  Cbtson  ^ortlantj  Cement  Co. 

St.  31amejs  TBuflDfng,  U33  TBroaDtoag 

a  semi-panic.  The  Penna.  H.E.  have  discharged  a  great  numhor 
of  men  and  have  stopped  all  work.  frohahly  the  other  railroads 
have  done  the  same  as  far  aB  they  oan  without  orippling  their 
roads.  After  the  Legislation  is  sottled,  no  matter  which 
way,  they  will  he  sorely  in  need  of  improvements  and  will  expend 
a  great  deal  of  money  and  the  writer  expects  that  the  next  few 
frears  are  going  to  ho  good  ones  and  to  take  advantage  of  this, 
it  is  up  ro  the  writer  to  take  action  now  hy  not  having  the 
hooks  cluttered  with  low  prioefi  oontraots.  She  writer  hopos 
and  t&usts  that  next  yoarj  the  Directors  will  he;.sa^.sfiod ' 

MAH' “X  fill  *  % 

Mr.  ff.S.M.,  Pros.,  #2, 


that  our  Mill  Is  a  auooess  and  that  they  will  come  forward  with 
sufficient  oapital  to  enable  us  to  run  the  selling  and  deliveries 
and  get  the  most  out  of  it  and  not  "be  oompelled  to  dump  cement  in 
order  to  keep  in  funds.  Ehe  selling  and  deliveries  muBt  he 
dearly  explained  to  them  and  they  must  he  disabused  of  the 
idea  that  oomont  oan  he  sold  and  shipped  in  equal  monthly 


Yours  very  truly. 


Pm-  ~  ' 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

April  29th,  1911, 

Mr.  IhomaB  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  H.  J, 

Dear  Sirs 

Referring  to  the  matter  of  segregation  in  the  Bijou 
Stock  House,  I  would  advise  that  the  four  ohutes  put  in  there 
are  still  working  all  right  with  the  exoeption  that  one  chute 
was  out  off  a  little  shorter  than  the  other  three,  as  it  was 
on  the  return  belt  side  and  oaused  the  real  fines  to  stiok  on 
the  side.  How  the  four  ohutes  make  a  good' distribution  of 
the  material. 

For  about  a  year  we  have  not  run  the  bijou  full  on 
aooount  of  the  variations  in  the  material.  It  has  often  been 
found  neoossary  to  change  the  mixture  as  soon  as  we  could  get  a 
oheok  on  the  chalk,  and  we  have  been  carrying  about  400  to  800 
tons  in  the  Bijou  Stook  Houbo.  HpK  the  last  three  weeks  we 
oarried  about  600  tons  of  stook  in  the  Bijou  and  attempt  to 
weigh  about  80  to  100. tons  per  hour,  whioh  is  about  the  gait 
whioh  the  ohalk  plant  grinds  it.  If  the  ohalk  plant  Btops, 
the  weighing  is  stopped. 

I  am  trying  some  other  tests  to  see  where  the  variation 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison.  -2-  4-29-11. 
oomes  in  and  hope  to  get  something  definite  and  report  to 
you  later. 

Yours  very  truly, 


T.A.E.  -  5/l/ll  -  #2 

giving  'better  results,  aa  during  our  shut-down  period 
we  put  in  retarding  rings  so  that  the  material  is  held 
in  the  cylinder  we  believe  more  than  twice  as  long,  and 
we  keep  a  larger  quantity  of  steam  inside  the  cylinder 
than  heretofore,  and  Dr.  Kiefer  reports  that  there  are 
indications  that  the  material  is  doing  better;  It  is 
somewhat  difficult,  however,  to  be  sure  of  this,  for 
the  reason  that  the  weather  is  now  warmer  and  the 
cement  *ou-ld' naturally  humidor  quicker  than  during  the 
cold  weather  we  had  during  February,  March  and  April. 

Yours  very  truly, 



THe  Edison  Portland  Cemen'PCo.1 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PHlLanaLPHU,*?*.!  Arcad°E  VuHdlmj 

p.  o.  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  “Kin""?::  N;tV.°nJftV"T»urH? 

May  2nd,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  M,  J, 

Bear  Sirs 

Referring  again  to  the  question  of  segregation,  I 
would  advise  that  I  am  satisfied  a  lot  of  our  troubles  come 
from  this  cause,  but  do  not  believe  that  we  can  improve  the 
conditions  in  the  Bijou  Stock  House  to  any  appreciable  ex¬ 
tent.  I  am  satisfied,  however,  that  the  main  trouble  comes 
from  the  Rook  Stook  House  and  our  method  of  mixing  the  blue 
and  yellow  cement  rook  together.  We  have  tried  many  timeB  to 
keep  those  separate  entirely,  but  on  aocount  of  the  necessity 
of  re-drying  the  washed  rook  twice  and  the  blue  rook  only  once, 
there  is  not  sufficient  bin  capacity  in  the  rock  stook  house  to 
take  care  of  it.  Therefore,  we  have  been  putting  the  blue 
rook  into  the  bin  v/here  the  washed  rook  was,  whioh  had  been 
re-dried  once,  but  when  crushing  blue  rook  we  put  it  in  at  the 
rate  of  250  tons  per  hour,  while  the  yellbw  rook  is  only  being 
dried  at  the  rate  of  70  tons  per  hour.  Then  during  a  part  of 
the  day  and  the  night  there  is  no  blue  rook  being  put  in. 

I  have  started,  today,  mixing  the  blue  rook  and  yellow 
rook  together  as  they  are  being  crushed,  at  the  same  time  run¬ 
ning  it  through  the  re-drier  twice,  but  running  it  at  a  higher 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison.  -2-  M!\1  10  5-2-11. 

rate,  say  150  tons  per  hour  instead  of  70,  whioh  is  about  the- 
rate  we  can  re-dry  yellow  rook.  This,  I  believe,  will  give  us 
an  even  mixture  in  our  cement  rook,  and  I  am  satisfied  this  is 
where  most  of  our  troubles  come  from. 

We  will  watoh  this  carefully  to  see  if  our  oheoks 
do  not  show  considerable  improvement  over  our  previous  re¬ 

It  will  take  some  little  time  to  test  this  out. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Itmtefr  Pirate*  (&a. 

May.  4,1911 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Ediscn, 

M'G ~.c;i  i]  '  1 

My  daar  Mr. Edison;  ^  ^ 

I  aspect-  jto  leave  hare  for  .r 
N aw  York  on  Monday,  and  if  convenient  would  Ilka 
to  arrange  to  Baa  you  on  Tuesday.. 

Unless  I  hear  from  you  to  the 
contrary,  i  will  call  on  you  Tuesday  morning. 

C\s . 


TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Paasenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N. 

P.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 


Company  was  registered  as  a  private  Company  with  a  capital  of  only 

£5000.  There  can  he  no  hind  of  doubt  that  the  mines  have  at  last 



realized  the  enormous  advantages  possessed  by  it  whether  for 
building, battery  houses  tanks,  compounds,  shafts,  eto.etc. 

I  do  not  overlook  the  faot  that  the  great  item  in  all  contracts 
of  this  kind  is  the  labour  hill,  and  it  cannot  be  denied  that  in 
this  part  of  the  world  all  labour  is  very  expensive,  but  I  have 
no  doubt  that  experience  in  handling  will  vary  soon  bring  such 
items  to  a  reasonable  figure. 

The  second  pressing  question  is,  of  course,  the  cost  of 
the  cement  itself,  but  here  there  is  no  kind  of  competition 
existing,  and  I  have  no  doubt  that  when  onoe  the  importance  of 
the  subject  is  realized,  better  use  will  be  made  of  the  enormous 
lime  deposits  existing.  No  doubt  you  would  be  interested  in 
reading  a  report  of  the  last  Annual  Meeting  of  our  one  and  only 
Portland  Cement  Company,  and  I  enolose  you  a  short  statement 
reproducing  the  speech  of  its  Chairman.  I  need  only  say  that  I 
heartily  endorse  his  remarks  when  he  speaks  about  the  reduction 

of  the  costs  of  the  commodity.  You  will  notice  that  he  states  ± 

that  there  is  an  almost  unlimited  scope  for/applioation  whioh 
only  bears  out  what  I  have  said  before  on  this  subjeot. 

During  the  last  year  the  mines  purohuBed  over  £150,000 
worth  of  cement  and  I  am  enclosing  a  classified  list  of  Mine 
purchases  which  may  be  interesting.  I  hope  in  conclusion  that 


Louis  l.  playford, 

you  will  appreciate  the  point  that  I  am  trying  to  make,  which 
is  the  importance  of  the  reinforoed  concrete  question  in 
South  Africa  generally,  and  in  particular,  the  great  importance 
today  of  its  adaptation  for  dwelling  houses  of  all  kinds 
whether  monolithio  or  otherwise. 

Yours  faithfully, 



•  **  - 

t\'K  A  Prosperous  Concern— A  Local  Industry  With  a  Groat  Future. 

I.  Eckstein  presided  at  tho  annual  meeting  of  tho  shareholders 

balance-sheet., -said  :.Tho  directors'  report  mid  accounts  before  you  deal 
with  the  twelvo  months  ended  December  31,  1010.  They  have  been 
framed  in  bucIi  a  manner  as  to  givo  you,  in  ns  few  words  and  figures 

'  '  it  brielly  to  the 

. . . ...Jged  nt  ±1150,000. 

.-.istituted  tho  only  dead  assets  in  our 

“  adjustment  of  enpitni;”  tho  latter  representing  tho  settlement  with 
tho  holders  ^uf  the  founders’  shores.  A  reserve  .filing  of  ^±110,000  has 

of  ±17,-158  12s.  lOd.  is  being  carried  forward.  You  will  observo  that 
wo‘  are  retaining  a  substantial  cash  balance  which  will.  enable^  us,  if 

for  cement.  Tho  value  of  your  property,  inncliiuery  and  plant  has  been 
considerably^ added  ^to  during  tho  year  lindor^  review.^  Wo  have  nc- 

liavo  effected  very  important  alterations  and  extensions  of  tho  factory 
mid  pliant.  Jour  Chairman,  in  hisjpccch  at  tho  Inst  annual  meeting. 

liavo  been  fully  realised,  llo  then  spoke  of^tlio  advisability  of  erecting 
an  entirely  how  factory  ^in  addition  ta^lho^DaspoorL  works;  ^Although 

re  desirous  at  tho  same  tiuio  of  bringing 

- jptodnlo.  Our  general  ninnager,  who 

^  «»  u«  in  Europe  at  tho  time,  was,  therefore  instructed  to 

„ -  ..11  tho  information  ho  could  in  regard  to  tho  various  types  of 

modern' machinery  and  plant,  aud  io  visit  »«•«**  ~r  . -*  -* . 1-  * 

no  of  the  in, 

it  factories  in  Europo  mid  tho  United  States.  No  time  was  lost 
iking  practical  ubo  of  tho  knowledge  thus  acquired,  and  tho  nltorn- 
nntT  additions^  decided  upon  nro  now  nearing' completion.  Not 
is  .to  double  our  present  rate  of  output,  hut 

only  will  those  onnblo’  ui 

what  is  equally  imnorlai.v,  «...  ,..««««,  ».  .„,,,.n.auui«  a,.u.„u  Wi 
pare  favourably  with  that  of  any  modorn  cement  workH.  Great  pal.... 
are  Jakeir  to  see  that  tho  quality  of .  our  product  meets  all  requiro- 

/isited  ono  of  tho  moat  important  English  laboratories  last  year,  "ho 
waB  pleased  to  find  th-*  *•—  - — :~A  — ‘  : —  - 

Buildings.  The  South 

'•nutinue  to  take,  largo  . .  . . . . w 

•s'  report  thfit  our  sales  last  year  exceeded  those  for;  1009  by  7G  per 

,.  Hitherto  our  only  trouble  has  been- to  keep  paco  with  tho  do-, 
id.  Indications  ccrtuiuly  point  to  a  still  nioro  oxtensivo  use  of 
-t,  blit  this  ^  will  naturally  ^dopeiid^ta  a  certain  oxteut  outlie  jirico 

...»  soon  after  the  enlarged  plant  is  in  full  working  order.  \ 

it  of  this  object  should  bo  facilitated  by  a  reduction  of 
io  commodity.  This  should  also  have  tho  effect  of  ro-  j 
s  to  a  minimum.  A  study  of  the  many  directions  in 
tins  been  used  in  other  countries  shows  thnt  there  is  an 
;d  scopo  for  its  application.  With  'll  View  oT  crenliug  a 
«»«»»  our  prod uci  certain  machinery  for  tho  manufacture  of  . 
hollow  concrete  blocks  has  been  iiniiortcd  at  a  comparatively  small  cost,  I 
and  excellent  material  is  already  being  turned  out  for  which  a  ready'1 
slated,  in  tho^  cl  i  nec(o»*^  raptor  negotiations  j 
process  of  mnmirncluriiig  various  re-in  forced  concrete  articles,  such  ns  ' 
u'SHuipcTS  ^  mT'l  <jf1|ttfrirbljtl,,K  1"J*1®r.  j 

a  company  will  ho  formed  which  will  also  lake  over  the  hollow  block  I 
plant.  A  substantial  mtorcst  in  llio  proposed  company  has  been  secured1  J 
mci i t°tor n'yery  coiis M 'rah! (1 1,8 tryt  ,iaH  J,coj,.‘itho  njeons^of  giving^ oinploj-  j 
:  «»  averago  exceeding  100  were  working  at  the  factory.  The  transport  j 
by  rail  of  our  raw.  millennia,  ns  well  as  the  finished  product,  represents  ] 
a  not  immaterial  contribution  to  tho  revenue  of  tho  country.  Wo  do 
not,  however,  expect  anybody  to  carry  the  landablo  principle  6f 'sup¬ 
porting  local  industries  to  the  length  of  doing  so  nt  any  loss  or  iii-'j 
convenience  to  himself.  Our  aim  always  has  beon  to  manufacture  an 
arliclo  which  will  compare  favourably  ns  regards  quality  and  cost  with  ! 
the  best  imported  brands  and  wo  do  claim  thnt  wo  liavo  succeeded  iu 
this  rcsiiect.  Hint  is  why  I  think  wo  may  look  forward  to  a  continued 
successful  career  for  this  company. 

JRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

“f”* .  Teleirapl,.  Freljht  and  P»Kn(er  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  phjw 

*  **"•  T““"  P-  O-  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  £T.  J. 


V  3 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

.  .  I  would  appreciate^;  if 

have  written  on  Laboratory  papetyj^^er Cl^|  ng 
about  aa  follows 

Mr.  J.  Park  Channing, 

42  Broadway, 

Hew  York,  N.  Y. 

My  dear  Sir:- 

Knowing  of  your  active  connection 
with  aorae  of  the  large  mining  enterpriaea  of  our 
country,  I  believe  that  you  would  be  much  inter¬ 
ested  in  a  crushing  plant  which  was  built  laBt 
year  at  Tomkins  Cove,  New  York,  for  cruahing  lime¬ 
stone  for  commercial  purposes,  whioh  ia  equipped 
with  my  crushing  rolls:  and- stationary  soreena. 

The  machinery  in  this  plant  has  capacity 
of  about  10,000  tons  in  ten  hours,  and  the  large 
rolls  will  crush  single  stones  weighing  15  to  17 
tons  , 

I  have  instructed  our  Mr.  Mallory  to 
present  thiB  letter  to  you,  and  he  will  be  glad  ti 

accompany  you  to  the  Tomkins  Cove  plant,  which  is 
located  only  36  miles  from  New  York,  on  the  WeBt 
Shore  R.  R.,  any  time  when  it  will  suit  your  con¬ 

I  believe  that  the  costs  obtainable 
by  this  method  of  crushing  will  make  commercial 
some  low  grade  propositions,  and  I  trust  that  you 
will  be  able  to  find  time  to  visit  the  plant  and 
see  for  yourself  just  what  is  being’ done. 

Yours  very  truly, 

If  you  think  wise  to  make  any  change  in 
the  letter,  please  do  so,  then  I  will  present  the  letter 
and  try  to  get  him  to  visit  the  Tomkins  Cove  plant. 

Yours  very  truly, 

TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


Unlon^  Building 

June  5,  1911. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  •  *7" 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison :- 

During  the  month  of  May,  1911,  we  lost 
in  output  of  clinker  about  18,000  barrels  due  to  no 
chalk,  on  account  of  troubles  we  had  in  the  Chalk  Grind¬ 
ing  Plant. 

Mr.  Moses  has  prepared  a  statement,  copy 
of  which  I  herewith  enclose,  from  which  you  will  note  that 
during  the  years  1908,  1909,  1910,  and  up  to  May  31st,  1911, 
we  have  lost  about  104,000  barrels  in  kiln  output  on  account 
of  no  ohalk.  You  will  also  notice  from  his  calculation  that 
the  net  loss  during  the  above  period  is®39 ,723.00,  or 
.0085 4  per  barrel  on  the  entire  amount  of  cement  manufactured 
during  the  above  period. 

One  great'  trouble  we  have  is  that  our 
chalk  storage  is  too  small.  Tffhile  it  1b  true  that  we  can 
store  about  3,000  tons,  as  a  matter  of  fact,  even  when  the 
chalk  storage  is  full  there  iB  only  about  2,000  tons  avail¬ 
able,  as  when  this  quantity  is  gone  we  cannot  get  men 
enough  in  the  stockhouse  to  draw  the  chalk  fast  enough  to 

keep  the  ten  kilns  in  operation.  It,  therefore,  looks 
as  if  it  would  he  good  business  at  some  time  to  increase 
the  capacity  for  storing  chalk,  so  that  we  will  not  he 
working  on  such  a  narrow  margin. 

There  are  times  when  the  Chalk  Plant  has 
Buch  capacity  that  we  are  compelled  to  Bhut  it  down,  and 
at  which  times  we  could  take  the  surplus  capacity  and  fill 
the  Chalk  Stockhouse. 

You  will  remember  that  we  had  this  prohli 
up  once  before,  vfcen  it  wsb  decided  that  we  would  increase 
the  capacity  of  the  Chalk  Stockhouse,  but  for  financial 
reasons  it  was  not  done  at  that  time. 

I  am  asking  Mr.  Mason  to  look  up  his  old 
estimates  of  the  cost  of  increasing*  up  to  say  5,000  or 
6,000  tons,  and  as  Boon  aB  I  have  these  estimates  I  will 
take  the  matter  up  further  with  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Time  lost  due  to  "No  Chalk"  -  4,000  Kiln  HourB 

At  an  estimated  output  of  26  bbls.  per  kiln  hr.  -  104,000 
hbls.  output  lost  in  827  operating  daps,  or  126  bbls.  per 
day , 

Approximately  the  average  cost  of  cement  for  the  three 
years  and  five  months  above  cited  is  about  62^  per  bbl. 

Lost  output  of  104,000  bbls.  due  to  "No  Chalk" 

®  62 j/  -  $64,680.00 

Less  4643  Tons  Kiln  Coal  to  produce  above 
amount,  @  $2.72  per  ton  aver. 

40#  Limestone  mix,  or  3  bbls.  per  ton  of  Lime. 

12,000  tons  @  75g/ 

Gypsum  (less  additional  stock)  .005  per  bbl. 

Paoking  &  Shipping  -  ,027  per  bbl. 


Net  Saving  -  $39,723.00  -  or  -  .0085  per  Bbl. 





Possible  Kiln  Hours  in  1908  -  44,400 

"  "  "  "  1909  -  64,125 

"  "  "  "  1910  -  62,515 

To  May  31st,  1911  -  27,590 


TRe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pass, 

«•  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.J.  j 

j.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

LjJ^.  June  6 



Dear  Mr,  Edison:- 

In  accordance  with  our' conversation, 
am  having  forwarded  to  you  from  the  manufacturers  about 
26  yards  of  burlap,  such  as  is  used  in  bagB. 

The  trouble  with  bags  made  from  burlap 


for  cement  uses,  is  that  too  much  of  the  cement  wastes 
through  the  holes  when  the  bags  are  handled,  and  for  that 
reason  the  trade  do  not  like  them. 

I  understand  that  you  will  take  the 
matter  up  and  see  if  you  cannot  find  Borne  cheap  way  by  which 
these  holes  can  be  filled  up.  At  the  present  time  we  are 
paying  about  $96.00  per  thousand  Osnaburg  bags.  We  can  buy 
burlap  bags,  made  out  of  the  kind  of  material  as  sent  you, 
from  $65.00  to  $67.00  a  thousand,  and  if  you  could  treat  the 
cloth  for  say  $8.00  to  $10.00  a  thousand,  it  might  put  us  in 
a  position  to  save  say  $20.00  a  thousand,  which  would  make 
a  saving  to  us  of  about  $25,000.00  a  year. 

Yours  very  truly, 

TCe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

1'.oT.T„*.,o»»t  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Panenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

*  1  p*  address,  ste w artsville,  n.  j. 


!K.  N.  Y„  '  8t.  Jamcs^BuMdfng 
N.  J.,  Union  Building 
MA88.,  PoitomcoSquara 
h.  Oa.,  National  Bank  Bulldl 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Yesterday  afternoon  I  called  at  the 
Allis-Chalmers  office  and  Baw  Mr.  P.  c.  Randall,  Manager 
of  the  N.  Y.  office.  Prom  him  I  learned  that  the  contract 
made  with  the  Caaparie  and  Empire  people,  also  with  the 
Dunhar  people,  was  made  under  the  direotione  of  Mr. 
Whiteside,  the  former  President  of  the  A.  C.  Co.,  and 
without  saying  it  directly,  Mr.  Randall  intimated  that 
the  policy  of  the  Company  now  had  changed  along  a  good 
many  lines  and  that  this  matter  would  have  to  he  handled 
hy  Mr.  Nichols,  the  Vice  President,  who  is  now  in  Milwaukee 
and  will  return  shortly  after  the  first  of  July. 

I  heg  herewith  to  enclose  a  letter  I  have 
written  Mr.  Randall,  which  explains  itself.  He  Btated 
yesterday  that  he  would  write  Mr.  Nicholsrso  that  he  could 
discuss  the  matter  with  their  new  President  and  their 
attorneys,  so  to  he  prepared  to  talk  to  us  on  his  return 
in  July,  l  will  keep  you  advised  as  to  the  progress  of 
the  negotiations . 

Yours  very  truly, 

. . . 



June  22,  1911. 

C.  Randall,  Manager, 

•  Allle  -  Chalmers  Co., 

71  Broadway,  New  York. 

Rear  Mr.  Randall: - 

In  aocordnnoe  with  our  conversation 
of  yesterday  afternoon,  I  mailed  you  last  night  a  printed 
copy  of  the  deoision  in  the  Roll  case,  together  with  the 
decree .  V/hen  I  reached  our  office  our  stenographers  had 
all  gone,  and  as  I  had  just  time  to  make  my  train,  I 
enclosed  the  decision  without  a  letter. 

Confirming  my  statement  of  yesterday, 
heg  to  state  that  thus  far  the  matter  between  us  has  heen 
handled  on  legal  lines,  and  before  proceeding  against  your 
Company  further  in  connection  with  the  Dunbar  Rolls, 
located  at  Detroit,  Mioh.,  X  thought  perhaps  the  matter 
might  be  discussed  from  a  business -standpoint ,  hence  my 
call  of  yesterday! 

Yours  very  truly. 



Mr.  M9X80B:* 

... . :  «wn,M*  Xcyar  ntt  61*  intonation 

v&ws^v&sr  *• — «•  fl*“*  *“  «• 

v.  0.  wsjom 

Mr.  E.  ::eyer, 

Mgr.  of  Mnles, 

How  York. 

Juno  27,  15)11. 



Dear  Sir:- 

5ir.  Edison  wishes  to  nako  an  appoint¬ 
ment  to  meet  you  and  myself  and  go  over  the  matter  of 
soiling  campaign  for  tho  winter  and  1912. 

lie  believes  that  we  should  work  up 
either  a  bonus  system  for  our  salesmen  or  some  other 
plan  which  will  bring  ub  a  still  larger  number  of  deal¬ 
ers  in  Territory  "A",  as  he  is  convinced  that  on  account 
of  the  enc uroachment  of  the  local  mills  in  Territory  >-j}« 
that  the  mill  who  gets  tho  largest  number  of  dealers 
first  in  Territory  ”A"  the  mill  which  will  feel 
the  dullness  in  business  the  least. 

Roughly,  we  have  now  in  Territory  "A" 
1110  dealers.  -*'ron  our  price  book  covering  Territory  hA" 
1  note  there  are  7210  towns,  so  that  you  will  note  we  • 
only  have  representation  in  about  1 5;tf  of  the  total  number 
ol  townB.  'i’hiB  shows  the  field  yet  uncovered  to  be 
very  large. 

I  am  writing  you  fully  on  this  subject 

because  I  know  that  heretofore  you  and  your  Uanagera 
had  objections  to  the  bonus  system  as  formerly  carried 
on  by  us,  and  I  wish  you  to  take  the  matter  up  with  the 
various  managers  and  sea  if  you  cannot  suggest  any  other 
system  which  will  accomplish  the  desired  results  and 
avoid  the  objections  which  you  formerly  had. 

In  keeping  your  records  of  new  dealers, 
do  yo.ur  records  show  the  number  of  new  dealers  which  each 
salesman  obtains?  If  not,  a  record  of  this  sort  would 
show  ybu  which  of  the  salesmen  were  doing  the  best  work 
in  this  direction.  Please  take  the  matter  up  and  then 
we  will  arrange  in  the  course  of  a  y;eek  or  ten  days  to 
go  to  Orange  and  discuss  the  matter  in  detail  with 
”r.  Kdi son. 

Yours  very  truly, 


P.  8.).- 

I  beg  herewith  to  hand  you  a  memorandum 
showing  the  number  of  new  dealers  obtained  by 
months  for  the  past  three  years,  which  explains 
itself.  You  will  note  that  during  1011  we  are 
riot  making  an  good  a  showing  as  wg  did  the 
previous  years. 

I  also. enclose  list  of  the  number  of 
places  in  Territory  "A"  of  each  state,  ns  a 
guide  in  checking  this  matter  up. 




Hew  Hampshier 
Rhode  Island 
Hew  York 
Hew  Jersey 

District- of  Columbia 


















TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co, 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Patseng 

Dear  Up.  Idiecn:-  1  4]T  v  ""  -C5 

I  have  arreriged  to  have  tho  dinner 
«iloh  we  are  going  to  giro  Mr.  Hicke  on  Saturday 
next,  Jeiy  lot*  Maaon  and  1  will  oone  down  on  the 
afternoon  train  and  get  off  at  Sewark,  oone  over  to 
Orange  and  got  you,  and  then  wo  ean  ail  go  on  to  Mew 
York  together. 

I  have  ordered  tha  tloketo  for  the 
"Mol ilea  Berg* re*,  and  wo  will  got  oar  dinner  at  that 
plaoe.  i  have  notified  Doth  Mr.  Bloke  and  Mr.  Wiii- 
lama,  who  will  be  with  ua  at  that  tine. 

Moure  very  truly. 

.  Mallory  was  obliged  to 
before  signing  the  above 
ttiiitatc'l  by  him, 

t  rc. 

JUL  3—  i9 1 1 

June  28th,  1911, 

Mr.  Hall or y: 

I  have  juBt  tested  ten  of  the  jute  hagB  of  the 
better  olass,  as  oompared  with  eight  new  Osnaburg  bags.  I 
find  that  a  groat  deal  depends  on  the  manner  in  whioh  the 
bags  are  dropped  as  to  results,  but  under  the  same  conditions 
these  jute  bags  are  just  as  satisfactory  as  the  Osnaburg, 

Furthermore,  as  far  as  I  oould  judge,  no  more  oement. 
leaks  thru  them, 

Edgar  advises  me  that  these  Jute  bags  are  cheaper 
than  the  Osnaburg  bags.  If  this  is  the  ease,  I  would  recommend 
buying  them,  for  Unless  they  should  Bbow  up  some  defect  on 
long  time  wear,  they  seem  to  be  equally  as  good. 

Edgar  advises  me  that  he  is  having  Bhipped  in  a  dozen 
bags  from  some  Boston  oonoern  whioh  are  made  of  Jute  and  con¬ 
siderably  cheaper  than  the  high  grade  Jute  bog  on  which  1  have 
just  reported.  I  will  test. these  as  soon  ob  they  oorae  in  and 
give  you  the  results. 

Yours  very  truly, 

W.  H.  Mason. 

M  29  !9II 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Hagar:- 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  relative 
to  the  statistical  figures,  and  I  find  that  you  are  right, 
as  to  have  made  the  comparison  we  should  have  considered 
the  stocks  of  oeraent  and  clinker  each  month,  instead  of 
the  stock  of  cement  alone. 

V/e  hove  been  having  the  same  terrific 
spell  of  hot  weather  as  you  have  had  in  the  West,  and  I 
cannot  tell  you  how  thankful  I  am  that  our  Plant  is  not 
in  operation  during  this  week.  V/e  closed  down  Uaturday, 
July  1st,  and  expect  to  resume  Uonday,  July  10th.  There 
are  several  reasons,  for  this  action. 

First,  our  stock  of  cement  and  clinker 
had  reached  the  limit  I  named  in  Kansas  City. 

fldoond,  Phillipsburg,  II.  J.,  is  having 
its  fiftieth  anniversary  celobrafiion,  and  X  knew  that 
many  of  our  men  wished  to  attend. 

Third,  I  quite  agree  with  the  statement 

K.1J.H.  -  7/7/11  -  2. 

which  Judge  Gary  made  at  Brussels  on  Wednesday  laet,  as 

"Again  let  us  assume  that 
during  a  given  year  the  demand  ft  r  n  product 
equals  less  than  one-half  the  capacity  to 
produce,  and  yet  each  producer  is  greedy 
and  anxious  to  sell  more  than  his  fair  pro¬ 
portion  and  acts  accordingly,  and  this 
attitude  is  maintained  until  results  which 
we  all  know  are  almost  certain  t jSfte  realized", 

and  J  bfelieve  that  it  is  the  duty  of  every  manufacturer 
to  recognize  this  principle,  and  if  it  were  universally 
done,  whenever  the  capacity  to  produce  exceeded  the  demand 
we  would  have  a  much  more  stable  business. 

It  is  and  has  been  my  belief  for  a 
long  time  thjy^our  country  grows  a  given  amount,  and  that 
if  the  principle  of  only  manufacturing  enough  goods  to 
supply  the  demand  was  carried  out,  v/e  would  have  a  oertain 
average  price.  Without  this  principle  being  carried  into 
effect,  wo  have  the  periods  of  very  high  prices  and  very 
low  ndices,  and  I  believe  that  the  average  of  these  very 
high  prices  and  very  low  prices  is  not  very  different 
covering  a  period  of  ten  years  from  what  they  would  be 
under  the  first  conditions,  and  certainly  it  would  be 
much  more  comfortable  doing  business,  and  in  an  industry 
like  ours  is  at  present,  which  is  largely  developed,  it 
would  have  thee  effect  of  preventing  the  starting  of  how 
companies  and  permit  the  growth  to  be  among  the  people 

K.H.H.  -  7/?Al  -  3. 

who  are  now  in  the  business. 

Ho  doubt  you  have  heard  that  there  has 
been  more  or  leso  of  a  general  shut  down  during  Fourth  of 
July  week  in  the  LehiGh  Valley  section.  Atlas  hove  cut¬ 
off  10,000  barrels  per  day  output;  Lehigh  have  shut  down 
all  plants  for  a  period  of  ten  days,  and  'then  only  expect 
to  start  up  as  the  conditions  warrant;  Alpha  ohut  down 
all  plants  for  over  the  Fourth  and  X  understand  do  not 
expect  to  start  up  the  Hudson  Hiver  plant  or  their  Ho.  1 
plant  at  Alpha.  Vulcanite  are  down  for  ten  days,  and 
only  expect  to  start  up  one  out  of  their  three  plants 
Whether  or  not  , any  of  the  smaller  plants  are  down  for 
the  hblidays  I  am  not  informed. 

As  I  stated  in  Kansas  City,  it  is  my 
belief  that  in  a  situation  such  as  we  have  at  present,  the 
only  solution  is  for  each  manufacturer  to  place  a  limit  on 
the  amount  of  stock  he  iB  willing  to  carry,  say  one  or  two 
months'  shipments,  and  then  when  he  reaches  this  point 
curtail  . 

I  cannot  believe  that  when  the  demand 
for  any  given  commodity  is  such  that  it  will  only  take 
say  60  to  80#  df  the  capacity  to  produce,  that  there 
cannot  be  any  other  result  than  demoralization  by  trying 
to  force  the  market  to  absorb  a  larger  proportion,  on 

li.U.H.  -  7/7 Al  -  4. 

the  theory  that  our  plant  will  run  full  while  others 
do  not  do  ao,  and  as  Judge  Gory  very  correctly  soya, 
t#<r  results  which  we  all  know  are  almost  certain  to 
he  realized. 

X  note  your  comments  as  to  a  slight 
improvement  in  the  demand  for  steel,  and  an  pleased  to 
have  confirmed  what  X  hod  read  in  the  papers.  It  has 
been  my  observation,  howover,  that  the  cement  industry 
follows  the  steel  industry  either  in  improvement  or 
otherwise  six  to  nine  months  later,  and  sometimes  twelve 
ThiB  difference  in  time  is  caused  by  the  seasons.  1'or 
instance,  suppose  the  steel  industry  should  start  to 
improve  materially  in  December  or  January,  the  oement 
industry  would  feel  the  improvement  about  the  following 
?.!ay  or  June,  whereas  if  the  steel  industry  should  not 
improve  materially  until  July  or  August,  we  would  not 
feel  it  until  the  beginning  of  our  next  year’s  shipments 

say  March  or  April.  On  this  basis  I  do  not  believe  that 

any  improvement  that  we  may^have  in  the  steel  business 
will  prove  of  any  particular  benefit  to  the  cement 
industry  during  1911.  Moreover,  the  improvement  is  very 
slight  and  is  much  less  than  has  been  expected  by  very 
many  people. 

It  is  ray  belief  that  Judge  Oaiy  has 

the  right  idea  as  to  the  conducting  of  husinesB  under 
existing  conditions,  and  if  all ' lineo  of  industry  could 
he  carried  out  ocoording  to  his  ideas,  it  would  he  very 
much  hettor  not  only  for  the  various  lines  of  industry, 
hut  also  for  our  country. 

1  trust  you  will  pardon  this  long 
letter.  When  I  started  I  di  d  not  mean  to  write  at 
such  length. 

Y/ith  my  very  kindest  regards,  I  am, 
Yours  very  truly. 

President . 

Kr.  Edward  U.  Hagar,  President, 

Universal  Portland  Cement  Co., 

Chicago,  Ill-, 

Mr.  V/.S.Iflallory,  Pros., 

Stowartovillo,  H.,T. 

Dear  Sir;- 

Youro  of  tho  7th  just  roceivod  thin  morning.  In  regard 
to  tho  dooroaoo  in  tho  nunbor  of  doaloro,  those  in  Sonnesoeo, 
Ontario,  Kontuoliy,  Indiana,  Louisiana,  Wont  Virginia,  Michigan, 
Alabama,  Ohio,  Georgia,  Mouth  Curolina,  Horth  Carolina,  Florida, 
Virginia,  woro  loot  on  account  of  prioo;  tho  other  companion 
malting  ihn  lower  prices.  In  Nov;  York,  Pennsylvania,  Delaware, 
Maryland  and  oven  some  of  the  other  dtatos,  doaloro  woro  lost 
for  the  same  reason.  Even  now,  wo  looe  doaloro  here  and  there 
to  iho  othor  companion  on  tho  lower  prioo.  For  instanoo,  in  How 
England,  wo  loso  to  Universal  who  havo  a  lower  freight  oven  in 
How  England,  notwithstanding  their  longer  haul  than  wo  have  and 
their  prices  are  from  10{',  to  25(/  lower. 

She  only  way  is  to  take  tho  towns  individually  and  got  a 
spooifio  roaoon  for  tho  loss.  Shore  are  many' roason  for  losing 
dealers.  For  instanoo,  tho  smart  turn  of  tho  Lehigh' in  Maine**' 
(complaint  of  which  tho  writer  has  made  to  you)  will  lose  us  a 
number  of  small  doalorD  ao  thoir  ooal  company  are  buying  Lehigh  oenc 
15j/  per  bbl.  loos  than  wo  daro  soil  it.  Of  oourso,  wo  got  thorn 
baok  whon  priooo  aro  ovon. 

How  tho  writer’s  ochomo  that  ho  proposes  inaugurating 
will  show  all  this.  Mr.  K0nt  will  bo  in  charge  of  tho  dealers’ 

-  situation  undor  the  writer’s  supervision.  Ho  will  havo  a  list 
of  tho  towns  in  which  wo  aro  not  reprooontod.  Ho  will  know 
tho  salesmen  in  ohargo  of  thoso  towns.  Ho  will  have  an  exact 


Mr.  y/.s .14.,  Pron.,  #8. 

hlotory  of  tho  Bit  untion  in  each  town.  Ho  will  have  a  list  of 
tho  dooloro  and  oontraotoro  and  tho  roaoons  fn x  up  to  date  why 
wo  do  not  got  a  representation.  Sho  writer  through  Kon$  will 
ho  haok  of  tho  Uanagor  and  salesmen,  Innono  towns,  wo  nay  got 
in  through  advertising  or  oono  littlo  triolc  or  hy  making  a  new 
doalor  of  a  ooal  oompany  or  in  whatovor  way  that  tho  salesmen 
and  inanagor  or  the  writor  oan  sxiggost.  m  any  oaoe,  in  the 
ovont  of  a  failure,  horo  is  a  oonplote  history  of  that  town, 

She  towns  in  whioh  wo  aro  not  roprosontod  will  ho  represented 
on  a  difforont  oolorod  oard  or  a  different  file.  When  a  town 
dropo  out,  this  town  will  ho  placed  in  the  non-roprosentative 
filo  and  worked  on.  You  win  find  that  tho  istnroi  towns  will 
ehovo  around.  Many  of  tho  small  or  doalors  huy  oomont  they  oan 
huy  at  tho  lowost  price  and  w0  lose  through  holding  up  our  prioo 
hut  our  salesmen  usually  got  hack  this  trade  and  whore  ho  loses 
out  on  one,  ho  goto  raoro  in  another  direction.  You  will  soo 
from  tho  records  that  wo  have  sold  moro  oomont  at  a  higher  prioo 
this  yoar  than  ovor  before. 

fhoro  aro  a  lot  of  things  to  ho  considered  in  tho  rnattqr 
°f  soiling  oomont,  Por  instance,  on  tho  first  of  this  year,  when 
oomont  was  soiling  at  7^  at  tho  Mill,  oono  of  tho  companies 
protootod  tho  dealers  for  ovor  tho  yoar,  g?h©  writer  did  not  do 
■this ,  oonsoqnontly  wo  lost  some  doalors  hut  wo  have  got  tho  husi- 
nonn  in  iomlo:  dirootions  at  Bf/,  lO^  and  1G$/  highor. 

V/ith  thiB  oyntom  in  vogue',  you  oan  oall  us  up  at  any 
time  and  ook  wliy  wo  aro  not  Bolling  in  any  town  and  wo  oan  Bond 
you  thq  oorrospondonoo  that  wiil  toll  the.  story.  Shis  is' tho  ' 
only  way  to  got  at  it.  Mils  yoar,  wo  aro  doing  hotter  than  tho 

Mr.  W.S.U.,  Pro..,  #3.  V/lo/il 

dithor  companies  and  you  ]aiow  from  tho  fow  lottors  tho  writer' 
han  sent  you  that  wo  have  boon  getting  highor  prioos  than  the 
other  oonpanioB.  Tot  wo  aro  shipping  more  this  year  than  laBt 
and  tho  writer  fools  that  hoforo  this  year  lo  out,  unloso  things 
get  vary  moh  worno,  that  wo  will  have  to  huy  oonont  unloso  tho 
writor  oan  do  sono  shifting  around.  -  Shis  soiling  game  is  a 
protty  diffioult  matter  and  vory  nuch  of  a  gamble  and  night,  if 
not  judiciouoly  handlod  oauoo  a  soriouo  loos.  For  Instance,  talc© 
tho  30,000  hhlo.  that  wo  havo  on  tho  hooks  for  Mr.  Edison's  In- 
torooto.  it  hao  boon  on  tho  bookfl  for  a  year  or  noro.  Ehoy  oan 
novor  toll  uo  when  thoy  will  ubo  it  further  than  if  business  im¬ 
proves,  they  will  want  it.  How  if  businoos  improves  and  thoy 
wan*  this  30,000  bbls.,  no  will  ovory  other  contract  on  tho-  books, 
booomo  active. 

In  regard  to  relying' ontiroly  on  doaloro,  wo. cannot  do 
this,v  Assuming  wo  had  only  tho  doaloro '  trade,  when  business  is 
dull,  ovoryono  of  tho  doalorSo  businoos  is  going  down  26$  to  60$. 
•Then  it  is  hustlo  and  got  noro  doaloro.  Whoroas  if  wo  got  aomo 
solid  oontract ,  wo  havo  a  protty  regular  donand.  Do  you  realise  ' 
that  this  company  is  oovoring  the  nest  important  jobs  going  on  in 
tho  country?  Juot  to  onunorato  then  right  off  tho  bat;  Subway 
in  Broolriyn,  ir.Yhffator  Supply,  Boston  Bapid  franolt,  Boston  Subway,’ 
Phils.  Boulevards,  Highways,  Wingate  Prison,  Bargo  Oanal  and  big 
contracts  for  reinforced  oonoroto  buildings.  She  writor  thinks 
we  lujvo  done  remarkably  well  and  tho  beauty  of  it  is  that  it  is  not 
spasmodic  business  but  that  next  year,  wo  will  do  this  much  and  a  • 
great  deal  better.  Shis  is  the  result  of  system.  If  the  writer 
was  to  reduce  prices  and  you  know  ho  is  a  stickler  on  this,  he  could 
have  flooded  yJu  with  ordors  but  orders  as  you  know,  aro  taken  months 


Mr.  V/.S.M. ,  Proa.,  #4. 

in  advance  and  ho  felt  entiofiod  that  tho  price  going'  at  the  first 
of  the  year,  would  not  laot  and  hie  judgnont  has  been  confinned 
in  that  wo  have  had  that,  advance  and  wo  got  tho  huBinons  on  every 

Che  weather  in  very  hot  and  our  office  forfe  io  depleted 
"but  will  put  this  now  sohono  into  foroe  no  pronptly  as  poooihle. 

In  tho  noontime,  the  writer  in  ready  to  go  to  0rQXLSO  at  tlmo  you 
appoint  hut  the  writer  in  noodod  in  Philadelphia  and  if  it  io  all 
tho  nano  to  you,  ho  would. like  you  to  defer  thie  visit:  until  any 
day  no:ct  wools  with  tho  hope  that  tho  tenporaturo  will  he  a  little 
hit  lower. 

Dear  Mr.  Mallory 

Mr.  Edison  would  like  to  know 

what  your  opinion  is  of  the  proposed  agreement, 
a  copy  of  which  I  enclose  relative  to  the  Edison 
Giant  Boll  royalties. 


July  14th  1911 

Wr  ^T5  betl 

Hb,MUO-W-  VrSXwtAl-  -  W« 

■  J/vCfctr\v>^  yC 


sen  THOS.  A.  EDISOM  and  W. 

MALLORY  and/ 

that  bo  long  as* they  ^ir^connehted  with 

in  business,  and  attend  to  the  business  of 
introducing  plants  using  Edison  GIAHT  ROLLS— 
sdiich  rolls  are  licensed  upon  a  royalty  basis— 
that  they  are  each  to  receive  one-eighth  (l/8) 
of  the  royalty  received  by  Edison,  outside 
of  Rolls  used  for  crushing  Portland  Cement, 

The  royalty  of  one-eighth  to  each  is  to  be  paid  as 
H,**-  AUeW  ^  received,  after  ten  (l<$)  percent  of  the  total 
la*]„  ^^^^eceived  haB  been  deducted  and  paid  to,  Louis  Hicks,. 

<!'r  jr“  eVarr  c^‘4^^s^rell  as  all  expenBes^^^red^^n^connection  with 
t^q*****?'  ir  the  introduction  of  the  Rolls i  £  Cuj^fc-v^-  J^c 

'  '  K.  'w-t-Wla-cL 
It  shall  be  the  duty  of  Mr.  Mallory 
to  look  after  the  Business  end  and  the  duty  of 
W.  E.  Mason  to  attend  to  the  Engineering-  end,  to  c^r  <jLfc~ 
plans and  see  that  they  are  executed  in  caseB  where 
a  Roll  or  Rolls  are  to  be  introduced.  The  royalties 
above  stated  are  to  be  the  sole  compensation. 




In  case  either  Mallory  or  Mason  cease 
to  be  connected  with  Edison  in  a  business  way, 
any  time  during  the  life  of  the  Roll  patonty'then 
their  royalty  is  to  be  reduced  frpm  one-eighth  (l/s) 
rSjjfco  one-sixteenth  (l/lfi):  but  in  case  Edison  should 
die,  they  are  to  continue  to  perform  their  duties 
aB  reBpect ^introducing  and  attending  to  the  Rolls 
already  introduced,  and  shall  receive  their  full 
royalty  of  one-eighth,  after  the  ten  percent  to  V 
Mr.  Hicks (andjBxp enB eB^ar e  deducted^y^^/* 

0-c33CfS.  ovm  -titoc  ']}  U  —  ja 

VfvJL  ‘III*  k. 

•Jrs_  >«-  ov  w 

0^  toST  ^  ^  ^  ■HH 


og  “hr-  esj^r  -WavVu- 



July  17,  1911. 

Mr.  E.  Meyer, 

'■gr.  of  Males, 

New  York,  N.  Y . 

near  Sir:- 

JUL  181911 

For  your  information,  would  state  that 
I  have  today  been  talking  with  Mr.  Gykes,  of  , the  Lehigh 
Co.,  and  find  that  on  July  1st  they  had  in  atock  at  their 
five  eastern  plants  about  980,000  barrels,  and  all  their 
mills  are  still  not  in  operqtion  and  Mr.  Oykes  infoimed 
me  that  tney  had  not  as  yet  decided  whether  they  would 
resume  operations  on  August  1st  or  not.  He  thought  the 
chances  were,  the  way  shipments  have  been  of  late;  that 
I  they  would  possibly  on  August  lBt  start  up  one  mill,  and 
■then  as  fast  as  conditions  warranted  it,  would  start  up 
the  second,  and  so  on.  He  is  decidedly  pessimistic  ns 
to  the  shipments  this  Fall.  . 

The  Vulcanite  plants  are  still  all  down 
and  the  expect  to  start  up  one  plant  ahout  the  first  of 
August,  although-.?  understand  this  has  not  yet  been’ defi¬ 
nitely  settled. 


Alpha  are  running  full  all  plants  except 
the  Hudson,  but  I  understand  they  will  shut. 

down  one  of  their  planto  for  an  indefinite  period  on  the 
first  of  August. 

Atlas,  I  also  understand  are  only  making 
17,000  barrels  a  day  instead  of  27,000,  ns  they  have  been 
making,  so  that  the  curtailment  is  still  very  considerable, 
l’hio  for  your  infomation. 

Yours  very  tpuly, 



The  Edison  Crushing  Roll  Co. 



July  21,  1911. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison 

1  have  made  arrangement^jwlfh  MrV 
Call,  President  of  the  Allis-Chalme^S^Co. ,  and  Mr.  Babb, 
general  counsel,  to  meet  Ur.  Hiolg^  you  and  myself  at 
the  Eaboratoiy  on  Wednesday  next,  July  26th,  Just  what 
hour  we  will  meet  has  not  yet  been  settled,  but  I  will 
advise  you  later  as  soon  as  I  Know. 

Yours  very  truly. 



I.!r.  V/.  W.  Nichols,  V.  P. , 

Allin- Chalmers  Co.,' 

71  Broadway,  it.  y. 
Boar  Mr.  llichols:- 

July  21,  1911. 

Confirming  telephone  conversation  of 
this  morning,  i  understand  that  Mr.  Call  and  Mr.  Babb 
will  he  Kaot  on  Wednesday  next,  July  26th,  and  will  arrange 
to  meet  Mr.  Edison,  Mr.  Hicks  and  myself  at  Mr.  Edison's 
Laboratory.  Orange,  !!.  ,T . ,  tho  hour  of  the  meeting  to  he 
arranged  at  a  later  date. 

The  host  way  to  reach  tho  Laboratory  is 
to  take  the  D.I..&  V/.  train  from  Hoboken,  which  can  be 
reaohed  either  by  ferrios  from  Barclay,  Christopher  or 
23rd  Sts.,  or  tho  MoAdoo  Tunnel,  which  goes  directly  into 
the  Hoboken  station,  and  take  the  train  to  Orange,  then 
take  the  trolley  on  Main  St.  to  v/eot  Orange,  which  passes 
in  front  of  the  Laboratory,  If  you,  however,  will  let  me 
know  what  train  they  will  toko  on  the  b.L.ft  Y/ .  from  Hew 
York,  I  can  probably  arrange  to  meet  then  at  the  Orange 

If  for  any  unexpected  reason  there  should! 
be  any  change  in  this  programme,  please  telegraph  or  tele- 


phone  me  immediately ,  oo  .T  may  communicate  with  Hr.  Hloko 
ns  I  do  not  want  to  hrin{;  him  down  from  the  Adlrondaclts 
unless  it  is  absolutely  nooeasary. 

Yours  very  truly, 

‘edi  sow  finufsHiiro  roll  cc. 



July  36,  1911. 

Mr.  Miller: - 

I  return  the  letter  from  The  Cement  Company 
herewith.  I  think  it  would  be  well  to  have  them  write 
and  advise  you  of  the  different  agreements  with  'the  Cement 
Company,  giving  the  dates  on  which  they  were  executed. 

It  is  quite  likely  that  I  have  a  copy  of  each  of  them  here 
and  in  some  instances  I  have  two  copies.  After  we  deter¬ 
mine  whether  we  have  copies  of  all  of  the  contracts,  prob¬ 
ably  we  can  arrange  to  keep  a  copy  o.f  each  of  the  Legal 
files  and  also  send  you  a  copy  of  each,  and  if  this  ie 
not  possible,  I  believe  you  wish  to  have  a  copy  of  each 
contract  on  your  files,  and  in  that  case  I  will  transfer 
these  copies  to  you. 

'A.  R.  Kl^ 


July  27,  1911. 

Mr.  Holden: 

Referring  to  the  attached  letter  to  Mr. 

Edison  from  Mr.  Mallory,  do  you  know  of  any  patent  except 
the  Berliner  patent  that  the  Government  sought  to  have 
cancelled?  Personally  I  do  not  recollect  any.  When 
I  get  your  reply  I  will  explain  to  Mr.  Edison  about  the 
Junger  matter. 

FID/IWW  F.  I.  D. 



TTie  Edison  Portland  Cement /Co.  a  j? 

'.“rr  Tflesrsph,  Freijht  and  Pawcnger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  phimiLm^pI *  ArojdVSnfd^jj 

p.  O.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  fijflf 

b>  m 

\  \<i/k  A*  &  «r  MomtJ 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  ^  ^  fffl  /  y/  I 

Please  note  the  attached  letter  f&om  \  /  yiT 

Hr.  Hagar,  enclosing  a  copy  or  a  letter  from  Mr. 
Linthicum.  This  rerers  to  the  patent  wnioh  I  showed 

to  me  patent  wnioh  I  showed  /  X 

you  which  was  issued  to  Mr.  Ney  practi  cally'atT^co^ret^7//  I 
Can  you  give  me  the  inrormation  ashed  ^  ii 
for  hy  Mr.  Linthicum?  If  you  do  not  have  them  in  mind, 

for  hy  Mr.  Linthicum?  If  you  do  not  have  them  in  mind 
probably  Mr.  Dyer  could  furnish  them. 

Yours  very  tiuly. 

ENCL08UBE:-  2 

July  31,  1911 

Mr.  Dyer: 

Replying  to  memorandum  No.  1875.  The  law  relating 
to  the  cancellation  of  patente  wae  settled  by  the  Supreme  Court 
deoisione  in  the  telephone  cases  188  U.S.  315,  159  U.8.  548 
and  167  U.S.  234.  A  patent  may  be  canceled  when  it  has  been 
obtained  by  fraud,  by  a  suit  in  equity  by  the  United  States 
against  the  patentee.  In  the  Encyclopaedia  of  Pleading  and 
Practice,  where  the  subject  is  discussed  on  pages  39  to  33^1  f 
ie  stated  that  a  patent  may  be  canceled  when  it  has  been  obi 
tained  by  fraud,  by  mistake,  or  by  accident,  but  I  do  not  find 
any  cases  holding  that  it  ma^be  canceled  except  by  reason  of 
fraud.  The  cases  where  4  may  be  canceled,  where  it  has  been 
obtained  by  accident  or  by  mistake,  seem  to  depend  upon  general 
equity  principles,  and  relate  to  patents  for  land  instead  of 
patente  for  inventions. 

As  you  are  aware,  the  government  wae  unsuccessful 
in  the  telephone  oaseB. 

The  only  case  that  I  am  familiar  with  where  the  patent 
wae  actually  canceled  for  fraud,  is  an  early  case  entitled 
United  States  vs.  Gunning.  This  case  was  before  Judge  Wallace 
on  demurrer  and  the  demurrer  was  overruled.  Louie  C.  Raegner 
conducted  the  case  as  special  assistant  attorney  for  the  United 
States.  Judge  Wallace's  opinion  is  reported  in  18  Fed.  511. 

Mr.  Dyer 

July  31,  1911 

After  the  overruling  of  the  demurrer,  the  case  •a;jj.-iie!imii^y  went 
to  final  hearing  before  Judge  Wheeler,  and  a  decree  was  granted 
providing  for  the  cancellation  of  the  patent.  33  Fed.  653. 

The  fraud  alleged  consisted  in  setting  up  in  the  application 
that  Gunning, (the  patentee])  was  an  original  and  first  inventor 
when  he  was  not,  and  knew  he  was  hot,  and  that  the  invention 
had  not  been  in  public  use  or  on  sale  for  two  years  prior  to 
the  publication,  when  it  had  been  and  he  knew  that  it  had  been. 

In  another  case  entitled  United  States  vs.  Frazer,  33 
Fed.  106,  a  demurrer  was  sustained  in  a  suit  involving  similar 
allegations  on  the  ground  that  suit  would  not  lie  in  the  name 
of  the  United  States,  when  the  suit  was  really  in  the  interest, 
of  private  parties  who  had  given  bond  to  indemnify  the  government' 
for  all  costs  of  the  suit,  who  could  themselves  set  up  such 
matters  as  a  defense  in  a  suit  against  them  by  the  patentee. 

This  cause  arose  in  the  United  States  District  Court  for  the 
Northern  District  of  Illinois,  and  the  opinion  was  rendered 
by  Judge  Blodgett. 

The  following  language  used  in  the  case  of  United 
States  vs.  American  Bell  Telephone  Company,  l£s  U.  S. 

315,  is  instructive: 

Mr.  Dyer 

JUly  31,  1911 

"  It  seems  to  us  that  if  Bell  was  aware,  at 
the  time  that  he  filed  his  specifications,  asserted 
hie  claims,  and  procured  his  patents,  that  the  same 
matter  had  been  previously  discovered  and  put  into 
operation  by  other  persons,  he  was  guilty  of  Buch 
a  fraud  upon  the  public  that  the  monopoly  which 
these  patents  grant  to  him  ought  to  be  revoked  and 

It  is  a  mistake  to  suppose  that  in  stating  the 
facts  whioh  constitute  a  fraud,  where  relief  is 
sought  in  a  bill  in  equity,  all  the  evidence  which 
may  be  adduced  to  prove  that  fraud  must  be  recited 
in  the  bill.  It  is  sufficient  if  the  main  facts 
or  incidents  which  constitute  the  fraud  against 
whioh  relief  is  desired  shall  be  fairly  stated, 
so  as  to  put  the  defendant  upon  his  guard  and  ap¬ 
prise  him  of  what  answer  may  be  required  of  him. 
Story,  Eq.  PI.  Sec.  252. 

The  jurisdiction  to  repeal  a  patent  by  a  depree 
of  a  court  of  chancery  as  an  exercise  of  its  ordinary 
powers  was  sustained  in  the  case  of  Attorney-general 
v.  Vernon  .  1  Vern.  277. 

So  far  as  precedent  is  concerned,  this  oase, 
which  has  never  been  overruled,  establishes  the  doc¬ 
trine  that  in  a  case  of  fraud  in  the  obtaining  of  a 
patent,  a  court  of  ohancery,  by  virtue  of  that  fact, 
has  jurisdiction  to  repeal  or  revoke  it. 

The  only  authority  competent  to  b et  a  patent 
aside,  or  to  annul  it,  or  to  correct  it,  for  any 
reason  whatever,  is  vested  in  the  Judicial  Depart¬ 
ment  of  the  Government,  and  this  can  only  be  effect¬ 
ed  by  proper  proceedings  taken  in  the  Courts  of  the 
United  States. 

July  31,  1911 

ox  x  ®l?  easenoe  of  the  right  of  the  Onited 
States  to  interfere  in  the  present  case  is  its 
obiigation  to  protect  the  public  from  the  monop- 
oly  of  the.  patent  which  was  procured  by  fraud,  and 
it  would  be  difficult  to  find  language  more  aptly 
used  to  include  this  in  the  class  of  cases  which  are 
not  excluded  from  the  jurisdiction  of  the  court  by 
States"*816811  th®  Government  of  the  United 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PMitnDjtLnMw.^Pn*  Aronlto* 

o.  address.  STE  WARTS  VILLE,  N.  J.  5”'o°n? 

August  3,  1911, 

Mr.  H.  P.  Miller, 

EdiBon  laboratory,  * 

Orange  ,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Harry:-  ^  /ff/ j 

I  wish  you  would  give  me  the  name  of 
the  young  man  in  the  chemical  room  who  is  making  the 
experiments  on  bags,  as  I  shall  have  occasion  to  write  ()fc{ 
him  more  or  less  during  Mr.  Edison's  absence. 

Please  say  to  him  that  while  in  New 
York  I  learned  that  we  can  buy  unused  newspaper  stock 
of  a  quality  same  as  that  used  by  the  New  York  Herald 
and  New  York  Times,  at  75^  per  cwt .  f.o.b.  oars.  X 
assume  that  the  freight  rate  from  Hew  York  to  New  Village 
should  not  be  more  than  $2.00  per  ton,  and  probably  less. 

Please  ask  him  to  prepare  enough  cloth 
with  the  lining,  so  that  I  may  have  three  or  four  bagB 
made  up,  filled,  and  tested. 


Yours  very  truly, 

"VC'&'w^  oJiJLcrvV 



TKe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Td'^t  "  "  Telcsraph,  Frcijht  and  Passenjer  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PHIL*ml.hia,*ip"  Arcndf 

BOITOH1,' MAia',',  PolSomoaS  "" 

***“’•""•*-  P.  o.  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  . .  ~ 

August  21,  1911. 


Mr.  Harry  S’.  Hiller,  Seo'y. 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Miller 

Under  date  of  the  9th  inst. 

we  wrote 

you  as  follows 

"In  accordance  with  yours  of  the  5th  instant, 

I  am  giving  you  below  list  of  Crushing  Roll  agreements,  which 
I  trust  will  answer  your  purpose. 



United  States  Crushed  Stone  Co., 
Sibley  Quarry  Company, 

Sibley  Quarry  Company, 

Tomkins  Cove  Stone  Company, 

Little  Palls  Stone  Co. , 

Benson  Mines  Company, 

Kelly  Island  Lime  &  Transport  Co. , 
Rational  Limestone  Company, 

July  24,  1908. 
July  15,  1907. 
Sept. 14,  1909. 
May  8,  1909. 
S’eb.'  27,  1909. 
Apr.  1,  1909. 
Aug.  16,  1909. 
July  26,  1909." 

Kindly  let  us  have  your  reply  to  the  above, 

and  oblige, 


TEe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

,ZT  °r  "°A"D  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Passenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Philadelphia,4^*.?  ^c! 


Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

Edison  laboratory , 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

September  B ,  1911 . 

I  received  from  McCarter  &  English 
today  four  separate  bills  of  sale  from  Randolph  Perkins, 
Receiver,  to  Mr.  Edison,  transferring  to  Mr.  EdiBon 
accounts  against  the  storage  Battery  Co.,  Cement  Co., 

IT.  Y.  Concentrating  Works  and  Edison  Ore  Milling  Co., 
and  they  also  had  Mr.  Perkins  execute  a  transfer  of 
the  real  estate,  which  paper  has  been  forwarded  to  Susbcx 
Co.  to  be  recorded,  and  will  subsequently  have  to  be  for¬ 
warded  to  Morris  County,  as  the  land  transferred  lieB  in 
both  Counties.  These  transfers  were  made  as  of  Sept.  1st, 
and  Mr.  Perkins  has  notified  us  that  after  that  date  he 
will  not  be  responsible  for  the  watchman,  bo  that  we  will 
have  to  provide  for  him  as  of  Sept.  1st. 

Just  as  soon  as  Mr.  Edison  returns,  I 
will  take  up  with  him  the  matter  of  these  accounts,  and 
we  will  arrange  some  distribution  of  them,  so  they  can 
be  fixed  up  both  with  the  Storage  Battery  and  Cement  Cos. 

With  the  property  transferred  to  Mr. 

Edison,  we  will  actively  take  up  the  question  of  selling 
the  buildings  and  also  of  disposing  of  the  wood,  and  we 
undoubtedly  will  be  able  to  a  good  deal  more  than  make 
the  property  carry  itself  for  some  time  to  come. 

Yours  very  truly, 

"Vf^TVvV  oJLSLbT' 


THe  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Paaaenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.  J. 

r.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

September  9,  1911. 

Lear  Sir:- 

We  have  tested  the  three  lots  ^  ®// 
prepared  gunny  cloth  whioh  was  sent  us  from  the  Laboratory, 
and  the  one  which  giveB  us  the  beat  results  is  the  last 
lot  received,  which  had  the  paper  stuck  on,  as  I  under¬ 
stand,  with  a  little  stronger  solution  of  the  material 

The  same  trouble,  however,  has  developed 
as  with  the  waterproof  bags  which  we  made  some  years  ago, 
and  that  is,  the  paper  lined  sacks  do  not  stand  the 
dropping  as  well  as  do  the  ordinary  Osnaburg  bags.  This 
seems  to  be  the  "bug"  in  all'lS^bags.  If  you  were  to 
take  a  paper  bag,  fill  it  with  cement  and  drop  it  four 
feet,  you  oan  very  easily  understand  that  the  enclosed  air 
not  having  a  chance  to  get  out  through  the  texture  of  the,, 
paper  bag,  is  most  liable  to  cause  the  bag  to  burst,  and 
this  is  exactly  what  happens  in  the  paper  lined  bag.  They 
stand  the  rolling  and  packing  quite  as  well  as  the  regular 
Osnaburg  bag,  but  the  moment  they  are  dropped,  which  very 

frequently  happens  in  actual  use,  the  hags  burst. 

I  think,  therefore,  it  would  be  wise 
to  discontinue  the  experimental  work  with  the  paper 
until  such  time  as  Mr.  Edison  returns,  as  I  believe 
what  it  will  be  neoessaiy  to  do  will  be  to  find  some 
substance  which  will  nearly  fill  the  pores  of  the  gunny 
cloth,  but  at  the  same  time  allow  the  air  to  escape 
when  the  bag  is  dropped. 

Yours  very  truly, 


^  d&tmabCX &we 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Airman  of,  Freight  and  P«u«ng.r  Station.  NEW  VILLACE,  N.  J.  . . Ara^Bu'lldln. 

rtcMTealdent  ”5warS"?I.  J.‘,V"  UnlrnTnuildtag  a|t  P.  O.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  ER&seSfc.  S0S3BSSSSBI 

Heptember  14,  1911. 

awaiting  my  return,  and  referring  to  Mr.  Hicks ’  letter 
of  the  6th  relative  to  Mr.  Hioks  taking  up  the  long  Kiln 
caBe  in  consultation  with  Mr.  Duncan,  beg  to  state  that 
some  little  time  ago  I  spoke  to  Mr.  Edison  about  it, 
and  he  promised  to  think  the  matter  over,  but  never 
gave  me  any  definite  instructions.  I  think,  therefore, 
the  matter  will  have  to  rest  until  Mr.  Edison  returns. 

•  Personally,  I  have  never, had  very 

much  faith  in  our  being  able  to  sustain  the  Long  Kiln 
patent,  but  if  it  could  be  sustained  it  wopld  have  very 
considerable  value  and- might  be  an  aid  in  helping  solve 
the  cement  problem  from  a  commercial  standpoint.  1  would, 
therefore,  suggest  that  just  as  soon  as  Mr.  Edison  returns 
we  take  the  matter  up  with  him  and  see  what  his  wishes 
are  in  the  matter.  . 

Yours  very  truly. 

I  have  read  your  pamphlet  of  experiments  at 
Stewartsville  describing  the  increased  yields  of  plants  around 
there  due  to  the  lime  dust  settling  on  the  land.  It  has  ooourred 
to  me  that  perhaps  some  of  this  increased  fertility  is  due  to 
potash  salts  in  the  dust.  If  I  remember  correctly,  the  raw  rock 
contains  something  over  1#  of  soda  and  potash  salts  and  that  the 
cement  itself  contains  only  a  small  fraction  of  l i  of  these  Balts. 

It  is  evident  that  some  of  the  potash  and  soda  salts  are  volatalized 
in  the  kill  and  come  out  of  the  staok  as  fine  dust. 

I  understand  that  you  have  been  making  bo me  experiments 
with  an  apparatus  to  catch  the  flue  dust,  and  it  might  be  of 
interest  to  have  some  of  this  flue  duBt  analyzed  and  see  if  it 
contains  any  appreciable  quantities  of  potash  salts.  If  it  did. 

it  would  be  much  more  valuable  than  ground  lime  stone  as  a  fertilizer, 
and  I  would  like  to  get  hold  of  some  of  this  dust  to  try  on  my  land 
in  comparison  with  ground  lime  rook. 

If  this  dust  proved  to  have  a  content  of  potash  of  2  or  3 %, 

I  think  it  could  be  sold  as  a  potash  fertilizer! and  an  additional 


HURLEY,  N.  Y. 


Mr.  Ihomas  A.  Edison 


16,  1911. 

souroe  of  income  tot  the  Cement  Company.  I  wish  you  would  have 
some  of  this  dust  analyzed  by  the  laboratory  at  Stewartsville  and 
let  me  know  how  much  potash  it  contains. 

Shanking  you  in  advanoe,  I  am, 

Veiy  truly  yours, 


I  hand  you  herewith  letter  from  Mr.  MalJtw>y of  Idle 
18th  Inst.  Please  look  up  the  agreements  with  the  North 
■American  Portland  Cement  Co.  and  ascertain  whether  they  include 
the  Process  application.  My  reoolleotion  is  that  they  do. 
let  me  have  the  information  as  soon  as  possible  in  order  that 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  ud  Pe.rer.gtr  Sf.tion.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.J. 

October  18,  1911. 

Mr.  Prank  X.  Dyer, 

legal  Department, 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  Ni  J. 

Yesterday  while  talking  with  Mr.  Edison 
the  matter  of  the  application  for  process  patent  on  the 
long  kiln  was  brought  up  and  Mr.  Edison  seemed  surprised 
that  any  work  was  being  done  on  it  and  requested  me  to 
take  the  matter  up  with  you,  stating  that  he  did  not  want 
any  further  ejqpense  put  on  it .  I  at  once  called  up  your 
office,  but  found  that  you  had  gone  to  Hew  York,  so  left 
a  request  that  you  would  discuss  the  matter  with  Mr.  Edison 

Yesterday  afternoon  I 

nr  Mr.  Hicks,  and 

:  tell  him  what  Hr.  Edison  had  Stated  in  the 

morning  as  to  discontinuing  trying  to  get  the  process  patent 
allowed,  I  did  tell  him  in  a  general  way  of  -  the  arrangement 
which  was  made  between  the  North- American  Co  .  and  Mr.  Edison 

rering  the  long  kiln  patents 

Ir.  Hicks  asked  whethe 

hot  the  process  p a t^  would  be  included  under  this  arrange¬ 
ment,  and  if  not,  qua  if  a  process  patent  could  be  obtained 
•along  the  lines  he  has  outlined,  and  he  is  hopeful  that  such 
a  result  can  be  accomplished,  aff*  that  if  this  patent  could 
be  used  by  Mr.  Edison  independent  of  the  arrangement  with 


the  North  American  Co.  he  believes  it  will  be  well  worth 
while  trying  to  obtain  the  patent,  as  in  hie  judgment  it 
would  have  immense  value  and  might  be  a  very  considerable 
factor  in  the/ement  industry. 

Therefore,  will  you  please  have  Borne  of 
your  people  look  over  the  contracts  between  the  North 
American  Co.  and  Mr.  Edison  and  see  whether  or  not  this 
prospective  patent  is  covered  by  the  agreement,  and  if 
it  is  not,  X  would  suggest  that  you  take  the  matter  up 
with  Mr.  Edison  from  this  standpoint  before  the  matter 
is  definitely  turned  down. 

Yours  very  truly. 

President/  \ 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


C  tlotober  25,  1951. 

Mr. ~W.  a.  Mallory, 

"Replying  to  the  attached,  will  May  I 
Relieve  there  1*  -some  alkali  In  our  flue  duet,  but  possibly 
not  ae  much  as  2fl  vr  5&.  She  aurreunding  country  probably 

We  do  not  have  t be  neeesMfcy  platinum  ware 
to  make  accurate  alkali  determinations,  Nuance  X  would 
suggest  that  we  send  Mr.  MSI  son  a  sample  of  the  duet  and 
return  Warren*  a  letter  with  this  explanation  and  ask  him 
to  have  the  alkalies  determined/in  his  laboratory. 

Vpry  truly. 

^^KvmooCl  fidwffru 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

airman  of  Hoard  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pauenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

ice-Preaident  Nkwauk”  N  j* Y" 

a*-.*—.  P.  o. address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J.  V 

I  teg  herewith  to  fojjyl  yo>»  pe  deed  C 
from  Randolph  Perkins  ,  Receiver,  to  yo^r^e^f  f  |'$yqiri|ig  f 
the  JT.  J.  &  P.  C.  Works  property.  This  deed  -jjggijj i 
recorded  both  in  Sussex  Co.  and  Morris  Co.,  and  jj|^ou  \ 
are  now  the  owner  of  the  property,  it  puts  us  inl| 
position  to  go  ahead  and  settle  up  the  matters  infoon- 
neotioR  with  the  H.  3,  4  P.  C.  Works. 

You  will  remember  that  the  Cement  Co. 
and  the  Storage  Sattety  Co.  both  owe  the  N.  J.  &  P.  c. 

Works  for  material  purchased  from  the  Concentrating  Works, 

also  the  verbal  arrangement  which  I  made  with  you  by  which 

..  /  .  &vju iuKJ 

these  amount e  .were  to  'be  chaise ii  to  your  account  and 
settlement  made  with  you  for  them. 

I  am  therefore  arranging,  subject  to 


your  approval,  to  efeoege  to  you  on  the  Cement  Co’s,  books 
$25,742.98,  being  the  amount  the  Cement  Co.  owes  the 
Concentrating  Works  for  material  furnished  and  interest 
credited,  arid  we  will  cover  this  amount  in  the  notes 
whioh  we  are  making  out  in  your  favor,  due  Deo.  1st,  1913. 

T.  A.  E. 



I  would  also  auggest  that  tha  matter 
he  taken  up  with  the  Storage  Battery  Co.  and  straightened 
out  in  the  same  way,  and  this  will  wipe  out  the  N.  J.  & 

P.  C.  Worke  matter. 

If  the  above  1b  not  BatiBfaotoiy  to 
you,  please  adviee  me  promptly. 

Your 8  very  truly. 

BK3L0BURB:-  1 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Oxford.  Limestone. 


Dust  from  the  Dryers. 

Duet  •  «  Kilns. 

These  axe  the  material*  in  whitti  we  wish  yon 

to  make  examination  fox  Alkali.  eBpecisaiy-fhe  Last  twp  named. 
Very  .truly. 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.,  Freight  and  Paunngtr  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

P.o.  address,  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.  J. 

an^vAsos*  s°.  ysaiasseg  Dd  %  November  10,  19X1. 

HON  .tf>- 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

Under  separate  cover  I  am  sending  you 
a  pamphlet  just  issued  by  the  Aaaooiation  of  American 
Portland  Cement  Manufacturers,  covering  "Factories  and 
Warehouses  of  Concrete",  which  I  would  like  to  have  you 
lpolf  pver  carefully. 

There  has  been  a  great  deal  of  labor 
put  in  on  this  book  and  it  will  have  very  general  cir¬ 
culation,  and  it  Beams  to  me,  in  view  of  the  pictures 
and  the  letters,  it  ought  to  do  the  industry  a  very 
great  deal  of  good  among  prospective  builders. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Jrd  Telegraph,  Freight 

Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


1  PA  LH-  €jnt 

STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  ■  I SSttS&SEa&ft 

/s -/?//, 

NOV  It-  :-ii  0^ 


iCXSdiUo |U 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


in.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


p.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.  J.  SK&Sffc. 

November  23,  1911. 

NOV  :£4  lS  j  i 

Mr.  H.  7.  Miller, 

EdiBon  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Harry:- 

Please  note  the  carbon  copy  of  attaohed 
letter.  Dr.  Pope  has  put  us  in  the  way  of  probably  saving 
a  disagreeable  lawsuit,  and  also  a  considerable  amount  of 
money,  so  that  we  want  to  pay  hie  brother  every  attention 

Yours  very  truly, 





.Hr.  H.  v.  Killer, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  n.  J. 

Hy  dear  Harry 

llovenber  23,  1911 . 

ThiB  will  introduce  to  you  Mr.  Tope, 
who  is  a  brother  of  Dr.  .33.  0.  Pope,  13.  Orange,  H.  J., 
who  desires  to  be  shown  through  the  Laboratory,  Phono¬ 
graph  and  Storage  Battery  Works,  and  I  will  greatly 
appreciate  it  if  you  will  at-range  to  extend  to  Mr.  Pope 
every  courteny. 

Dr.  Pope  hna  been  of  utnost  assistance 
to  Hr.  Edison  and  myself  in  connection  with  a  natter  here, 
and  it  is  our  desire  to’  reciprocate  in  every  way  possible. 

I  have  suggested  to  Mr.  Pope  that  he 
make  an  appointee  r±  -with  you  before  he  goep  to  the  Labor¬ 
atory,  stating  to  him  that  you  are  frequently  away. 

Yours  very  truly. 

President . 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 




widenT11"  °  B°aTd  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pawenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

Vice-President  Newark"" _ 

■jr* Asst. mu.  P.  o.  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  BEsSfe  SaSSiSa 

November  23,  1911. 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Meadoweroft, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoweroft : - 

Relative  to  Mr.  Edison’s  trip  •  to 
Washington,  I  find  the  trains  on  Sunday  are  as  follows 


11:31  A.M. 
1:01  P.M. 
1:31  " 

2:31  " 

4:01  '• 

4:59  « 


4:20  P.M. 
6:10  " 
6:16  " 
7:55  " 

9:25  '• 

10:25  " 

If  you  will  a sk  Mr.  Edison  what  train 
he  will  take  at  Newark,  I  will  arrange  for  the  tickets 
and  parlor  oar  seats. 

I  would  appreciate  it  very  much  if  you 
would  write  me  e/o  Mr.  John  A.  Kelly,  #322  West;77th  St., 
New  York  City,  so  I  may  have  the  letter  Saturday  morning. 

Yours  very  truly, 


- - .I - «£_ . ten-e'/c.  /o  }}\A. . fhco^&rn.. 

. - yo-c*. lo<*-4 ■  ^4r  /&e. ' 

- Uc^yy - £. - . /4a/. _ ZuL . Cev&.  .. 

- ii^y - *>*.. - _ 

- - - — - - — ___ 

.-3lw....X^j(„h . . . . . . : _  /  , 


December  4,  1911. 

Mr.  E.  Meyer, 

Mgr.  of  Sales , 

Hew  York,  N.  Y. 

Dear  Sir:- 

3aturday  night  I  had  a  talk  with  one 
of  the  Alpha  men,  and  the  question  of  contractors  being 
unreasonable  as.  to  quality  was  brought  up,  and  he  cited 
two  cases  which  are  interesting  and  show  that  the  other 
companies  also  have-  their  troubles  with  slow  set  complaint 

One  case  is  in  connection  with  Lafayette 
College,  which  is  now  building  a  new  engineering  building. 
The  Alpha  Co.  donated  1,000  barrels  of  cement  for  this 
work,  and  the  engineer  in  charge  representing  Lafayette 
College,  complained  about  the  slow  Betting  of  the  cement. 

The  Lockharts,  of  Pittsburg,  are  the 
largest  stockholders  in  the  Alpha  Co.,  and  Mr.  Lockhart 
attended  Troy  Polytechnic  School,  of  Troy,  H.  Y. ,  and 
some  time  ago  gave  them  $100,000.00  with  which  to  build 
a  new  building.  /When  the  contract  was  let,  the  success¬ 
ful,  cont  rector  de?J^ne^  use- Alpha  Cement,  because  he 
had  had  8 one  trouble  with  it,  and  it  became  necessary  for 

the  Alpha  Co.  to  appeal  to  Mr.  Lockhart,  who  took  the 
matter  up  with  the  college  author! tieB,  who  ordered  the 
contractor  to  ubo  Alpha  Cement.  Co  that  you  will  note 
from  these  two  instances  that  other  companies  have  the 
same  trouble  with  their  quality  that  we  have,  and  I  know  • 
positively  that  many  of-  them  have  very  much  more  than 
we  do. 

I  am  sending  this  to  you  as  a  matter 
of  interest,  and  also  mailing  Mr.  ISdiBon  a  copy  of  it, 
thinking  that  he  will  also  be  interested  in  it. 

Yours  very  truly, 

President . 



Mr •  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirir  , 

Some  several  years  ago  the  Berkshire  White  Portland  Cement  Company, 
in  which  I  waT interested,  ran. a  small  cement  plant  at  Clayton,  Mass.  The 
cement  which  they  produced  was  recognized  to  he  of  the  highest  standard  of  . 
Portland  cement,  and  in  addition,  was  of  a  pure  white  color.  It  was  used 
in  a  number  of  very  prominent  buildings  and  its  reputation  as  being  a  high 
grade  Portland  cement  was  firmly  established. 

The  location  of  the  plant  was  not  advantageous  and  when  the  Atlas 
Portland  cement  company  came  into  the  market  with  their  brand  the 
Berkshire  Compaty  stopped  manuf acturing  as  they  could  not  owing  to  their 
location  and  small  output,  meet  the  prices  which  the  Atlas  Company  made 
and  which  gave  the  Atlas  people  a  handsome  profit. 

The  Berkshire  Company  has  a  very  large  deposit  of  clay  of  very  high 
grade.  The  clay  bank  has  been  thoroughly  bored  and  the  determinations 
of  the  amounts  and  quality  of  the  material  entirely  demonstrated.  The 
clay  can  be  removed  either  by  steam  shovel  or  by  hydraulic  process  as  it  is 
contained  in  a  hillside  at  the  foot  of  which  runs  a  very  considerable  stream 
of  water* 

In  view  of  the  fact  that  the  market  for  this  product  is  steadily 
broadening,  and  also  in  view  of  the  fact  that  while  a  concern  manufacturing 
white  cement  only  is  at  a  disadvantage  which  one  manufacturing  both  gray 
and  white  cementB  is  not  subjected  to,  it  has  seemed  to  me  that  very  possibly 
your  Company  might  be  interested  in  obtaining  this  property. 

Clays  of  this  nature  are  not  in  abundant  supply,  and  as  this  business 
expands  they  will  be  more  valuables 

The  Berkshire  Company  is  not  pressed  for  funds,  does  not  owe  a  dollar, 
and  can  carry  this  property  for  an  indefinite  period*  At  the  same  time 



hr-  Thoms  A.  Edison. 

Dec.  6,  19X1 

if  a  satisfactory  arrangement  could  he  made  they  would  "be  inclined  to 
dispose  of  this  property.  I  shall  he  glad  to  know  whether  you  would  care 
to  consider  the  purchase  of  this  property,  and  if  so  will  give  you 
detailed  information  regarding  quantity  of  clay  contained  in  the  clayhed 
which  oarers  approximately  some  fifteen  acres* 

I  am  enclosing  under  separate  cover  a  pamphlet  which  will  give  you  some 
idea  of  the  work  erected  with  the  product,  and  shall  he  glad  to  hear  from 
you  regarding  same. 

Very  truly  yours, 

December  9,  1911 

Hr*  H.  P.  Miller,  SSoretary, 
Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  SirJ- 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  7th  instant. 

Certainly  the  ordinary  cement  industry  does  not  present  an 
attractive  field  for  an  investment  at  the  present  time. 

White  cement,  however,  can  be  produced  at  practically 
the  same  costs  as  gray  cement,  and  in  my  .opinion  the  Atlas 
Company  is  making  a  very  handsome  profit  on  their  white  product 
while  the  market  for  same  is  growing  every  day. 

I  am  not  a  promoter,  my  sole  interest  in  this  proposition 
is  that  of  a  stockholder  in  the  company.  I  8hall  *e  glad 
of  an  opportunity  to  present  the  entire  matter  in  further 
detail  should  Mr.  Edison  desire  it  simply  as  a  matter  of  interest 
to  inform  himself  on  the  subject. 

Awaiting  I  trust  your  favorable  reply,  i  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

£^.6.  l> 


Frank:  M.BJrger 
investment  Securities 
IIS  Broadway 


i  yjn 

Secretary,  Edison-Portland  Cement  Co 
Valley  Road, 

West  Orange,  N.J, 

Rear  Sir:- 



•eferred  stock 

1  have  for  sale  some  shares  of  the  Preferred  stock 
of  the  Edison-Portland  Cement  Company,  and  would  ask  you  if 
you  can  make  me  a  good  hid  for  a  small  block  or  if  not ,  can 
you  put  me  in  touch  with  some  one  who  would  he  interested 
in  securing1 same. 

Thanking  you  in  advance,  I  am, 

Yourp-dtery  truly 

C/JmrtnabiX  Cctom. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Innan  of  Hoard  Telegraph.  Freight  and  Paiaenjer  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PniutD«t.rtll \  Pa 

Mat.  Treaa.  p.  Q.  address.  STEWARTS  VILLE,  N.  J.  SS;, 

Mr.  Thomas  A..  Edison, 

Dear  Sir^- 

EHEE  LIME  PAPER:-  Perhaps  in  the 
Summary  the  paper  in  your  hands  I  have  not  made 
nyeelf  perfectly  clear,  hence  I  think  it  might  he 
welt  to  a£d  one  paragraph  to  the  Summary,  -which  1 

This  aeeras  to  me  to  he  the 'most 
prohahle  explanation,  and  while  it  does  not  taboo 
"free  lime"  entirely,  placeB  the  physical  theory 
in  first  place  and  emphasizes  the  value  of  fine 



14th:-  With  the  data  in  hand  at  present 
a  possible  theory  presents  itself  as  follows: - 
Seasoning  on  an  unsound  cement  consists  of  decrepitnti 
of  the  coarser  particles,  caused  by  or  accelerated  by 
heat  and  moisture,  and  that  the  moisture  need  not  be 
In  sufficient  quantities  to  hydrate  the  free  lime,  but 
merely  to  render  the  coarser  particles  sufficiently 
fine  to  permit  hydration  before  the  set  has  taken 

Slje  ©ttarnt  fnrtlanJi  (foment  do. 

@t.  3|ames  'BuflOfng,  U33  TBtoaOtoap 

Deo.  16,  1911. 

Mr.  Harry  p.  Miller,  Troan. , 

My  dear  Harry; - 

aDa'l  »*J.  AUquo'a& 

Please  say  to  lir.  Brticon  in  relation  to  the 
Thompson  will  case  that  his  testimony  will  he  needed  on 
Tuesday  and  that  I  eapect  to  oorx  down  Monday  night  and 
will  arrange  to  meet  him  early  Tuesday  morning,  so  that  we 
may  go  to  Brooklyn  together. 

There  is  a  possibility  that  the  Judge  may 
decide  not  to  let  the  case  go  to  n  jury,  in  which  case  our 
testimony  may  not  he  ncodod.  if  this  should  happen  Mr,  j, 
linton  Thompson  has  agreed  to  no£i^*  us  on  Monday. 

yours  very  truly. 


Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

This  is  in  accordance  with  our  talk 
of  Friday  night.  I  believe  that  we  will  he  able  to  ship 
the  quantity  stated,  and  keep  the  average  price  closer 
to  65</  than  it  will  be  to  60</,  and  you  nay  rest  assured 
we  will  do  everything  in  our  power  to  that  end. 

W.  S.  MALLORY . 

'  Mr.  E.  Meyer, 

Mgr.  of  Sales, 

New  York,  If.  y: 

Dear  3ir:- 

Deoember  IS,,  1911. 


Confirming  confirmation  of  Saturday, 
beg  to  state  that  while  we  are  anxious  to  obtain  the 
maximum  selling  price  it  will  be  necessary  for  us  to 
move  a  certain  amount  of  cement,  for  two  reasons 

First,  we  want  to  have  our  stock  in 
such  a  position  by  the  15th  of  March  that  we  will  be 
warranted  in  starting  up,  as  in  our  estimate  of  shut¬ 
down  expenses. for  the  Winter  we  have  only  figured  to 
March  15th,  and  if  shipments  are  not  heavy  enough  between 
now  and  that  period,  and  our  stock  is  in  such  shape  that 
we  thought  it  wise  not  to  start  until  April  1st,  it  would 
cost  us  about  §5 ,000.00  extra  carrying  charges  from  the 
15th  of  March  to  the  first  of  April,  so  if  it  is  necessary. 
be^  be$ t e r  policy  for  us  to  protect  our  customers 
les^t  a  Part  9f  the  above  amount  than' to  pay  it  out 
for  carrying  charges. 

Second;  another  reason  for  wanting  to 
start  about  the  15th  of  Maroh  is  the  fact  that  we  can 
pick  up  our  labor  to  better  advantage  at  that  time  than 

later,  as  it  enables  us  to  start  before  much  of  the  <^sot«voJL 
contracting  work  is  started,  oua.  -wJJL  JtMMLy. 

Third;  we  do  not  want  to  start  oper¬ 
ations  with  too  large- &  stock  of  cement  on  hand  thio 
coming  year,  as  it  is  out  hope  JAS’s^xyRr't o  be  able  to 
run  our  maximum  capacity  and  sell  it,  and  we  do  not  want 
any  burden  in  excess  stock. 

Vte  have  on  hand  at  the  present  time 
28 fi ,CCO  barrels,  and  1  would  like  to  have  you  so  arrange 
that  we  can  ship  between  now  and  the  15th  of  March, 
200,000  barrels.  The  following  is  a  suggested  sohedule:- 

December  18-30,  -  18,000  bblB. 
Jahuaryy  -  _  .  60,000  11 

February  -  -  -  62,000  ■« 

March  1-15,  -  60,000  " 

Total  -  -200,000  “ 

Of  coifrse,  we  both  understand  that  the 
above  schedule  is  merely  a  suggestion  and  will  probably 
tuen  out  considerably  different  from  the  above.  The  main 
this  is  to  get  us  shipping  orders  for  200,000  barrels  in 
the  next  90  days,  and  ai-ihe-same  tin»  ’ 

Please  note  that  in  carrying  out  this 
policy  we  want  first,  in  making  any  slight  concessions  in 
price,  to  use  them  to  take’  care  of  our^oustomers. 

Yours  very  truly, 



<2j2syyiiu£$ - 

December  19,  1911. 

V/.  S'  Mallory,  Ksq. , 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. , 

Stewartsville ,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Mallory: 

I  find  that  the.  matters  referred  to  In 
your  letters  of  September  14th  and  October  18th  are  still 
unsettled  and  I  suggest  that  some  time  when  you  oome  down, 
to  the  laboratory  we  take  up  these  matters  with  Mr.  Edison. 

I  find  that  the  Process  application  is  inoluded 
in  the  arrangement  with  the  north  American  Company.  Prom 
what  I  know  of  the  long  Kiln  patent,  having  talkod  it  over 
somewhat  with  Mr.  Dunoan,  I  do  not  see  why  the  patent 
should, not  bo  sustained.  There  seemB  to  be  nothing  very 
definite  in  the  way  of  anticipation  by  the  prior  art, 
.infringement  oan  hardly  be  denied  and  the  equities  are  strong¬ 
ly  with  Mr.  EdiBon.  Of  oourse  it  depends  more  or  less  upon 
the  present  status  of  the  North  Amerioan  Company,  but  we  oan 
talk  over  this  matter  before  bringing  the  questions  to  Mr. 
Edison's  attention. 

Yours  very  truly, 


General  Counsel. 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.  J. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

Deqeojber  81.  1911 

Edison  laboratory, 

Referring  to  yours  of  Oct.  25th,  to 
Mr.  Mason,  we  are  herewith  attaching  itemized  bill  cov¬ 
ering  charges  agaipet  HP.  Clifford.  as  per  Ur.  Edison’s 
instructions  to  yoa, 

.•-The  hill  for  October  charges  amounts 
to  $277.99,  and  hill  November  charges  amounts  to 
♦?*?*9J*  ?lea«a  note  tj^  l??th  Of  these  invoices  have 
been  0.  K'd  by  Ur.  Mas?T?, 

S#  have  any  charges  for  the 

month  of  December, i|e  fill  forward  them  to  you  promptly. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  President 



-t  , 



Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Corporate  Files  -  General  (1912) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating 
primarily  to  market  conditions,  legal  matters,  and  product  quality.  Among  the 
correspondents  are  Edison,  William  E.  Horne,  Herman  E.  Kiefer,  Walter  S. 
Mallory,  William  H.  Meadowcroft,  and  Harry  F.  Miller.  Included  are  numerous 
items  regarding  tests  and  experiments  at  the  Stewartsville  works.  Other 
documents  pertain  to  litigation  involving  Edison’s  long  kiln;  political  efforts  to 
promote  concrete  roadways;  and  the  sale  of  pulverized  limestone  through  farm 
granges.  There  are  also  a  few  items  relating  to  changes  in  government 
regulations,  including  one  letter  concerning  Arthur  J.  Eddy's  book,  The  New 
Competition ,  and  another  mentioning  a  conversation  between  Edison  and 
financial  consultant  Roger  W.  Babson  about  the  Sherman  antitrust  law.  Some 
letters  pertain  to  Edison's  schedule  and  to  visitors  to  the  West  Orange 
laboratory,  including  industrialist  Charles  M.  Schwab. 

In  addition,  there  are  numerous  letters  concerning  other  Edison 
businesses,  including  the  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works 
(NJPCW)  and  the  North  Jersey  Paint  Co.  A  few  items  relate  to  Edison's 
purchase  of  NJPCW's  assets  and  to  litigation  against  the  company  by  the  Cutting 
family  of  New  York.  One  document  describes  an  accident  at  the  Stewartsville 
works  involving  shovels  that  were  originally  purchased  for  NJPCW.  Other  items 
pertain  to  Edison's  crushing  technology  and  its  possible  use  in  asbestos 
production  by  the  H.  W.  Johns-Manville  Co.  Also  included  are  a  letter  from  L.  R. 
Caragol  discussing  the  potential  for  cement  sales  in  South  America  and 
proposing  to  open  a  movie  house  in  East  Orange;  and  a  credit  reference  for 
Charles  H.  Calehuff,  a  kinetoscope  jobber. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  end  Peuenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

January  5,  1912. 

Ur.  Wm.  H.  Meadowcroft , 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft:- 

I  would  suggest  that  you  get  a 
copy  of  the  Saturday  Evening  Post  of  Jan.  6th,  contain¬ 
ing  an  article  “by  Senator  Albert  J.  Beveridge,  "Modern 
Business  and  Medieval  Law" ,  marking  it  and  putting  it 
on  Mr.  Edison's  desk,  as  I  think  Senator  Beveridge' s 
point  of  view  will  strongly  appeal  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Mr.  Mason  told  me  of  a  most  interesting 
conversation  he  overheard  between  Mr.  Edison  and  Mr. 

Babson,  which  I  am  very  sorry  t.o.have  missed,  sb  I 
should  have  liked  greatly  to  have  heard  Babson' s  comments 
oh  Mr.  Edison's  plan  in  connection  with  the  Sherman  Law. 
Yours  very  truly. 


^AmomoftCl  fijworu 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.J. 

January  11,  1912 

Mr.  Harry  F,  Miller, 

Relative  to  the  purchase  of  the  property 
of  the  Hew  Jersey  &  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works  hy 
Mr.  Edison,  the  history  of  this  transaction  1b  as  follows: 

After  the  operations  had  been  discon¬ 
tinued  and  we  had  sold  off  a  great  deal  of  machinery,  Mr. 
Robert  L.  Cutting,  Jr.,  representing  himself  and  the 

-arious  Cutting  into 

,  insisted  upon  Mr.  EdiBOn  pur¬ 

chasing  the  Cutting  shares  upon  the  payment  of  $25,000.00, 
threatening  that  unless  this  was  done  he  would  start  suit 
to  have  the  action  of  Mr.  Edison,  myself,  and  otherB,  in 
selling  off  the  property,  thoroughly  looked  into  and 

make  any  payment  and  instructed  me  to  tell  Mr.  Cutting 
that  he  would  not  even  pay  $25.00  to  avoid  any  investi¬ 
gation  that  he  chose  to  make  (in  this  connection  I  would 
state  that  subsequently  to  this  negotiation  with  Mr. 
Robert  L.  Cutting,  Jr.,  the  daily  papero  stated  that  he 
waB  having  trouble  with  his  mother  over  some  of  her  sec- 


urities  which  were  in  hie  possession,  and  that  Cutting 
had  left  the  country  suddenly,  going  to  London,  where 
he  died  very  suddenly)  ,  and  that  if  Mr.  Cutting  wished 
to  have  an  investigation  made  of  the  affairs  of  the 
H.  J.  &  Pa.  Cone.  Works  that  Mr.  Edison  would  join  with 
him  in  requesting  the  appointment  of  a  receiver,  which 
was  done  and  Mr.  Randolph  Perkins  was  appointed  receiver. 
While  he  was-  receiver,  quite  a  number  of  hearings  took 
place  before  him,  the  Cutting  interests  being  represented 
by  Mr.  Enright  and  Mr.  Edison  by  Mr.  English. 

If  these  hearings  developed  anything,  it 
was  to  prove  beyond  question  that  Mr.  Edison  had  sacrificed 
his  own  interests  for  the  benefit  of  the  creditors  of  the 
B.  J.  &  P.  C.  Works,  and  the  fact  was  brought  out  very 
strongly  that  if  Mr.  Edison  had  thrown  the  Concentrating 
Works  into  the  hands  of  receivers  at  the  time  they  ceased 
operations  and  put  in  his  claim  against  the  Company,  that 
he  would  have  been  many  thousands  of  dollars  better  off 
than  he  waB  by  pursuing  the  policy  of  seeing  that  the 
creditors  were  paid  in  full,  which  was  done,  then  what 
was  left  being  applied  on  his  own  indebtedness.  In  fact, 
the  Receiver  stated  to  the  judge  before  whom  the  final 
hearing  was  had,  that  instead  of  condemnation,  Mr.  Edison 
should  have  been  commended  for  the  way  in  which  he  protected 

the  creditors. 

In  the  meantime,  Mr.  Robert  L.  Cutting, 
Jr.,  having  died,  hia  brother,  Mr.  JameB  D.  W.  Cutting, 
withdrew  from  any  further  part  in  the  proceedings,  and  an 
arrangement  was  made  with  the  Receiver  to  accept  $60,000.00 
for  the  real  estate,  buildings,  accounts,  and  assets  of 
every  kind  and  description,  this  $60,000.00  to  be  charged 
against  the  amount  owing  to  Mr.  Edison  by  the  N.J.&p.C. 
V/orks.  This  sale  was  consummated  and  all  assets  have  been 
transferred  to  Mr.  Edison  and  now  stand  in  his  name. 

Among  the  assets  were  accounts  on  the 
books  of  the  N.  J.  &  p..  C.  Works  against  the  EdiBon  Portland 
Cement  Co.,  Edison  Storage  Batteiy  Co.,  covering  materials 
furnished  to  these  two  Companies  by  the  II.  J.  &  p.  <j.  Works. 
Before  the  receivership  proceedings  were  instituted,  the 
Cement  Co.  made  an  arrangement  with  Mr.  Edison  by  which 
the  amount  owed  by  the  Cement  Co.  to  the  N.  J.  &  P.  C.  Works 
should  be  transferred  to  Mr.  Edison’s  accounts  on  the  books 
of  the  Cement  Co.,  which  has  been  done  and  notes  representing 
this  amount  have  been  given  to  Mr.  Edison,  these  notes  being 
part  of  those  falling  due  Bee.  1st,  1913. 

When  I  was  connected  with  the  Storage 
Batteiy  Co.  I  had  the  same  arrangement  with  Mr.  Edison,  viz:- 
That  when  the  receivership  proceedings  were  completed  that 

the  amount  owed  by  the  Storage  Battery  Co.  to  the  N.  J. 

&  P.  C.  Works  should  be  transferred  to  Mr.  Edison  and 
some  settlement  made  with  him,  and  I  understand  that 
you  will  attend  to  this  transfer. 

Undoubtedly  you  have  on  Mr.  Edison's 
books  charges  against  the  N.  J.  &.  P.  C.  Works.  1  think 
these  items  should  all  be  wiped  off  and  that  you  should 
make  an  entry  on  his  books  covering  only  the  real  estate 
at  Edison,  which  is  assessed  at  $18,000.00. 

■  Trusting  this  will  give  you  the  infor¬ 
mation  desired,  I  am,  . 

Yours  very  truly, 

I  teg  herewit  h  to  hand  you  a  very  inter¬ 
esting  pamphlet  covering  the  condition  of  the  Portland 
Cement  industry  of  Germany  as  compared  with  United  States. 
You  will  note  that  Germany,  with  a  capacity  of  50,000,000 
barrels,  is  shipping  from  their  plants  about  26,000,000 
barrels,  and  in  spite  of  this  they  are  receiving  good 
prices  for  their  product,  approximately  $1.00  per  barrel 
f.o.b.  mill  in  bulk.  The  German  labor  costs  approximately 
half  of  what  we  pay  in  the  U.  S.,  but  as  their  coal  costs 
about  twice  as  much,  relatively  their  cost  of  production 
is  nearly  the  sane  as  in  this  country. 

The  suggestion  he  makes  as  to  export  is 
one  which  should  be  moBt  carefully  considered  by  all  the 
manufacturers  in  the  Eastern  section  of  the  U.  S.  One  of 
the  principal  reasons  why  the  American  manufacturers  have 
not  worked  up  a  considerable  export  business  has  been  due 
to  the  fact  that  whenever  the  home  market  price  was  attrac¬ 
tive  and  the  home  demand  was  good,  the  export  prices  were 

imediately  increased,  and  practically  all  export  shipments 
would  cease,  so  it  can  he  stated  that  the  U.  S.  has  little 
or  no  export  business. 

It  is  my  thought  that  it  would  pay  each 
of  the  companies  located  in  the  Eastern  part  of  the  U.  B. 
to  set  apart  a  given  percentage  of  their  output  which  they 
would  he  willing  to  sell  for  export  purposes  every  year, 
independent  of  what  the  domestic  price  may  he,  and  with  a 
proper  package  we  could  doubtless  work  up  quite  an  export 
trade.  This  is  a  matter  which,  in  my  judgment,  should  he 
carefully  considered  and  steps  taken  to  do  something  along 
this  line,  for  the  reason  that  the  large  shipments  of 
Amerioan  cement  which  are  now  going  to  Panama  will  only 
continue  for  a  year  or  so  at  the  outside,  and  then  the  home 
market  will  have  to  try  and  absorb  this  additional  quantity. 

let  us  hope  that  Congress  may  he  willing 
to  make  some  modifications  of  the  Sherman  law  which  will 
permit  the  intelligent  cooperation  which  Germany  is  now 
permitting  among  her  industries. 

Yours  very  truly. 



T!io  conditions  Hint  have  obtained  lately  in  the 
American  cement  market  making  themselves  felt  on 
the  ono  hand  by  an  enormous  overproduction  and  mi 

loft  any  margin  of  profit,  have1  doubtless  deinom 
hnvo  to  bo  done  in  order  to  obviate  the  continuance 
from  getting  oven  more  acute.  The  difficulty  of  find- ' 

mitted  and  no  doubt  a  good  many  ways  and  means 
have  been  attempted  without  leading  to  a  solution  of 
the  problem;  I  should  liko  therefore  to  boro  adduce 
somo  hints  omnnnting  from  my  extended  European 

copo  with  tl'iis0quc3tion™  5°M  °"  °  '  ‘0  r‘8,It  ^ 
I  mil,  of  course, ■  perfectly  awnro  that  conditions, 
oro  hero  in  Amoricn  mntorinlly  diiforont  from  tlioso 


United  States  last  your,  1  became  ncnnuinted  with  tliu  I  7affK ..  '-/riiu.cttonj 

stupendous  proportions  of  American  advertising  Hie  •*'  VW«/,>.  Cement. 

implication  of  cement  and  making  nromnrnnd.7  for  Pa'ajAIJJ.-jU.U..'.j  a.  .  ,  ,  . 


»t  II  »l  o  t  flouting  of  such  a  barrel  factory  i» 

have  the  advantage  oniai-b'^monjly'to 
ever  quantity  of  barrels  ||,..v  would  lie  in  need  of 
from  that  factory  no  that  they  could  dhpoanwUli 
a  cooperage  of  their  own,  which  only  makes  tlm 
aago0f  t  k  eni°ni  .ifnC*iry  ,,,orc.  ^otnpHcntcile  Shoo  hi 

is  less  Intended  to  offer  an  onnorUitiity  to°»mkn "l'0' 
|>n>tils  through  the  same  tl,ni.  to  flnd  ii  vent  for  E 
overproduction,  thereby  giving  tlio  factories  tlio  ,« I” 

sale  of  that  qunntit-  **  **  *  a  the 

The  North  Jersey  Paint  Co. 

Factory :  Stewartovillc,  N.  J. 

Sales  Office :  St.  James  Building,  Broadway  and  Twenty-sixth  Street 
New  York  City 

STBWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. ,  January  15,  1912. 

■''Hf  . 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:-  t 

I  beg  herewith  to  hand  you  a  financial 
statement  of  the  North  Jersey  Paint  Co.  up  to  Deo.  30,  1911, 
from  which  you  will  note  that  we  Bhow  a  profit  of  $746.09 
for  the  year.  This  still  leaves  us  a  deficit  of  $1972.46. 

The  expensive  part  of  this  business  is  the 
selling,  as  we  get  very  few  repeat  orders.  If  it  were  not 
due  to  the  fact  that  we  oan  use  the  cement  salesmen  we 
would  lose  money  right  along  in  marketing  this  material. 

We,  however,  ehall  keep  at  it  just  as  long  as  there  seems 

to  be  any  profit  in  the  business. 

Tours  very  truly. 



FIllAHOIi-.Ii  SEAi'iiMiiia 

AS  OF  DECEMBER  gfoth,  1911. 


Salos  during  1911, 

4461  gol.  C  75  -  <f.  3,376,38 

Inventory  January  lot,  1911.  . .  270.39 

Manufacturing  ohargos  during  1911,  ..  1397,61  1668.00 

Inventory  January, 1st,  1912, 

Raw  material  ,  .  60.69 

Finished  Product,  .  13,60  82,19 

Coot  of  Point  BOia  4461  gals.  C  36  —  pf 

Profit  on  Paint,  . .  40  ~ 



Con  Account. 

Sales  during  1911  ,  . .  331.37 

Inventory  January  lot,  1911  116.61 

Purchased  during  1911,  205.13 


Inventory  January  1st,  1912,  66.29 

Coot  of  Cons  sold,  365.45 

Profit  on  Cons  (see  note)* 


ROTE:  The  profit  on  cans  is  due  to  incorrect 

inventories  furnished  us  December  30th,  1910. 

Espouses  and  Commissions  on  Solos, 

Merchandise  Discount, 

Bonus  to  Salesmen, 

FR eight  S:  Exprosoago , 

Stationery  &  Supplies  43.50 

loss  Inventory  l/l/lg.20.72 







65.92  I 
I3.866. 49  | 







746.09  1 




Docombor  30th,  1911. 


Putont  nights, 
Building  &  Firfcuros, 
Office  Fixtures, 
CloinD  Pending, 

Billo  Roeoivablo, 
Accounts  Receivable , 

8  000.00 
2  527.73 


Raw  Matorial,  68.69 
Finished  Product,  15.60 
Cans ,  56.29 
Stationery  5s  Supplies  28.72 

167.20  11  775 


Aooounts  Payable,  3  748,03 

Capital  Stock,  10  000.00 

Deficit  to  Jan.  1st,  1911,  2718.66 

Profit  during  1911,  746.09  1  972.46  8  027.64 

11  775 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Replying  to  your  suggestion  that  we 
investigate  the  supply  of  a  smaller  size  anthracite  ooal, 
than  we  have  been  using,  would  Btate  that  last  summer  I 
had  Mason  go  all  through  the  coal  region  where  the  D.L.&  W. 
get  their  ooal  with  one  of  the  D.1.&  W.  men,  to  try  and 
see  if  we  could  not  get  a  lower  priced  coal,  and  we  had 
quite  a  quantity  shipped  to  us,  hut  we  found  it  was  very 
unsati8factoiy.  First,  on  account  of  the  large  amount  Of 
water  it  contained,  as  all  this  coal  was  obtained  by  washing. 
Second,  instead  of  running  from  16#  to  18#  of  ash,  it 
average^about  28#  of  ash. 

Third,  when  we  received  it,  we  could  not 
dry  it  with  our  present  drying  facilities,  in  addition  to 
which  the  expense  of  drying  wsb  considerably  more  on  account 
of  the  larger  amount  of  water,  for  which  we  were  compelled 
to  pay,  so  we  came  to  the  conclusion  that  at  the  email 
difference  in  price  per  ton  there  was  not  any  saving. 

Yours  very  truly, 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Frelghl  and .Pauenger  Slation,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J. 

p.o. address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 

February  7,  1912 

fffl  8'  &Vl 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

No  doubt  you  have  noted  in  the  morning 
papers  the  fact  that  the  American  Cement  Co.  has  gone 
into  the  hands  of  receivers.  This  is  Lesley's  company. 

As  near  as  I  can  learn,  there  are  two 
reasons:-  first,  the  American  Co.  did  not  have  any  thor¬ 
oughly  up-to-date  mills,  so  that  their  manufacturing 
costs  have  been  high;  and,  second,  their  Norfolk  plant 
has  been  a  failure  right  from  the  start  on  account  of 
tine  raw  material.  They  found  that  the  marl,  instead  of 
being  a  large  deposit,  was  in  pockets,  also  that  when 
they  got  any  depth  there  was  a  Considerable  amount  of 
silica  in  the  form  of  sand,  which  was  making  it  very 
difficult  to  grind  the  material,  and  then,  moreover, 
the^found  before  they  could  use  the  material,  it  was 
necessary  to  wash  it  with  frgsh  water,  so  that  the 
Norfolk  plant ,  instead  of  being  any  help  to  the  Lehigh 
Valley  plants  of  the  Amerioan  Co.,  as  was  expected,  proved 
to  be  a  burden. 

I  understand  that  Mr.  Le.sley  hai 

plan  of  reorganization  under  consideration,  and  when  I 
obtain  any  details,  will  keep  you  advised.  There  is  no 
doubt  but  what  if  present  price  conditions  continue  for 
any  length  of  time  that  there  will  be  other  failures 
among  the  Lehigh  Valley  millB. 

Yours  very  truly, 

P resident , 


You  reoolleot  that  the  writer  expressed  an  opinion 
on  the  ib  Value  ::g  of  our  road  signs  as  an  advertising  medium,  We 
have  had  this  advertising  in  force  for  over  two  years.  The  salesmen 
regularly  send  in  orders  from  dealers  for  these  signB.  We  furnish 
the  signs  free  of  charge  to  advertise  Edison  Cement.  The  dealer 
taoks  them  throughout  his  county,  free  of  oharge  to  us  to  advertise 
himself.  The  matter  iB  reciprocal,  and  very  satisfactory  to  both 
of  us.  As  the  writer  explained  . the  farmer  travelling  along  the 
roa£  continually  sees  this  sign  and  knows  that  he  can  get  thiB 
dement  from  Hiram  Jones  at  the  Pour  Corners.  These  signs  are  very 
durable.  They  are  heavy  tough  oard  hoard,  and  waterproof,  some  of 
-them  having  been  up  over  two  years  and  are  in  good  condition* 
Furthermore  they  are  very  easily  tacked  up.  They  ooBt  us  l-Jr^  imprinted 
We  enclose  herewith  the  waking  up  of  the  he high 
and  Atlas.  The  hehigh  came  first  with  their  proposition  of  furnish¬ 
ing  these  road  signs,  advertising  their  cement  thrdrtighrtheirodealers 
at  the  considerately  low  dost  of  $11.84  per  hunderd  and  the  buyer  is 
to  pay  the  freight  from  Ohio  in  addition,  and  they  are  making  a  great 
noise  about  this  great  thought.  Tho  Atlas  not  to  be  out-done  oomes 
along  with  a  simmilar.  proposition,  but  only  oharges  $10.  a  hundred, 
plus  the  freight  from  the  Kill,  but  to  get  these  signB  the  dealer  has 

FEB  15  1812 

Mr.'  W.  S.M.  #2»  Feb.  14,  191S, 

to  sign  a  oast  iron  agreement  whioh  binds  him  hand  and  foot  and 
vniioh  is  irrevocable.  There  is  nothing  lifce  oinohinga  dealer 
when  it  is  made.  Furthermore  the  Atlas  charge  10ff  additional 
for  printing  the  dealers  name  on. 

We  are  sending  you  one  of  our  signs  whioh  is  one  of 
an  order  just  execixted  forlipOOO.  She  dealers  will  put  these 
1,000  signs  all  over  tlv  county  free  of  oharge  to  us  and  they  only 
cost  us  1 fa#  imprinted. 

We  enclose  herewith  a  copy-  of  our  letter  we  Sont 
to  our  managers- when  the  lehigh  offer  was "brought  to  the  writer’s 

Yours  very  truly, 



^^KomoftCl  £c)i«oiu 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Airman  ot  Hoard,  Frdglit  and  Pamnjor  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  PninaDELPii^'pT,  Area 
Hce- President  Newa»b?  N.  J.'/"  Unto 

id  Aast.  Trees.  P.  O.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  SSSSsttHZ,  » 

February  15,  1912 

tr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ^ 

Orange,  N.  J.  '*//,> 

Enclosed  find  reply  to  my  letter 
to  the  California  Portland  Cement  Co.,  in  regard  to 
settling  dust  by  the  Cottrell  system  of  statio  elec¬ 
tricity  .  Also  Kiefer’s  test  on  potash  and  soda  in 

I  am  somewhat  disappointed  in  these 
results,  as  I  had  understood  from  Adamson,  of  the  Baker 
&  Adamson  Co.,  that  the  plant  in  California  was  now  in 
operation,  and  evidently  from  this  letter  it  is  the 
Riverside  Portland  Cement  Co.,  and  they  have  not  in¬ 
stalled  it  in  a  practical  way.  I  am  writing  to  the 
Riverside  people  today,  to  find  out  what  they  have  done. 

Please  return  correspondence. 

Yours  very  truly, 



r/  j  GrOJ^JJ  C^jEEDISOJI  rOTTLfi- JD  CESfeMT  CO. 


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The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  end  Peueoger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE.  N.J. 

p. o. address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 


March  18,  1912. 

Mr.  H.  E.  Miller, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

My  dear  Harry:- 

Some  time  ago  Mr.  Edison  showed  me  a 
report  which'  he  had  obtained  on  some  man  in  New  York, 
giving  his  personal  history  and  the  way  he  stood  both  in 
business  and  social  life,  and  he  told  me  that  any  time 
we  wanted  to  look  up  a  man  he  would  do  it  for  us  through 
this  agency.  I  would  like  to  find  out  something  about 
Mr.  Trank  E.  Drake,  45  William  St.,  N.  Y.,  who  is  connected 
with  R.  C.  Rathbone  &  Son. 

Mr.  Drake  claims  to  be  a  brother-in-law 
of  Mr.  Theodore  P.  Shonts,  of  the  New  York  Subway^and'*"’ 
claims  to  be  in  a  position  to  be  of  value  to  us  when  it 
comes  to  placing  the  subway  contracts,  and  I  would  like  to 
get  a  line  on  him.  I  understand  that  he  formerly  lived  in 
Chicago,  then  was  located  in  California,  and  has  only  come 
to  New  York  in  the  last  six  months. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Dear  Kr.  Edison:- 

On  my  return  yesterday  I  told  Dr.  Kiefer 
of  your  theory  as  to  the  trouble  with  the  concrete  in  the 
Lackawanna  and  Erie  tunnels  at  Hoboken,  and  he  eaid  that 
a  very  good  indication  that  you  were  right  is  shown  hy  the 
fact  that  the  concrete  in  the  gutters  at  the  bottom  of  the 
tunnel  and  along  the  roadbed  in  the  bottom  of  the  tunnel 
which  carries  the  rails,  is  disintegrating  more  rapidly 
than  any  other  part  of  the  concrete. 

X  am  sending  you  this  for.  your  informa¬ 
tion,  so  that  you  may  have  it  in  case  Mr.  Ray,  Chief  Engi¬ 
neer  of  the  D.L.&  V/.,  comes  out  to  talk  to  you  about  the 
.matter,  which  I  invited  him  to  do. 

Yours  very  truly. 



.  d£)i  ild/fiuj ^  (b/AjU^rT? 

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_ b  ~fib.  fiZtrti  JtOCtbuA'  fit-  • _ _ _ •_  - _ _ | 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Eaijson  laboratory. 
Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

May  3,  1912. 

Teats  that  we  made^a  day  or  two  ago  on 
sparying  olinker  before  grinding,  show  that  we  put  about 
one  per  oent  of  moisture  into  the  olinker,  but  this  was 
low  lime  olinker  and  the  boiling  was  good  even  on  the  stuff 
that  We  did  not  spray. 

We  have  been  running  olinker  somewhat  lower 
in  lime  for  a  few  days,  but  expect  tomorrow  to  grind  some 
olinker  which  is  higher  in  lime,  and  which  in  all  prohabili 
ty  will  not  boil  direct  from  the  grinding.  We  will  try 
the  sprays  on  this  and  advise  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 

t W^hma. 


,  Mallory, 


Dear  Sirs 

I  bog  tt\  hand 
for  the  month 

132,  624  1/2'^arrol'm^n  Duck, 

20,260  "  f  "  Paper,  .  12,060,44 

2408^  "  "  Wood,  . .  1,607.19 

166,200  1/2  barrels. 

pluo  08  "  overweight  -  0400 

_  brio.  0  304  lbo. 

166,348  1/2  barrelo  u  Cement  Saloo,  .... .777777777  $98,087.92 

Duck  Bag  Saloo,  630,073  bago  §  10c!,  . . . 63,007.30 

Paper  »  "  81,032  "  0  2  1/2^,  . .  2.025.80 

Cooperage,  1023  brio.  0  36j!  -  1476  brie.  §  40c!,  .  948.06 

Prepaid  Freights,  . . . . .  4.130.6! 

Aooounto  Receivable  Debited,  . *.!!!!!!!!*’  * - : 

Average  Hot  Belling  Prloo  per  barrel  (55  14/l00p! . 

2,040  barrels  shipped  to  Hobokon  stool:. 

!!  „  "  Horton  &  Hornonway  stook. 

13,060  "  How  York.  Terminal  " 

—  OOP  "  "  "  H.  f.,  H.  H.  &  n.  " 

17 , 900  barrels  shipped  to  Warehouses. 

6  3/4  barrels  delivered  from  Urunowlok  Stook. 

1,930  1/4  "  "  "  Hoboken  " 

li  190  ”  M  M  Horton  &  Hornonway  Stook* 

"  "  0.  J.  Jacobs  co. 


7,946  1/4 

100  1/2  "  " 

467  "  "  op 

12,406  3/4  barrels  doliverod  from  Warehouses. 

How  York  Terminal 
H.  Y.,  N.H.  &.H. 

Stockton  Springs 

156,348  1/2  barrels  charged  to  customers. 

•  IS ,46 5 .5/4  "  delivered  from  Warehouses. 

142,884  3/4  barrels  delivorod  and  oharged  from  Hill, . 
17»90°  "  shipped  to  Warehouses.  ' 

180,784  3/4  barrels  shipped  from  Mill. 

Yours  truly, 

|  i  1  ^  ^  <M  (Qckibk/  ' 

i!T4“  ,  -  - 


\  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 

(  E.  Meyer,  Esq. ,  Mgr.  of  Sales, 

;  St.  James  Building,  Hew  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr*  Edison  would  like  to  know  if  the 
average  net  price  of  cement  shipped  from  your 
Pittsburg  office  is  seventy  cents  per  barrel, 
v  shipped  May  10th. ,  as  per  your  letter  of  the 
11th  instant.  ’ 

i  Yours  very  truly, 

■■  J 

!  Secretary. 

Mr,  W.  S.  Mallory,  President, 

Dear  Sir: — 

May. 29th,  1912.  „ 

In  reference  to  your  inquiry  regarding 
the  souroe  of  supply  of  the  limestone  furnaoe  flux 
used  by  the  Colorado  Fuel  and  Iron  Company,  we  have 
to  say  that  when  we  were  in  Denver,  two  years  ago,  we 
oalled  upon  Mr.  Wellborn,  General  Manager  of  the 
Denver  &  Rio  Grande  Railroad  Company.  This  Company 
and  the  Colorado  Fuel  &  Iron  Co.  we  understood  were 
all  under  the  same  management.  We  disoussed  with 
hito,  at  this  time,  the  adaptability  of  the  Crushing 
Rolls  for  his  limestone,  and  he  explained  to  us 
that  all  their  stone  is  laminated  with  layers  of  olay 
and  it  is  neoessary  to  quarry  by  hand  to  satisfactorily 
separate  the  olay  from  the- stone. 

If  you  so  desire,  we  v/ill  take  thiB  matter  up 
further  with  these  parties,  as  it  is  our  impression 
that  this  Company  has  a  Hew  York  Offioe  where,  undoubted¬ 
ly,  definite  data  oan  be  seoured  if  deBlred. 


Yours  very  truly. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  end  Pereenger  Stttion,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 


Mr.  Wn.  H.  Meadowcroft , 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft:- 

May  30,  1912. 

Ab  I  recall  it,  in  the  lower  left 
hand  drawer  of  ray  desk  in  the  library,  I  think  there  iB 
a  piece  of  rock  and  also  a  broken  briquette,  on  which  are 
marked  the  dates  of  the  first  cement  made,  and  the  first 
rook  p.rushed, 

I  wish  you  would  see  if  you  can  looate 
these  and  if.  so,  give  me  a  description  of  each,  together 
with' the  dates  marked  on  them. 

Yours  very  truly, 

to*.  fhetUnj  ; 

'  WSH-HBS  c  .  **  eTtfTMT 


n  %  %  °  v  l 

oW<‘  A**»  cU 

)wtM,X  ir,  tCjei. 


Iix  cJZe. 


if.  a«, 


-  Ouh 

J.  ,S.*{ 

R-ocMsf-cbf  e.t-  jK,  "m 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

*1™“°  Telegraph,  Freight  end  Pauenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  p.8 

Id  Aaat,  Trees.  P.  O.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  11 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Rep lying  to  your  note  on  root  juiceB, 
of  growing  plants,  on  apatite,  felspar,  eto.,  will  say 
that  I  am  working  on  this,  hut  up  to  the  present  time 
have  nothing  encou  raging. 

The  pressure  of  routine  work  at  present 
prohibits  me  giving  any  great  amount  of  time  to  it,  hut 
1  shall  push  it  along  as  rapidly  as  posdihle. 

Very  truly, 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  end  Peuenger  Sl.lion,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J. 

p.o. address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 

'  St.  James  Building 

June  1,  1912. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison 

In  addition  to  discussing  with  you  the 
mechanical  situation,  which  I  have  covered  in  another  letter, 

I  want  also  to  discuss  with  you  the  future  from  a  financial 

The  average  prices  which  we  are  obtaining 
for  our  product  are  less  than  I  had  figured  on,  I  have 
been  hopeful  that  about  the  first  of  June  the  selling  prices 
would  advance,  instead  of  which  they  seem  to  be  getting  worBe, 
with  result  that  the  balance  of  the  year  is  most  discouraging, 
and  will  mean  a  considerable  cash  loss,  unlesB  price  conditions 
change ,  s- 

I  am  having  estimates  made  covering  from 
the  first  of  May.  to  the  31st  of  December,  Bhowing  the  prob¬ 
able  outcome  from  a  financial  standpoint,  and  thiB  we  can 
discuss  in  detail  Tuesday  night. 

The  April  manufacturing  costs  were  about 
in  line  with  our  expectations,  but  May  will  not  be  as  good, 
on  account  of  the  anthracite  coal  conditions,  where  we  were 
compelled  to  go  back  to  all  bituminous,  with  the  old  trouble 

again  of  rings  in  the  kilns,  reducing  outputs. 

We  are  now  getting  regular  shipments 
of  anthracite  coal,  and  so  should  get  hack  to  normal 
conditions  very  promptly. 

Yours  very  truly, 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  and  Plunger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 


June  1,  1912. 

Dear  IJr.  Edison:- 

On  Tuesday  next,  Mr.  Mason,  Dr.  Kiefer 
and  myself  go  to  New  York  to  spend  the  day  with  Mr.  Hioks 
over  the  long  kiln  suit,  and  if  it  is  convenience  for  you, 
we  would  like  very  much  to  meet  you  at  the  Laboratory  on 
Tuesday  night,  so  that  we  can  have  an  uninterrupted  talk 
on  two  or  three  phases  of  the  present  manufacturing  situation. 

One  problem  which  is  looming  up  to  be  quite 
serious  is  in  connection  with  the  laboratory  of  the  Water 
Board  in  New  York.  We  have  the  following  contracts  for 
supplying  cement  for  the  acqueduct  work:- 

Balance  to 
be  shipped 

Rinehart  &  Dennis  94,600  bbls. 

Mason  &  Harger  Co.  95,500  " 

Smith,  Hauser,  Locher  97,900  " 

Since  we  resumed  manufacturing  operations 
about  April  1st,  we  have  been  unable  to  manufacturerany 
cement  for  the  Water  Board  laboratory  which  would  boil 
without  being  put  through  the  Humidors.  As  a  matter  of  fact, 

Net  price 
f.o.b.  MivL'l. 




we  have  had  quite  serious  trouble  in  the  matter  .of  boiling 
ever  since  we  resumed  manufacturing  operations  in  March, 
the  cement  taking  a  considerably  longer  period  in  the 
humidors  to  make  it  boil.  Both  Mason  and  Dr.  Kiefer  have 
felt  that  as  soon  as  the  cold,  disagreeable  weather  was  over 
that  thiB  trouble  would  disappear,  and  since  the  warmer 
weather  has  come  conditions  are  somewhat  better,  but  they 
are  still  not  right. 

V/e  are  not  certain  at  this  writing  whether 
the  greater  trouble  we  are  having  this  spring  in  boiling  is 
due  to  either  the  fact  that  we  are  using  nothing  but  blue 
rock  from  the  lower  level  of  our  cement  quarry,  instead  of 
the  mixture  of  washed  rook  and  blue  rock,  such  as  we  used 
last  year,  or  whether  it  is  due  to  the  coarser  grinding 
which  we  have  been  doing  on  the  chalk. 

You  will  remember  that  last  July  we  changed 
over  our  chalk  blowers  and  fixed  them  to  eliminate  everything 
coarser  than  100  mesh,  on  the  theory  that  the  particles  finer 
than  100  mesh  were  fine  enough  to  properly  react  in  the  kilns, 
and  our  experience  of  August,  September,  October  and  November 
seemed  to  indicate  that  this  theoxy  was  right,  as  last  Fall 
we  did  not  have  any  more  trouble  in  getting  boils  than  usual. 
Howe^lrf2tfii8?iSeness  does  not  average  bb  fine  using  all  blue 
rock,  as  it  would  with  the  combination  of  blue  and  washed 

rook,  the  washed  rook  "being  softer  and  naturally  making 
more  flour.  We  have  obtained  samples  of  the  chalk  makde 
some  two  or  three  years  ago,  also  that  made  a  year  ago, 
that  which  we  have  "been  grinding,  and  we  are  today  grinding 
chalk  as  fine  as  we  can  make  it ,  and  I  am  having  determina¬ 
tions  made  finding  the  amount  of  flour  in  each,  to  see 
whether  there  is  any  marked  difference,  and  expect  to  have 
these  results  before  we  meet  with  you  on  Tuesday  night. 

Since  April  1st  we  have  manufactured  four 
bins  for'the  Water  Board,  all  of  which  have  been  rejected 
on  account  of  the  boil,  and  until  recently  they  have  per¬ 
mitted  us  to  pass  their  cement  through  the  humidors,  but 
they  discovered  recently  that  our  humidor  cement  had  the 
effect  of  repelling  water,  same  as  does  very  old  cement , 
so  they  notified  us  that  they  would  not  accept  any  more 
cement  which  went  through  the  humidors,  and  to  accept  any 
more  bins  we  would  have  to  make  a  cement  which  would  season 
in  the  stockhouse  and  pass  the  boiling  tests,  as  does  all 
other  brands  of  cement  which  they  inspect. 

As  this  covers  about  288,000  barrels  of  the  highest 
priced  contracts  we  have  on  our  books,  it  is  a  very  serious 
matter.  Dr.  ICiefer^had^interviews  with  the  testing  chemist 
and  the  engineer  in  charge,  and  yesterday  Dr.  Kiefer  and  myseff 
went  to  New  York  and  had  an  interview  with  them  both,  and  by 

the  skin  of  our  teeth  I  managed  to  get  the  engineer  in 
charge  to  agree  to  let  us  fill  two  more  "bins  for  him 
to  he  tested,  and  if  we  can  get  cement  which  will  hoil 
in  reasonable  time  after  being  put  in  the  bins,  he  will 
permit  Edison  Cement  to  be  used  for  the  balance  of  the 
contracts.  If  we  cannot,  then  we  will  be  down  and  out 
on  this  most  important  work.  To  .tiy  and  give  him  such 
cement  as  they  insist  upon  having,  we  are  grinding  today 
the  chalk  just  as  fine  as  we  can  make  it.  We  will  bum 
the  clinker  specially  for  him.  We  will  grind  the  cement 
down  to  85jJ  or  finer,  and  we  will  add  calcined  gypsum, 
and  out  of  this  combination  we  to  be  able  to  make  a 

cement  which  will  season  in  reasonable  time,  and  we  will 
do  everything  to  that  end. 

The  engineer  in  charge  of  the  testing  of 
the  Water  Board  work  strongly  takes  the  following  position. 
There  is  no  difficulty  in  obtaining  cement  from  other  mills 
which  boils  within  a  short  period  after  it  is  manufactured, 
and  that  he  does  not  believe  he  has  the  right  to  accept  what 
he  terms  a  "freak"  cement,  which  acts  differently  from  any 
other  cement  which  comes  to  them,  and  that  in  view  of  the 
importance  of  the  Water  Board  work,  he  is  very  strongly 
inclined  to  drop  us  altogether.  In  fact,  as  I  have  already 
stated,  it  looked  for  a  considerable  time  yesterday  that  he 

would  not  reveree  the  decision  that  he  had  already  made 
not  to  permit  the  of  any  more  Edison  Cement. 

In  view  of  the  above,  and  the  constant 
fight  which  we  have  had  for  the  last  six  years  wrur^^- 
engineers  on  large  contracts,  the  difficulty  which  we  have 
in  landing  orders  for  these  large  contracts,  the  difficulty 
we  often  have  in  getting  the  contractor^ who  is  using  the 
cement  for  the  first  time^to  continue  using  it,  the  extra 
expense  of  humidoring,  and  other  expenses,  details  of  which 
I  am  working  up,  I  think  the  time  has  now  come  when  we  should 
carefully  discuss  and  consider  whether  or  not  i.t  is  not  poss¬ 
ible  for  us  to  do  something  to  avoid  a  continuance  of  these 
troubles,  and  this  is  one  of  the  things  that  we  wish  to  dis¬ 
cuss  with  you  on  Tuesday  night,  and  we  will  have  a  lot  of 
detailed  infoimation  to  give  you. 

Therefore  if  it  is  convenient  for  you  to 
see  us  Tuesday  night  at  the  Laboratory,  will  you  please  have 
Harry  Hiller  telegraph  me  on  Monday,  so  that  we  can  make  our 
arrangements  accordingly. 

Yours  very  truly. 



P.  s.- 

I  also  neglected  to  add  that  at  the 
present  time  we  are  compelled  to  purchase  cement 
from  one  of  the  other  Companies,  to  he  able  to 
make  shipments  on  some  New  York  State  road  con¬ 
tracts,  because  we  do  not  have  any  cement  on  hand 
which  will  meet  their  specifications. 

W.  S.  M. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Prmenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J, 


oil  office  Square  Bldg, 

Dear  Ur.  Edison:- 

The  attached  clipping  from  the 
New  York  Sun  of  June  2nd,  relative  to  the  road  situation 
in  New  Jersey,  is  of-  interest  to  us,  and  I  would  appre¬ 
ciate  it  if  you  would  ask  Mr.  Meadowcroft  to  write  a 
letter  of  i^Trodu^iSnTo  ^^Tlldwin  A.  Stevens,  intro¬ 
ducing  Mr.  Howard  C.  Williame,  and  then  I  will  send 
Williams  and  try  to  get  him  to  have  Col.  StevenB  inves¬ 
tigate  the  concrete  roads  around  Detroit. 

JfWould  suggest  that  in  your  letter  of 
introduction  you  the  statement  that  you  are  sending 
Mr.  Williams,  hoping  to  interest  Col.  StevenB  to  the 
extent  of  having  him  send  one  of  his  engineers  to  make 
a  careful  investigation  and  report  As  to  the  concrete 

Yours  very  truly, 


President. /\ 



ffltr  'tfhaJLe.tnfi.f ' 


C^t^e,cy-Cfc_  J n&ajLx^ 

'  ,  ^/  2«^y^- 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

I  had  a  letter  today  from  Mr.. Harding, 
of  the  Whitehall  Co.,  in  which  he  states  that  Mr.  Gerstell 
had  called  on  him  in  Philadelphia  recently,  and  stated 
that  he  was  very  much  in  favor  of  an  Eastern  association 
and  proper  cooperation  among  the  manufacturers. 

Evidently  the  time  is  ripe  for  a  move¬ 
ment,  and  I  believe  it  can  he  made  successfully  if  we  can 
make  the  proper  impression  on  Trexler  and  Young. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Parrenger  Stalion,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J. 

p.o. address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 

June  13,  1912. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison :- 

You  will  remember  that  when  Mason, 

Kiefer,  Moses  and  myself  met  you  at  the  Laboratory  and 
discussed  the  question  of  tube  mills,  I  made  the  state¬ 
ment  that  we  were  having  quite  a  little  trouble  as  to  the 
slow  hardening  of  our  cement  with  the  New  York  Water  Board, 
and  also  we  had  had  more  complaints  since  April  1st  this 
year  than  ever  before,  and  since  our  interview  the  com¬ 
plaints  continue  to  come  in. 

Day  before  yesterday  we  had  a  telephone 
notice  that  22  cars  of  cement  which  we  had  shipped  to  the 
Water  Board  from  a  bin  which  they  had  accepted,  was  showing 
quick  set  and  we  were  requested  to  move  the  cement  from  off 
the  job,  which  is  being  conducted  near  Kingston,  N.  y„ 

I  at  once  sent  Dr.  Kiefer  to  make  an  investigation,  ana  he 
found  that  the  cement  is  being  used  for  the  lining  of  the 

water  tunnel,  and  that  on  the  bottom  and  sides  of  the  tunnel 
where  the  concrete  is  put  in  quite  wet,  it  was  acting -quite 
satisfactorily,  but  the  key  of  cement  made  at  the  top  of 
the  arqh  was  developing  considerable  heat  while  it  was 

setting,  and  in  some  caseB  was  setting  before  it  was 
put  in  place.  The  cement  that  is  used  in  the  key  of  the 
arch  is  mixed  very  dry,  and  Dr.  Kiefer  is  of  the  opinion 
that  the  heat  comes  from  the  coarse  particles  of  lime  in 
our  ohalk  '.fhich  are  not  properly  fused  in  the  kilns,  and 
after  three  hours  argument ,  with  the  engineers  in  charge 
and  the  chief  of  tests,  the  Doctor  induced  them  to  rescind 
the  order  rejecting  the  cement,  and  the  contractors  are 
being  permitted  to  use  these  22  cars.  This  aibo  throws 
suspicion  on  the  quality  of  our  cement,  and  naturally 
will  do  us  more  or  less  harm. 

You  will  remember  that  last  July  we 
changed  the  blowero  in  the  Chalk  Plant  so  to  get  more 
output,  and  produced  a  material  having  a  smaller  per¬ 
centage  of  200  mesh,  the  theory  being  at  that  time  that 
100  mesh  material  was  fine  enough  to  make  the  necessary 
reactions  in  the  kiln.  The  results  for  August,  September, 
October  and  November  last  year  all  seemed  to  indioate 
that  this  change  was  all  right,  as  the  physical  tests 
oompared  very  favorably  with  those  we  had  made  previously 
from  finer  chalk. 

jhasrt  Fall  we  were  using  the' cement -  rock 
!  Quarries,  and  tests  we  have 
recently  made  show  that  the  chalk  produced  last  Fall  con- 

from  both  No.'l.  and*!^.  ! 

tained  a  larger  percent  of  flour  than  that  which  we  haw'e 
been  produoing  this  Spring,  which  showed  tho  same  fineness 
on  200  mesh  as  last  year,  We  believe  the  reason  for  this 
is  the  fact  that  the  all  blue  roclc  from  No.  2  Quarry  is 
harder  to  grind,  and  consequently  makes  less  fines  and 
flour,  and  in. view  of  the  complaints  that  we  have  had  in 
a  good  many  directions,  we  hove  decided  that  it  is  nec¬ 
essary  for  ue  to  take  some  action  at  once,  and  today  the 
matter  has  been  very  carefully  considered  hy  Mason,  Kiefer, 
Moses  and  myself,  and  we  have  considered  several  plans 

First:  Beeume  operations  again  at  the  WaBher 

and  using  a  mixture  of  the  washed  and  blue  rock.  The  objec¬ 
tions  to  this  plan  were  that  it  would  increase  our  coBts 
about  a  barrel,  and  that  we  probably  would  have  Borne 
considerable  trouble  in  obtaining  the  neoessaiy  labor,  both 
at  Oxford  and  at  our  plant  here,  as  we  are  short-handed  at 
both  places  at  present  (Vulcanite  have  shut  down  one  mill 
for  laok  of  labor,  and  Alpha  have  increased  wages  at  both 
Alpha  and  Martins  Creek  plants). 

Second:  This  plan  was  to  immediately  change 

our  standard  of  grinding  in  the  Chalk  Plant  from  71#  thru 
200  mesh,  and  make  it  75#  thru  200  mesh,  and  also  change 
the  grinding  of  our  cement  from  82#  thru  200  mesh,  and 

make  it  85#.  The  drawback a  in  connection  with  this  plan 
aro  that  Mr.  Mason  believes  with  a  standard  of  75#  thru 
200  mesh  it  would  be  necessary  for  him  to  drop  the  oper¬ 
ation  of  one  kiln,  which  will  naturally  increase  the 
manufacturing  cost. 

Third:  V.'e  also  considered  the  possibility 

of  a  two  weeks'  shut  down.  We  have  on  hand  now  about 
160,000  barrels  of  cement  and  35,000  barrels  of  olinker, 
making  a  total  of  215,000  barrels,  and  shipping  orders 
thus  far  this  month  hove  been  less  than  what  we  have  man¬ 
ufactured,  and  if  this  condition  of  disappointing  shipments 
should  maintain,  it  will  probably  be  necessary  for  us  to 
shut  down  two  weeks  in  July  at  a  cost  for  shutting  down 
and  starting  up  of  say  about  $14,000.00. 

After  considering  and  discussing  every 
point  of  view,  we  have  decided  on  the  plan  of  grinding  our 
chalk  and  cement  finer,  even  if-  it  does  reduce  our  outputs, 
and  conducting  experiments  on  the  chalk  blowers  day  and 
■night,  to  see  if  we  cannot  find  some  combination  by  -Which 
we  can  get  more  200  raosh  in  the  chalk  and  still  maintain 
the  same  output  per  hour  that  we  have  been  getting,  and  that 
while  the  smaller  output  of  clinker  and  cement  will  increase 
the  manufacturing  cost,  we  probably  would  not  have  to  shut 
down  in  July,  and  so  the  shut  down  expense  would  be  an 

offset  against  the  additional  manufacturing  cost.  In  the 
meantime,  everything  will  he  done  to  try  and  solve  the 
problem  of  maintaining  the  same  output,  in  the  Chalk  Plant 
with  a  larger  percentage  of  200  mesh,  and  if  we  can  solve 
this  problem  quickly,  we  will  then  be  enabled  to  get  back 
to  normal  condition. 

When  we  made  the  change  to  Quarry  Ho.  2, 
and  deoided  to  use  all  blue  rock,  we  did  it  so  to  enable 
us  to  reduce  our  manufacturing  cost,  and  did  not  believe 
that  the  rock  would  be  so  much  harder  to  grind. 

I  will  keep  you  adviBed  either  verbally 
or  by  letter  as  to  what  progress  we  make  in  the  experiments 
on  the  chalk  blowers,  so  to  better  adapt  them  to  the  blue 
rock  conditions. 

Yours  very  truly. 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  end  Pamuger  St.lion,  NEW  VILLAGE  N.J. 

p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.J. 

""  ItthTB'h  v. 

BOJXON,  MAS.,,  Port  Office  Square  Bldg 

June  18,  1912. 

Dear  Hr.  Edison 

As  1  wrote  you  the  other  day,  I  am 
convinced  that  the  trouble  we  have  heen  having  with  our 
cement  is  due  to  the  fact  that  in  grinding  all  blue  rock 
we  do  not  get  ae  much  flour,  or  finee,  aB  when  we  were 
grinding  a  mixture  of  the  blue  and  washed  rock,  hut  bb 
starting  up  the  washer  again  means  a  higher  percentage 
of  limestone  and  running  the  Re-diying  Dept,  both  day 
and  night,  we  have  the  laBt  few  days  been  t lying  a  Beries 
or  tests  to  see  if  we  could  not  avoid  this  additional  cost. 

We  have  made  a  series  of  experiments  on 
the  blowers  to  see  if  we  could  not  increase  their  capacity 
of'  200  mesh.  We  have  tried  experiments  on  the  Rolls, 
using  different  degrees  of  pressure,  from  light  pressures 
to  very  severe  pressures,  to  see  whether  or  not  thiB  made 
any  difference  in  grinding  all  blue  rock,  and  thus  far 
the  results  we  have  obtained  are  not  at  all  encouraging. 

We  are  convinced  that  we  should  keep  the  fineness  of  our 
raw  material  75#  thru  200  mesh  at  the  minimum,  and  from 
investigations  that  I  have  made,  I  am  convinced  that  80# 


to  85#  thru  200  mesh  are  the  figures  which  we  should  try 
and  obtain  if  we  are  to  make  an  entirely  satisfactory 
clinker,  and  1  also  believe  that  grinding  a  portion  of 
blue  rock  that  with  our  present  equipment  of  RoIIb  and 
Blowers  we  cannot  attain  a  fineness  of  85#  thru  200  mesh, 
so  in  the  meantime  it  will  be  necessary  for  us  to  do  the 
best  we  can  with  our  present  equipment. 

Another  point  which  we  have  developed 
is  that  the  more  of  the  blue  rock  we  add  to  our  mixture 
and  the  smaller  percentage  of  Oxford  limestone  we  UBe, 
the  smaller  our  chalk  output  per  hour.  In  other  words, 
an  analyses  of  our  outputs  show  that  with  a  larger  per¬ 
centage  of  Oxford  stone  we  get  our  largest  chalk  outputs. 
We  believe  that  this  is  due  to  the  fact  that  the  Oxford 
stone  is  less  tough  than  the  blue  stone. 

We  have  also  made  tests  on  the  blue 
stone  and  find  that  some  of  it  seems  to  be  much  tougher 
than  others,  as  there  is  a  difference  of  10#  or  more  in 
the  amount  of  200  mesh  we  obtain  under  the  same  identical 
conditions  in  the  laboratory,  and  a  material  difference 
in  the  results  as  compared  with  the  top  rock. 

In  view  of  all  the  above  facts,  and 
after  a  most  careful  consideration  of  the  whole  subject, 

I  have  instructed  Mason  to  start  up  the  Washer,  going  back 


to  the  conditions  that  we  did  last  year,  and  in  the  mean¬ 
time  we  will  operate  on  the  hlue  rook  and  the  outputs 
from  the  Chalk  Plant  will  he  Bmall ,  so  that  we  will  he 
unable  to  operate  the  full  number  of  kilns. 

We  have  had  two  more  bins  rejected  by 
the  Water  Board,  and  feel  that  we  would  he  running  too 
great  a  risk  to  continue  putting  out  a  material  made  from 
the  coarser  chalk.  Unfortunately,  this  change  will  involve 
an  additional  cost  of  about  2<J  a  barrel,  due  to  the  extra 
expense  of  operating  the  Washer  and  the  larger  percentage 
of  Oxford'  limestone,  hut  under  all  the  conditions  it  seems 
to  he  the  best  solution  of  the  problem  at  this  time.  If 
we  had  additional  grinding  capacity  in  the  Chalk  Plant, 
there  would  he  no  difficulty  whatever  in  handling  the 
blue  rook,  and  this  is  a  phase  of  the  situation  which 
I  will  disouss  with  you  later  on. 

,  Yours  very  truly, 



CSj^SL,  CovckCvs-Ow>^_c, 

«rvs_  h&i,  -w<_ 

1-00  ■wJuaV—  0 — <b— 

Vt  O&U.  -te 


iLtXfcCv  CfVw, 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 

^  (p 

to  follow  up  th/ matter 

of  concrete  roads  with  Col.  Stevens,  and  make  t 

in  the  near  future,  instead  of  waiting  until  next  Pall, 
as  suggested  hy  him  to  Hr.  Williams.  I  am  anxious  to  ha- 

Williams  go  baok  at  him,  and  think  it  would  help  if  you 
would  have  Mr.  Meadowcroft  write  me  a  letter  on  Laboratory 
paper  somewhat  along  the  following  line:- 
^lALLOHy :  - 

1  have  read  Mr.  Williams'  report 
of  his  interview  with  Col.  Stevens  relative  to 
the  concrete  roads  at  Detroit,  and  am  much 
interested  in  it,  hut  somewhat  disappointed 
that  Col.  Stevens  could  not  see  hiB  way  clear 
to  send  an  engineer  in  the  very  near  future 
to  make  a  personal  inspection  of  thaseroads  and 
the  manner  in  which  the  work  is  being  done,  and 
make  a  complete  report  to  him. 

/£ojS rom  knowledge,  which  X  have  and 
infoxraation^whibb  I  am  receiving1,  I  believe  the 
concrete  toad  will  solve  the  present  road  problem, 
and  naturally  I  am  anxious  to  see  New  Jersey  take 

- - the  lead  in  this  work  among  all  the  Eastern  States. 

h-ut-i-e  /r  aTjri  — oonoidoTable  ameu-nt—ef- ofhe bo*  roads  are  now 

beings put— &«  in  the  Western  States,  based  upon 
jfic  7  the  experience  with  the  Detroit  roads. 

Col«  Stevens  could  spare  the  time 
to  come  to  Orange,  X  would  be  glad  at  any  time  to  dis¬ 
cuss  thiB  problem  with  him  in  person.  , 

With  this  letter,  I  will  he  able  to 
send  Williams  hack  to  Stevens  and  probably  arrange  to 
have  him  visit  you  and  inspect  the  Laboratory  at  the 
same  time,  and  in  this  way  we  may  be  able  to  get  more 
prompt  action  in  the  way  of  having  his  engineer  visit 
Detroit . 

Yours  very  truly, 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

inrun  of>,  Freight  »nd  P«uenger  Sunon.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  „■.■■■ 1^” 


-U...  Tro«.  P.  O.  ADDRESS.  STEWARJSVIUE.  N.  J. 

Ur.  W.  S.  Mallory, 

I  wish  to  call  attention  to  several 

things  Mr.  Force  of  the  Lackawanna  R.  B.  told  ub  yesterday 
about  his  Autoclave  tests.  He  says  sinoe  they  are  making 

them  they  examine  the  : 

t  material  from  every  mill  at 

which  they  buy  cement.  He  further  says  that  all  .the  other 

i  grinding  it  from  60  to  1 

>  through  a  200  mesh 

That  he  had  only  c 

i  other  case  where  it  fell  t 

low  as  79$.  He  also  says  one  mill  makes  it  from  B6$  to 
88$  and  this  cement  always  passes  a  very  good  Autoclave 

He  also  says  he  is  examining  clinker  from  . 
.  different  mills  and  that  he  believes  the  harded  a  clinker  is 
burned  the  better  the  Autoclave  test. 

He  further  -observes  as  stated  In  bis  paper 
that  finer  grinding  insures  better  tests  and  that  it  is  the 
coarse  particles  that  cause  the  trouble.  '•  •  - 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pauenger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE  N.  J. 

p.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 


June  24,  1912. 

Mr.  Harry  F.  Miller,  Treas., 
Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Ae  there  is  some  uncertainty  as  to 
Mr.  Edison  being  able  to  return  from  the  West,  by  Thurs¬ 
day,  where  he  goes  to  attend  a  wedding,  it  has  been 
thought  wise  to  delay  the  June  meeting  of  the  Directors 
until  a  later  date.  Due  notice  will  be  given  of  the 
postponed  meeting. 

Yours  very  truly, 



.^nr . ^-ffrtL- 

.  N<&W  .  <S aJL&_$JU. 



July  5,  1912. 

I  am  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  Win 
dated.  June  24th,  enclosing  your  letter  of  June  21st  to 
Mallory.  X  will  1)6  very  glad,  to  avail  myself  of  your  Icind  sug- 


gestion  and  call  on  you  sometime  at  orange. 

I  am  very  glad  to  think  that  you  haye  taken  an 
interest  in  road  construction. 

Very  truly  yours, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.,  Freight  and  Pauper  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.o.  address,  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.J. 

Mr.  'T.  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory, 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: —  OFFICES: 

Po.loSic”  sim'reBWK. 

The  enclosed  letter  from  Mr.  W.  7/.  Case,  of  Rookland, 
Maine,  has  been  handed  to  the  writer  for  careful  attention.  I 
have  replied  to  same  and  enclose  oar bon  copy  of  my  letter  to 
Mr.  Case. 

We  have  marketed  quite  a  considerable  quantity 
of  our  Pulverized  limestone  through  Farm  Granges  and  Country 
Clubs,  but  it  has  oaused  more  or  less,  friction  with  our 
regular  Dealers  who  handle  this  product  Jn  connection  with 
the  sale  of  our.  cement,  and  whether  it  is  best  for  us  to 
oontinue  to  solicit  the  "Grange"  business  to  any  considerable 
extent  is  before  us  at  this  time  for  oareful  consideration.  The 
regular  Dealers  oomplain  considerably  about  it,  Btating  that 
it  interferes  with  a  olass  of  business  that  should  rightfully 
be  .tributary  to  them,  which  contention  has  more  or  less  to 
reoomraend  it. 

With  our  improved  Paoking  facilities,  and  as  the 
product  is  becoming  more  favorably  known,  the  business  increases, 
and  we  confidently  believe  it  will  rapidly  grow  to  a  very 
considerable  enterprise. 

Trusting  same  is  satisfactory. 

Yours  very  truly. 



\  Vs.  jRcrrklmifr.  .Maine 

\X  G.HOWE  WlOOm.P.t.iotNT_  E.H.LAWRY.  Vtct  fai.ioc.i 

PORTLAND,  MAINE,  JULY  6,  1012 



New  JerBey. 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Rome  weeks  ago  I  met  a  representative  from  Jrour  , 
cement  plant  at  New  Village,  Hew  Jersey,  who  wsb  introdi 
your  pulverized  limeBtone  for  agricultural  purposes^ 

This  naturally  appealed  immediately  and  vVry  strodfej 
to  the  writer  for  two  reasons:  1st,  that  he  has  the  greatest 
possible  admiration  for  your  wonderful  mind  and  inventive 
genius,  and  secondly,  from  the  fact  that  I  live  in  the  lime*' 
s-tone  country,  own  and  operate  limestone  quarries,  and  know  by 
actual  experience  beyond  any  possible  doubt,  the  virtue  it f  lime 
and  its  by-products  upon  certain  soils.  r 

Through  my  own  acquaintance  and  one  acquired  } 
my  friend  and  fellow  townsman,  United  States  Senator,  Obediah) 
Gardiner,  who  at  that  time  was  Master  of  the  Maine  State  Grai 
I  have  placed  lime  in  various  foxros  among  the  farmers  of  ou/ 
*’or  fertilizing  purposes  with  most  satisfactory  results, 
and  the  writer  would  inquire  if  you  have  ever  consideredVor 
had  suggested  to  you,  the  advisability  of  making  the  effidirt 
of  placing  your  new  product  for  the  reclamation:  of  the  fWtg, 
and  immense  acreage  throughout  Hew  England,  through  the  medj^ 
of  the  State  Granges.  *- - 

matter  interest  you  or  appeal  in  any  wav 
to  your  good  judgment,  the  writer  would  very  much  appreciate 
hearing  from  you,  or  would  consider  it  a  privilege  and  a  pleas¬ 
ure  to  run  over  to  Orange  and  talk  with  you  personally. 

. ..  Anticipating  the  pleasure  of  hearing  from  you,  and 

with  assurances  of  my  high  regard  and  esteem,  I  beg  to  remain, 

\  /  ManufacturersAvnd  shippers  of 


ERSj^ND  fi 




July  11th,  191a. 

■Kr.  W.  w.  Cnoo ,  _ 

Hookland,  Ttoine. 

My  dear  Sir: - 

Your  favor  of  the  6th  inut.,  to  fir.  1.  A.  Edison 
oronge,  if.  ,T.,  has  been  forwarded  to  the  writer  for  careful 
&wq  n't  ion® 

-  ,  Selng  familiar  with  all  the  footr,  pertaining  to  the  Bale 

and  mar, cq tin;'  of  our  .-ulverised  hi  ieotono  for  agricultural 
purpoooB,  bee  to  ad  via  e  you  as  follows:  Our  prloe  for  eamo  is 
F*  °*  B*  our  'Vorlra»  with  freight  rate  in  oarload 
lots  of 25  tons  or  over  quoted  to  destination  or  ouoh  points 
as  may  be  Indicated. 

,  .  .  '7o  Paa5c  Brno  in  100  lb.  baps,  charged  nt  10c{  each.  All 

,r<ler»  frol?ht  prepaid,  we  'allow  the  same 

^noreior  an  enargeju 

.  .  .  It  io  mile  from  tho, purest  orystallino  white,  limestone  ' 
obtainable  and  analyses  about  97$  Carbonate.  Pulverized 
almost  as  fine  as  flour.  Easy  to  apply  to  tho  soil,  and. 

We  note  carefully  what  you’ soy  with  referenoo  to  ' 
placing  same  on  the  market  for  reclamation  of  the  ihras  and 
uaaCTae  nora^ea  throughout  Hew  England ,  through  tho  medium  of  tho 
Wo  have  made  considerable  distribution  of  • 

, p5?f!ttot  through  Farmers  Orongoe  throughout  several  states, 

or  JLoss  succesa,  and  re  have  this  very  matter i before  i 
r-Z.  i  oareful  consideration  whether  this  in  the  best  method 
•to.TJwowe,-  as  our  general  plan  has  hecn  more 
particularly  marketing  same  through  regular  appointed  Healers. 

hc+h  n-p  Z*  appreciate  your  kind  expressions  in  your  letter, 

*  *  A*  3-din  on,  also  toe  proffered  assistance  in', 
o^iketing. this  commodity.  *&■«•  Edison  would  undoubtedly,  be  very 


#2  Mr.  W.  W.  Case,  7-11-12. 

glafl  to  see  you  at  any  time  you  may  oall  upon  him. 

Thanking  you  for  your  letter. 

Yours  very  truly,' 


•  Per  - 


.  -  'July  12,1912. 

Mr.  E.  Moyer,  jcJ1'' 

Mgr.  of  Sales,.  <9r'**  ' 

New  York,  N.  Y. 


V/anting  to  get  some  Idea  as  to  what 
percentage  of  the  total  orders  we  have  hooked  we  nay  he 
called  on  to  ship,  and  also  to  obtain  a  general  idea  of 
how  the  various  offices  svsell  the  orders,  I  have  had 
the  figures  worked  out  for  1909,  1910  and  1911,  and  are 
keeping  then  for  1912,  and  I  an  sending  then  to  you 
herewith,  thinking  they  may  he  of  interest. 

Yours  very  truly,  . 


President . 



>  V 


New  York 



New  York 

New  York 

Bhls . 
















362,673  • 





#  of 












Newa  rk 

My  Dear  Mr .Edison: - 

Your  letter  of  June  24th  is 

received.  I  should  have  acknowledged  the  receipt  of  this  before, 
but  have  been  earnestly  at  work  introducing  my  work. 

I  appreciate  your  letter  very  much,  and  I  wiBh  to  assure  you 
that  I  do  not  nor  did  not,  intend  to  use  a  letter  from  you  for 
bolstering  up,  beoause  I  do  not  consider  that  that  would  be  right. 

I  expect  within  a  year  to  be  able  to  supply  you  with  Borne  ring¬ 
lets  of  sawed-up  produots  and  it  may  be  an  eye-opener  to  all  men  who 
have  given  concrete  the  closest  attention,  to  note  the  absenoe  of 
voids  which  the  rolling  effect  under  compression  will  adcomplish. 

I  am  Bpeoially  anxious  to  get  the  poles  introduced  in  con¬ 
nection  with  the  construction  of  new  electrical  trunk  lines  where 
they  use  overhead  conductors.  I  will  send  you  record  of  tests 
as  to  deflection  and  strengths  as  soon  as  these  measurements  are 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  rmd  Pauenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE  N.J. 

"  IlSIfe  v . 

Boston,  Mass.,  Post  Office  Square  Bldg 

i.  STEWARTSV1LLE,  N.  J.  Po,<offl“s<‘“"1 

July  23.  1912. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

Edison  Laboxatoy, 

Orange,  U.  J. 

My  dear  Harry 

On  Prlday  last,  when  I  wee  at  Orange, 

I  called  upon  the  young  man  at  the  Phonograph  Works,  who 
has  charge  of  hiring  the  labor,  and  he  promised  he  would 
let  me  hear  on  Monday  whether  or  not  he  could  obtain  any 
common  labor  for  us  here.  I  told  him  that  we  would  pay 
16 ft  an  hour. 

I  expected  a  letter  from  him  today,  but 
our  last  mail  1b  in  and  X  have  not  heard  anything  from  him. 

I  am  writing  you,  as  I  failed  to  take  a  memorandum  of  his 
address.  Will  you  please  show  this  letter  to  him,  and  ask 
what  success,  if  any,  he  had  in  obtaining  25  to  40  men  for 
us.  If  there  is  any  proepeot  of  hiB  getting  men,  we  will 
send  down  Borne  of  our  people  to  bring  them  up.  We  will, 
of  cpurae,  pay  railroad  fares  and  take  care  of  the  men 
after  their  arrival. 

Xf  there  is  any  prospect  of  getting  men, 
please  call  me  on  telephone  tomorrow  morning. 

Yours  very  truly. 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Jnn.n  of  Do.rf  Telegraph.  Freight  end  Peueoger  Stuioo.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

Treee.  p.  o.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  “ 

Dear  Ur.  Edison:- 

Attaohed  please  find  another  point  of 
view  of  the  cement  situation  in  the  Lehigh  Valley  and 
Hew  X.ork  State  dietriotB.  The  final  figures  will  show 
you  that  at  all  times  during  the  past  five  years  we  have 
been  hut  only  a  short  distance  from  conditions,  which  if 
they  had  been  understood,  all  the  manufacturers  oould 
have  so  handled  them  as  to  have  prevented  the  zuinouB 
competition  which  ha b  existed.  I  shall  he  glad  to  have 
your  comments  ae  to  these  figures. 

Yours  vety  truly, 




During  1906  there  wee  a  ehortage  of  cement 
and  all  mills  in  the  Lehigh  Valley  and  Hoar  York  Otate  districts 
operated  to  full  capacity  and  olrtained  living  prices  for  their 
produot.  On  Uov.  1,  1900,  these  two  Diotricto  had  a  stock  of 
cement  of  1,050,000  barrels.  (November  1st  is  taken,  because 
it  usually  ends  the  heavy  shipping  Beason) .  In  the  euooeeding 
years,  the  stocks  of  cement  were  as  follows:- 


November  1  -  1907  1,590,000  Bbls. 

"  1  -  1908  3,130,000  " 

"  1  -  1909  2,710,000  " 

"  1  -  1910  1,630,000  " 

"  1  -  1911  2,400,000  " 

Vor  the  purpose  of  comparison,  to  enable  us 
to  learn  approximately  the  percentage  excess  of  stock  on  hand 
each  year  as  compared  with  the  actual  annual  amount  manufac¬ 
tured,  let  us  assume  that  if  the  stock  of  cement  each  year  on 
November  1st  was  the  same  as  that  of  November  1st,  1906,  that 
it  would  have  meant  similar  market  conditions  to  those  of  1906. 

The  excess  stock  on  above  assumption  is 

os  follows:- 

Excess  amount  of  stook 
over  that  of  Nov.  1st,  1906 
Stock  of  Cement  (1.050.000  Barrels^ 

Nov.  1,  1907  1,590,000  Tlbls.  540,000  Dbls. 

"  1 .  19C8  3,130,000  "  1,080,000  " 

"  1,  1909  2,710,000  "  1,660,000  " 

"  1.  1910  1,630,000  ”  580,000  " 

"  1,  1911  2,400,000  "  1,300,000  « 

A  comparison  of  the  excess  amount  of  stock 
each  year,  as  above,  with  the  amount  manufactured  each  year. 


’.Till  G ive  the  percentage  of  oxfa o o  % t o  ck’lna ,m fa c tu rod ,  which 
is  oa  follows 

Output  Lehigh 

Valley  and  How  York 
State  Mstrintn 

Lxooss  Amount 
of  Stoak 
■  each  year  on 

MOV.  lnt. 

Excess  of 


26,700,000  hhlo . 

640,000  Bbls. 



22,200,000  " 

.1,080,000  •' 


26,400,000  " 

1,660,000  " 



29,600,000  •' 

680,000  " 



29,200,000  '• 

1,380,000  " 


'J.'ho  percentage  exoeao  of  stock  figures 
ohow  that  in  the  past  five  years  we  have  only  been  from 
2$j  to  6%  away  from  the  favorable  conditions  of  1906.  This 
fact  should,  however,  he  remembered,  that  an  excess  amount 
of  stock  is  carried  from  year  to  year  and  affects  subsequent 
years.  Por  instance,  anemia  that  in  1909  we  had  manufactured 
1 , 660 ,000  barrels  less  than  we  did,  it  would  have  been 
necessary  during  1910  and  1911  to  have  manufactured  more 
than  we  produced  to  have  taken  care  of  the  shipments  in 
those  two  years. 

One  of  the  principal  roasono,  then,  for 
the  very  severe  competition  of  the  past  two  years  is  the 
excess  stock  oarried  over  each  year  from  1909,  and  the  fear 
of  the  excess  capacity  to  produoe. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  O.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

August  2,  1912, 

Edison  laboratory 

My  dear  Harry:-  ( 

1  have  nceived  Mr.  Edison's  memorandum 
relative  to  royalty  to  he  paid  to  Coats,  will  you  please 
send  me  Mr.  Costs'  letter,  so  I  may  get  his  address  from 
it,  as  I  failed  to  make  a  memorandum  of  it  When  the  letter 
was  forwarded  to  you. 

I  note' Hr.  Edison's  list  to  whom  he 
eapeota  to  make  payments,  and  will  discuss  the  names  with 
him  the  first. time  I  am  in  Orange,  as  I  think  several  of 
the  people  he  has  covered  are  dead. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

a,  Sec’y  &  Asst.  Trees, 

»»  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 
P.  o.  address.  STEWARTS  VILLE,  N.  J. 


York.  N.  Y.,  St.  Jamei 
►h,  Mass*,'  Foil  offle 

August  10.  1912. 

Hr.  Wm.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft: - 

Replying  to  yours  7th,  I  note 
the  appointment  with  Mr.  C.  M.  Schwab  for  August  17th, 
and  I  will  arrange  to  be  on  hand. 

As  they  will  arrive  about  11:00  A.M. 
we  will  have  to  consider  lunch.  Does  Mr.  Edison  expect 
to  take  care  of  them  at  lunch,  and  if  so,  will  he  arrange 
to  have  lunch  served  in  the  library  or  does  he  prefer  to 
have  me  take  them  to  Gilford's,  or  what  probably  would 
be  better,  to  have  Mr.  Ifcrer  arrange  so  that  they  could 
go  to  the  Country  Club. 

Please  advise  Mr.  Edison’s  wishes  in 

the  matter. 

Yours  very  truly, 



The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  O.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

EdiBon  Laboratory, 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft:- - 

I  read  your  letter  of  12th  to 
Mr.  Mallory  over  telephone  today.  In  reference  to  Mr. 
Schwab  and  hi a  Argentine  friends  visiting  the  Labor¬ 
atory  on  Saturday*  the  17th,  and  he  agrees  with  you 
that  it  would  be  better  to  have  a  table  lunch  than  to 
expect  the  visitors  to  help  themselves,  and  this  would 
undoubtedly  be  rather  awkward. 

Mr.  Mallory,  therefore,  understands 
that  you  will  arrange  this  part  of  the  programme  and 
that  you  will  make  whatever  arrangements  are  neoessary. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Assistant  to  President.  ' 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph.  Freight  end  Ptmeeger  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

as.  STEWARTSV1LLE,  N.  J.  SE2Sf&  HSfe 
August  15,  1912.  mB 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratories , 

Orange ,  H.  J. . 

Bear  Sir:-  ^ 

We  had  a  serious  aocident/in  the  quaxTy 
Tuesday  night  about  11:00  P.M.  The  old  Vuloan  shovel 
has  been  loading  the  yellow  rook  along  the  Bide  of  Ho.  1 
quarry,  and  was  shut  down  about  6:00  o'clock.  During  the 
night  it  rained  heavily,  and  about  11:00.  o'olook,  a  Btone 
weighing  approximately  60  tonB  rolled  from  the  very  top 
of  the  bank,  and  hit  ,the  shovel  in  about  the  middle  of 
the  frame.  It  broke  the  engines,  bent  the  "IS  beams  in 
the  frame  badly,  broke  the  steam  oonneotlonB,  also  the 
engine  on  the  crane,  and  bent  various  other  partB,  bo  it 
is  impossible  to  use  the  shovel. 

After  going  over  the  matter  carefully  and  dis¬ 
cussing  it  with  Mr.  Mallory,  we  deoided  to  take  the  frame 
of  the  other  Vuloan  shovel,  and  what  parts  wo  can  use, 
and  construct  a  new  shovel. out  of  the  two  old  ones.  I 
estimate  that  this  will  oost  about  #1500. $4,  and  will  take 
at  least  three  weeks  to  do  it,  as  I  do  not  believe  we 
can  got  efficient  labor  to  work  on  it  day  and  night. ' 

In  the  meantime,  I  have  gone  back  to  operating  as 

we  wore  this  Spring,  that  is,  a  double  shift  in  Ho.  2 
quarry.  The  only  objection  to  operating  this  way  1b 
that  if  anything  should  happen  to  tbe  hoist  or  the  steam 
shovel,  the  plant  would  soon  rim  out  of  stone.  Further¬ 
more,  this  Spring,  we  were  unable  to  grind  sufficient 
ohalk  to  keep  the  kilns  in  operation,  but  I  have  made  a 
ohange  in  the  method  of  feeding  the  ohalk  plant ,  whioh  has 
increased  the  output,  and  I  hope  by  the  help  of  this  that 
we  will  be  able  to  keep  the  kilns  going,  even  though  using 
blue  rook  altogether. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Mr.  H.  ?.  Miller. 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Harry 

Please  note  carbon  copy  attached  of 
letter  to  Mr.  Edison.  We  are  anxious  that  he  should  take 
this  matter  up  promptly,  so  to  be  able  to  bring  out  any 
points  he  may  have  in  mind  in  the  testimony,  and  I  would 
appreciate  it  if  you  would  keep  in  touch  with  Mr.  Edison 
in  this  matter  from  day  to  day,  so  that  we  may  make  the 
appointment  at  the  earliest  possible  date. 

Yours  very  truly, 



August  19,  1912. 

Pear  Mr.  Edison:- 

•  1  Peg  herewith  to  hand  you  a  letter 

from  Mr,.  Hi  ok  a,  whioh  explains  itself,  also  confirming 
my  conversation  with  you  of  Saturday.  Mr.  Jlicko  is  very 
anxious  to  have  you  go  oyer  carefully  the  questions  con¬ 
tained  in  his  letters  of  August  17th  and  Slay  29th,  and  - 
then  arrange  so  that  Bentley,  Mason  and  Ur.  Hicks  can 
go  over  to  the  Laboratory  some  time  after  four  o’olook. 
just  as  soon  as  you  are  ready  to  talk  the  matter  over 
with  them. 

The  testimony  is  going  on  at  present. 
Mason  and  Kiefer  will  he  testifying  the  next  few  dayB,  end 
they  are  anxious  to  have  the  talk  with  you  at  the  earliest 
possible  date,  as  you  may  probably  think  of  some  points  to  , 
bring  out  whioh  may  not  ooour  to  them  and  which  they  could 
cover. in  their  testimony.'  Therefore,  just  as  soon  as  you 
are  ready,  please  have  Harry  Miller  notify  me  by  ’phone  and 
I  will  arrange  with  Hicks.  Bentley  and, Mason. 

Yours  very  truly. 



September  4,  1912.1  wb 

Mr.  W.  S.  MAllory,  President,  I 

Office . 

Pear  Sir: r 

Yesterday  I  called  upon  Mr.  T.  F.  Manviile, 
President  of  the  H.W. Johns-Hanville  Company,  Madison  Ave. 

&  41st  Street,  In  reference  to  the  recent  inquiry  we  have 
from  the  Asbestos  &  Asbestio  Corporation,  l«. ,  of  Asbestos 
Quebec.  The  Johns-lianville  Company  are  operating  the 
Asbestos  Corporation,  taking  out  of  an  open  pit  by  overhead 
cableway,  approximately  1700  tons  of  asbestos'  bearing 
rook  per  day.  This  rook  oomes  out  in  pieoeB  up  to  and 
including  5  tons,  which  they  find  it  necessary  to  reduce  to 
a  siz4  that  will  pass  through  small  crushers.  What  they 
.  wish  to  accomplish  is  to  install  a  crusher  able  to  take 
these  sizes  and  reduce  to  6.  or  8  inch  cubes  in  one  opera¬ 
tion.  We  described  our. 6' *  5*  rolls,  cost,  horse  power 
required,  royalty  charges,  etc.,  and  found  Mr.  Manviile 
very  much  interested.  He  discouraged  our  plan  of  going 
to  Quebec,  saying  that  all  business  would  bo  done  from  -  ' 
his  office,  and  the-  trip  to  Quebec  would  be  a  useless 
expense.  He  particularly  requested  that  we  write  their  '  - 
General  Superintendent,  Mr.  Shoemaker,  giving' in  detail  all 
the  facts  we  gave  Mr.  Manviile,  which  of  course  we  are 
^ing.  fc.  Manviile  promised  that  no  decision  Would  he 

•'  '  #2. 

made  without  oomraunicating  with  ub  again. 

We  are  to-day  writing  Mr.  Walter  Tomkins,  asking 
him  to  invite  Mr.  Kanville  to  visit  Tomkins  Cove,  and  alBo 
to  give  a  slight  expression  of  his  views  regarding  the 
desirability  of  the  Edison. Rolls. 

We  also  oallea,  as  you  will  note  upon  Bark 
Commissioner  Stover,  and  upon  the  following  arohiteots: 
Col.  3 .  Hollis  Wells,  #32  liberty  Street,  of  Clinton 
&  Russell;  Griffin  &  Wynkocp  Co. ,  Room  2212,  #30  Churoh 
Street,  in  regard  to  oonorete  produots.  Thby  have 
both  promised  if  we  will  send  them  samples  of  our  oast 
stone  to  oritioixe  same  and  make  suggestions  as  to  ohanges 
and  modifioations  that  will  adapt  it  for  ubs  in  Hew  York 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Sept.  18,  1912. 

Mr.  H.  E.  Miller,  Treas., 

Orange,  M.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Supplementing  our  letter  of  Aug.  16th, 
giving  details  of  charges  against  Licensees,  also  expenses 
incurred  for  the  month  of  July,  account  of  the  Edison 
Crushing  Roll  Co.,  amounting  to  $711.26,  below  please  find 
statement  embodying  Royalties  which  were  received  sinoe 
writing  you  on  Aug.  16th:- 

SSSK  N*  Y  *  SlTJ.m?.  Bulufinr 

p.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N„J. 

Amount  ohargeahle  to  licensees  per  our 
letter  of  16th  ult. 

Royalties  received  for  July:- 

Solvay  Process  Co. 

U.  S.  Crushed  Stone  Co. 

Tomkins  Cove  Stone  Co.  ■ 

Rational  limestone  Co.- 
Kelley  Island  1.  &  T.  Co. 

"  "  (Marblehead  plant) 

"  "  (Akron  n  ) 

"  "  (White  Rock  »  ) 

3  30#  K.I.1.&  T.Co.  to  Solvay  9 

Deduct  amt.  chargeable  to  Roll  Co.  direct 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  o.  address,  STEWARTSV1LLE,  N.  J. 

Lear  Mr.  EdiBon:- 

Saturday  afternoon  I  had  a  very  satis¬ 
factory  talk  with  Col.  Trexler  and  Mr.  Young.  I  had  a 
great  curiosity  to  know  whether  or  not  they  expected  to 
attend  the  dinner  given  hy  Mr.  Morron  and  what  their 
attitude  was  towards  an  Eastern  Association.  1  find  they 
are  both  apparently  very  much  in  favor  of  oloser  coopera¬ 
tion  on  some  of  our  trade  abuses,  and  I  was  much  surprised 
to  hear  Trexler  Btate  that,  considering  the  higher  cost 
of  coal,  labor,  bags  and  supplies  entering  into  the  manu¬ 
facture  of  oement,  together  with  the  depreciation  on  the 
mills,  that  90 f!  for  cement  was  too  low,  and  it  ought  to 
be  at  least  $1.00  to  obtain  a  fair  return  for  the  stock¬ 
holders.  He  also  stated  that  they  had  probably  manufac¬ 
tured  cement  the  early  part  of  this  year  as  cheap  as  they 
ever  could  do  it,  and  that  he  was  convinced  that  the  selling 
policy  followed  in  the  last  twelve  months  was  all  wrong. 

He  blamed  it  on  the  sales  department,  saying  that  he  had 
salesmen  who  would  give  away  their  mills  to  their  custo¬ 
mers  without  any  hesitation.  Altogether,  his  attitude  and 


that  of  Mr.  Young  was  apparently  very  muoh  changed  from 
what  it  must  have  been,  judging  from  their  selling  policy 
in  the  last  couple  of  years.  Haturally  I  am  much  pleased 
to  hear  both  Trexler  and  Young  talk  as  they  did,  but  I 
shall  have  more  real  faith  after  1  have  heard  them  express 
themselves  at  Mr.  Morron's  dinner,  and  also  watch  the 
developments  during  the  winter. 

What  has  been  accomplished  bo  far,  of 
course,  is  quite  satisfactory,  but  under  present  conditions 
is  no  test  of  what  may  happen,  as  there  is  a  heavy  demand 
for  our  product,  and  the  extreme  oar  shortage  in  the  West 
is  throwing  us  some  WeBtem  business.  Young  told  me  that 
at  their  Mitchell,  Ind. ,  plant,  they  have  plenty  of  cement, 
but  were  having  great  difficulty  to  get  cars  and  were  very 
much  behind  on  their  shipments,  and  from  another  source 
I  have  been  advised  that  the  shipments  of  the  Universal  Co. 
from  their  Chicago  mills  for  September  will  probably  fall 
25/j  to  30J?  below  the  amount  of  their  shipping  orders  for 
the  lack  of  cars,  and  I  think  this  is  probably  true,  for 
the  reason  that  we  have  had  inquiries  from  Chicago  dealers 
for  cement  from  whom  we  have  had  no  orders  for  three  or 
four  years. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Tdqp.pL  Freijla  ud  Pmcnger  Sudoo.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

P.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.  J. 

September  25,  1912, 


.  Kerry  Miller, 

Grange,  II.  J. 

dear  Sir:- 

VI e  have  just  received  an  order  from 
Philadelphia,  calling  for  shipment  of  a  mixed  car  of 
cement  and  limestone,  to  Mr.  Charles  H.  Calehuff,  50  So. 
8th  st. ,  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  and  in  connection  Tilth  same 
hove  received  advice  from  our  Hr.  Vlakeman,  that  this  party 
is  connected  in  someway  with  the  Phonograph  Co.  It  seems 
that  this  gentleman  now  represents  the  Phonograph  Co. ,  ana 
has  seme  connection  with  a  gentleman  by  the  name  of 
Stewart,  who  was  associated  with  Mr.  Edison,  with  the 
2rsy  Machine.  If  you  can,  therefore,  give  us  any  infor¬ 
mation  as  to  tho  financial  standing  of  business  ability 
of  Mr.  Calehuff,  we  will  very  much  appreciate  tho  favor. 

Yours  very  truly, 


EDT-KL  Secretary. 

September  26th,  1912 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 

Mr.  >ym.  E.  Horne,  Seo'y. 

Stewartsvi lie ,  If.  J. 

Door  Sir: 

Your  communication  of  September  25th  hddroBsed  to  Mr. 

H.  Millo'r,  bra  been  referred  to  this  Deportment  for. attention,  end 
in  reply  would  advise  Jfhi,chns.  A.  Calehuff  is  handling  our  line 
of  nnetosoope s  os  a  Jobber,  and  we  supply  him  his  full  require¬ 
ments,  the  eooount  running  sometimes  os  high  nB  $3,000.00  per 
month,  and  is  discounted  promptly  on  the  tenth  of  the' following 
month,  we  feel  sure  Mr.  Calehuff  would  not  assume  ony^obligation 
he  wsb  not  in  a  position  to  discharge. 

trusting  this  information,  which  is  furnished  without 
responsibility  to  ourselves,  may. bo  of  some  Bervico  to  you,  we  beg 
to  rerain 

Yours  very  truly, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated,  v 

Credit  Department, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telfgriph,  Freight  «nd  Pureogtr  Station.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 

October  2nd,  1912. a 


Yobk.  N.’y.,  ‘  St.  lame*  Building 

foil  once  IJu.  re  Bldg. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

_ Please  note  the  attached  report 
from  Dr.  Kiefer, result  of  finer  grinding  of 
the  chalk  and  harder  burning  of  the  clinker. 

I  have  arranged  to  have  Inspectors  put  on  both 
day  and  night  shiftB  at  the  Clinker  Plant  who  will  be 
responsible  for  the  quality  of  the  clinker,  with  power 
to  shut  down  a  kiln,  at  any  time,  when  the  o linker 
is  being  underbumed. 

I  believe  that  we  will  probably  Bave  the  ooBt 
of  these  Inspeotors  in  being  able  to  grind  the  higher 
lime  harder  burned  clinker  at  a  higher  rate  per  hour, 
and  alBo  with  less  trouble  during  the  Winter,  in  slow 
hardening  complaints  from  our  oustomerB. 

Yours  very  truly. 





The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Mr.  W.  S.  Mallory, 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pauenger  Sletion,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J. 

p. o. address,  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.J. 

Sept.  30  -  1912. 



On  Sept.  19  we  began  an  experiment  which.had  in 
view  fine  grinding  of  the  chalk  -  hard  burning  of  clinker  and 
fine  grinding  of  the  cement.  This  was  carried  out  as  carefully 

as  possible  under  my  supervision  and  as  complete  records  kept 
as  possible  to  get.  In  order  to  show  the  comparison  I  shall 
arrange  results  of  this  test  and  our  regular  operations  in 

parallel  columns  with  notes. 


We  endeavored  to  grind 
all  the  chalk  to  85$  pass¬ 
ing  the  200  sieve.  We  did 
not  succeed  in  doing  this 
however  as  the  chalk  plant 
would  not  make  it  and  for 
about  4  hours  out  of  the 
24  the  fineness  was  below 

I  give  the  fineness 
by  hours 

Passing  Passing 
100  Mesh  200  Mesh 
8  A.M.  96.2  86. 

11  A.M.  92.6  82. 

12  A.M.  96.0  86.6  : 

l;  P.H.  96.0  85.4 

2  P.M.  96.4  85.4 

3  P.M.  96.6  86.2 

4  P.M.  95.4  86.0 

Regular  Operations 

Our  regular  chalk 
averages  about  74$  passing 
a  200  meBh  sieve. 

In  our  regular  op erst  ions 
the  chalk  fineness  runs  from  about 
72$  passing  a  200  mesh  to  76$ 
and  averages  about  74$. 




7  P.M. 
8:30  P.M. 
9:00  P.M. 
10:00  P.M. 
10:30  P.M. 

ii:oo  p.m. 

12:00  P.M. 

1  A.  M. 

2  A.  M. 

3  A.  M. 

4  A.  M. 

5  A.  H. 

6  A.  H. 

7  A.  M. 















It  will  be  noted  that 
we  did  not  keep  up  to  85#  as 
is  about  the  average  at  other 
Mills  but  fell  3#  below.  It 
will  also  be  noted  that  from 
7  to  11  P.M.  it  was  impossible 
to  get  the  fineness  above 
80#  even  though  we  only  had 
one  roll  on  part  of  the  time. 
Nevertheless  the  average  iB 
much  better  than  our  usual 
run  and  the  final  results  are 
correspondingly  better. 

SM"  Vt.r)o 

Clinker.  | 

I  watched  the  burning  of  : 
the  clinker  very  carefully  : 
during  the  entire  24  hours  : 
the  aim  being  to  burn  nothing  : 
but  hard  olinker  and  keep  the  ; 
per  oent  of  underburned  center: 
down  to  a  minimum.  During  the: 
day  we  were  only  able  to  run  ; 
3  kilns  and  even  with  closest  : 
watching  we  could  not  make  : 
kiln  #4  produce  as  good  clinker 
as  the  other  two  kilns.  : 


In  our  regular  operations 
I  am  satisfied  from  testB  I  mV- 
by  selecting  a  few  lbs.  of  clinker 
at  random  over  the  olinker  stook 
house  and  picking  out  the  under¬ 
burned  pieces  that  fully  33#  is 
not  burned  as  hard  bb  it  should  be. 
The  effect  of  this  on  both  the 
boiling  test  and  the  rate  of  hard¬ 
ening  is  evident. 


Ur,  V. 


The  pile  of  olinker  burned  ;  ; 
during  the  day  had  there-  :  ; 
fore  more  or  lesB  under-  :  ; 
burned  aentere  but  far  less  :  : 
than  our  regular  cement.  :  : 

At  night  we  had  five  :  : 
kilns  running  and  aucoeeded  in  : 
getting  kiln  #4  to  burn  what  :  : 
I  oonsider  good  clinker.  :  : 

V/e  therefore  kept  the  :  • 
night  clinker  separate  so  as  :  : 
to  know  how  the  boiling  test  :  : 
would  come  on  clinker  which  ;  ; 
was  all  hard  burned  and  to  :  : 
compare  it  with  the  clinker  :  : 
burned  during  the  day  which  :  : 
contained  some  underburned,  s  s 
clinker.  I  consider  the  j  s 
pile  of  clinker  burned  at  :  : 
night’  as  good  as  can  be  made  :  : 
in  our  kilns  until  they  are  :  s 
all  on  slow  speed.  :  : 

Grinding  .the  Cement.  :  : 

We  gave  orders  to  grind  :  : 
all  of  this  cement  above  :  : 
85#  fineness.  How  v/e  sue-  :  : 
ceeded  is  shown  by  the  fol-  :  : 
lowing  hourly  sievings:-  :  : 

Passing  "  l 
200  sieve  ; 

8  A.  II. 

9  A.  M. 

10  A.  M. 

11  A.  M. 

1  P.  M. 

2  P.M. 

3  P.M. 

4  P.  M. 








Our  regular  grinding 
averages  about  83  to  84#. 


There  were  1800  barrels 
of  this  kept  separate  in  Bin 
#1  and  as  it  was  ground  in 
about  8  hours  the  rate  of 
grinding  hard  burned  clinker 
to  89.3#  fineness  was  above 
225  barrels  per  hour  possibly 
250  or  more. 

Boiling  Testa. 

The  boiling  tests  on  the 
pile  of  clinker  burned  during 
the  day  whioh  contained  some 
underburned  were  all  95#  that 
is  pretty  near  O.K.  at  the 

The  boiling  tests  on  the 
clinker  burned  at  night  which 
was  all  good  hard  clinker  were 
all  O.K.  at  the  start. 


Passing  100  Hesh  s=  97.6 
"  200  "  -  89.3 

Flour  Test  =  59.7 


Lime  s  63.04# 

Tensile  TestB: 


24  Hr.  Heat  TestB.  Average  320 
7  day  "  "  11  738 

7  "  Saild  "  3X2 

Compression  Tests. 

On  a  1:  3:  5  mixture  after 
3  days  hardening 

lbs.  per  sq.  inch. 


349  lbs. 

Boiling  Tests. 

Our  regular  boiling 
tests  on  cement  as  made  are 
usually  very  poor  i.  e.  from 
85  to  90#. 


Passing  100  Hesh  =  95.0 
"  200  11  ■  84.0 

Flour  Test  s  54. 8# 

Lime  o  62.7# 

Tensile  Tests. 


24  Hr.  Heat.  Average  250 
7  day  "  11  650 

7  11  Sand  "  225 

Compression  Tests. 

On  a  1:  3:  5  mixture  after 
3  days  hardening 

lbs.  per  sq.  inch 







Ur.  V/. 



Inorease  of  special  : 
cement  over  a  regular  cement: 
under  exactly  the  Bame  oondi* 
tions  53. 1%  ; 

Autoclave  Teats. 

15  hags  of  this 
spe  cial  cement  was  put  in 
the  Humidor.  In  days 
10  of  these  bags  passed  the 
Autoclave  boiling  test. 

It  is  safe  to  assume 
that  the  5  whioh  required 
longer  were  from  the  pile 
whioh  had  underburned 

Autoclave  Tests. 

Our  regular  cement 
requires  from  10  days  to  one 
month  seasoning  in  the  humidors 
before  it  will  pass  the  Auto¬ 
clave  test. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 



asr  i 

October  9,  1912. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 


My  dear  Harry 

I  wish  you  would  arrange  to  have  the 
Ledger  of  the  N.  J.  &  P.  C.  Works,  which  has  the  entry 
of  Maroh,  1899,  Roaster  Experiment,  packed  and  forwarded 
by  express,  charges  collect,  to  W.  S.  Mallory,  o/o  Louis 
Hicks,  #71  Nassau  St.,  New  York,  as  I  wish  to  use  this 
in  testifying  in  the  Long  Kiln  suit. 

Please  ask  the  carpenter  who  packs  the 
Ledger  to  put  on  the  top  of  the  box  by  screws,  so  that 
we  can  get  the  top  off  easily,  and  then  have  it  ready  to 
use  when  we  wish  to  return  the  Ledger  to  you. 

Kindly  have  this  gotten  off  promptly, 
as  I  am  liable  to  be  called  almost  any  day. 

Yours  very  truly, 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

|““  Tdejnpk,  Freight  ud  Puienger  Slition,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  n 

AMt.  Trca*.  P.  O.  ADDRESS,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  P^OfflasSSi'^ldj. 

October  24,  1912.  ns 

Mr.  H.  E.  Hiller,  Secretary, 

3  A.  Edison,  mo... 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Replying  to  yonr  letter  of  October  25th,  in 
regard  to  the  speoial  high  grade  limestone  for  the 
laboratory.  I  am  not  sure  from  your  letter  whether  Mr. 
Edison  wants  another  carload  of  the  limestone  shipped  from 
the  Rational  limestone  Company's  quarry  at  Martinsburg, 

W.  Va. ,  or  whether  he  wants  another  carload  shipped  from 
our  Oxford  quarry.  We  have  shipped  a  oar  from  eaoh 
plaoe  within  the  last  year  and  I  do  not  know  whioh  he  wants. 

Please  advise  promptly  and  I  will  make 
necessary  arrangements. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

I  want  to  give- you  a  few  facts  as  to 
the  coal  situation,  which  has  been  extremely  Berious  the 
laBt  few  days.  Owing  to  the  labor  strikes  in  the  West¬ 
moreland  district  this  year,  we  made  contracts  with  two 
large  coal  operating  companies  in  the  West  Virginia  dis¬ 
trict  for  our  supply  of  gas  slack  for  our  kilns,  and  we 
have  been  able  to  get  probably  80^  of  our  requirements. 
Anticipating  the  car  shortage,  we  started  in  July  last 
accumulating  coal,  and  so  on  Saturday  last  we  had  on  the 
ground  here  and  in  cars  enroute  about  26  days  supply  of 
coal.  On  Saturday  we  received  a  telegram  stating  that  the 
B.&  0.  R.  R.  had  put  an  embargo  on  all  coal,  and  would  not 
deliver  any  more  coal  to  any  of  the  other  railroads,  be¬ 
cause  the  other  railroads  were  not  returning  the  empty 
B.&  0.  cars.  On  McaiSay&  eent  Mr.  Opdyke  to  Baltimore, 
and  Monday  afternoon  he  telephoned  me  that  he  thought  the 
matter  was  so  serious  that  I  better  go  to  Baltimore,  which 
I  did  on  Monday  night. 

Yesterday,  after  very  oondiderable  delay 
I  succeeded  in  reaching  the  third  Vice  President  of  the 

B.  &  0.,  and  arranged  with  him  to  release  the  embargo  on 
coal  which  had  already  been  loaded  for  us,  and  consigned 
to  ua,  but  which  the  railroad  had  declined  to  move,  and 
at  the  same  time  I  learned  that  so  much  pressure  had  been 
brought  to  bear  upon  the  railroad  from  every  source,  that 
they  had  decided  to  raise  the  embargo,  so  that  the  proB- 
pects  are  now  that  we  will  get  say  75#  of  the  amount  of 
our  contracts. 

Knowing  that  the  car  shortage  will  un¬ 
doubtedly  continue  and  that  when  the  cold  weather  comes  on 
with  the  usual  winter  delays,  we  will  have  more  or  less 
trouble  in  obtaining  the  coal,  I  am  arranging  to  purchase 
2,000  or  3,000  tons  extra  to  put  on  our  pileB.  Our  con¬ 
tracts  are  made  on  the  basis  of  70/  per  ton  f.o.b.  mines, 
and  for  the  extra  ooal  we  buy,  we  will  probably  have  to 
pay  $1.30  f.o.b.  mines,  but  I  think  it  is  wiser  to  pay 
this  advanced  price  so  to  make  assurances  doubly  Bure. 

Yours  very  truly, 


—  -  * - ...  | _ L 

Supt.  of  the  Asbestos  &  Asbestio  Corp.,  of  Asbestos,  Que., 
came  to  Easton  by  appointment  and  we  brought  him  to  the 
Mill.  Mr.  Mason  and  I  showed  him  the  Giant  Rolls  in 
operation  upon  a  number  of  large  pieces  of  Oxford  stone, 
and  he  was  very  much  impressed  with  all  he  saw,  and 
expressed  the  feeling  that  the  Giant  Rolls  would  answer 
their  requirements  very  well.  He  has  promised  to  visit 
Tomkins  Cove,  if  possible,  with  the  writer,  and  we  hope  • 
that  his  President,  Mr.  T.  E.  Manville,  will  join  the  party. 

As  Mr.  Shoemaker  described  their  oper¬ 
ations  to  us,  it  consists  of  a  large  pit  quarry.  They 
have  a  lift  of  approximately  150  feet  to  the  surface,  and 
this  being  done  by  overhead  cableway  similar  to  slate 
operations.  They  are  now  operating  at  about  1800  tons 
per  day,  and  they  desire  to  increase  thiB  output  to  3,000 
adding  another  mill.  They  have  two  mi Hi  on  the  ground, 
separated  by  some  distance  to  eliminate  fire  risk,  and 
intend  building  a  third,  and  it  is  their  wish  to  install 
v-  a  central  crushing. plant -to  supply  these  three  mills. 

It  is  Mr.  Shoemaker's  desire,  on  acc 


of  the  very  severe  weather  conditions  encountered  for 
four  or  five  months,  to  crush  all  their  material  to  6" 
and  under,  separating  out  the  fine  produce  up  to  and 
including  1"  to  r£",  and  stocking  the  materfal  above 
that  size,  which  can  be  used  at  any  time.  They  find 
that  with  their  severe  weather  conditions,  the  smaller 
or  finer  material  freezes  badly,  and  cannot  be  profitably 
worked  during  the  Winter.  90  to  95$  of  the  material 
they  excavate  from  the  ground  is.  wasted,  as  their  rock 
carries  from  5%  to  1%'  of  asbestos  content,  and  at  this 
small  percentage  a  very  handsome  profit  is  realized. 

Mr.  Mason  and  the  writer  feel  confi¬ 
dent  that  favorable  developments  will  ensue  from  the 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

harder  and  have  inspectors  to  report  hourly  on  the  same.  For 
the  sake  of  comparisons  1  here  with  give  you  the  results  of 
tests  on  oement  made  before  and  after  that  date. 

TEHSILE  TESTS.  To  get  a  fair  comparison 
of  these  I  have  taken  the  daily  average  for  the  last  IB  days 
in  September  as  representative  of  the  old  clinker  and  for  the 
last  IB  days  in  October  as  representative  of  the  harder  clinker 
made  under  closer  supervision. 

24  Hour  Heat  Tests. 

Average  -  Sept.  IB  to  Sept.  30  -  263  Lbs. 

"  -  Oct.  IB  to  Oot.  30  -  282  lbB. 

Gain  7.3# 

7  Day  Neat  Tests. 

Average  Sept.  IS  to  Sept.  30  -  623  lbs. 

"  Oct.  16  to  Oot.  30  -  610  lbs. 

Loss  2.# 

7  Pay  Sand  Tests. 

Average  -  Sept.  IB  to  Sept.  30  -  279  LbB. 

"  -  Oot.  IB  to  Oot.  30  -  320  " 

Gain  '  14.7# 

Mr.  W. 




Three  lots  of  cement  made  before  Oct.  7th 
and  three  lots  of  cement  made , after  Oct.  15th  were  made  up 
into  8  x  16  inch  cylinders  of  a  1  cement,  3  sand  and  5  stone 
mixture.  Three  cylinders  were  made  up  in  each  test  and  they 
were  crushed  at  the  end  of  72  hours  to  give  a  comparison  of 
the  rate  of  hardening: - 

1st  Test  -  Oct.  25th,  1912. 

Light  burned  Clinker  286  lbs.  per  sq.  inch. 

Hard  ■ "  "  439  H  "  " 

Gain  :  of  hard  burned 
over  light  burned  -  53.5# 

2nd  Test  -  Nov.  1st,  1912. 

Light  burned  Clinker  196  lbs.  per  sq.  inch 
Hard  "  "  286  "  «  » 

Gain  of  hard  burned 
over  light  burned  -  45.7# 

3rd  Test  -  Nov.  8th,  1912. 

Light  burned  Clinker  337  lbB.  per  sq.  inch 
Hard  »  "  351  "  "  " 

Gain  of  hard  burned 
over  light  burned  -  4.1# 

4th  Test  -  Nov.  13th,  1912. 

Light  burned  Clinker  321  lbs.  per  sq.  inch 
Hard  ?  «  321  "  »  " 


lot.  Since  we  are  burning  harder  clinker  we  notice 

the  boiling  tests  are  better  than  they  have  ever  been 
before.  They  are  not  yet  what  they  should  be,  but  I 


think  they  will  come  0.  K.  when  we  are  in  poBition  to 
grind  finer  chalk. 

In  making  up  the  pats  and  briquettes  we  find 
the  cement  works  more  like  other  brands  than  formerly. 

When  the  pats  are  setting,  we  notice  they 
have  more  of  the  glossy  appearance  of  other  brands 
than  formerly.  That  is,  it  looks  like  a  more  active 
cement  instead  of  the  dull  dead  look  on  the  pats. 

The  24  hour  Heat  Tests  I  have  never  considered 
of  any  importance,  yet  it  is  frequently  held  up  against 
us.  The  gain  of  7.3#  may  at  times  be  just  enough  to 
pull  us  over. 

We  have  never  had  any  serious  trouble  over 
7  day  Neat  Tests.  A  loss  of  2#  is  therefore  not 
important . 

Seven  day  Sand  Tests  are  important,  hence  a 
gain  of  14.7#  is  very  gratifying. 

The  first  two  sets  of  compression  tests  were 
very  satisfactory,  being  about  50#  higher  for  the  hard 
burned  clinker. 

The  thir<l/  and  fourth  tests  were  from  cement 
which  we  made  since  we  are  burning  harder  clinker,  but 
this  clinker  also  has  with  it  a  lot  of  old  clinker 

which  we  have  been  putting  in  from  the  yard  the  paet 
several  weeks,  and  I  think  this  accounts  for  no  gain. 

We  also  notice  the  boiling  tests  are  not  so  good,  which 
I  also  attribute  to  this  old  clinker. 

Very  truly. 

Mr.  W.  S.  MALLORY, 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Albert  C.  Burrage,  Jr.,  86  Ames  Bldg., 
Boston,  Mass.,  called  at  the  office  today,  inquiring  for 
information  and  data  regarding  Giant  Roll  Crushers.  Mr. 
Mason  and  myself  talked  with  him  at  length  and  showed  him 
Giant  Rolls  in  operation  crushing  large  peices  of  Oxford 

"Mr.  Burrage  and  his  Father  are  now  inter¬ 
ested  in  a  property  they  intend  developing  in  Chili  in  con¬ 
junction  with  the  Guggenheim  interests.  The  property  is 
200  miles  inland  from  the  coast,  at  an  elevation  of  9000  ft. 
There  is  a  railroad  to  the  property,  but  unsatisfactory,  and 
they  intend  building  their  own  railroad.  This  is  a  copper 
proposition  similar  in- many  respects  to  porphory,  but  of  a 
harder  nature,  similar  to  qudrftz. 

It  is  their  wish  to  erect  a  plant  to  do 
8000  or  9000  tons  per  day,  reducing  to  .  The  proposition  a  quarry  and  steam  shovel  operated.  After  the 
material  is  crushed,  it  is  subjected  to  sulphuric  acid  and 
the  copper  leaches  out,  or  precipitates. 

Mr.  Burrage  was  told  of  the  Tomkins  Cove  ■ 


Stone  Co's,  operations  as  ah  ideal  one  for  his  purpose, 
and  we  have  requested  him  to  arrange  a  day  to  visit  this 
property  with  us,  which  it  is  hoped  he  will  do  in  the 
very  near  future. 

Yours  very truly, 


Copy  to 

Mr.  MASON. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

ilnnan  of  Board  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pawenger  Station.  NEW  VILLA( 


SF'  itlS'fe.  v. 

Boston,  Mass.,  Post  Office  Square  Bldj 

■y"rA.«,  Trcaa.  p.  o.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

November  18,  1912 

Mr.  H.  S’.  Miller,  Trees., 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Harry:- 

I  saw  Mr.  Shelmerdine  on  Friday  last 
in  Philadelphia,  and  he  was  quite  disappointed  that  he 
had  not  received  a  notice  as  to  the  Annual  Meeting  of 
the  Storage  Battery  Co.  I  told  him  that  I  was  quite 
sure  one  must  have  been  mailed  to  him. 

I  wish  you  would  look  over  the  proxies 
and  see  whether  or  not  he  signed  and  forwarded  you  a 
proxy.  It  is  possible  he  did  so  and  then  forgot  about 
the  meeting. 

He  is  also  anxious  to  see  a  copy  of 
the -annual  statement,  as  he  stated  that  Mr.  Pilling  had 
a  copy  of  it.  If.  you  do  not  have  a  copy  which  you  want 
to  send  him,  cannot  you  make  a  little  synopsis  of  it  and 
forward  it  to  me,  so  I  may  in  turn  send  it  to  him.  trs~ 
(Wra-cte-  o^w  Yours  very  truly, 


O'JJvjmaoCl’  Cdweru 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

;l™“°  ot  B°arii  Telegraph,  Freight  and  Parteager  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  priri.ADiit.rmA  Pa 

A.r«.  Treae.  P.  O.  ADDRESS.  STEWARTS  VILLE,  N.  J.  EZSHik 

November  22,  1912. 

Mr.  H.  F.  Miller, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Harry 

Relative  to  the  tax  on  land  at  Edison,! 

N.  J.,  beg  to  state  that  last  summer  Mr.  Carhart  arrangeA 
with  the  local  assessor  to  put  the  property  in  at  $15,000.00, 
which  the  assessor  did.  Mr.  Carhart  went  to  Sparta  last 
week  and  there  learned  that  the  assessor  had  died  about  a 
month  ago.  He  then  saw  a  member  of  the  Equalization  Board 

and  found  that  the  Board  had  raised  the  assessment  to 
$30,000.00,  because  a  statement  was  published  that  Mr. 
Edison  had  paid  $60,000.00  for  the  property.  Mr.  Carhart 

explained  to  the  Board  member  that  the  $60,000.00  included 
accounts  and  a  lot  of  other  things  in  addition  to  the  real  1 
estate,  and  obtained  blanks  from  the  Board  member,  and  we  I 
will  appeal  from  the  assessment  and  believe  that  we  will 

undoubtedly  be  able  to  get  it  down  to  $15,000.00,  the- _ 

original  amount  put  in  by  the  assessor. 

That  Mr.  Carhart  may  have  the  figures  / 
to  give  in  his  testimony,  please  take  off  the  N.J.&  P.C.  i 
Works  ledger  a  memorandum  of  the  amount  of  the  charges  / 
on  the  books  against  the  Cement  Co.,  Storgge  Battery  Co.,  J 

Ore  Milling  Co.,  N.  Y.  Cone.  Works,  and  have  somebody 
make  affidavit  that  the  amounts  you  give  me  are  the 
amounts  shown  on  the  ledger.  1  have  no  doubt  but  what 
with  this  information  we  will  be  able  to  get  the 
assessment  much  reduced. 

Please  show  this  letter  to  Mr.  Edison 
Yours  very  truly, 





The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


Mid‘n7”“,  Freight  «nd  Pledger  Suite.,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

’  ,  Vice-President  "Swark  N  Y"  | 

.a...,  Tr™.  p.o.  address,  STEWARTS  VILLE.N.J.  ",r<i'£"8'5! 

November  26,  1912. 

Mr.  H.  P.  Miller, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Harry 

Mr.  Mason  and  I  want  to  come  down 
and  talk  over  with  Mr.  Edison  relative  to  the  changes 
we  propose  to  make  in  the  Chalk  Plant,  so  to  increase 
the  grinding  capacity  to  enable  us  to  grine  fine  raw 


We  now  plan  to  come  down  on  the  -3rrS5 
train  Wednesday,  Nov.  27th,  arriving  at  the  laboratory 
about  <4-r©©-|P .  M. 

*1?,"  Will  you  please  ask  Mr.  Edison  whether 

or  not  it  will  be  convenient  for  him  to  see  us  some  time 
between  four  and  f  lva,  and  if  so,  telephone  or  telegraph 
me  tomorrow  morning. 

Yours  very  truly, 


. Dec.. . 4, . 1.912..... 

Walter  S-  Mallory,  Esq..', 

Pres't  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 

Stewartsville,  II.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Malory:  - 

Edison  et  al  vs.  Alsen’s  Works. 

Enclosed  find  bill  to  Mr.  Edison  dated  Hov.  30,  1912,  for  ser¬ 
vices  in  the  long  kiln  suit;  also  statement,  dated  ITov.  30,  1912, 
showing  that  the  amount  due  on  account  of  the  hill  rendered  Sept.  30, 
1912  and  the  foregoing  hill  of  Hov.  30,  1912,  is  $827.74.  Please 
send  the  enclosed  hill  and  statement  to  Mr.  Harry  E.  Miller,  request¬ 
ing  him  kindly  to  attend  to  the  payment  thereof. 

With  regards,  I  am, 

Yours  very  truly, 


The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freighl  and  Pauenger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N,  J.  „ _ _ “*«*•«„ 

p.o.  address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J. 

December  7  -  1912. 

£S:V"  ISiEfeg. 

Jlr.  William  H.  Meadoworoft, 
Edison  laboratory, 
Orange,  H.  J. 
Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft 

In  accordance  with  the  resolution 
passed  at  the  recent  meeting  of  the  Directors,  1  have 
ordered  D.  Appleton  &  Co. ,  Hew  York,  to  forward  you  a 
copy  of  Mr.  Arthur  Jerome  Eddy's  book  "The  Hew  Competition", 
and  I  wish  again  to  reaffirm  the  request  made  at  the 
meeting  that  you  will  carefully  read  this  book,  as  I  think 
there  is  hardly  any  doubt  but  what  at  our  next  Directors' 
meeting  I  shall  ask  the  Directors  to  vote  whether  or  not 
it  iB  advisable  for  our  Company  to  operate  under  thiB  plan. 

As  stated  to  you,  eminent  lawyers  such 
as  Mr.  John  G.  Johnson  of  Philadelphia,  have ’given  opinions 
that  the  plan  is  not  contrary  to  the  Sherman  law,  and  in 
fact,  one  attorney  BtateB  that  it  would  be  safer  for  our 
Association  to  operate  under  it  rather  than  not  to  have 
any  definite  plan,  for  the  reason  that  the  Eddy  plan  has 
received  the  approval  of  the  department  of  justice. 

1  fully  realize  when  I  was  talking  at 
the  meeting  the  other  day,  that  what  I  was  saying  was 

contrary  to  the  existing  opinion  of  competition,  but  I 
fully  believe  that  after  you  have  carefully  read  the 
book  that  you  will  then  better  realize  the  position 
that  I  took  at  our  last  meeting  in  connection  with  this 

Yours  very  truly. 

o^_  -Vt5 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  . 

Edison  laboratory. 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

NEW  VILLACE,  N.J.  piH  saws  offices: 

SS;V"  ESIE&i. 

so ember  12,  1912.  ws 

Replying  to  yonr  memorandum  in  regard  to  the 
limestone  from  Martin sburg,  W.  Va.  I  have  telegraphed 
MoFadden  and  he  advises  me  that  shipment  had  been  delayed 
on  aooount  of  shortage  of  labor,  bnt  it  would  surely  be  shipped 
early  this  Week. 

I  have  also  wired  him  to  trace  shipment  and  rush 
it  as  much  as  possible,  and  will  advise  you  as  soon  as  I 
hear  anything  definite. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

You  will  remember  that  when  I  was  able 
last  Spring  to  obtain  from  the  D.I>.&  W.  a  reduction  on 
our  freight  rate  from  Oxford  to  New  Village  of  5/  per  ton 
making  the  rate  20/  per  net  ton  as  against  25/  per  net 
ton  on  limestone,  as  it  had  been  previously,  that  I 
agreed  just  as  soon  as  the  market  price  of  cement  warranted 
the  old  rat e^ that  I  would  bo  notify  the  D.1.&  W.,  it  being 
understood  that  the  lower  rate  was  merely  an  emergency 
rate  made  during  the  period  of  ruinous  competition. 

Knowing  that  the  D.1.&  W.R.R.  officials 
are  familiar  with  the  change  in  the  selling  price  of  our 
product,  last  week  while  I  was  in  Hew  York  I  went  and  saw 
Mr.  Flynn,  Vice  President  of  the  D.L.&  W.,  who  has  charge 
of  all  traffic  matters,  and  told  him  that  I  had  come  in 
to  tell  him  that  after  the  first  of  January,  1913,  the 
market  price  was  such  that  our  Company  could  afford  to 
pay  the  higher  freight  rate,  and  that  in  accordance  with 
my  promise  I  was  there  to  so  notify  him.  Mr.  Flynn  was 
very  much  pleased,  and  remarked  that  experiences  of  that 


charaoter  very  eeldom  happened  to  a  railroad  man.  Then 
we  diacuused  other  matters,  and  just  before  I  left,  I 
said  to  him:  "Of  course,  if  you  put  our  rate  up,  you 
will  also  increase  the  rate  from  Franklin  Furnace  to 
Oxford  on  the  stone  which  is  being  shipped  to  the  Empire 
people,  as  I  understand  that  you  reduced  their  rate  temp¬ 
orarily  because  you  had  made  a  reduction  to  ub,  and  if 
our  rate  from  Oxford  is  increased  the  Hichols  quarry 
rate  should  also  be  increased.^  After  some  little  talk 
on  this  phase  of  the  situation,  Mr.  Flynn  decided  it  would 
be  best  not  to  disturb  the  situation  in  any  way,  and  aB 
a  result,  we  will  continue  to  get  out  stone  from  Oxford 
on  the  20^  rate,  which  will  make  a  saving  to  us  of 
$10,000.00  to  $12,000.00  per  year,  so  that  t£e  have  the 
satisfaction  of  having  kept  faith  and  at  the  same  time 
we  make  the  saving. 

Yours  very  truly, 



The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

P.  o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J. 

Last  week  I  attended  the  convention  of 
the  ABeociation  of  American  Portland  Cement  Manufacturers 
which  had  a  four  days'  session  in  New  York.  93#  of  the 
entire  output  of  United  States,  exclusive  of  the  Pacific 
Coast,  was  represented  at  the.  convention,  and  it  wsb  the 
most  harmonious  and  satisfactory  meeting  we  have  ever  held 
and  I  believe  did  more  to  patch  up  the  personalities  which 
have  existed  in  our  business  than  anything  that  has 

happened  in  the  last  four  c 

•  five  years .  For  inBtanci 

Hagar  and  Gerstell  have  not  been  on  speaking  terms;  Hagar 
and  Young  (Lehigh)  have  been  at  swords  points,  and  these 
matters  have  all  been  straightened  out,  and  there  is  a 
better  personal  understanding  today  than  I  think  has  ever 
existed  before  in  our  industry. 

Some  very  excellent  work  was  also 
accomplished  in  the  Association,  among'  -other  things 
being  a  uniform  cost  sheet  covering  items  of  depreciation, 
a  contingent  fund  for  unusual  accidents,  and  a  fund  for 

extinguishment  of  quarries.  This  form  of  cost  sheet  was 
unanimously  adopted  by  the  Association,  and  now  steps  will 

fce  taken  to  have  every  Company  adopt  these  three  items 
ae  part  of  their  costs,  and  if  nothing  else  would  result 
from  our  meeting  than  the  adoption  of  this  system  hy  all 
the  Companies  the  time  will  have  been  well  spent.  We 
are  starting  a  campaign  now  to  try  and  get  every  Company 
to  agree  to  have  these  three  items  in  their  costs. 

The  Committee  on  Statistics,  of  which 
I  am  Chairman,  also  made  very  clear  to  all  the  manufac¬ 
turers  the  fact  that  from  the  first  of  April  to  the 
first  of  December  in  the  last  ten  years,  and  in  every 
year  without  any  exception,  the  shipments  for  these  eight 
months  have  exceeded  the  production  for  the  same  eight 
months,  and  that  the  surplus  of  stock  which  has  had  the 
effect  of  breaking  prices  has  in  every  case  been  made 
by  the  winter  operations  from  December  1st  to  March  31st, 
and  it  was  clearly  pointed  out  that  there  was  great  danger 
of  the  Companies  manufacturing  too  much  during  the  present 
winter  and  having  such  a  surplus  of  stock  on  hand  the  first 
of  next  April  as  to  destroy  the  opportunity  which  we  now 
undoubtedly  have  for  a  large  volume  of  business  at  fair 
market  prices  for  1913. 

There  was  other  good  work  done  which  I 
will  not  take  time  to  enumerate  at  present. 

Yours  very  truly, 

"N/vS"Vvs^  oXSLo~x~^/ 




New  York,  December  10, 1912. 
Association  op  American  Portland  Cement  Manufacturers, 
New  York  Citt,  New  York. 


Your  committee  on  Trade  Conditions  has,  as  we  understand  it, 
to  deal  with  what  perhaps  might  best  be  expressed  by  the  term 
"Trade  Practices,”  and  to  consider  and  recommend  to  the  mem¬ 
bers  of  our  Association  such  trade  practices  and  methods  of  con¬ 
ducting  our  business  as  seem  best  suited  to  conditions  affecting  our 
welfare  and  best  interests,  and  also  of  those  to  whom  we  sell  our 

In  the  last  report  of  this  Committee  submitted  in  May  at  the 
Chicago  meeting,  we  outlined  briefly  what  seemed  to  us  to  be  the 
more  important  features,  and  we  feci  it  proper  at  this  time  to  sub¬ 
mit  for  your  consideration  further  recommendations. 

Your  experience  in  marketing  Portland  cement,  together  with 
its  rapidly  increased  use,  has  resulted  in  the  evolution  and  general 
adoption  of  practices,  terms  and  conditions,  which  are  pretty 
generally  satisfactory  to  all  concerned;  and  while,  perhaps,  the 
recognized  best  practices  of  to-day  are  not  perfect  and  ideal  from 
every  point  of  view,  they  are  the  result  of  unsatisfactory  experi¬ 
ence  and  operation  under  practices  which  they  have  superseded, 
and  as  they  deal  with  and  fairly  represent  and  protect  the  interests, 
of  the  manufacturer,  dealer  and  contractor,  they  may,  therefore, 
be  considered  commercially  ideal  and  may  be  briefly  summarized 
ns  follows: 

First. — Sales  to  dealers  for  trade  requirements  on  the  basis  of 
issuing  quotations  for  seven  day  acceptance  and  for  shipment 
within  thirty  days. 


Second. — Sales  for  speoifio  work, 

(а)  To  the  dealer  for  re-sale  to  and  use  by  the  contractor  at 
the  price  quoted  for  the  specific  job. 

(б)  To  the  contractor  direct  for  use  by  him  on  a  specific  job 
at  the  price  quoted  for  the  specific  job. 

In  determining  a  sales  policy  to  bo  practised  in  any  industry, 
which  is  to  be  sound  commercially,  it  must  be  the  result  of  a  careful 
analysis  of  the  interests  of  not  only  the  manufacturer  of  the  com¬ 
modity,  but  also  of  the  interests  of  those  to  whom  it  is  sold  and  by 
whom  it  is  used,  and  must  be  fair  to  all  concerned.  In  the  ce¬ 
ment  industry  these  factors  are  the  manufacturer,  dealer  and 
contractor,  whose  interests  appear  os  follows : 

First,  Manufacturer. 

The  cement  manufacturer  begins  the  year’s  operation  with 
a  certain  amount  of  stock  on  hand,  a  manufacturing  capacity  and 
a  certain  amount  of  contracts  for  delivery  during  that  year.  As 
the  maximum  of  sales  for  delivery  during  that  year  cannot  exceed 
the  amount  of  stock  on  hand,  plus  the  manufacturing  capacity 
less  contracts  on  hand,  it  is  absolutely  essential  in  properly  regu¬ 
lated  sales  and  manufacture  that  every  order  entered  shall  repre¬ 
sent  an  obligation  on  the  part  of  both  buyer  and  seller  to  take  and 
deliver  that  quantity  represented  by  every  order  at  the  price 

The  manufacturer’s  business  is  successful  and  well  regulated, 
or  the  reverse  in  proportion  to  the  observance  or  non-observance 
of  this  practice.  For  example: 

If,  on  June  1st,  after  the  time  from  January  1st  has  been  spent 
by  most  companies  in  securing  orders  at  the  expense  of  time,  sala¬ 
ries  and  traveling  expenses  of  salesmen,  at  whatever  may  have 
been  the  price  during  that  period,  a  decline  in  price  should  take 
place  by  reason  of  circumstances  entirely  beyond  that  manu¬ 
facturer’s  control,  he  is  then  confronted  by  a  situation  under  which, 
unless  he  reduces  the  price  of  the  contracts  he  has  taken  to  the 
then  market  price,  they  are  worthless,  i.  e.,  the  purchaser  will  not 
take  the  cement  at  the  contract  price  and,  further,  the  calendar 
has  progressed  to  that  season  of  the  year  where  he  cannot  sell  the 
cement  he  has  reserved  for  these  contracts  to  others.  His  whole 
manufacturing  and  sales  operation  is  disrupted  and  his  success 
seriously  impaired.  All  of  which  illustrates  forcibly  the  negative 
value  of  any  price  unless  applied  to  shipments  actually  made  at 
that  price  and  the  supreme  and  vital  importance  and  necessity  of 
operation  under  a  sales  policy  by  which  every  order  or  contract 
entered  means  absolutely  an  obligation  on  the  part  of  the  seller  to 

deliver  and  a  like  obligation  on  the  part  of  the  buyer  to  take  during 
the  period  and  at  the  price  stated  every  barrel  irrespective  of  mar¬ 
ket  prices. 

This,  or  any  other  business,  cannot  operate  successfully  on  any 
other  basis.  It  is  fair  to  all  concerned.  It  cannot,  however,  be 
made  effective  if  manufacturers  voluntarily  offer  to  reduce  con¬ 
tracts  to  the  market  each  time  a  decline  takes  place,  and  dealers 
and  contractors  cannot  be  blamed  for  such  conditions. 

Second,  Dealer. 

The  function  of  the  dealer  in  building  material  is  that  of  render¬ 
ing  to  his  customer,  the  contractor,  a  service  for  which  ho  expects 
and  is  entitled  to  a  reasonable  profit  over  and  above  the  cost  of 
performing  such  service,  and  a  reasonable  profit  over  and  above 
his  cost  on  the  re-sale  to  the  contractor  of  such  material  os  he  buys 
from  the  manufacturer,  and  the  delivery  of  this  material  to  the 
contractor  for  use  by  him  in  such  building  operation  as  he  may 
have  undertaken. 

It  is  a  matter  of  common  knowledge  that  speculation  in  build¬ 
ing  material  does  not  result  in  any  profit  from  such  speculation 
over  a  period  of  years,  the  gains  in  one  year  being  offset  by  the 
losses  the  next  year,  so  that  the  interests  of  the  dealer  could  best 
be  conserved  by  purchasing  general  trade  requirements  on  the 
market  from  month  to  month,  and  the  purchase — and  the  sale  by 
the  dealer  to  the  contractor  of  material  for  each  specific  job  based 
on  the  price  quoted  by  the  manufacturer  for  that  specific  job. 

This  operation,  on  both  general  trade  and  specific  work  pur¬ 
chases,  protects  the  dealer  in  a  profit  on  his  general  trade  business 
and  on  specific  work  contracts,  entirely  eliminating  speculative 
gains  or  losses  in  what  would  seem  to  be  an  ideal  plan  of  operation 

It  would  be  well  for  the  dealer  and  the  manufacturer  to  carefully 
consider  the  value  of  each  to  the  other,  and  to  realize  that  condi¬ 
tions,  either  of  policy  or  expediency,  create  the  middleman  and 
cause  him  to  be  a  factor  in  the  distribution  of  cement  from  manu¬ 
facturer  to  the  contractor,  who  is  the  consumer.  If  the  manu¬ 
facturer  feels  the  best  net  results  can  be  secured  by  direct  sales  to 
contractors,  the  dealer  os  a  factor  is  eliminated  from  his  sales 
policy.  If  he,  on  the  contrary,  feels  his  interests  are  best  con¬ 
served  by  working  with  and  through  the  dealer,  he  so  conducts 
his  business;  but  the  strength  of  any  factor  between  the  manu¬ 
facturer  and  the  consumer  lies  in  its  value  as  an  economic  and 
effective  means  of  distribution. ,  It,  therefore,  becomes  apparent 
that  the  middleman  or  dealer  is  valuable  to  the  manufacturer  and 


the  contractor  in  just  suoh  proportion  as  is  measured  by  the  ser¬ 
vice  which  he  renders. 

Third,  Contractor. 

The  protection  to  the  contractor  in  the  price  of  cement  for  a 
certain  operation  based  on  tho  price  on  which  he  figured  and  se¬ 
cured  the  contract,  would  seem  to  fully  protect  the  interests  of 
the  contractor  as  a  factor  in  the  cement  sales  policy.  In  case  of  a 
decline  in  price,  the  contractor  Could  no  more  expect  a  reduction 
in  the  cost  of  cement  for  any  specific  job  than  he  would  expect  or 
be  wilting  to  pay  an  increased  price  in  the  face  of  on  advance  in 
market  price.  The  contractor’s  profit  in  each  building  operation 
is  included  in  the  price  at  which  he  agrees  to  take  the  job,  and  his 
ability  to  get  cement  to  complete  the  job  at  the  price  upon  which 
he  had  figured  in  arriving  at  his  estimate  would  seem  to  completely 
protect  his  interests. 

Prior  to  the  adoption  of  the  7-30  basis  of  general  trade  quota¬ 
tions  for  dealers’  general  trade  requirements,  the  general  practice 
was  to  sell  a  certain  quantity  of  cement  at  an  agreed  price  to  be 
taken  during  a  specified  period  running,  say,  from  three  months  to 
one  year,  such  sales  being  generally  made  about  January  1st  and 
at  about  the  low  price  for  the  year,  with  the  result  that  in  an  ad¬ 
vancing  market  the  buyer  got  the  advantage  of  the  advance  and 
competed  with  the  manufacturer  on  his  own  product,  and  in  a  de¬ 
clining  market  the  buyer  did  not  take  out  the  cement  unless  the 
price  was  reduced  to  the  market,  and  if  the  dealer  lived  up  to  his 
contract  he  suffered  from  the  observance  of  bis  purchase  in  com¬ 
petition  with  his  competitor,  who  bought  at  the  low  price;  result: 
manufacturer  lost  both  ways  and  had  no  chance  to  benefit.  Being 
unsound  in  principle  and  not  fair  alike  to  both  parties,  this  method 
of  sale  condemned  itself. 

Tho  same  conditions,  however,  result  from  the  abuse  of  the 
method  of  Bales  for  a  specific  job  overestimated;  for  instance,  a 
job  requiring  600  barrels  of  cement  is  covered  for  1500  barrels. 
If  the  market  advances,  the  dealer  has  1,000  barrels  at  the  low 
price  with  which  to  compete  against  the  manufacturer  trying  to 
take  advantage  of  an  advance  in  price,  and  if  the  market  declines 
and  the  contract  is  carried  out  for  the  work  specified,  the  excess 
of  1,000  barrels  is  cancelled  on  account  of  the  job  being  over¬ 
estimated,  resulting  again  in  tho  manufacturer  losing,  no  matter 
what  takes  place. 

Every  manufacturer  concedes  the  justice  and  fairness  to  all 
concerned  of  the  recognized  best  practices  of  to-day,  but  feels  that 
while  correct  in  theory  they  are  not  capable  of  strict  application 

because  bis  competitor  does  not  insist  on  such  operation.  The 
competitor  feels  tho  same  way  about  the  other,  with  the  result  that 
each  manufacturer  goes  on  doing  things  of  disadvantage  to  him¬ 
self  and  others. 

A  very  apparent  condition  has,  therefore,  been  established  in 
that  cement  is  bought  by  the  buyers  on  their  terms  instead  of  being 
sold  by  the  manufacturers  on  terms  and  conditions  alike  fair  to 
the  buyer  and  the  seller.  Surely,  it  ought  not  to  be  difficult  to 
secure  concerted  action  on  the  part  of  tho  manufacturers  in  some¬ 
thing  of  more  vital  importance  than  price,  which  is  feasible,  de¬ 
sirable  and  legal.  Uniformity  in  the  observance  of  proper  trade 
practices  and  methods  can  only  result  in  more  satisfactory,  stable 
and  healthy  conditions  for  the  manufacturer,  dealer  and  contractor 
alike.  A  satisfactory  price  is  of  value  only  when  represented  by 
shipments  made  at  that  price,  and  is  nullified  to  that  extent  to 
which  it  is  affected  by  poor  trade  ethics.  Operate  under  proper 
trade  practices  and  the  price  will  automatically  regulate  itself. 

Your  committee  will  be  glad  to  receive  any  suggestions  which 
members  may  wish  to  make,  and  to  take  up  and  consider  any 
matters  pertaining  to  trade  conditions.  A  general  discussion  of 
this  subject  nt  the  Association  meetings,  we  believe,  would  be 
productive  of  much  good  to  the  industry. 

Respectfully  submitted, 

W.  A.  Holman,  Chairman 
B.  F.  Affleck 
Albert  Moyer 
Geo.  F.  Bayle 
J.  E.  Zahn 
D.  McCool 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

T«|eg»pl.,  Freight  and  Paiwngcr  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.J. 

P. o. address,  STEWARTSVILLE.  N.J.  OFFICES: 

ssafifl it 

Mr.  Harry  g.  Hiller,  Treaa., 
Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Lear  Sir:- 

Leoember  30  -  1918. 

Enclosed  please  find  deed,  from 
Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  wife,  to  the  New  Jersey  and 
Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works,  dated  November  28, 
1889,  also  assignment  covering  contract  of  mineral 
rights.  Will  you  kindly  kindly  acknowledge  receipt, land 

Trusting  1913  will  bring  health 
and  prosperity  to  you,  and  with  kindest  regards,  1 
Leg  to  remain, 

\jnsjc  "V'o"  ~'2<vvvv-^  NiAa,^ 

v<^>-  «.  -T&"- 

su^t  sfepvxfcr  o^_^> —  i^u^or;  ^ 

'^»^v'  «^^vv-rTTV>-  ■5\W->-«rovr' 

^jWvaK-  cx~~4_.  ^  &-4-X-  o» — 

®JWo3C  a-  SaJ^iXA^oCdtir^- 

-t&S-  C>rv4^ML^.«jt^  SVsjwm.  ao^lcio  J^ 

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The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

,  Chairman  of  Board 

Telegraph,  Freight  and  Pareenget  Suture.  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

p.o.  address.  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.J, 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

•I  beg  herewith  to  "giye  you  a  memorandum, 
which  explains  itself:- 

At  the  dinner  given  reoently  by  Mr.  Morron, 
which  wae  attended  by  practically  all  the  cement  manufac¬ 
turers  and  a  considerable  number  of  the  large  stockholders 
of  the  various  Companies,  the  idea  of  an  Eastern  association 
among  the  manufacturers  of  the  Lehigh  Valley,  Hew  York  State, 
Maryland  and  Virginia  Districts  was  discussed,  and  a  Committee 
composed  of  Messrs.  Lober,  of  the  Vulcanite  Co.,  Young  of  the 
Lehigh  Co.,  Harding  of  the  Whitehall  Co.,  Brobston  of  the 
Dexter  Co.,  and  myself ,  were  appointed  to  oonsider  the  details 
of  the  proposed  association. 

Our  Committee  held  its  first  meeting 
yesterday  at  the  office  of  Mr.  Lober  in  Philadelphia,  and 
it  was  the  unanimous  opinion  that  an  Eastern  association 
be  formed  to  work  jointly  with  our  Hational  Association. 

The  Hational  Association  will  still  oontinue  to  have  oharib 
of  national  propositions,  such  as  tariff,  general 
publicity,  etc.,  whereas,  our  Eastern  association  will 

devote  itself  more  largely  to  our  local  problems,  buoH  as 
freight  rates,  and  other  traffic  matters,  working  up  the 
concrete  road  proposition  in  our  home  territory,  investi¬ 
gating  the  possibilities  of  an  export  company,  and  arranging 
to  out  out  certain  abuses  which  exist  in  the  trade  at  the 
present  time. 

A  detailed  report  will  be  prepared  in  the 
next  few  days,  and  then  a  general  meeting  will  be  called, 
at  which  the  new  association  will  undoubtedly  be  started, 
as  ^ere  is  a  very  decided  sentiment  in  favor  of  an  Eastern 
association  to  take  care  of  our  local  oonditionB.  I  will 
keep  you  advised  from  time  to  time  as  to  the  progress 
which  is  being  made. 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Corporate  Files  -  General  (1915-1919) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  dealing  with 
company  operations,  legal  matters,  and  issues  relating  to  the  First  World  War. 
Among  the  correspondents  are  Edison,  Walters.  Mallory,  and  Harry  F.  Miller. 
There  are  also  letters  by  Stephen  B.  Mambert,  vice  president,  financial 
executive,  and  later  president  of  EPCCo;  and  by  Frank  L.  Dyer,  general 
counsel.  Some  of  the  letters  pertain  to  costs  at  the  Stewartsville  works. 
Additional  letters  concern  the  impact  of  the  war  on  the  cement  industry;  coal 
shortages;  and  organizational  changes  at  the  cement  and  storage  battery 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  includes  monthly  statements  of  regional  sales;  invoices; 
and  documents  concerning  stock  transactions  and  other  company  finances. 
Many  of  the  unselected  items  pertain  to  transactions  with  other  Edison 


d&mobCX  &itm. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight  end  Peueoger  Station,  NEW  VILLAGE,  N.  J.  Pmt.4I)Etru^p“  A-ade  D-ld'-»,TVeo»,.r  STCmADTOlm'lPKM  BornS, ’ 'l&i:  ntloflMKS 

S.  Horkb,  See',*  Aaat.  Tw,  P.  0.  ADDRItss,  STEW  ARTS  VILLE,  N.  J. 

March  lyjt,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison 

You,r  note  to  Mr.  Mallory  has  been  handed  to  me  for 



I  am  afraid  it  would  be  very  difficult  if  not  impossible  to 
ship  95$  CaCo3  from  Oxford.  Our  highest  analyses  are;- 

May  30th  1911  -  95.40$ 

March  10,  1914-  96.20$ 

11  12,  11  -  95.20$  / 

May  30th,  "  -  95.40$ 

These  are  single  carload  lots.  During  the  last  six  months  o: 
1914  90$  and  91$  are  frequent  but  during  this  time  we  only  have  two 
days  averaging  over  92$.  Careful  working  of  our  quarry  will,  there¬ 
fore,  average  slightly  above  90$. 

If  you  desire  I  can  go  to  Oxford  and  sample  the  various  cor 
ners  and  see  if  any  95$  streaks  c/an  be  obtained  although  during  the 
past  year  I  have  at  times  kept  samples  of  the  derricks  separate  and 
found  none  over  92$  as  a .derrick  average. 

If  you  must  obtain  95$  stone  quietly  will  way  I  know  of  no 
quarry  now  operating  in  Hew  Jersey  that  can  furnish  it.  I  believe 
J.  B.  Millard  &  Son,  Annville,  Penna. ,  can  guarantee  95  or  96$  and 
Lowell  M.  Palmer  of  York,  penna.  can.  guarantee  97  or  98$. 

Have  followed  your  instructions  and  written  for  pub¬ 
lications,  out  in  the  meanwhile  forward  you  such  data  as  I  have 
in  my  files.  The  enclosed  papers. will  show  that  there  are  20 
patents  on  the  subject.  I  have  sent  for  all  of  them  and  shall 
forward  to  you  as  soon  as  received. 

The  patent  you  have  in  mind  is  evidently  CUBhman's  which 
is  described  in  the  enclosed  papers.  1  understood  Dr.  Cushman 
to  say  at  one  or  our  meetings  several  years  ago  that  he  had  made 
this  patent  public  property,  aithougn  I  may  be  mistaken  as  to 
the  identity  of  the  particular  patent  to  which  he  referred. 

Shall  forward  you  other  information  promptly  as 

Enclosures  -  Articles  from;- 
Metallurgical  ft  Chemical  Engineering  -  Nov.  1912 
"  "  "  Sept. 1912 

"  "  "  Feb.  1915 

"  «  «  .  Mar.  1915 

American  Fertilizer  -  July  29th,  1911 
"  "  Aug.  26th,  1911 

"  "  Oct.  7th-  1911 

"  "  Nov.  18th,  1911 

"  "  Dec.  16th,  1911 

Journal  or  Industrial  &  Engineering  Chemistry,  March  1912 
"  "  •  "  "  "  April  1912 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 

STEWARTSVILLE.  N.  J.  November  26,  1915 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr . .Edison 

X  beg  herewith  to  hand  you  memorandum 
of  the  estimate  of  changes,  as  worked  out  on  Tuesday,  in 
accordance  with  your  request. 

1  have  asked  all  the  bidders  to  have 
their  figures  in  net  later  than  Dec.  1st,  so  we  will  have 
the  mattdr  in  shape  to  present  to  you  and  the  Directors 
on  the  2nd. 

Yours  very  truly, 




ESTIMATED  COST  -  Chalk  Plant  -  Flan  "M"  $60,749.00 

”  "  -  Clinker  «  -  Plan  »F«  61,270.00 

Repairs  -  Quarry,  Railroad,  Crusher  Plant, 

Roasters,  Coal  Plant  &  Miscl.  repairs  18,473.00 

Mules,  Changing  Office, Office  Mchy.  6,500.00 

Reducing  Speed  of  Roll.e  1,000.00 

Stokers  at  Boiler  Plant  15,000.00 

Centrifugal  Pump  at  Creek  to  act  as  spare  250.00 


Of  the  above,  long-term  payments  amount  to,’  as  follows:- 

Allis-Chalmers  Co . : 

8  Tube  Mills  @  $6,800.00  eaoh  $54,400.00 
350  Tons  Cylpebs  @  $55.00  19.250.00 

73,660.00  ' 

General  Electric  Co.i 


450  HP  Motors  ®  $4,200.00 

Cash  Heeded: 

$71,792.50  ‘ 

There  will  he  an  economy  of  lead,  since  with  such  good 
support  as  the  kiln  shells  thinner  sheets  could  he  used  than 
ordinarily.  The  speed  of  reaction  and  production  of  acid  will 
he  very  much  increased,  due  to  control  of  draft,  inter-mixing 
and  contact  with  lead  surfaces. 

Under  this  project  the  present  kiln  plant  needs  noth¬ 
ing  to  he  converted  into  an  acid  producer  than  lining  the  shells 

with  lead  and  ereoting  a  sulphur  burner  and  a  Gay  LusBac  tower. 

If  great  merit  developed  in  such  a  chamber  system, 
there  are  several-  other  features  that  could  be  adopted  in  another 
plant;  one  of  these  is  a  supporting  cage  of  riveted  steel  for  the 
inclined  lead  shell,  using  the  minimum  steel  required  for  support. 

The  advantage  of  what  I  am  ready  to  offer  at  the  cement 
plant  is  the  substantial  buildings,  the  steel  shells,  the  boiler 
plant,  etc.  etc.  for  less  than  one-third  cost.  Other  buildings 
on  the  property  are  suitable  for  chemical  manufacture. 

I  would  be  pleased  if  you  would  place  this  matter  be¬ 
fore  Ur.  Edison  and  send  me  as  early  a  reply  as  possible,  as  I 
am  being  pushed  for  action  by  those  byowhose  concession  I  am 
holding  this  property. 

Yours  very  truly. 


April  24th.  1916. 

Dr.  Charles  F.  McKenna, 

60  Church  Street, 

Dew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Youi  favor  of  the  16th  instant  came  to  hana  in 
due  season,  ana  X  forwarded  it  to  Mr,  Edison  in  Florida. 

I  have  today  received  a  memorandum  from  him  re¬ 
questing  me  to  write  and  ask  you  how  many  kilns  there  are 
in  the  plant  you  mention  ana  what  type  and  quantity  of  grind¬ 
ing  machinery.  He  also  wishes  to  know  if  there  is  plenty 
of  water  at  the  plant-  Ho  says  that  ho  might  utilize  this 
plant  for  another  purpose  but  not  for  the  manufacture  of 

Awaiting  the  favor  of  your  reply,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Eais< 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

STEWARTS VI  LLE,  N.J.  October  13,  19X7. 

Mr.  S.  B.  Mambert, 

#31  Washington  St., 

E.  Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Mambert 

I  was  in  Washington  on  Wednesday,  but 
was  unable  to  see  Mr.  Garfield,  as  he  was  out  of  town  and 
would  not  return  until  the  early  part  of  next  week. 

However,  I  saw  his  first  assistant,  who 
told  me  that  they  had  stopped  giving  out  any  more  orders 
whioh  oommandeered  coal,  as  it  had  been  found  that  those 
already  issued  were  making  a  good  deal  of  trouble,  and  he 
assured  me  that  just  as  soon  as  navigation  oeased,  that  the 
ooal  situation  would  be  much  easier  in  the  East.  He  also 
stated  that  they  had  sent  representatives  to  the  lake  ports 
and  where  there  was  any  congestion  of  ooal  on  account  of 
shortage  of  ships  or  labor,  that  no  further  coal  would  be 
shipped  to  that  port,  so  that  he  believed  in  a  very  short 
time,  say  ten  days,  the  situation  would  start  to  straighten 
itself  out  in  the  East.  - =======  - 

"He  alBO  stated  there  was  no  one  for  )) 
whom  they^woul'd  rather  make  an  exception  than  Mr.  Edison, 
considering  the  workrthatAhe^has  done  andbis'doing,  but 
that'-Commi 88 loner  GarfielcP  hadLmade  v'fchev  absolute  rule,  which 
/;could  tiojt  be  changed  at  present,  and  he  suggested  that  if 
//  we ^haye/still  further  trouble  jaf.ter  ten  days,)  to  dome  to 
/y  Washington  again,  and  they  waul'd  do)  everything  (they  oould 

of  the  Cement  Companies  are  paying  the  Coal  Cos.  immediate 
cash  for  shipments.  That  is,  as  soon  as  the  coal  bill  and 
bill  of  lading  is  reoeived,  oheok  is  forwarded  immediately. 

On  our  September  ooal  bills,  we  expeot  to  pay  for  them  before 
the  20th,  but  if  we  were  in  a  position  to  pay  immediate  oash 
it  might  help  us  get  additional  coal.  X  will  keep  you  posted 
as  to  what  progress  is  made  in  this  matter. 


Yours  very  truly, 

NAt  S.-^oALo- 

Oot.  29, 


Mr.  W.  S,  Mallory, 
Dear  Sirj  ' 

Confirming  your  request  of  today* s  date  for  a  con¬ 
cise  report  on  our  1917-18  operations,  we  are  now  outlining 
Plan  designated  as  "0"  plan  to  oover  period  of  September  1, 
1917  to  August  31,  19*8. 

This  plan  in  principle  is  one  that  permits  the 
Plant  to  operate  full  per  time  ufiwL  either  on  Cement  o tU 
Pulverized  Limestone  in  aooordanoe  with  requirements  of 
either,  and  can  take  oare  of  a  reduced  Cement  Sale.  ThiB 
proposed  plan  is  so  elastic,  as  to  permit  us  as  soon  as  the 
stook  of  one  material  reaches  an  amount  that  can  he  properly 
flnanoed,  to  revert  over  to  the  other  material,  the  itcoE 
of~whioh  has#iaturally  decreased  by  that’  time.  .  As  far  as 
we  oould  foresee  conditions  for  the  ooming  year,  we  have 
formulated. a  plan  based  on  the  above  principle,  iVhich  is  as 
follows :  . ’ 

Manufacture  Cement  on  a  maximum  operating 
oapaoity  of  6  days  up  to  Deo ember  15,  1917.  Shut  ^ 
the: large Bt  part  of  the  Mill  down  during  thedays 
between  December  15  to  the  31st,  comprising  the  ^ 
Holidays.-  ..  ,  ...  . ’ 

Start  the  Jill l  in  full  operation  on  Lime¬ 
stone  January  2  to  Maroh  1,  grinding  approximately 
60,000  tons  of  Limestone.  Prom  this  production 
we  estimate  a  shipment  of  22,000  tons  in  January^ 
Pebruary,  leaving  a  stook  on  Maroh  1  of  approximately 
44,000  tons  :of  Pulverized  Limestone,  on  Maroh  1 
we  resume  Oement  operations  having  rcduoed  our 
stook  by  the  shipments  from  Deoember  15'  to  Maroh  1 
by  about  130,000  Bbls. 

As  the  stook  of  Limestone  accumulated  on 
Maroh  1  will  tales  oaro  of  the  demand  for  several 
ensuing  months,  we  start  operations,  confining 
such  operations  to  maximum  Oement  production,  and 
will  in  all  probability^ reaoh  a  point  by  June  15 
to  JUly  1,  when  the  stock  of  Cement  will  have 

YtAfioVia/1  -feVwa  Cononf+.w  R+.nnV-Vinn  ooa  ni*  ■fcVin/fc 

c\ir  Pulverized  Limestone  stock  has  bo  diminished 
as  to  p’ermit  us  to  change'  over  to  the  manufacture 
of  Pulverized  Limestone.  This  will  he  essential 
ih  as  mu  ah  as  the  movements  of  Pulverized  Lime¬ 
stone  in  August,  and  September  are  always  heavy,  - 

Should  for  reasons  that  we  can  not  foresee, 
shipments  of  C-emont  he  larger  than  we  anticipate, 
tho  plan.i  □  flexioblo  enough  t6  cliange  our  opera- 
tingaplans  of.  Cement  or  Limestone  earlier  or 
later,' as  the  occasion  requires,  .  Bfeaidee'  its 
flexibility,  Plan  "Cw  has  the  great  advantage  of 
permitting  this  Mill  to  operate  full  on  either 
material,  thereby  enabling  us  to  produoe  Cement 
or  Limestone  at  a  Xower  cost  tJian  we '  could, 
should  we  manufacture  Cement  Wrdraestcne’  to¬ 
gether,  as  it. was  done  heretofore,  a 'Mill  re¬ 

presenting  such  a  large  unit. as  this: must  be 
operated  to  at  least  90%  capacity  in  terder  to 

produoe  a' cost  per -unit  that  ,  is:  comtaereially  , 
profitable^  •  ^ 

’•7®  'Tiah  to  call  your  attention  to  the  im¬ 
portant  fact  that  with  Plan  fiC"  inoperation,  we 
wiU  be  able  to  retain  §0;?  of  our  organization.  -  k- 
Serious  as  the  lhbcr  conditions  are  we  all  must 
agree  that  any. manufacturing  establishment  that 
is  able  to  maintain  its  organization  will  save1  > 
an  amount; of -money  that  can  net  be  calculated,  i  -a 
but  which  undoubtedly  will  run  into  thousands  Q 
of  dollars,  due  to  the  fact  that  we  employ  a  ' 

great  deal  of  skilled  labor  who  will  work  and 
are  acoustomed  to  conditions  suoh  as  exist  in  a 
Cement  Mill.,  , 

The  IXanagoment  was  able  to  roduoe  the 
number  of  men  employed  in  the  manufacture  of 
Cement  from  320  to  2?0,  or  a  saving  of  50  men 
per  day  per  month*  ::::'  ;•  ’  .  •  -  .•  , 

We  estimate  that  Plan  “C«  will  save  us  over 
Plan  BBH  approximately  $100,000.00,  , 

aim  i  am 


Mr.  V.  S.  Mallory, 

Dear  (3ir : 

The  following  is  a  report  of  the' existing  o 
ticns  at  the  different  Departments  of  the  Edison  Pert 
Dement  Company  of  the  improvements  accompli shod  since 
1917,  end  suggestions  as  to  further  improvements,  1 


The  coat  per  ton  is  very  high  duo  to  method 
of  operation.  In  order  to  reduce  coot  two  plan 
should  be ■ considered.  •  '•  2?or  bcih.plah3ri!t'  wdhld 
he  necessary  to  bring  the  railroad  oars  down  to 
bottom , ofQuarry  on  either  a  3.35?  graded  using 
present  looomotiye,  or  on  a  grade  that  for  half 
of  the  distance  is  4?',  using  special  locomotive  , 
to.  null,  the  cars  and  no  crushing  of  the  stone  at 
Oxford  being  considered  for  the  present, 

imj&Lkj  .... 

We  would  decide  to'Sinfc  in  the  bottom  of  th< 
present.  Quarry,  in  which  case  ,We  would'  continue  t( 
use  derricks  butwould  hayp  no  stripping  and  woulc 
use  lees  coal  for  the  opofation’of  the 'ctorioics -'c 
and  drills  by  putting  the  bpi.ler  plant  and  der-  , 
ricks  ondthe  bottom  of  present  Quarry.  This  . 
would;  mean  a  saving  .of  about'  Gtf  per  ton,'  -  ' 

Msq  ‘  ,  ~  ' 

Wc ’decide  to  v/erb  the  Limestone  on  ftaub's 
property.  In  this  .we  Should  start  to  de¬ 
velop  the  Raub  property  with  tlie  steam  shovel  as 
pel-  attached  blueprint;  end  while  the  steam 
shovel  <1  eve  Ip  s  the  Quarry,  we  would  run  as  many 
clerricJcs  r.e  necessary  to  get  the  required  out¬ 
put  and  reduce  the  numbor  of  derricks  as  the 
shovel  increases  in  capo.oity,  Should  we  find 
that  in  loading  the  large  stone  from  shovel  into 
oars  we  are  liable  to  damage  the  oars  that  we 


dt WetAia 
w/.  f  / 

would,  brake  up  the  very  large  pieoes  and  I 
think  we  could  well  afford  to  do  that  and  U3e 
a  little  more  dynamite  in  order  to  make  the  m  ?u>o 

steam  shovel  operation  a  success?  which;  operation  f/'u*e 

■*  -'1- — *  - A-'i  against  v'  — -rz - - 


would  mean  a  saving  of  about  lfcjj  uer  ton  s 
the  present- way  of  operation. 

In  order  to  put  in  our  new  track  leading  to 
the  Dottom  of  }p regent  Quarry f  it  waa  necessary 
to  change,  the  course  of  the  country  road  in  ac¬ 
cordance  with  our  conditions.  V/e  are  at  work 
new .to -make  this  change  and  exooat  to  be  finished 
about  Movember  1, 

QUARRY  "A**  ■ 

Baring  1917,  Quarry  bottom  was  being  lowered 
by  13*,  causing  slew  operation  and  high  coat  nor 
ton.  Wie  new  face  will  run • da '  and  increase ' 
constantly,.  One-half,  of  the  length  of  the  face , 
is  low  8teir;(3S^)  and  tito  other  half  runs  65*2;  ' 

We  oan;  without  difficulty  work  that  part  of  the  «*# 

face  that  runs  Gii/j  ai*d  thereby  save  in  limestone. 

It  would  .be  .desirable  to  test  with  c,  diamond 
drill  how  far,  back  the  low  carbonate  atone  ex¬ 
pends  as  there  are  indications  that  we  will  find. 
the  stone  to  get  higher  in  carbonate  about  4o* 
back  from  the  present  face.  Due  to  the  higher 
facei  Quarry  "A"  will  iii  1918  give  us  the  out-  /  ‘Zu~*  rftZfrtr 
put  necessary  aft  a  decided  lower  coat;  ;^/pfr  /SOL> 


i  started  this  year  and;  there- 

This  Quarry  w;  _  _ _ _ m 

fore,  cost  raij  high;  1’he  stripping  in  quarry  “3» 
is  7’  to  a  3b'  faoe  not  counting  the '-’large  clay 
pockets  and  on  aoooimt  of  this  proportion  of 
stripping  to  the  height  of  the  face;4iir~ao  not 
think  we  will  get  a  satisfactory  cost  and  should 
use  this  quarry  as  a  reserve  only. 


In  1917,  when  both  Quarry  "a"  and  "B"  were 
operated  we  were  compelled  to  use  three  and  at 
times  four  locomotives  to  pull  the  stone  from  the 
two  Quarries.  In  1918  when  Quarry  “A" '.will 
•work  on  the  high  face  two  locomotives  will  do  the 



Attached,  please  find  table  shotr£,ng'"how  much 
more  Limestone  was  necessary  to  be- 'used' in  making 
the  proper  mixture  in  1917  against^previbus  years. 

CRtlSKER  &  DRYER  f;\ 

The  Rock  Crusher  performed  very  well  during 
1917,  Owing  to  the  water  in  Quarry  "A"  and 
because  the  Tube  Hills  will  give  the  best  results 
only  on  very  dry  material,  we  are  obliged  tc  re- 
dry  the  Cement  rock,  Redrying  costs  from  4f£ 
to  5p  per  ton  exclusive  the' cost  of  power.  Will 
have  to  improve  present  dryer  so  as  to  cu  t  down 
coot,  of  redrying. 

i.TixiuG  weighing 

•To  obtain  a  uniform -mixture  all  the  Cement 
rock  that  runs  below  60#  in  Carbonate  is  mixed  with 
Limestone  to-  a  certain  extent  in  the  Rock  Crusher 
by  drilling  the  skips  in  a  proportion  of  say  3 
skips  of  Cement  rock  with  one  skin  of  Limestone.  • 
This  preliminary  mixing  is  very  helpful  in  get¬ 
ting  a  Well  mixed  raw  material. 


In  Marah  1917,  I  ohanged  the  speed  of  the 
Tube  tails  from  SO  to  18  R.P.  ji."  in  order  to.  re¬ 
duce  the  breaking  of ' the  shafts  and  since' that 
time  only  one  pinion,  shaft' -broke,  which  already-' 
had  run  3  weeks  bn  a  high  speed.  The  Iiills  are 
loaded  now  with  the  size  of  balls  that  are  in  . 
accordance  with  the  size  of  material  they  are  to 
grind.  :  The  Tube  Mill  s  grind- vnow  from -20  to  ' 22 
tons  of  raw  material  and  16  tons  of  Limestone 
pef  Mi'll  hour. 

The  spitzerB  from  grinding  Limestone  could 
be  aofeened  off,  graded,  and  Bold  as  Chicken 
Grit  quite  profitably. 


By  lengthening  the  pipes  that  feed  the  raw 

material  into. the  Kiln,  a  great  deal  of  the  dust 
escaping  from  the  stack  has  been  stopped  to  the  '  . 
effect  that  instead  of  660  IbS'i  'cf "raw  material 
to  the  barrel  only  626  lbs.  are  being  .used  now.  7 — — _””’" 
30#  of  Anthracite  coal  is  being,  mixed  with  the 
Bituminous  coal  and  I  am  satisfied  tlrnt  the  bad 
boiling  tests  that  we  do  get  are  mostly  due  to  the 
presence  of  anthracite.,  1  recommend  that  in  /  , 

the  near  future  we  change  to  soft  coal  only  using  I  d 
a  blower  that  would  require  75  HP  to  produce  the  S 
air  necessary.  In  making  this  change  I  could  out  (  / 

the  coal  consumption  to  86  lbs.  per  barrel,  save  \ 

100  HP  on  the  air  ooxapressor,  and  what  Is  very  1 
important,,  the  clinker  burned  with  soft  coal  will  /  ^ 
grind  much  better  and, give  us  better  outputs,  -7 


The  speed  of  these  Mills  waB, also  reduced 
to  18  R.P.M.  and  the  breaking  of  shafts  limited 
to  one  break  in  a  period  of  6  months.  The  out¬ 
puts  of  these  mills  run  now  between  65  to  78 
bbls.  per  Tube  Mill  hour.  In  order  to  eliminate 
the  spitzers  from  the  cement  cylindrical  soroens 
were  fastened  to  the  discharge  end  of  the .Tube 
Mils,  the  spitzers  .screened  off.  By  a  system 
of  screws  these  spitzers  are  returned  to  the 
Tube  Mills.  pur  Cement. is  now  free  from  spitzers 


\(2rc  ■fyvj'zdsj 
'st&fi? vet* 

(as  ct-mv/— 

:  Two  Bates- Machines  were  iris  talked  in  #3  Afibws 
Packing  House  and  four,  more  maclxi neb  'should  be  /  />S 

installed. in. #2  Paoking  House,  wl^tclf.we  contem- .  ) 
plate  to  do  this  winter.  As  we  contemplate  to  > 
use  #3  Stook-house,  with  the  exception  cff  the  bins 
for  Pulverized  Limestone,  vxe  will  ocnstruct  a 
separate -delivery  for  P.  L.  to  #3  Paokidg' House 
in  order  to  pack  the  Limestone  at  #3  Packing 


The  electrical  power  1b  sufficient  only  for 
three  Tube  Mills  in  daytime,  while  at  night  we 
are  able  to  run  4  Tube  Mils.  Should  we  install 


rotary,  dryers  and  blower  In  lain  Room,.,  as  well 
as  the  4  Bates  Maohines,it  will  he  necessary  to 
increase  our  electrical  power  by  ins tailing  low 
pressure  turbines  in  connection  with  our  engines. 
An  installation  of  this  kind  will  prove  to  be 
very  economical.  In  connection  with'  the  power 
house,  I  would  like  to  oall  youi?  attention  to 
the  great  advantages  derived  from  the  installation 
of  a  waste  heat  boiler  plant  attached  to  the 
kilns.  A  number  of  these  plants  are  now  in 
operation  and  with  very  good  success.  A  saving 
of  10 ft  to  12 p  per  barrel  of  Cement  would  be  the 
result  of  such  an  installation. 


Owing  to,  the  shortage  of  coal  we  were  ®om- 
pelled  to  install  a: Coal  Roll  Crusher,  so  that 
now  wo  can ;use  Run  of  Mine  Coal  besides  the  little 
amount  ; of , slack  that  we  are  getting. ‘ 


Instead  of  the  central  oil  system,  each. de¬ 
partment  now  lias  its  own  oil  system,  which  is 
looked  after  by  the  oiler  of  the  respective  de¬ 
partments.  In  making  this  change  . I  was  able  to 
ou  t  down  the  amount  of.  oil  used  throughout  the 
plant  by  half,  besides  reducing  the  amount  of 
men  from  7  to  1,  amounting  to  a  saving  §£  about 
§700.00  per  month. 


The  cost  of  labor  this  year  has  gone  up 
continuously  and  we  were  obliged  to  raise  wages 
at  different  periods.  The  average  rate  per  man 
per  hour  in.  January, 1917,  was  26-3/4/;  while  the 
average  rate  per  man  per  hour  in  September,  1917, 
was  32js  -  an  increase  of  20$. 


I  am  glad  to  state  that  the  quality  of  our 
Cement  can  compare  in  every  respeot  with  the  best 
cements  of  the  Lehigh  region.  The  fineness  and 

tensile  strength  as  an  average  is  far  aboVe  the' 
figures  that  are  required  by  specificdtions,  and 
pur  records  show  that  the  number  of  complaints 
reooivod  this  year  is:  very  small. 


in  order  to  run  this  Mill  to  its  capacity 
and  keep  it  running  throughout  the  year  in  spite 
of  an  expected 'cut  in  sales  of  Cement,  we  have 
worked  cut  a 'plan  by  which  we  will  manufacture 
Cement  running  full  6  days  a  week  up  to  December 
16th.  From  December  16  to  March  l  we  shall 
manufacture  Pulverized  Limestone  tb  the  amount 
of  66,000  tons  and  store  this  P.  L.' in  #3  Stook- 
house.  :;Frora  March  1  to  Jtaly  l  wo  will  run  the 
Mill  on  bementand  during  July  on  Limestone 
should  our  Cement  stock  get  too  largo.  in  this 
manner  wo  can  meet  the  increased  sales  of  Pulver¬ 
ized  Limestom  without*  interfering  With  the  pro¬ 
duction  of  Cement  and  will  manufacture  cement  at 
a  decided  lower  cost  in  1918.  ’ 

b'Utu  _ 


1  am- 

\  Ck 

Yours  truly, 



Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

STEWARTS VI  LLE,  N.  J.  Novemberl,  1917. 


Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

STE.WARTSVILLE,  N.J.  November  2, 


Mr.  S.  B.  Mambert, 

31  Washington  St., 
E .  Orange , 
Dear  Mr.  Mambert  :- 

«-w+  4  . .  ’  EXPORTS:-  Erom-the  best- information  X 

UDnv,?«tainJ  we  will  probably  receive  the  new  Bates  Packing 
t0  JaT  lst’  1918’  and  11;  will  take  some 
little  time  for  us  to  erect  it  and  get  in  operation  ThiB 
device  should  enable  us  to  pack  at  least  1,000  barrels 
every  ten  hours  at  about  half  the  present  cost  of  packing. 

fiT,0„+  ^  1  arranged  with  Mr.  Steuer  to 

erect  two  more  of  our  present  heads  for  jigging  the  barrels 
frn»w+v,expe0t  them  in  operation  in  about  two  weeks 

from  the  present  time.  With  this  additionl  we  expect  to  be 
able  to  increase  our  packing  in  wood  up  to  26,000  barrels 
per  znontn. 

fowp  +Vl„  .  °°0H5R  SHOP:-  By  putting  on  a  night  ' 

iorce  in  the  Cooper  Shop,  we  oan_p_rpduae=40T-000=bar-rels 

per  month,  provided  ^howeverrwi^a^  able  to  get  the'Diec^ 

our^psen  +  ^j^^r"8^^!'  a”d  the  steel  Moops.  With 
wrpreBent^oojSerate  machinery,  we  have  a  capacity  of  O' 
1,000  barrels  in  ten  hours. 

■  trade  mark 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

November  5,  1917* 

31  Washington ' St, , 

.  At  the  last  Directors*  Meeting,  •  which  was  **"*&%. 

held  at  Orange,  N.  J.,  on  Ootober  31st,  the  probable  demand 
ror  oement  during  the  next  twelve  months  was  discussed,  and 
the  writer  gave  information  as  to  the  effect  ofvtJae.'.war  upon 
the  cement  industry  in  Pranoe,  England  and  Canada;  "to  the 
effeot  that  in  1916  as  compared  with  1914,  the  shipments  of 
Pranoe  were  42$,  those  of  England  52$,  and  those  of  Canada  76$, 
and  that,  there  was  every  prospect  that  the  American  demand 
for  oement  would  fall  off  at  least  20#,  whioh  would  involve 
a  reduction  in  our  manufacturing  outputs,  and  that  a  manu-  / 

faoturing  schedule  haa  been  arranged  as  follows;-  / 

, ;  •  ••••..■  Prom  November  1st  to  December  15th,  we 
Will  manufacture  oement  on  a  six-day  per  week  schedule,  running 
a"  the  rate  of  160,000  barrels  per  month,  which  will  give  us 
stook  sufficient  about  December  15th  to  take  care  of  our 
shipments  up  to  and  inoludirig  March  1st,  during  which-  period  / 
no  oement  will  be  manuf ao tubed .  V 

Prom  Deaember  16th  to  January  1st,  we:. will 

^d.:on*'Januaryk2nd?hw^  willA’  r^&eSiijlSulalluif reparations 
dfR-both/day  and  night,  producing  Pulverized  Limestone,  and 
to- manufacture  Pulverized  Limestone  until  about 

tv®*  when  the  manbfaoturih^  S)T;oemefat-witllragsin;biB; •* 

^^r|e uift^|^ndwill  be  continued^ dp  to /  about^JuneTl^t ,  when 

mt\  abfff'di'eht'^to  bhkfrdare  ■mmu 

in  July,  August  and  September.  By  this  method  of  manufacturing  1 
both  the  Oement  and  Limestone  can  be  produced  oheaper  per  barrel 
or  ton  than  when  both  are  manufactured  at  the  same  time. 

This  manufacturing  eoheduie  will  require 
considerable  additional  working  oapital  to  carry  the  operations 
through  the  winter,  , and  ten tqtive  arrangements  have  been  made' 
with  Mr.;  Edison  to  help  our  Company  finance  . this  additional 
oapital,  and  Mr.  Mambert,  our  Vioe-President' and  Pinanoial 
Exeoutive,  stated  that  it  would  materially  aid  these  negotiations 
if  the 'by-laws  of  the  Oement  Company  .were  the  same  aa  those  ftf 
all  the  Edison  Companies  who  have  their  headquar tej;st at • Orange, 

N.  J,,  wh^oh  by-laws  have  been  passed  on  by , thb j lj ggal^epar tments 

of  the  various  banks  with  whom  the  Thomas  A  TjdiHQn  T«„ 
SSild  noSioe81"080;  °°  Up°"  aotion'  dul y  seoLided  Lid* 



Si-ifaB  rjarsr 

Yours  very  truly, 


President.  /\ 





» »  .  A  majority  of  the  stock  issued  and  outstanding  represented  by 

the  holders  thereof,  either  in  person  or  by  proxy,  shall  he  a  quorum 
at  all  meetings  of  the  stockholders.  H 


~ 7  Ail  meetings  of  stockholders  ahall  he  held  at  New  Village. 

County  of  Warren,  the  registered  office  of  the  Company  In  Hew  Jersey. 


~  The  annual  meeting  of  stockholders  shall  he  held  on  the  third 
Tuesday  in  May  of  eaoh  year  at  1:30  o’clock  P.M. ,  when  they  shall 
elect  hy  a  plurality  vote,  by  ballot,  the  Board  of  Direotors,  as  con¬ 
stituted  hy  these  By-Laws,  each  stockholder  being  entitled  to  one  vote, 
in  person  or  by  proxy,  for  each  share  of  stock  registered  in  hie  or 
her  name,  on  the  20th  day  preceding  the  election,  exclusive  of  the  day 
of  such  election. 


*  v-,  KoM°e  of  th«  annual  meeting  shall  he  mailed  to  eaoh  stookholder 
at  his  or  her  addreaB  as  the  same  appears  upon  the  records  of  the 
Company,  at  least  five  days  prior  to  the  meeting. 


_  At  BUOh  annual  meeting,  if  the  holders  of  the  majority  of  the 
stook  shall  not  he  present  or  represented,  the  stockholders  present 
shall  have  the  power  to  adjourn  to  a  day  certain  and  notioo  of  the 
meeting  on  the  adjournment  day  shall  he  given  by  depositing  the  same 
in  the  Post  Off ioe,  addressed  to  eaoh  stookholder,  at  least  three  days 
before^ suoh  adjourned  meeting,  exolusive  of  the  day  of  mailing,  but  if 
the  holders  of  a  majority  of  the  stook  be  present  in  person  or  hy 
proxy,  they  shall  have  power,  from  time  to  time,  to  adjourn  thft  annual 
meeting  to  any  subsequent  day  or  days  and  no  notioo  of  the  adjourned 
meeting  need  ho  given. 


..  special  meetings  of  the  stockholders  shall,  at  the  request  of 
th#  PM^dant,  or  two  or  more  Direotors  or  of  a  majority  of  the  stoek- 
aoidere,^be  called  by  the  Secretary,  by  mailing  a  notioo  stating  the 
Object  of  suoh  meeting,  at  least  two  days  prior  to  the  day  of  meeting 
to  ettCh  stookholder  of  reoord  atihis’address  as  :the  same  appears  on 
the  records  of,  the  Company.  If  all  the  stockholders  shall  waive 

-  notice  of  &  special ..meeting,  no  .notice, of.  euoh  meeting  shall  be  re- 

.quj^d^  Whenever  all  the  stockholders  shall  meet  in  p^riTnortar^ 7^» 
proxy.  euph  meeting  shall  be  valid;  for  all  purposes  without  oali  or 
aotioe,  and  jat  suoh  meeting  any^  oorporate  aotion  may  be  taken1.  If 
.for  any  reason  the  stockholders  should  not  in  any  year  hold  their 
regular  annual  meeting  or  an  adjourned  annual  meeting,  or  should  fail 
to  elect  a  Board  of  Directors  at  the  regular  annual  meeting  or  at  an 
adjourned  annual  meeting,  a  Board  of  Direotors  may  be  bleated  at  any 
•peoial  meeting  of  the  etookholdors  thereafter.^rovidad  a  notioe'  ^ 
will  ■•'be* held  Is  contained  in  thonotioe  calling 
such  seeoial  meeting  of  stockholders • 



..  „**hSv°i‘?irraa?  o£  th®  Board  of  Directors  shall  oall  mootings  of 
the  Stockholders  to  order  and  shall  act  as  ohairman  of  auoh  mooting. 

The  Board  of  Dlroo tors may  appoint  any  stockholder  to  aot  as  Ohairman 
Meeting  in  the  absenoe  of  the  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Dlroo toro 
or  In  the  event  of  the  failure  of  the  Board  of  Direotora  to  aot  under 
tnio  provision,  the  stockholders  may  choose  any  of  their  number  to  nre- 
m08fcin?  of  the  stockholders,  The  Secretary  of  the  Company 
of  meetings  of  the  stockholders,  but  In  the 
^baenoe  of  the  Secretary  at  any  meeting  of  the  stockholders,  the  pre¬ 
siding  officer  may  appoint  any  person  to  act  as  seoretary  of  the 

.  The  business  and  the  property  of  the  Company  shail  ba, managed 
and  controlled  by  the  Board  of  Direotore  who  may,  subject  to  the  wo- 
visions  of  the  statute,  of  the  carter,  and  of  tho  BylDawo,  oxe?cloe 
and  dt>  a11  euoh  things' as '  may  be  exercised  or  done 
by  the  corporation, 


The  number  of  Direotors  shall  be  twelve.  Every  Direotor  shall 
Eaoh  ft,iea8t  on®  sha5«'of  the  oapital  stock  of  the  Company. 

Each  Direotor  shall  serve  for  the  term  of  one  year  and  until  his 
successor  has  been  elected  and  qualified. 

hotice  'Og.  itkayiiio  it  ‘  . 

¥f|?tinga  of  the  Board;  of  Directors  may  be-  oolied  by  the  Secretary 
at  the  request  of  the  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Directors,  or  of  two  or 
more  Dlreotora,  on  one  day's  written  notice  to  each  Direotor,  or  on 
personal  notloe  to  eaoh  SirGator  'at  or  any  time  prior  to  the  meetings. 

any  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors  may  bo /waived  >y  any 
Director,.  Whenever  ail  the  members  of  the  Board  of  Directors  'shall-  be 
present  at  any  meeting  thereof,  suoh .meeting  ;and  any : sot ion  taken 
thereat,  shall  be • valid-  for  all  purposes  ahd  no,  call -  or .notice  of 
suoh  meeting  need  be  given. 


,.w  ®“  Direotors  may  hold  their  meetings,  have  nn  office  and  keep 

c?mPai»y  (except  those  required  by  law  to  be  kept 
■n?5v®J^6'of',^2w  jQra®y)  outside  of  the  state  of  hew  Jersey, 
as  the  Direotors  may  from  time  to  time  determine. 


n<«n»I58  officers  of  the  Comply  shail- be  a  Chairmanu'-of  the  Board  of 
Direotors,  a  President,  suoh  Vice  presidents/,  not  less  thanftwo  nor 

Dirsotors,  a  General  Manager/; a  tflnanoim ‘Executive,1;  Trcaiure^and  - 
^Assistant  Treasurer,,  a  Seoretary  and  an  Assistant  Socretary*a 
Oonaral  Counsel,  and  suoh  other  -offipsrs^as  'may '-from)  iime' to  , time  be 
d2??rn^ne^.Up?l,itoy  tho'Doard  of  ^ireotors,  all/ of '-whom 'shall  ordin- 
^ily  the  Board  of  Direqtorsat  their  first. annual  meet- 

?i0?40f  Rotors  at, which  meeting  a  quorum  shall  be 
present,  but  the  election  of  an  officer, \ or, off ioors,  at- any  other 
meeting  of  the  Board  of  Direotors  shall /not  be  invalid 'so  long  as 
notice  thereof  is  given  in  the’  notioe  of'  the  mooting. 


The  officers  of  the  Company  shall  serve  for  the  period  of  one 
year  and  until  their  auooessors  are  chosen  and  qualified,  exoept  that 
all  officers  and  agents  of  the  Company  uhall  he  subjeot  to  removal  at 
any  time  by  the  affirmative  vote  of  a  majority  of  the  whole  Board  of 

barman  oy  boards 

The  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Directors  shall  be  chosen  from 
among  the  Directors  of  the  Company  and  shall  preside  at  all  meetings 
of  the  Board.  Tho  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Dirootora  shall  be  vested 
with  all  the  powers  and  shall  perform  all  the  duties  of  the  President 
in  his  absence.  In  oase  of  the  absenoe  of  the  permanent  Chairman  from 
any  meeting,  the  Directors  may  ohoose  a  Chairman  pro  tem  from  among 
their  number,  but  the  JDireotor  so  ohoson  to  act  a  a  Chairman  pyo  tem 
shall  not  have  any  of  the  powers  or  duties  of  the  permanent  cgainnah 
Of  the  Board  sxoept  the  authority  and  duty  to  preelde  at  the  particular 
Board  meeting  for  whioh  he  is  ahosen  as  Chairman  pro  torn. 


The  President  shall  be  the  ahlef  executive  of  tho  Company, 
Subject  to  the  Board  of  Directors,  ho  shall  have  general  charge  of  the 
business  of  the  Company  and  may  sign  all  bonds,  oontraota,  oheoks, 
notes,  and  other  obligations  in  the  name  of  the  Company,  and  with  the 
Treasurer  or  Assistant  Treasurer,  may  sign  certificates  of  otook  of 
the  Company.  He  shall  do  and  perform  suoh  other  duties  as  may  from 
time  to  time  be  assigned  to  him  by  the  Board  of  Directors. 

Hone  of  the  Vioe  Presidents  need  bs  either  Directors  or  stock¬ 
holders  of  the  Company,  and  they  shall  have  euoh  powers  and  authority 
as  shall  be  delegated  to  them  by  the  Board  of  Direotors. 


Subject  to  the  control  of  the  Board  of  Direotors  and  the  Presi¬ 
dent,  the  General  Manager  shall  have  full  oharge  of  the  Company's  bus¬ 
iness  except  as  otherwise  provided  in  the  By-Laws  of  the  Company.  The 
General  Manager  may  sign  oheoks  drawn  on  the  funds  of  the  Company  (boo 
Article  "Checks  and  Hotes"  of  these  By-Laws) ,  and  shall  do  and  psrform 
suoh  duties  as  may  from  time  to  time  be  assigned  to  him  by  the  Board 
of  Direotors,  or  the  president. 


Subject  to  the  oontrol  of  the  Board  of  Direotors  and  the  Preei- 
dent,  the  Finanoiai  .Executive  shall  have  full  charge  of  the  Company* a 
finanooe,  the  Financial  Executive  may  countersign  all  checks  drawn  on 
the  funds  of  the  Company,  and  Bhall  oountenign  all  promissory  notes  of 
(0ae  Artiole  "Oheoks  and  Hotes"  of  these  By-Laws),  and 
shall  do  and  perform  suoh  other  duties  as  may  from  time  to  time  be 
assigned  to  him  by  the  Board  of  Direotors,  or  the  President. 


1  „  The  Treaeurer  shall,  under  the  direction  of  the  Financial  Exe¬ 

cutive,  have  the  custody  of  the  funds  of  the  Company  and  of  all  secur¬ 
ities  and  evidences  of  indebtedness  held  by  it,  including  mortgages, 
notes,  deeds  of  trust,  collateral  of  all  kinds,  and  stocks  and  bonder 
he  shall  keep  full  and  accurate  accounts  of  rebelpts  and  disbursements 
—  -  in-books  belonging  to  the  Company;,  and  .shall  deposit  all  moneys  and 

other  valuable  effects  in  the  name  of  the  Company  and  to  tHe'dredrt^W'- 
the  Company  in  suoh  depository  or  depositories  ae  may  be  designated  by 
the  Board  of  Direotors;  he  shall  be  subjeot  to  the  direction  of  the 

>  Financial  Executive  as  to  maximum  and  minimum  balance  to  be  maintained 
in  eaoh  depository,  and  as  to  the  conditions  under  which  suoh  deposits 
shall  be  made  and  suoh  balances  maintained. 

He  shall  disburse  suoh  funds  of  the  Company  as  may  be  ordered 
by  the  Finanoial  Executive,  taking  proper  vouohers  for  suoh  disburse¬ 
ments,  and  shall  ronder  to  the  Financial  Bxeoutive  whenever  required 
Vocount  of  hi a  transactions  as  Treasurer.  Be  shall,  under  the  direction 


of  Hhe  Financial  Executive  have  the  power  to  eign  ana  endorse  all  oert- 
ifioatee  of  etook,  bonds,  aheoke,  drafts  and  other  obligatlono  of  the 
Company  {see  Article  "Chocks  and  Notes"  of  these  By-laws),  and  shall 
have  the  power  to  receive  all  moneys  due  and  payable  to  the  Company 
from  any  source  whatsoever,  and  to  give  receipts  and  endorse  warrants 
in  its  name  for  any  and  all  payments  made  to  the  Company, 

He  shall,  under  the  direction  of  the  Financial  Executive,  be 
oustodian  of  such  other  properties  and  effects  of  the  Company  as  may  be 
specified  by  the  Board  of  Bireotors,  the  President  or  the  financial 
Executive,  and  shall,  under  the  direction  of  the  Financial  Executive, 
do  and  perform  such  other  duties  as  may  from  time  to  time  be  assigned 
to  him  by  the  Board  of  Bireotors,  the  President  or  the  Financial  Exe¬ 
cutive.  the  treasurer  shall  give  a  bond  of  a  Security  Company  to  be 
approved  by  the  Board  of  Bireotors  in  the  sum  of  Twenty-five  Thousand 
Hollars  ( $25,000.00)  for  the  faithful  discharge  of  his  duties. 

the  Assistant  Treasurer  shall  be  vested  with  all  the  powers  and 
shall,  under  the  direction  of  the  Financial  Executive  perform  all  the 
duties  of  the  Treasurer  in  hie  absence,  except  as  otherwise  provided 
in  the  By-Laws  of  the  Company  and  shall  do  and  perform  such  other  duties 
as  from  time  to  time  may  be  assigned  to  him  by  the  Board  of  Bireotors, 
the  President,  the  Financial  Exeoutive  or  the  Treasurer.  The  Assistant 
Treasurer  shall  give  a  bond  of  a  Security  Company  to  be  approved  by  the 
°£  ?*reotorn  in  th0  aum  of  $10,000.00  for  the  faithful  discharge 
of  his  duties. 


The  Secretary  shall  keep  the  minutes  of  all  meetings  of  the 
Board  of  BireatorB  and  minutes  Of  all  meetings  of  the  Stockholders; 
he  shall,  subject  to  the  direction  of  the  Financial  Executive,  attend 
to  the  giving  and  serving  of  all  notioes  of  the  Company;  he  may  attest 
in  the  name  of  the  Company  all  contraote  authorized  by  the  Board  of 
Bireotors,  and  to  all  papers,  instruments  and  documents  upon  whioh  it 
shall  be  required,  he  shall,  under  the  direction  of  the  Financial  Exe- 
the  seal  of  the  Company;  he  shall  have  oharge  of  the  seal 
of  the  Company  and  of  its  stock  certificate  books  and  stock  ledgers; 
ha  shall  be  responsible  for  the  registration  by  a  Registrar  designated 
by  the  Board  of  Bireotors  of  all  stock  certificates  issued  by  the  Com¬ 
pany;  ha  shall  have  the  custody  of  euoh  original  agreements,  releases, 
insurance  policies,  deeds,  leaseB  and  other  papers  or  books  as  the 
Board  of  Bireotors,  the  President,  or  the  Financial  Executive  may  direofe 
he  shall  keep  all  books  of  account  of  the  Company  except  those  whioh  the 
Treasurer  is  required  to  keep,  and  shall  render  to  the  Finanoial  Execu¬ 
tive  whenever  required  an  account  of  the  finanoial  condition  of  the 
Company  and  of  the  Company’s  finanoial  transactions,  and  he  ehall, 
under  the  direotion  of  the  Finanoial  Exeoutive  do  and  perform  all  the 
usual  duties  lnoidoht  to  the  office  of  the  Secretary,  and  such  other 
duties  as  ..may  be  assigned  to  him  by  the  Board  of  Bireotors,  the  Pres¬ 
ident  or  the  Financial  Executive. 

118  8ha^1  1,6  ®wo'rn -to  the  faithful  discharge  of  hie  duties  as 
abbve  set  forth. 


™  j  ASBiBtant,:  Secretary  shall  be  vested  with  all  the  amors  and 
5^'  “2*®?  i*1®  direction  of.  the  Finanoial  Exeoutive  ,’perfonu  all  the 
duties  of  the  Secretary  in  his  absence  and  shall  do  and  perform^auoh 

duties  as  from  time  to  time  may  be  assigned  to'him  by^the^Bo&td— _ 

of  Directors,  the  President,  the  Finanoial  Exaautive  or  the  secretary. 


-  Oouneel  shall  bo  the  chief  consulting  officer  of  the 

«2n??  L£2  *11  l8?aX  m2tt®r8i  and  ®ubjeot  to  the  Foard  of  Blreotors, 
shall  have  general  control  of  all  matters  of  legal  import  concerning 


Directors  becomes  vacant  by  reason  of  death. 
ai+hnnSh1??!  «lisqualifioation,  or  otherwise,  the  romnlning  directors, 
although  leas  than  a  quorum,  by  a  majority  vote  may  elect  a  successor 
of  WhS  hold  otEio°  for  th0  ^expi^ed  term,  «£d  if  aL 

?£f+?eB  °£  Company  shall  beoomo  vacant  for  any  reason  before 

°f  Jh0  tora  for  whioh  the  incumbent  thereof  was  eleoted, 
of  Directors  may  eleot  a  successor  or  successors  who  shall 
hold  office  for  the  unexpired  term. 


Z“  oase  Oi  the  absence  of  any  officer  of  the  Company,  or  for  any 
2B£?n  w?illh  00a“  sufficient  to  the  Board  of  Directors,  the 
dthar  off<r«v0nS*J  delegate  hiB  powers  for  the  time  being  to  any 
other  officer  or  to  any  Director. 


n-»  “?y  har9af,tel>  specifically  provided  by  the  Board  Of 

^  !v,ttliv>O?0OlC8  d5a?n  on  the  fundB  of  the  Company  shall  be  signed 
only  by  the  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Dlreotors,  President,  Treasurer, 
Assistant  Treasurer,  or  Ooneral  Manager,  and  shall  be  countersigned 

8<soratal,y»  or  Financial  Executive,  and 
th°  Vo10?™?  oha11  153  signed  only  by  the  Chairman 
of  the  Board_ of  Directors  or  by  the  President,  and  shall  be  counter¬ 
signed  only  by  the  Financial  Executive. 


All  order a  and  contract 0  involving  an  aggregate  expenditure  of 
T«+w?U8!Jnd  Dollaro  (dlO, 000.00)  or  over,  must  without  exception,  bo 

approvod  ®?d  ratifl8d  the  Board  of  Directors,  and  such 
™^?«J?BtlWl*£r  ?P?T0Val  and  ratification  evidenced  by  a  copy  of  the 
n  ~i0±  auth05izlag  or  approving  and  ratifying  the  same,  certified  by 
the  Secretary  under  the  corporate  seal;  and  all  orders  or  contracts  in¬ 
volving  an  aggregate  expenditure  of  One  Thousand  Dollars  ($1,000.00)  or 
i888  tha"  ?0n  ’*hoUBa**  Dollars  ($10,000.00)  must,  without 
a?pr0V8d  a*1?  ratified  personally  by  the  Chairman  of  the 
«ra+vL°n..Dir80£?r8’  I>rosident*  Financial  Executive  or  General  Manager 
off \ en&  mUot  ?0ar  thB  written  personal  signature  of  the 
is  aPPf07ed  or  ratified.  No  order  or  oontraot  shall 
be  binding  on  the  corporation  unless  authorized  or  approved  and  ratified 
ord«^°n£  oet  f°rth,  and  the  corporation  shall  not  be  responsible  for  any 
pliano ^horewi th?  "°  aUthoriZ0(1  or  ^Proved  and  ratified  in  strict  co? 

The  Company  may  have  an  office  and  transact  business  in  sudh 

8£  tiS*?" tiSaaSoint!f  ***  JerS°y  a"  th9  B0ard  °f  Dira°torB  “V 

PI80A1,  YEAR 

January*?!  ^  ***  °0B*any  8hfl11  begin  the  "«t  day  of 


Dividends  upon  the  capital  stock  of  the  Company,  when  earned, 
shall  be  payable  as  and  when  the  Board  of  DirectoSs  may  direct,  but 
the  vote  of  the  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Directors  shall  be  necessary 
to  the  declaration  of  any  dividend.  Before  payment  of  any  dividends, 
or  making  distribution  of  profits,  there  may  be  set  aBide  out  of  the 
net  profits  of  the  Company  such  sum  or  sums  as  the  Dlreotors  may  from 
time  to  time,  in  their  absolute  discretion,  think  proper  as  a  reason¬ 
able  fund  to  meet  contingencies,  or  for  equalizing  dividends,  or  for 
.repairing,  improving,  maintaining,  increasing  or  extending  the  property 


&£•.;»  n  s  awss  eisr."*  ,h*u 


do  herefe  SSignttatk thoS?ore^nf  lVT&£''  fdi80n'  ^o^porated. 
of  Hovemfcer  29,  1916.  8ing  inltial0d  M<1  dated  lay  me  under  date 

and  ^xsrts?yy  . 



Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Mr.  S.  B.  MamBert, 

Vice-Pres.  &  Financial  Executive,  s  \\ 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.,  ,,.W 

Orange,  N..  j.  -  jfil1 

Dear  Mr.  Mami,ert._ 

I  Beg  herewith  to  hand^you  a  ^ 

from  Mr.  Steuer,  attached  to  which  you  will  finp^Ltfgprints 
showing  the  proposed  changes  at  the  Oxford  Quarryf  also  in 
Eo.  S  Stockhouse,  which  we  are  changing  to  Jr^fe  Pulverized 
Limestone.  On  the  Blueprint  showirfg  the  £>3jf6rd  Quarry,  you 
will  note  that  1  have  marked  in^Tead  p^nj&'l  A,  B  and  C. 

"A"  representp^ke  present  deep  opening  y 
in  the  quarry,  and  Mr.  s tetter  and^dur  auarrv  foreman  Believe/ 
-,11  w*8er  not  to/But  the^steam  shovel  in  the  hnt.t.m  V 
or  tne  presen.t_ouarrv.^  due  stiytha  rant  t.v»t  fhovo  B  ( 

limited  amount  of  limesJjcdfe/'Between  the  present  public  road  \ 
and  the  sides  of  the  pfep^nt  quarry,  and  they  suggest,  there-/ 
fore,  that  the  tracksJBe  Brought  down  tn  a-hnn*.  the  -point  I  (1 
nave  marked  "B.11 .  ^tftiKthen  run  a  swi  tch  and;  open"  ur> '  a  new  "  \ 

steam  8hoveL...quajcrV  at  aBou.tL.the  point  marked  ”0".  and  con-  J 
tinue  to  operate  the  derricks  in  the_n^3en-t-auarry  until  / 
the  steam  shovel  quarryJ^s^u-Hy^afveloped ,  and  th^Bstf-mateC 

**&%.** -JPSBK £B7«WWirsaSi!  : 

/ttwouia)  Be  wiser  to  go  ahead  with  it  duringthe  winter,  if  /  |«t 
Ttirny* 6  flnanoed>  aa  we  will<H&ye  lese7SiPioui%  in  oB-  ■ 
Mywfs  the  necessary  laBor  /his  WnterMhan  wflwould  next 
Yer  ’  we  earlier  wal  dan  get  the 

ft??”? ;  i  .nfl f?  fWffl y-ker  [Fqyiw i lq  geVofar  idafrt^fN  nYT)  ' 

limesmongo-lieddeedtfegr  .tfdrV  ahdjmtis  1 1 

will  proBaBly  cost  somewhat jpre  in  the  wlnter~~tlme  tharTif 
wait "until  next  spring,  our  Big  steam  shovel  can  handle 
tne  frozen  ground,  and  it  will  give  us  an  opportunity  to  . 
earn  the  extra  cost  By  reducing  the  cost  of  the  limestone 
delivered  on  the  cars,  so  it  is  my  .judgment  the  work  should- 
proceed  at  the  earliest  possible  moment,  and  inasmuch  as  we 
have  the  men  on  hand  now,  and  also  tne  shovel,  we  can  go 
ahead,  with  it  just  as  soon  as  finances  can  Be  arranged. 

Relative  to  the  change  in  No V  3  Stock-  : 
house  in  the  conveying  system,  so  that  we  can  handle  the 
Pulverized;  Limestone,  you  will  note  that  this  estimate 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

a  WEST  40™  STREET 


N EW  YORK  ! 

Orange,  N.J.,  November  15,  I917, 

Dear  Mr.  Mallory: 

7ou  will  undoubtedly  be  interested  in  some  organiza¬ 
tion  ohangoB  which  aro  taking  plaoo  hero  in  Orange,  suoh  as  Mr.  Ben- 
stead,  Assistant  Seoretary  of  the  Storage  Battery  Company  bolng  called 
to.  the  war,  and  Mr.  Miller  being  without  an  Assistant  Treasurer  as  Mr. 
Howard  Eokort  is  tnklng  over  tho  funotion  of  Soorotary  of  the  Works, 
taking  the  plaoo  of  Mr.  Owen,  who,  owing  to , tho  weakness  of  the  Works 
Executive  funotion  has  assumod  tho  duties  of  Works  Manager.  Of  oourse, 
you  know  that  Mr.  Musk  died.  ^ 

We  have  lost  a  oonsiderablo  portion  of  our  workers 
beoause  of  the  war.  Charles  EdiBon  and  Baohmon  and  Owoa  are  in  Wash¬ 
ington  today  to  inquire  into  the  oommaadeering  of  plants  for  aovernmont 
purposes  and  offer  to  do  Government  work  if  it  is  so  dosirodw 

I  have  your. let ter  of  November  7th  advising  me  that 
Mr.  Xmhof f  'expressed  , regret  that  I  was  unable  to  attend  the  opening  of 
the  new  banking  rooma  of  the  Union  ^ndjtho.t-you-oxpioined.the  good  roa- 
son  for  myabsenoo.  Ish^^call^o'seeMr.  Imhoff  tomorro^'mo'rning.  v- 

.  ^s^'^th^reforenoo  to  Mr.  Steues's  letter., to  you  .of.. Novem¬ 

ber  9th,^whioh  you  have .forwarded. t 

b  letter, to  you  of  Boy 

- . - -•  —  — --  — ems  to  me  that  it.  is  very 

gjiod^reasonlng  to  atari, ihV/sp^&ont^ofosiy  Just  os  early  a 

nto  as^posslble,  and  to  imy  mind  the  $8,800  oomes  out'  of,  the ’$75,000  ' 
provided  for  in  our  flguros_on  Plan^ByT^d  wh^rti,  I  bolievo, 

.  .  ,  it^ol\Ci^e52wie^^a^ 

conditions  in  the  oemont  business  you  will  probably  rooognizo  at  times 
that  I  may  got  allttlebltoff  tho  traofc,  and  if  you  think  thoro  is 
any  harm  being  done  :let  me  . know,  and  ifyou  think  there  is  good  work 
being  aooompHshod  don't  le,t,  me  know.  '  , 

.  •  1  firmly  antiolpato'  whon  the  whole  thing  is  ovor  that 
you  and;  Mr.  Soot, t  and  Mr.  Stouor  and  Mr.  Horne  and  Mr.  Moses  will  no 
longer  ,  bo  my  friends,  but  that  is  one  of  the  penalties  I  have  had"  to 
pay  for  crowding  tho  game,  and  I  have  boon  through  this;  sort  of  thing]! 

"o  many  times  .that  I ; am  . moro  or  loss  reoonoiled  to  being  an  outoast 

K’ "  «*“*e  so  many  dollars  are  at  stake,  af- 

and  cannot  at  a  tlme  .iiko  this,  ^  _ _ 

ford  to  let  my  personal  desiros  of  being  a  good  follow  interfere  with 
'  ‘  my  duty  to  do. 

the  work  whloh  i 


Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 


N  E  W  V  O  R  K 

Orange,  N.J.,  November  23,  i.917. 

Dear  Mr.  Mallory: 

The  question  has  been  raised  by  Mr.  Kellow 
whether  or  not,  in  view  of  the  foot  that  in  New  Village  there 
ore  in  reality  five  logally  inoorporatod  companies,  viz: 

Edison  Portland  Cemon'ii  Company, 
Edison  Pulverized  Limestone  Co., 
Pohotoong  Railroad  Company, 
North.  Jorsoy Point:  Company, 
Warren  County  Warehouse  Company, 

To  - 

Mr.  W.  S.  Mallory,  President, 
Ed i Bon  Portland  C  scion  t  Co., 
Stewart sville,lNew  Jersey. 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

STEWARTSVl  LLp,  n.  «J.  November  24£h  193.7 

Mr.  S.  B.  MamBert, 

Vi0®  &  financial  Executive. 

Edison  Portland  Cement' Co. . 

31  Wasfcihgt  on'  St. , 

E.  Orange,  N.  j. 

Pear  Mr.  Mambertj- 

^3  “St- _ 

o!™Z'+°%0f  the  Bdi8on  po^land  Cent  c“Jan£  0 


on  the  railroad  are  in  the  employ  of  the  Cement  Company. 

T  tu  A,'******* 

eratinc  at  +Vio  v>-8  °+^?i  ersey  ^aint  Company  ig  not  op-  4»«i. 

our  two  stock  house™Ve#f^!ar>10Thrce0mPa?y#e-Sea  ^ 

KbSw*®*  mwsKSa® 

,  trad  e  mar  k 

cMsfuiiw  I  have^ to  give  you  this  information 

m-  j 

:  inforr 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 

December  thirteenth 
1  9  1  7 

Dear  Mr.  Mambert: 

last  evening- at  the  dinner, 
I  sat  next  to  Mr.  Hoy  W.  Chapin,  President 
Hudson  Motor  Car  Company,  Detroit,  who  is 
Chairman  of  the  transportation  Committee  ap¬ 
pointed  by  the  Government  to  take  up  the 
question  of  motor  truck  deliveries  for  short 
distances:,  so  a3  to  relieve  the  short-haul 
congestion,  which  is  making  trouble  for  the 

I  asked  him  if  he  had  any 
knowledge  as  to  the  non-es3ential  list  of 
materials  about  which  we  read  in  the  papers, 
arid  he  told  me  that  he  had  knowledge  that 
the  Government  had  decided  not  to  issue  a 
non-essential  list,  but  to  only  publish  one 
list,  putting  the  most  essential  materials 
at  the  head  of  the  list,  and  the  non-es¬ 
sential  products  nearer  .the  bottom. 

I  then  spoke  of  musical 
instruments,  and  he  gave  me  the  impression 
that  it  is  his  judgment  that  they  will  be 
put  pretty  far  down  the  list. 

I  am  passing  this  inf or- 
mation  on  to  you  in  the  belief  that 
Mr.  Edison  oould  do  effective  work  in. 
Washington  in  having  phonographs  placed 
higher  up  On  this  list  than  they  might 
otherwise  be  put,  on  account  of  the  great 
work  he  has  been  doing  for  the  Government. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Mr.  W.  S.  Mambert,  Vioe-Pres.  , 
Edison  Portland  Cement  r 
31  Washington  Street, 

East  Orange,  HEW  JERSEY. 

Pin.  Executive 


December  'twentieth 
1  9  17 

My  dear  Charles: 

Referring  to  our  conversation  of 
Wednesday  relative  to  the  Cement  Protective  As¬ 
sociation,  (ihePlooal  Association  handling  and 
publishing  statistical  information  as  to  our  con¬ 
tracts,  shipments,  eto.;)I  bog  to  state  that  a 
representative,  of  the  Federal  Trade  Commission 
recently  called  at  the  Association  Office  in 
Philadelphia  and  spont  three  days  going  over  all 
our  records,  correspondence,  etc.,  cheoking  up 
our  office  correspondence  with  the  printed 
minutes,  copies  of  which  had  already  been  sent 
to  the  Federal  Trade  Commission  each  month. 

He  also  asked  a  great  many 
questions,  and  after  a  very  thorough  examination 
he  gave  us  a  clean  bill  of  health,  stating  that 
our  Association  records  were  the  most  complete 
that  he  had  over  investigated,  and  that  he  had 
no  criticisms  to  make  or  suggest  ions  to  offer. 

In  the  problem  that' you  are  now 
considering  in  connection  with  the  phonograph 
business,  if  you,  or  any  of  your  people  wouia 
be  interested  in  going  into  the  details  of  how 
we  are  handling  matters  in  our  Protective  Asr 
sooiation,  I  will  be  very  glad  to  arrange  so 
that  you  can  make  an  investigation. 

In  view  of  the  clean  bill  of 
health,  I  hardly  think  it  will  be  necessary 
for  you  to  carry  out  your  offer  of  Wednesday 
to  reserve  a  room  for  me  at  Atlanta. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Mk.  Charles  Edison, 
Edison  laboratory. 
Orange,  HEW  JERSEY. 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 

December  twentieth 

Dear  Mr.  Mambert: 

•  I  am  in  receipt  of  letter  from 

Mr.  -Thomas  M.  Thompson  making  some  criticisms  of  the 
proposed  by-laws,  ana  while  I  can  give  him  the  infor- 
+hi??  it  te  better  policy  if  you  would 

ei?h^r-rWrite  him  a  letter  direct,  or  send  one  to  me 
whioh  I  can  transmit  to  him,  stating  the  necessity 
for  the  ohange  in  the  by-laws  on  account  of  our  fi¬ 
nancial  relations  with  our  banks. 

He  also  asks  the  reason  why  the  new 
by-laws  state  "every  direritor  should  be  a  holder  of 
at  least  one  share  of  the  capital  stock  of  the  oom- 
pany  .  My  own  judgment  is  that  this  oouia  just  as 
easily  be  made  one  hundred  shares,  as  Mr.  Edison  or 
myself  could  transfer  this  amount  to  any  directors 
we  might  want  to  elect. 

.  „  Be  also  asks  the  reason  for  the 

number  of  Vice-Presidents  -  "not  less  than  two  or 
more  than  five  in  number";  also  why  the  change  of 
finances  is  transferred  from  the  President  to  the 
Financial  Executive  and  why  the  Vioe-Presidents 
need  not  be  directors  or  stock-holders? 

Aa  already  stated,  I  could  give  him 
this  information,  but  I  think  it  would  be  a  good 
®tr°ke  °t  s.trateSy  for  you  to  do  it?  as  I  amfvery 

to  keep  Shelmerdine  and  Mr.  Thomson  in 
line  the  same  as  they  have  been  for  many  years. 

Yours  very  truly, 

.  S  . 


7ioe-Pres.  &  Pin.  Executive 
Edison  Portland  Oement  Company 
East  Orange,  F™' 


Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 

8  West  40th  Street 

December  twen ty ^seventh 
1  9  1  7 

Dear  Mr.  Mambert: 

I  beg  herewith  to  hand  you  carboi 
copy  of  a  letter  I  have  today  written  Mr.  Charles 
Edison,  which  explains  itself. 

I  am  also  enclosing 
December  20th  from  the  Bates  Valve  I 
which  explains  itself. 

you  will  remember  at  the  last  meet¬ 
ing  of  our  Board  of  Directors,  I  stated  that  the  * 
Cement  Company  did  not  have  to  pay  any  royalty  for  t 
use  of  the  jigging  devise,  but  some  arrangement  would 
have  to  be  made  with  the  Bates  Company  to  cover  the 
installation  and  use  of  the  filling  and  weighing 
devices  which  they  have  worked  out  in  conjunction  with 
the  j digging  device  worked  out  by  Mason  and  myself. 

I  have  had  an  interview  with 
Mr.  Bates  and  learn  that  they  are  now  making  contracts 
with  other  Cement  Companies  and  have  already  executed  . 
several  contracts  by  which  they  are  to  receive  a 
royalty  of  Ip'  per  barrel  on  all  barrels  packed  by  the 
combined  filling,  weighing  and  jigging  devices,  the 
gement  Companies  making  advance  payments  of  about 
•S>2,000  in  cash  to  cover  the  cost  of  the  various 

In  our  negotiation,  I  succeeded  in 
getting  Mr.  Bates  to  agree  to  pay  the  necessary  cash 
for  our  entire  installation,  we  to  reimburse  the 
Bates  Company  on  the  basis  of  lj {  per  barrel  for  the 
cost  of  the  installation.  This  is  a  similar  ar¬ 
rangement  to  the  one  which  we  now  have  with  them  for 
their  regular  bag.  packing  machines. 

We  then  discussed  the  question 
of  a  rental  for  the  filling,  weighing  and  barrel 
handling  devioes  on  a  monthly  basis,  but  were  un¬ 
able  to  arrive  at  any  definite  conclusion,  and 
then  Mr.  Bates,  after  consultation  with  his 
Chicago  people,  made  the  proposition  of  id  per 
barrel  for  the  right  to  use  the  devioes  already 
enumerated.  This  would  be  a  charge  of  $500.  per 
year  on  each  100,000  barrels  that  we  3hip. 

You  will  remember  that  I  have 
told:  you  that  our  present  methods  of  packing  and 

Mr.  S.  B.  Mambert- 


■Dec.  27,  1917. 

jigging  bur  barrels  is  very  crude  and  expensive,  the 
present  cost  being  13/  to  14/  per  barrel. 

Mr.  Bates  figured  that  after  our  men 
have  become  expert  in  the  use  of  his  device,  it 
ought  to  be  done  for  about  4/  per  barrel.  Assum¬ 
ing  that  it  is  5/  or  6/,  it  will  cut  the  oost  on 
our  present  packing  in  half. 

I  am  writing  you  regarding  the  matter 
as  I  would  like  your  judgment  regarding  it,  as  I  am 
very  anxious  to  get  the  second  machine  which  the 
Bates  people  are  now  building,  and  it  will  soon  be 
ready  for  shipment,  but  Mr.  Bates  does  not  want  to 
make  shipment  until  contract  has  been  executed, 

J?or  that  reason,  I  prefer  not  to  wait  for  the 
regular  Directors’  Meeting  on  January  30th,  as  the 
sooner  the  machine  is  installed,  the  quicker  we  will 
start  to  save  money. 

If  you  approve  of  the  arrangement 
outlined,  and  will  so  advise,  I  will  arrange  to 
execute  the  enclosed  agreement,  and  then  we  can 
have  it  confirmed  at  the  next  meeting  of  the  Board. 

Yours  very  truly. 

President.  /  \ 
WSM*BC  /  J 

Mr.  S.  B.  Mamfcert,  TFioe-Pfes .  &  Pin.  Executive 
Edison  Portland  Cement  Company,  ’ 

31  Washington  Street, 

■  East  Orange,  NEW  JEBSEY. 



Mr.  Charles  Mia  on - #2 - — - — — Deo.  27,  1917. 

If  yon  have  any  suggestions  to  make, 
I  will  be  vary  glad  to  have  them. 

-yours  very  truly. 



Mr.  Charles  Edison, 
Edison  laboratory, 
Granger?  Hew  Jersey. 

/  2- 

'  I  understand  that  cement  Is  a  staple  product  very  much  like  sugar 

and  that  one  brand  is  practically  as  good  as  another. 

I  have  felt  that  if  some  point  of  supremacy  in  our  cement  could  he 
found  it  would  undoubtedly  lead  to  better  business. 

My  thoughts  along  this  line  lead  me  to  interview  Ur.  Lyons,  Mr. 
llehl's  assistant  who  has  had  experience  in  the  cement  business.  Mr.  Lyons 
stated  the  followings 

"There  are  at  present  over  100  concerns  manufac¬ 
turing  preparations  similar  to  Lanidolith  which 
is  a  composition  largely  composed  of  silicate  of 
magnesia.  Water  proof  cement  is  necesBaiy  in 
foundation  work,  piers,  tunnels,  etc.,  and  spe¬ 
cifications  made  by  many  large  ooncerns  such  as 
the  Turner  Construction  Company  and  the  Founda¬ 
tion  Company,  speoify  that  it  should  be  used. 

"A  small  concern  exists  in  Chicago  -  The  Winslow 
Company  -  whioh  purchases  osment,  re-grinds  it 
and  adds  a  patented  "antihydro"  paste,  selling 
the  resulting  mixture  for  $4.50  per  barrel  under 
the  name  of  "hydrolithic"  cement  which  is  water 

I  have  not  verified  the  foregoing  statements  but  they  naturally 
give  birth  to  the  suggestion  that  were  we  to  produce  an  Edison  water  proof 
cement  we  would  have  a  decided  point  of  supremacy  over  our  competitors. 

Ur,  Lyons  states  that  a  water  proof  cement  would  not  cost  more, 
than  20 %  over  the  present  cement  prices. 

He  further  states  that  the  ingredients  are  not  complicated  and 
that  Mr.  Edison  could,  without  doubt,  discover  them  quickly  and  produce  a 
water  proof  oement  without  infringing  upon  the  patent  rights  of  the  T/inslow 

The  above  for  whatever  it  is  worth. 


April  18,  1918. 




Memo .  No .  125 

Date  Hay  16,  1916 

Ur.  Walter  Mallory: 

Confirming  our  conversation  of  this  morning  in  regard 
to  cement  houses  to  be  built  on  the  Babcock  Place  property  of 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Incorporated,  I  want  to  say  that  the  second  plan 
outlined  in  your  letter  to  me  of  May  6  seems  to  me  preferable  to 
the  first  plan.  I  think  that  the  matter  should  be  handled  in  a 
thoroughly  businesslike  manner  with  the  necessary  agreements  and 
other  papers  properly  drawn  up,  so  that  there  may  be  no  future 
misunderstanding,  and  that  the  interests  af  everybody  concerned 
will  be  protected.  \\ 

There  are  certain  quest ii 
considered,  such  as  fixing  a  definitj 
to  pay  for  the  land,  provided  they 
the  right  of  removal  of  the  housi 
of  who  should  reoeive  the  rental 

renting  them,  was  undertaken.  _ —  — - „ - 

guaranteeing  that  they  will  makjPpropor  efforts  to  dispose  of  the 
property,  etc.,  etc.  (f 

ton  ought  to  be 
for  the  house  company 
ible  to  sell,  or  possibly 
same,  event.  The  question 
houses,  in  case  of 
(at ion  of  the  house  companies 

These  matters  I  think  can  be  worked  out  between  pourself, 
Mr.  Robinson  and  Jlr.  Bachman  to  a  large  extent,  but' I  would  like  to 
see  the  final  arrangements  before  their  execution. 

Ur.  E.  Philips  is  in  charge  of  renting  our  various 
properties  around  here,  and  it  mightbe  well  to  speak  to  him  about 
the  transaction  too. 

Charles-  Edison. 

to  Messrs.  Robinson  and  R.  A.  Bachman. 

C.  C. 

June  14,  19  IS, 

Dear  Mr.  Steueri 

.  .  ..  .  1  8)11  suro  y°tl  will  be  Interested  in  the  tabulation  below, 
showing  the  comparison  of  Pro  duo  t  ion,  Shipman  ts  and  Stock  on  Hand  of  the 
four  leading  Cement  Companies* 

,  ,,  Ih9a®  figarao  Bhow  at  a  glanoe  that  wo  are  holding  our  on 

fairly  .wall  on  everything  except  Stoofc  on  Hand,  our  Cement  stook  being 
only  2J5  of  the  total.  1  am  oertainly  glad  to  see  how  well,  notwith¬ 
standing  this  condition,  we  are  holding  oar  own  on  Shipments  and  I  know 
that  you  are  using  your  beBt managerial  powara  -  in  oo-operation  with  Mr. 
Soott  -  to  the  end  that  we  may  fortify  ouroelveB  in  a  strong  fourth 



These  records  cover  the  period  1899-1931.  They  consist  of  minutes 
from  meetings  of  the  stockholders  and  directors  of  EPCCo.  Included  are 
copies  of  the  company's  articles  of  incorporation  and  bylaws;  copies  of  its 
contract  of  June  9, 1 899,  with  Edison;  and  lists  of  stockholders.  The  subjects 
covered  include  the  election  and  resignation  of  officers;  the  appointment  of 
managers  and  sales  representatives;  reports  by  senior  officers  and 
managers;  corporate  reorganizations;  and  company  finances.  Specific 
discussions  involve  the  construction,  operations,  and  capacity  of  the 
company's  works  at  Stewartsville,  New  Jersey.  Some  of  the  minutes  concern 
the  explosion  and  fire  of  March  2,  1903,  at  Stewartsville  and  subsequent 
alterations  at  the  site.  Other  entries  pertain  to  product  quality,  packing 
materials,  sales,  and  trade  associations.  There  is  also  discussion  of  labor 
conditions,  including  a  reliance  upon  Mexican  quarrymen  during  the  First 
World  War. 

The  Edison  National  Historic  Site  contains  a  set  of  EPCCo  minute 
books  on  microfilm,  which  was  generated  during  the  1940s  for  the 
Secretarial  Department  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  Except  for  two  volumes 
covering  the  period  November  1920-August  1929,  the  original  EPCCo 
minutes  cannot  be  located.  The  minute  books  presented  in  this  edition 
constitute  a  mix  of  original  documents  and  photocopies  produced  from  the 
Secretarial  Department's  microfilm. 

Directors  Minutes  (1899-1915)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  meetings  of  the  board  of  directors  for  the  period 
June  1 899-December  1915. 

Directors  Minutes  (1916-1920)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  meetings  of  the  board  of  directors  for  the  period 
May  191 6-June  1920. 

Stockholders  Minutes  (1899-1915)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  stockholders'  meetings  for  the  period  June  1 899- 
May  1915.  Preceding  the  minutes  is  a  letter  from  Edison  of  May  19, 1908,  concerning  the 
assignment  of  patent  rights,  along  with  a  copy  of  the  minutes  of  the  incorporators'  meetinq 
of  June  8, 1899. 

Stockholders  Minutes  (1916-1920)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  stockholders'  meetings  for  the  period  April  1916- 
May  1920. 

Stockholders  and  Directors  Minutes  (1920-1925) 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  meetings  of  the  stockholders  and  board  of 
directors  for  the  period  November  1920-June  1925.  A  sample  contract  with  dealers,  along 
with  other  unnumbered  pages,  has  been  inserted  into  the  book. 

Stockholders  and  Directors  Minutes  (1925-1929) 

This  volume  contains  minutes  from  meetings  of  the  stockholders  and  board  of 
directors  for  the  period  August  1925-August  1929. 

Stockholders  and  Directors  Minutes  (1929-1931)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  from  meetings  of  the  stockholders  and  board  of 
directors  for  the  period  September  1 929-November  1931.  Preceding  the  minutes  is  an 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Directors  Minutes  (1899-1915)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  meetings  of  the  board  of  directors  for 
the  period  June  1899-December  1915.  The  pages  are  unnumbered. 
Approximately  350  pages  have  been  used. 


’ '  .  a- 


On  motion,  duly  socondod,  Messrs .tilliaa  H.Shelaerriina,  Walter 
S .Mai lory,  T’illiam  S  .Pilling,  Thomas  A.Bdison  and  Harlan  Page  ’are 
elected  members  of  the  Executive  Coccitteo. 

It  was  saved,  ar.d  the  action  carried,  that  the  Executive  Com¬ 
mittee  for  the  time  being  have  and  exercise  all  the  rowers  of  the 
3oard  of  Directors  in  the  management  of  the  bus: -.ess  and  affairs  of 
the  Company,  and  have  power  to  authorise  the  sealof  the  Cc:npar.y  tc 
bo  affixed  to  all  papers  which  ray  require  it. 

Ovon  motion  it  -as  ordered  that  the  Secretary  of  tho  Company 
procure  the  corporate  seal  ar.d  stock  and  transfer  books,  and  such 
other  books  and  stationery  as  are  necessary  for  the  corporate  bushes 
of  the  Company.  4 

On  motion  it  was  resolved  that  the  Treasurer  of  this  Company' be, 
and'he  hereby  is,  instructed  and  empowered  to  open  and  keep  an  ac¬ 
count  of  deposit  dth  The  Peal  Estate  Title  Insurance  &  Trust  Company 
in  the  nano  and  for  the  use  of  this  Company,  ar.d  deposit  in  said  bank 
frm  timo  to  timo  any  arri  all  moneys,  chocks ,  drafts,  notes,  accept¬ 
ances,  and  other  evidences  o'-  indebtedness  which  may  now  be  or  may 
hereafter  come  into  his  possession,  and  in  the  name  of  this  Company 
to  withdraw  the  sane,  or  any  part  or  all  of  the  proceeds  thersof,and 
that  all  checks  be  countersigned  by  either  the  President  or  Vice 

Or.  notion  it  wa3  resolved  that  the  principal  office  of  this  Com¬ 
pany  outside  of  the  State  of  .Tew  Jersey  be  in  the  Cirard  Trust  Co’s 
building,  in  the  City  of  Philadelphia,  Stato  of  Pennsylvania,  and 
that  all  meetings  of  the  Ecardof  Directors,  unless  otherwise  designa¬ 
ted,  bo  held  at  such  office,  which  is  hereby  designated  as  the  office 
of  this  Company  in  said  City. 

On  motion,  duly  seconded,  it  was  resolved  that  the  Secrotary_and... 
Treasurer  receive  nr.  annual  salary  of  Fifteen  hundred  Dollars  .-  . 
and  nomore;  that  no  salaries  bo  paid  to  the  President  and  Vice'  Pres-. 

;  id  ant;  and  that  Walter  S.liallory  receive  a  salary  of  $  per  ansa 
.  ..  for  special  services  to  be  rendored  by  him  for  assisting  In  the  tech- 

nical  work  in  designing  and  constructing. 

On  notion,  duly  seconded,  Jonas  t  Carson  wero  made  counsel  for 
the  Company. 

The  Secretary  presorted  to  the  meeting  an  agrooment  to  be  ex¬ 
ecuted  by  Thomas  A.Kdison  and  by  the  said  Company,  wherein  the  said 
Thomas  A.  idison  agrees  to  assign  certain  exclusive  rights  under  bis 
patents,  and  applications  for  patents,  covering  the  use  of  his  mach¬ 
inery  far  tho  manufacture  of  cement  only  in  tho  United  States  and 
''enada,  in  oration  of  the  issuance  to  him,  arul  to  those  named 
in  said  agreement,  being  incorporators  of  this  Company,  of  the  entire 
common  capital  stock  of  said  company;  and  for  the  payment  of  certain 
royaltiea  to  said  Th.ras  A.Saison  in  consideration  of  his  con¬ 
tinued  management  and  supervision  of  said  manufacturing  business  of  . 
said  Company.  This  agreement  w  as  read  and  discussed  clause  by 
clause,  and  as  amended  was  adopted. 

The  written  opinion  of  Dyer,  Edmunds  4  Dyer,  patent  counsel  in 
the  City  of  ’tew  York,  was  produced  and  read,  in  which  Mr  Richard  IT. 

Dyer,  after  describing  the  various  patents  already  granted  to  Mr. 

Edissn,  and  the  applications  filed  by  him,  uses  these  words:  .. 

•It  is  my  opinion  that  the  patents  granted  and  to  be  -ranted 
to  Mr  .Edison  on  the  subjects  before  enumerated,  will  be  good  and 
valid  patents,  and  will  adequately  protect  the  apparatus  and  process¬ 
es  which  Mr  .3d  is  an  proposes  to  use  for  the  crushing,  grinding,  screen 
irg  and  bumirgof  cement,  and  that  they  will  affectively  prevent  oth- 
ers  from  using  the  same  processes  and  apparatus.  I  am  also  of  opin¬ 
ion  that  such  processes  ard  apparatus  do  not  infringe  ary  existing 
!  7alid  patents." 

Whereupon  the  following  preamble  and  resolution  for  the  purchase 

_ of  .property  necessary  forgfcfljminoss  of  this  Company »  and  foruthe  ... . 

Issuance  of  stock  of  this  Conpjry,  full  paid  and  non  assessable, 
was  unanimously  adopted  by  the  Board  of  Directors.  :  >•'  ' 

WHEREAS  by  resolutions  duly  passed  at  a  meoting  of  the  incorpoak.  ’^4.^ 
tors  of  this  Company,  hold  on  tfcn  Sth.dny  of  June ,1899,  the  Directox^-fAj^ 



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Tne  £afiSon  florZ/onJ  GemenZ  GmAjy  h-as  ne/J  at  tie  ( 
Oj  'r,  *  QonjAjiy,  Corner  fa/Afp'  fioaa  'Vi  aie  s/ae  fr/cue.  , 
Orcocfr,  A/.'J,  'jnu'sjy,  OctcAer  if*  /S/o  oZ  ■-.JO  P.ffl. 

J  jfirt.  <?  Us* ,  'w  S.  msJfoy, 
TLs.  n.  7ne*fsm.  «/ bni<*  ThotjAs 

U'.tfsie/*'*/.",  £■  G./Th/kr. 

Har/or  Pm  ty  Harry  A  t/l./fen. 

'll  S.mJfop'  W-f.P e/V, 

/bnior  TnonAsa,'  Z~  At-  Uyfon, 

'/'it,  tn  tne/r  iuAsnjnt  if  nos  fa  tnt  teef  /nZeresZs 
omfi ary  io  be  So  .  unon/mzasA: 

'/esc/ees,  cn  metier,  ef  7>  IV-  rf.  S/ieinre/  ciu/y 
A  6/  Ur.  £■■  6.  ftl/her  tint  / 71r.  IV  S.  ttla/Z.ry's 

//>e  '-y^Zjr  /feme/,  mee.i/y  e-  Zee  Soon/ of  D/ rents  rs 
ff  £&'*’'>  /hr/tonJ  Germi Gom&m-  has  Ae/S aztis  Cfr'tc 
xcet.a*  or  tie  tieny/tay  tSorner  h//e,  A,oaj’\'j4'es/tie  StMue,  lies/  Oroyr, 

*  u»  ''nunsjay.  Deeemdrr  to*  rp/a  at  n  jo  A /f. 

"fif  Jo/'otnoy  /venrAers  hem  Present ; 

.trjca»sse*.  .  rtos  4  rSsci,  '  If.  S.  /!?*//<&  tiervn  /.  6W, 

/■/.  Djer,  h'/iSAe/ner/nr,  Tiiar. /!/.  T/fctyAsn, 

Han/an  A/ye,  £  <S.Ui//er,  .V  ,y.‘  r~ M/Ur .  '  .  :  . 

/Dr.  Scj/jo/j  j6nss/(/&(f.  Tne  minutes  cf  tie  previous  meeZ/ny  here  feaS  anJ 

ayyraeeS  os  read. 

•****'«*"■  ■■  7%*'  yasorers  StjiorZ  sA'osvrnj  rece/f  is  An/ cf/tiurse- 
meets  onS  cast  on  hamf  DoeenAer  epf  amount/nr  Z.  *2t,2SA.oo 
teas  teas  onS .flAroreS. 

_ ,  t  e/jZson  rnoZ/an  or  /7)r.  SAe/mertine,  seccnSeS  Ay  /Ar. 

ns"Mli  ■  /Jamoson  tie  Ares/tienZ  ms  mstrmtec/ to  etiress  to Ur  Soman/ 
merer  tie  rears  Z  c~'  Zne  Scant  of  D/rseZors  os  Zo  Ati  retirement  then  tie. 

sert/ce  of  iAe  GomAany  OnS  Zne/r  aAArec/ation  oftAe faitiru/ 
l*o rA  a'ane  tvA//e  /n /'As  Omf/ay.  1 

Lyon  motion  of  Me  Dyer.  susnoeSA/  D7r.  Sne/mem/,*e 
iceatr  famy  Znt^fo//oMry  resoZuZtan  Mis  uttan/mcusfi  aSyAZrrf. 

Resoued,  Tmt  inu  Compinj  lease  io  the  Warren  County’ 

•tun So/er,  Warehouse  Company,  lot  or  p,eee  of  arouni  Kiin  ine  builjing 

k.a-rsirL,^  therecn  ereeiti,  lino nn  as  iioei  House  Vo  2.  Siiuaie  is  follons:- 
Secinmn;  al  a  point  l,  on  tne  map  of  preperii  oacupieJ 
by  tne  sio:H  ncuses  of  this  Cenpany  at  \e»  li/laje,  Ktw  Jersey 

it  alone  sloe  ci  Sue!. 
uVnorii  5i\ii-one  Je- 
drej  onj  fifteen  feet  ilonj 
ne;  thence  (3) north 

greet  ana minute*  uesi,  ore  nunneJ  anf fifteen  feet  to]/":  point  of  bejinniiy  T.  Tne  sait  ccniainrna  sixty-four  one- :: 
huno-euflj  ofantipm,  more  or  less;  for  tHe  term  of  .  ONE 
jear.  at  the  annual  rental  of  luo  Thousand  DolUri,  an4  :V 

parties  hereto  or  any  of  tne  member,!  of  said  Association;  : 
anc  that  si  a  Association  of  Licensed  Cement  ffiantifaciurr^j  aha 
be  and  is  hereby  dissolved.  Pro  idea,  however,  that  tne  Soerd  of 
managers  of  said  Association  shall  be  and  i«  hereby  authorised  an 
emaonered  t.  hind  uo  the  affains  and  business  of  said  AssooUtKjv 

arw'tc  pay  off  all  o-‘  :he  indebtedness  and  liabilt ties  of  *»id 
Association  as  rapiul?  86  it  my  be  convenient  and  possible  to 
Jo  6o;  and  that  nothing  contained  herein  shall  relieve,  re  - 
lease' or  discharge  ay  parly  to  said  Articles  of  Agreement 
or  any  member  of  said  Association  from  the  payment  of  or 
liabiliiv  for  any  sum  of  mony  tvhich  may  be  payable  by  such 
party  or  such  member  according  to  the  terms  of  said  Arti¬ 
cles  of  Agreement  for  the  purpose  of  enabling  the  Board  of 
Manacers'to  liquidate  and  pav  the  indebtedness  and  liabilities 
of  said  Association. 

In  Witness  Whereof,  the  undersigned  have  caused  these 
presents  to  be  signed  by  their  respective  duly  autfiori-ed  of¬ 
ficers  or  representatives  tnis  Sivth  day  of  January,  13U. 

Coon  /no:,  on  o~,?7r.  Beia'.Seconded  0\  /Tin  £.i 3/fJ/t/er, 
tie  .t ction  o*zbe  o'  %  s/cninc  J  Ze.tse  active/**  tiis  Gamcany 
a,„fie  i/ar/en  Bounty  iVu.ehsus* -X  anted finuag /;* /*//,  K*‘*pn*t 
Uoon  /notion  of  T7)r.  £  3.  /rti/kr,  seconded  ox  Mr.  Sne/- 
-  mtrvino,  tit  action  g  i/it  officers  in  entering  m'u,  o  /ecrse  of  the 
"  farm  fmotrty  7  Oberf  fir  a fierioo  offixtjears^  fix,,/, 
“fieri/  t*  if/,,  nit-i  a  farther  covan  o-'-7ie  |W-a,  nos  abb/:, ad. , 

.•«.  ‘  Tit  Prtsi'atni  suimi tied  a  prooosiiionfio-n  t". i  8/ocb 

Wooer  Go.  efficient y  en;ineers,  s./c  sea:,  cos  as  to  certain 
economies  Moitration  "of  the  b/ant,  tx-hico  uPan  mot'on  of  ,'Tir.  ffeid, 
seconded  Ox  kr.  £■  c.  /Mien  offer  considc/v/i  -'ic.-SS/on,  #«w  Ia/J 

•i  •  Uoon  motion  of  ,T)r.  obe/mercine,  Seconded by  Mr.  Beid,  j 

mm  tie  officers  hen  /metr-cted  io  ta.<e  tie  necessary  sifis  ia  ammje 

Kief  tie  fTJe/iij  Trust  Go.  of  ,Wx.  X  J.,  to  act  a-  Trustee  under  , 
tie  ionos  of  this  Qomhog  in  tie face  of  tie  h'ib/amsbug  Trust  &, 
ml  of  Brecon,  A.  f  „is  na,e  resfined.  coin*  to  trejid  list  %  are  j 

liouidsii.u  iiwir  business. 

boon  motion  c f/flr.  Sbeinerdine,  seconded  Of  /M.  £.  6.  /hi/fer. 

/he  /Te-'u/ar  monthj-  meef/y  of  the  Soon/  of  Arce&n 
O •  ne  £j.-Se.>  /'cr/.and  Oerter:  Gomy/anf-  Ms  be/d  /fhr,/  2 y  9  /S//  at 
ft. Jo  f  hi.  at  the  fffhco/ the  Go/rfiony,  Sorrer  Zatrs/de  /fvtnut  V 
Ts Try  Zxosd,  i/est  On/nye,  -V  d 

/Acre  hrn  fresco//  /TJessrs  £i/ison,  Ghe/merdfne,  7M.J7ronb.'en, 
iifibsn,  orsne,  J.  /.  Thoatbsxio,  fyer,  S  £ /??,//er,  tufy.  S  /ha/iory 

/ T/r.  /flai/oy  cc/ed  us  Sbairman  ^  /fir  /£  f~  /Vi/feras  h.'tiny 
Secretory.  '  .  .  ■_  ,  . 

The  minutes  of  tie  n/cct/ny  of  bebruory  J.>9  mere  read  and 
on  /notice  mere  a', if-  af/rovrd. 

The  treasurer  submitted  a  nfiort  shohr/ny  feceibts  and  dis¬ 
bursements fieri  Obr/Z /*  to  si9,  /nctasive,  sbaniny  a  cost  bsA’Co 
of  *.-,JSc:o,  ix-hicb  ubon  motion,  mas  reeeirrd  and f/aerd  onf/fi.  ; 

The  fies/ber/i reported t/at on/m, for  aeer  2,000,000  borne/, 
had  tern  nect/i/ed,  bet  as  sbifmenis  on  Same  of  these  orders  oea/d 
e\tend  oxer  uni,/ ryes,  ond others  ncn.  so metvbad  mf/a/xd,  that 
/hr. //Zeyer, /Vanayer gf  eSa/es,  est/mates  that  he  bai’C Sa/J  about- 
/,  do  o.oco  borneb  and  that  the  bahnee  of  cement  xye  sta/booe 
for  xfj/e  ,x  Zi  be  ,'esenredfr  our  czej/ers  at  tbe  f/.'/ma/det fir, cos. 

The  flrcs/aent  made  an  aru/ sehort  as  to  tie  enberimenis 
/n  ijreiea  c/tn/er  h/to  a  Comh/oj/on  of  anthracite  and  bituminous 
2/3/,  a /so  a  rf/ort  ,n  defai/ as  to  various  ci/nyes  n,idde  duriny 
tn  r  -fi/donn jTon,  fibr/Z/S9  to  tj*  mc/usive 

ihe  /Resident  a/so  nf  orb'd  e/u/  arroefer-ents  had  been 
Ude  hit/  t/e  /Zde/,  'ty  Trust  <So,  to  act  as  Trustee  under  our 
bends,  and ufen  mabon  made  by  /fir.  Thomas  hi  Thomfion,  seconded 
•V  Mf-  <She//rerdiee,  the  officers  mere  instructed  A  sffreud  u/6on  hie 
nie/tes  cf/es  of'  :be  oyreenenf  S'oncd  by  tbe  myor/tf  of  Me  Sond- 
bo/ders,  foyeiber  is/tb  tbe  ayreen/ent  e>  ecu  fed  £  fne  /fje/ty  7iu/t  Go. 
acceyt/ny  t/c  Tn/stcesbf  (>• 

iff  on  motion  of  /ffr.  Thomas  hf  TbarySsen,  seconded  by  /Tfr. 
Sbe/men/de ,  tbe  officers  /ve/p  authorised  70  meyot/ate  /or  tbe 
yuronase  of  rfe  //yndsbatv  firm  cf  ahcuC  ///  ocresyi,,  <d2s~o  oo, 

Or  K/uri,  rso  oo  to  he  eusb  and  *iSco  cof  xrejear  moetyaye  ,t  sb  ti. 

Ufi on  motion  of  Z/Tr.Ghe/meraine,  seconded  by  /T3r  6ran$  it 
y/as  rcso/ed  that  tbe finesent  Baardof  Zfirectars  be  nomimbte/fd  ■ 
e/eciian  at  ebe  Otoc<  ic/der,  meeiiny .  to  6e  ne/d  on  Tuesdsi,  htOy  fi/Jto. 

;  .  On  mottos  of  Mr.  6/vne.  seconded  fi  h!r.  Uetan  tbe  mect/y  (fen 

j  Bct/ny  Secmbsrj/  . 

Jne  reyu/ar  manin/y  meet/ny  af  *nc  Eaard  of  directors  of 
Tne  Edison  fhriiancf  Gement  Gomfany  teas  ne/f  dune  ap,  ry/r 
at  /2.oo  Aeon  at  tne  of 'fee  of  tne  Gombany  corner  Laieside  fire, 
b  Valle)1  foad,  West  ''Orj^e,  /V  d. 

'’/Venders  o  resent  i\ere:  / TJessrs \ 

Thomas  A-  Edison,  tV  ft-  •S/ie/merJinc, 

E  G/arencc  Wif/er,  J.  union  Thompson, 

E  A  Union.  hi  S  fflaf/ord 

.  v  H’  F  f77i//er. 

/Hr.  Edison  occupied  tne  chair. 

Tne  minutes  yf  tne  meetings  heft  Abrii  :y*  •*'/l?ayy'' 
IS/,-  |  /ere  read  and  on  motion  ot  Fir.  £  <3.  fibber  seconded  iy 
/Dr.  J  TnamfSon  were  apbroied  as  read. 

77ie  Treasurer's  report  shotting  Gash  on  hand  dune  :s* 

O-'  *J/,ovsbj  has  read  amt  b/aced  onf'i/e. 

On  motion  mate  by  d/lr.  E-  3.  filler  seconded  by  fflr. 
h  .  H.  S'.dmerdine  and  carried  it  Iras  decider  to  hood  add  bntmb 
■  office  sales  managers  in  tne  sum  cf  *0000.00  each  m  some  rei/.Wc 
Su/rty  Gombany 

v  There  he 'n/  no  further  business,  on  notion  duty  maUe  and 
flc&r.a  *S tcrefaff 

77?e  fleyu/ar  Pitei/fty  cf  Boar# of  D/rrctirx  cf  t^c 

Ba/jon  /brf/t/tj  6*mr*£  (Bon^ay  Ai '/.fat  tic  Sti/Soo  /at>e- 

ratoy.  Oranje,  Ad  d,  October  io*  ran,  at  FAT. 

/Verniers  fresrni  Mere;  /Tlessrs,  Tneron  d.  Grant,  . 

A.  erdisnn,  IV  s.  mu/oy  c.  «?.  rm//t,,  gf.  r  .oji/dcr,  7bomos  A 
Tiio.jfson,  J.  Union  dbomyson,  h'n.  gf.  dbe/merdine  hr  F F.  ifbton 
/Tlr.  Edison  fres/ded.  ,  •  / 

ine  //liautes  of  the  meetiny  gf  dune  if  /Sr/  here  read 
and  a  fan  motion  <f  /Tin.  Sbe/meru.  ,e,  seconded  ty  J.  /.  rbomfson, 
litre  afinred  ond  ordered gSdaeed any‘r/e 

Tne  Treasurers  regiort,  sbomdny  reeejtts:  '  ■  i  . 

jron  October  /*  A  PS* ay . f .  '//fi-Co.  a/ 

and  disbursements  of  f/e  some  pfr/su' omoaiitny  A.. ..  /baser.  to  ' 
leaunj  a  badance  on  bend  October  ps*  of  •  '  rd,r/J/.si  . 

has  dead  and f/aced on  fi/c. 

.  f?7r. /Tla//orf  ref/orted  that  tbe  Gamybany  bad  decided 
..■■to  Cory  its  onn  accident  insurance,  cu/iny  te  if*  //create  in 

rates  charged gy  ine  insurance  lA-  ■e.yijnicj,  due  zt  tbe  ncto  /rnyb/oyers 

/Hr.  /Tla//ery  a/sc  retorted  ibat  tbe  bonds  for  a//  tbe 
Gsr/es  ,‘Tonayers  bod  been  f/aced . 

upon  mo/rcn  of  /Tlr.  £■  G.  /71/Z/er,  seconded  by  Air  bbena  . 
t  /.  Grant,  tne  Officers  or  the  Gombany  were  aucbcr/ced  A  enter 

•  into  an  agreement  Hitn  dl?r  ifbton  ij  irb/cb  fi/e  Cfton fires  ub 

•  t  /a  tSa/rs  Agency  of  tne  northern yburt  of  tbe  GtuA  yf  Aden 

Jersey  \ 

iff  on  mot/en  tbe  mec/tny  sfyourned 

-J!  f  JUt/*') 

/Jlj/iu/es  of  /Ac  /77ec///iy  ^  /Ac  Bcort/  D/rccfot 
fcilSon  Port/anA  Semen/  Gcmy&any  Ae/d  at  tAe  /TotrSan  fo/t 
Oranfe,  Aid..  January  IS*  /S/3  at  /ISO- 0'c/ocA 

,  /Hsm/ers f resent  were:  ft/essrs.  //os.  />.  Sdicon,  iA< 

Thcm/ssn,  J.  Union  7/am^se/tl  Mt  if  SAe/merdme.  C  Cisren 

/Hr.  Edison y/res/ded. 

77>c  iftinutes  of  i/e/neeiinf  of  Odder  it* /Sr 
Asad,  one/  on  0,0/00  of  /Mr  /Acs.  ft!.  7/cmfscn.  Seconded  Ay 

34*  bins  rtoS  on*  ordered f taxed  oof/e 
inn  4/  /Hr.  S/fAnerd/ne, Seconded  A/  ft. 

tot  /ease  ancf  ffecn  to  fnc/ase  a  yarn  CoDtainuy  affnximadef  pp 
aores,  ms  Confirm,/ 

CAjien  Atc&ho  of  fttr  JfloS.  /ft.  ffiomfisen,  Seconded, Ay  //In. 
SAeimerd/ne,  tAe  ad/on  of  i/e  Cffcerc  /a  execa/mj  ayreement- 
/Hr.  /Aortas  ft  Ed*  son,  covering  0  /ease  c/ait/  Jan  //(A,  /s/2, 

i/Acn  /not/an  of  /Hr.  S/e/merctine.  seconded  Au  /ftr.  J.  i.  77,*. 

map  of  property  occupied  bj 
trw  Village,  Men  Jersey,  located 
t,  8  feet  and  13  om-hundredths 
f  Stockhouse  No.  3,  and  along 
J.  I  ano'  2.  thence  (»)  south  28 

$1  degrees  and  la  minutes  East,  US  feet  along  end  of  said  Stock- 
house  to  a  corner  of  Same;  thence  (3)  north  28  degrees  and  4o 
minutes  West,  245  feet  and  2  s/100  0f  a  foot  alongside  of  said 
Stockhouse  to  a  corner  0f  same  at  the  intersection  with  aforesaid 
Stoehhouse  Ho  I;  thence  t4)  South  61  degrees  and  20  tlinutes  West 
MS  feet  to  the  point  of  beginning  *E";  the  same  containing  sixty- 
four  one-hundredths  of  an  acre, more  or  less,* 
oi  tf>ot  tief  /e  on  (/onset/  to  execute  o  new  /east for  i/e  groan/ 
A  huji/ino  keen*  as  Sfoe/iexse  Ah  3  eituaiaf  Os  A/Aws:- 

Be5.nn.nq  at  a  point  *C;' on  the  map  of  property  occupied 

r.r«  by  the  Stockhouses  of  this  Company  at  New  Villaqe,  New  Jersey, 

■V  at  tne  intersection  of  the  center  line  of  No  160  Conveyor  and 
v.  the  end  wall  foundation  line  of  No.  3  Stockhouse  located  at  . 
332.656  feet  measured  along  center  Imc  of  said  Conveyor 
from  the  intersection  T of  said  line  with  the  center  line 
of  Stockhouses  Nos.  I  and  2,  thence  south  28  degrees  and 
40  minutes  East  156.67  feet  along  said  line  of  said  Stockhouse 
No.  3  to.  a  corner  of  sad  House;  thence  North  61  degrees  and 
20  minutes  East  376.0  feet  along  side  foundation  line  of  said 
House  to  0  corner  of  said  House;  thence  North  28  degrees  and 
40  minutes  West  178.25  feet  along  end  foundation  line  of  said  ' 
House  to  a  corner  of  said  House;  thence  South  61  degrees  and 
2o  minutes  'West  376.0 ?eet  along  side  foundation  line  of  said 
House  to  a  corner  of  said  House;  thence  5ouih  28  degrees  and 
4o  fninutes  East  21  S8  feet  along  end  foundation  of  said  House 
to  the  point  of  beginning  '<}’•  The  same  containing  one  and  fifty- 

four  one-hundredths  of  an  acre,  more  or  less." 

at  on  annua/  rente/  of  *3  000  00  for year from  Jamsay  /f* /s/3. 

/Hr  ma/iory  mat/e  on  era/ statement  as  to  tAe  condition 
Of  tAe  P/ontfnom  a  mecAornica/  standpoint,  and  a/so  fare  tAe 
resu/ts  o/ tAe  aud.tars  statement  for  /S//  derations  indue/, ry  a// 
defart ments.  ifeatso  out/ineci  tAe  se/iinf  p c/icy for  /s/2  and 
■Stated  tAxt  /t  was  AofedtAxt  tAe  SxAs  dunny  /Jn  brou/d fermrt 
tAe^  P/ont  to  oferate  to  /is  maximum  cofacity  tAroujAout  (At 

C/fcn  motion ,  tAe  meetinf  tAen  adorned.  ' 

Minutes,  /T/eetino  of  Boon/  of  Dr rectors  of  the  Lc/iSon  Porthsnd  Gcmext 
Gomfay,  he/d  Thursday  Afr/V  26*  /SlZ,  at  /Z.3Q  A  A).,  at  the  Edison 
Laioratorf,  West  Orange,  A/.d 

/Members present  ter/e:  /Messrs  Thomas  A  Edison,  N  S.  tnii/vy, 

1/  //.  She/merdine,  F  P.  Uhton,  F  L.  Ojer,  Thertn  /.  Grose,  Marfan  /aye, 

V  (C  F  /Mi/fer. 

Mir.  Edison f resided at 'the  /needy. 

Tne  /Minutes  of  tie  frevious  meet/ny  ter  ere  read  and  offn  ved 

Ufan  /notion  of  /Mr.  She/merdine,  Seconded  if  /Mr.  Grose,  it  urns 
Yesohed  that  trie  note  to  heyr/ea  /Mr.  J.  L.  Tihonfsonjar  (he  Coupons 
he/d  tyhm  as  Executor  of  f/e  £ state  of  ttciert  tf  7horinfson,  a/so  the 
notes  Ae/d  6y  t/e  other  three  to  rsjror  coupons,  hear  the  Words:-  ‘Mrs 
‘note  is  yfaen  is fayirmf  of  Coufons  due  thejfrst  day  a*  Afrit, 
iyu,  ond  rs  not  to  it  deemed  a  satisfaxtios  f  the  debt  irfrc- 
senled  Ay  Si/ci  coufons  unhss  ford  at  mofdrety* 

7/t  Treasurers  refort,  sAomsoo  ha/oncc  os  toed  Afrit 
23* /3/s,  of  *27,233.86  was  read  and  ordered  f faced  onfde' 

Uhon  motion  tf  /Mr.  Grant , seconded  6y  /Mr.  Aye,  tne 
President,  Vice- Resident,  Secretary  ond  /Danayer  of  Sar/es,  or  either 
of  them,  is  sefaratef  authorized  to  siyn  and  execute  on  6eha/f  of 
this  Gonfay  any  ond  at/ fn/iasah  w/ien  my' he  suhmitted  and  contrasts,  ■ 
tends  or  other  documents  relative  to  any  Wort  which  is  or  my  he  <t- 
warded if  the  (/sited  Gtates  (fovemmeni  to  this  Gonfany,  and  a/so 
ay  contracts  and  bonds  with  she  dat'd  Government  c oncer/tiny  sue/  worl.  _ 
(d fan  motion  or  /Mr.  Crane, seconded  Ay  /Nr.  hhe/merdinc, 
it  was  decided  to  aceeft  Mir.  Fdison's  offer  to  finance  a  new  Goaf  ay' 
io  manufacture  Concrete f  redacts  to  the  extent  of  hSooaao,  fnrided 
it  iys  its  cement from  this  Gomfanf  at  a frice  of  *2.oof r  iarre/,  I 

Including far /yes,  the  ahore frice fer  home/  to  ie  m  /ieu  of rent  and 
choyes far fower,  steon.  Water,  etc. 

Ltfon  motion  of  Mir.  Grane,  seconded iy  Mir.  Atyc,  the  fo/fawiny 
names  dor  Directors  are  to  he  offered  to  the  Stac/no/ders  af the 
Annual  Mlcehny  m  Mly- 

Therth  /  Grant,  Front  t.  Dfer,  jhamas  A.  Edison, 

Walter  S  Ma/faf,  Mary  f.  mi /far,  E  G/arenee  tTht/er, 

Marfan  Axjet  l/i/fard  P  fteid,  Wm.  M She/merdine 

Thomas  /M  Thonfscn,  J.  Linton  Thonf son,  Francis  P.  (f  fan. 

L/fcn  motion,  the  meetly  odfuwsed.  -■■■ 

/Tiinutes  of  Me  meetiny  of  Me  Soon/ of  Directt/s 
°ffk  frJison  Art/on /  Gen mt  Gonfoy  Ae//  at  Me  Qf/ee 
of  Me  Goof  ay  West  Oronjet  /tf  on  7nurstay,  Juf  ss*/S/z 

7nere  were  f  resent  //Jesses.  Momas  S.  t/ison, 
front  l  Oyer,  Wn,  /t  SAe/mer/ine,  fr  S.  i/ftnn,  Meron  /  Grone 
W.  S.  tna/foy  on/ //.  A  tM//er.  '  . 

file  £//son  fresi/e/  at  Me  meetiny  . 

Me  minutes  of  Me  t/JecArys  of /fri/  s/t  onc/ 
friay  /-f*/S/ 2,  were  reoZ an/ off  rove/. 

Toe  Treasurers  refort,  Moniny  a  fa/once  on  Aon/ 
Ju/y  isU/S/i'  of  4&t,460. 00  was  reo / on/ or/ere/ f>/ae e/ 

7T>efb//omny  Zeso/utian  eras  off  ere/ 6y  /TJr.  sAe/- 
noer/ine  on/  seeon/eZ  Ay  //Jr  Grone  on/ eras  unanimous// 
a/fie/.-  ....  ^ 

"Sssoivco,  Mat  Me  action  o' Me 
Officers  f  Me  Gamfony,  tn  siyniny  a 
/east  tviM  //Jr.  Momas  /)  AZison,  /a te/ 

Zfcv.  /*/,  JS//  Corer/ny  Me  OxfarZ  Quorr/ 
frferty,  At  an/ A  A  err  Ay  off  rove/.  * 

Ifbon.  motion  of  //Jr.  SAe/hrr/ine,  secon/rZ  Ay 

fr/r  Ufton,  jc  was  unon/mrufr  Zeso/ut/  Mat  'Me  resoAcAoa 
affront/  at  Me  meetiny  Ae/Z  January  2y*r  /j/o/  atetAor/s/ny 
Me  Officers  to  enter  mto  contracts  for  use  of  our  torje 
6rusniny  S0//1  ,h  a  territory  West  y  Me  ST/ssissfAi  firrr 
be  hereby  amen/e/  to  a/so  rnc/u/e  Me  territory  tost  of 
Me  Wississiffi  Wizen  * 

filr.  /? 7a//ojry  mo/e  on  ora /  statement  as 
to  Meyenena/  can/itioa  y  Me  cement  business. 

Mere  beiny  nofurMer  business,  on  mo  Aon 
Me  met  tiny  Was  acf/ourneZ 

/Tiinutes  of  tfe  medio  s  cf  the  Soar/ nf  p/rtefsrs 
of  tot  fonoM  Po/tTLfi.vo  Sc/rciT  3s*rxnny'  At//  ot  cne  Office 
o*  Z  It  So-yiin)  J.c \t  Oranar  A-  -J  an  7Aars/ay  Ctfiti.’i6er 

/  nert  tecre  orcstne  Pkssn.  7oo‘nas  .•?.  fafison,  Jtfin.  /f 
•Me/ws/o^  Tnzron  /■  Gnat,  ki.'.srj p.  Peiff  .?.  tfcfcnt  J.i.  ' 
,7?to  -.cZa-j.  ft.  J | f-  Jy.  3.  Pii/Arj  on/  ,f.  fpif/ter. 

/Hr.  fi.zo  t  f'eoiz'e/  it  tot 

.'it  rnnettz  -X  toe  nttLof  of  l  </>  to3 ..a  ct’e  /to/,  jn/ 
On  motion  of/  sf/re.-.n' 

7Ae  Tie  to /rets  rtontZ,  z.ircns  j  Oj/jnce  on  nan/  See/  is.t, 

. y. i,  of  ,jf  o,  ..  to  /no  on/ erotrs o j&fatts  evyv/c 

/Y>r.  /Oo/Zerx  /nose  on  erai  repent  os  to  tne  p'oioofpti 
of  tie  ion noiinn  r*  on  Caziz/n  (n  at  farms/  in  toe 
.  CAOectnzisn  of  C-.r/ectino  tome  of  Coe  trust  so.zesip  c  /nsUz~ 
{..,  fie  matter  CSS  oiscssot/  £at  .no.  ferns/  mss  taJirn^  partner  aeve/eiments. 

ff)r.  fiat/cr/  .j/so  m/ao  an  oni/  retort  ate  to  frit  Ca/cf/n? 
Xcn-aiiicro  tf  ch/emencz  on/  firesfieoiz  for  Zoo  J.ifjZcr  mentis. 


Held  at  tba  Office  of  tbo  Cecpasy.  Inka- 
—  ft  galley  Byd.  Cent  jfraago, 

at  12:90  r.  U. 

*a.  H.  Shelacrdine,  Thoaaa  9.  Thonpeon,  Zheron  1.  Crane, 

J.  Unton  Thoapeon,  t.  *.  Upton,  Harlan  Page,  W.  8.  Kallery 
end  H.  T.  Hiller.  Mr.  Bftleon  presided  at  the  Booting. 

the  Wlnutee  of  the  previous  osrtlng  acre 
road,  and  an  action  duly  seconded,  were  approved. 

B>e  Cholrasn  then  road  the  resignation  of 
Kr.  Trank  L.  ftrrr  ea  a  Director  or  tho  Cospasy,  and  upon 
nation  of  *r.  T.  K.  Ihonpeon,  oacondod  by  Ir.  Crane,  It  see 

The  Treasurer's  report,  shoeing  a  balance 

M/nufrj  0~  ?/ic  o? *6?  flovrS  oS  D/ftcZars 

0f  ih  £/iian  Ani/i/m/Semvr;  u,  An!/ a!  i/it 

<?yice  sr'*"e  *7^5?  /oAnS/ZeWto.  S' fo/Ay  foa^ 
fftot  Orjnfr,  A'  i/,  on  7/iurs/j^  /eon/as,  s/,  s//J 
a(  f 2. Jo! AM  '  ' 

ffl/fluies  for  Oroon/zoi'an  o' if  boars'  of  Q, rectors 
of  if  BetTion  pi /i And  GtmenZ  l&  /it. Ad  /May  /J*  19U  at  /Ae 
PrinejAa/ office  of  if  Gsmfny,  A'e*  AZ/ajc.  A/  d. 

fit  a  mecii/y  of  if  Boor/ of  B/reciorj  ef  ifs  Qnfony 
Jff  Mi  for  tAefuifosc  f  ai  tAcfnncAa/  oUicc 
of  if  Gomfay  /fen  /'//aye,  iff  On  /Tiny  M*  ly/y  ‘ f/lr.  7/  S. 
/Mo//sy  was  nomlna/ec i  and  acted  as  Gf.r/nan  an/  file  f£  /T 
PMiZ/cr  nos  nominated  and  ocieaias  Secre/ory  • 

i/ie  minutes  of  tAe frencas  meeting  Ae/d  fefuary 
If^ifil  mere, an  of  /Ur  7fercn  /.  Grant  'v  //)r  /.  irnian 
7f)cmfsan,  disfensed  mZA. 

Zie  rcfcrt  f  if  /nsfeeters  ff  £/ection  nos  read 
sAowmy  tAefaZ/owiyoent/emen  toAo/e 6een  e/ezted Birectors 
for  if  ensuiny year. 

Jhtren  /  Grone  //or/on  Paye 

7/(omas  /}  £discn  If  /f  SAe/merd/ne 

Wo/ter  S  /Ma/tory  WiZ/ard  P.  Be/d . 

W  /f  tM eos/oncrofi  7/>omas  //>  T/tcmfscn 

ff  r  sn///cr  J.  Union  TncmAson 

G  G/orenee  /Mi  Per  Franc.s  /f.  uiicn 

7fie fa/Zonnnj  memAers  were f resent: 

/Messrs.  7tiercn  /.  Grone,  Waiter  S.  tna/Zcy,  /ferry  B 
/MiZ/er,  i  G/arcncc /TUffer,  /far bn  /hat,  Jfm  /f  SAe/merdmc 
*'v/  Union  TAomfson, 

On  motion  f  /Messrs,  i/ieron  /  Grone,  and  Bar/an  Paye 
if  'c/Zoniny  officers  were  f heed  in  nomination. 

/on  fiusiocnr.  ffir.  1/  S  P7a//ciy 

.■on  P/nzs/osnn  Pin  J.  i,nion  ftomfsn 
fb*  fr/isu-wr  /Mr  ffarry  r  m//er. 

Fo/t  SccncntitB  /Mr  ‘.•/,/Aa.n  C  i/crae 

On  motion  of  /Messrs  .fm  /.  Grone  'v  Ha.  /{ 
■S/ie/merdme,  if  Secref,  ws  ouzncrUed  io  cast  if  60//0C 
far  ta.-A  of  if  if  re  Offers  7/ie  Secretary  refried  iAat  if 
ob.H-  Officers  had  reared  if ft//  loie  of  if defers  f  /At 
Boy.d  f  Oirteiors f resent  for  if  tor/ejs  offices  and  tie 
Gnairaan  iAe/eafn  dec/ortd  i/.en)  dif  e/eeied. 

7ne  President  ordere  d  if  Secreioy  U  iaAe  /Ac 
caiA  f  off/ce  infreser/Aed  torn.. 

7$e  Pres,  deni  announced  iAe  appointment  of  Mr. 

Tftomas  fl  Bo/ison,  os  G/a.rmoa  f  (f  Boon/ of  Directors  and 
/Mr.  ll/iJ/.om  £  Borne  os  Bssisioni  Treasurer,  wAicA  action  of 
ft,  on  mot/on  of  /Mr  Bor/m  Paye  md  /Mr.  fAeron  / 

/  Grant,  hiofdjA  Tiffed  and  uf/roeed  A)  /Ac  So  or  A 

.ncyicsiion  o-c  iAe  sa/unes  of  tAe  a-'-'.ecrs  ivas  /o.d 

•  />e  ‘President  reported  iAj z  Ae  Aod  entered  into  a 
Tease  fit  A  /V  J  Bus/  at,  on  on  nua/-  rents/ of  *Scooofer year 
for  fits  form  o •  o6out  /si  acres  tv.i/  on  ayreemmt  to  furcAase 
•same  on  MfriZ/w,  ,y,s,  At  tSooofer  oerc,f>a„y  one  AsB  of  Tn  rnsiuUenfs  up  t„  said  da/r  end  on  soiddJe  „e 
are  romce/ve  a  deed  for  zA/sfarm air.ny  6a:.<  a  rrorfyaye  Sr 
out-faff  incfrnAosc.  fr/ce  to  6e foiid  aZ  i Ac  end  ef.  two 
years.  Or.  motion  o/ .O/r.  /fron  /.Grant  end  /Be  /fr/on 
Pf/c,  iAc  oti.on  0/  iAe  Pres/dnsi  tvas  of/Awed  iy  Zife 
Board..  . 

"  ^  a/so  mode  an  ora/  refer/  cn  tAe fresent 

/Mr  Grant  oa»e  na  tree  ffrofosed  a/ierau  on  am  d 
amendment  to  iAe  fy-fixs,  and  offered  :Ac  fo//omny  resa/d/.s- 
to  Ae  feted  on  3/  t Ae  rent  refu/ar  states  mee/.y  at  f/c  Boon/ 
Pcsdvef  tnac  iAe  iverd  second  in  ;Ac  Mnf  6/aasv  of 

ine  By-A/nic  Ae  sir/cAcn  out  oes  /Ac  word  /%/rd inserted  en 

lis  f/oce  ond : Ac f /pure  1  At  Sir.cArn  out  ond  too  Ae  inserted 
in  its  f fee.  Sc  fAat  /Ae  time  -hr  Ao/dmj  tAe  annua/ mcetry 
try//  Ae  ine  mud  Fcsdg'  <f  /Bay  ,n  eocij'ear  ond  tAe  near 
•sna/t  Ae  /.jo  Bff.  Z/tus  ma/.y  i/is  c/a  JSC  read  asfo//oi»sU 
'Tne  Pnnaat Mltei/ny  e' tAe  Stoc/Ao/ders  ■ 

•sna//  Ae  Ae/d  or  iAe  7/i/rd  ‘Tuesday .  f  Miff  in 
tacAjeamt  iff r/f/Aj/ off, ce  fftAc  fmAp;  : 

Be*  Vi//aye,  Atd,  at  /  Jo  P.  At  etc.,  etc. 

mere  Ae/ny  no furZAer  Ajj/ness  on  motion  tAe 

//fttSdsjp  xjfoud’/'.t'jf 


Seed*  Say 


/7?;n uies  cfa  /?/ee(/iy  of  (Ac  Poore/ y  O/rscZors 
of  (Ac  AVtSon  Por(/3nZ  Qrmmt  &m^oy.  AeA/a(  tAe  gfcc 
jf  (Ac  SamAoy  J/esZ  Oranye,  AX  f  on  tAurst/ay 
\june  sX(X,  ryrj. 

/Acre  trerc present,  /Messrs.  Za'/son, -SAe/Mcn/tnc 
fierf,  J.  A.  /Aomyfson,  SMa/Ay,  /Z  M  ZMs/Zer.  ^fwi^ 
/77r.  CcZ/son frcs/t/eZ  a(  ZAenccZ/rty 

i  7Aet ™  afro  of  /Ae  mcc/tny  cf  /May  rj/tytj  tvert 

rooa/.  anZ  on  mot/on,  Zy  seconZeZ,  net r  ofAnrcZ 

7ne  7rcasures'yaorc  (Ac  casA ref  or/ as  of  \Aune do4*- 
tvA/cA  on  fno/ion  Znf  seconZeZ,  iitos  orderoZjAAtoeZ  onfr/e. 

• !  Tnc^fo/Zomny  reso/u/ton  nos  move/ Jr  /nr  SAe/merZtn; 

anZscconZcAA,-  Z?/r.  /Hc/o'  Zac  no/tce  as  Zo  (Ac  cAonye  /»  Ay- 
/ants  Aatr/ry  Aeenjr/xen  a(  (Ac  frewous  /nee/tny- 

Pcsa/rcZ  7Aa(  (Ae  *crZ  \Secon</'/A  t, Ac  A'/n(A  GXsuse 
O  .  of  :Ac  £)'-Ahrs  Ac  s/rtc/cn  ou(,  anZ  (Ac  iron/  ‘ZA/h/'ic 
mscrM tn  /(sf/aee,  anZ  (Ae  f/yure  "£’  Ac  s/r/oXen 
ouc  anZ  /.  Jo  *  Ac  snser(cZ/n  /ZsyAAtce,  so  ( Aa(  (Ac 
t/nejer  Ao/Ztny  (Ac  Mnnua/  ZMeeMny  sAa//  Ac  (Ac 
(A/raZ  7jesaay  op  /Mty  tn  coco  year  on/  (Ac  /tour 
sAa//  Ac  /.Jo  PM  (Aus  ntaX/ny  /A/s  c/ausc  reo</ as 


r7tie  Atnnua/  ZfteeZ/ny  y  (Ac  S(ocX- 
Ao/cfcrs  sAa//  Se  Ae/t/ on  (Ac  7A/rZ 
Tuesc/y  of  /7fay  An  eocAjear  at  • 
(AeyArtnc/Aa/  of/t'ce  o/ (Ae  6omfoy, 

/Vert  V/Z/aye,  /VZ,  a(  /  Jo  AM.e/e.  e(e.‘ 

7/te  Pee  s/Zen  (  rey&ar(ec( t/>a(  on  account  o*  (Ac  /aye 
s/ocX  of  Ccnrco(  ( Aen  co  Aetna/,  (Aa(  (Ae  Z/onZ  z/z  not  o/craZe 
j'r<un  “*ne  /j  /*  ‘a  2J’f-  ,?,J‘  °AS0  s(a(ct /  (nut  //  nos  (Ac  entent/ao 
to  Ztscan(/nuc  monu'oc(urt'ny  o/ era  (sons  on  t/uf  a",  s*ani//*, 
7Ae  Pr cst/rnt  a/so  reyAor/eZ a  near yraZuatcZ  **oye  Sca/c,  tr/tcA 
fiat/ Aeen  fu(/n(a  e//ec(  as  of  Zone  /*/y/j,  Carer/ny  /Ae  Hayes 
of  (Ac  sa/esnan,  A,  tvA/cA  (Ay  oAZotn  an  exirnr  sa/ory  o(  (Ae 
ensf  of  (Ac year,  frottZeZ  (Ac  Zo(a/ sAftrcnts  on  account  cf 
tAcir  orZers  arc  tn  excess  of  so,  ooo  Aarre/s fey  ear.  rAcjsroct- 
^taieZ  sea/e  is  asf'o//otvst—  -  A,. 

i.  .  /or  sAtfnmts  y  SB'Ooc  AA/sferycar  -  f/saoa fermoniA  - 

■  i  .-  -  AO'Ooo  -  -  -  .  —  /Acoo  -  ■ » . 

I..  .  .  /  -  -  tyaoa  -  .  - 

for  sAji/xsnis  of  /  AAioe/yeor  -  t  Zocoo JScr  monlA 

’Aer  Aus/ness,  tne  toeet/ 

<o  A-A)  seoone/ef,  erers  etefourree/. 


etiry  Secretory 

,  AsfAsneS  meetiny  of  tAe  fioon/offi/rectms  of 
Tfif  fct/son  fbrtfane/  Gcmmt  GonySony,  Ac// if  tAe  £a'/son 
LoAoraiery,  Oranye,  A.  A,  7Aurs/sy,  OctoAer  £*.  ry/j. 

7%rro  e/r/r present  tocssrs  Ajf.-son,  -SAeAneroine, 
6noct  A.  /.  /Aomfson,  t/fton./?. W/ory  onf /f  £  tort/er. 
ffir  £i//son  pSres/e/ect  of  tAe  meei/ny . 

A$e  m/nutes  of  tAeyArer.oue  mect/ny  y*  \Arne  ittt, 
Here  reerf  on  a/  on  mo  Aon  </j^  SCeonfeo',  ercrs  cy/rorc/ 

jtie  /reosurrns  rcfort,  sAonnny  o  cost  AoAtnct  on  : 

SiftemAer  iyit  .f  tjs.soo./o  nos  reof  am/oySfrorcf. 

7^e  fivs/c/ent  mot/e  a  statement  as  to  tAe  cono'/f/on 
of  sA/y/menrsfor  tAefeon  /y/j  os  exunySorcc/  /v/tA fArenews 
jeoAf,one/ states'  t oat  tAe  exyienence  of  tA/sjeor  Aoc/ sAonn 
tAai  our  sf/es  ary  on/ sat/ an  /s  treat  /n  (Ae  Aarx/Any  c-"  /a/ye 
Contracts,  on e/  recommenatfat  tAxt  tAc  Gomyiony  enoaye  tAe  SCr- 
v/ces  cf  Air.  (feorye  3  Sorf/eti,  trAo  As  notv  emyi/oye/ &y  tAc 
t/nirerso/  fiori/orx/  Gemeni  Go- An  fromoi/ny  concrete  roofs, 
/TJr.  Sorf/tit  to  te -given  tAe  tri/e  of  ’Asets font  to 
fires  ie/eni  ’  antf  toe  alei/e:  io  Sc  to  oss/e  t  our  so/esmen  m 
h/crf/Ap  uA  force  Contracts  one/ e/a  rrAaterer  e/se  Ae  con  to  Ae^A 
/ncreose  our  fo/ume  ef  sAy6ments,On(/ os  A/s  teerf  tv/ff  Ae 
fayef  iAai  of y&rcmoAen.  A/s  ser/ory  are/ expenses  are  to  Ae 
cAoryef  oyo/nst  our  fie/vert/siny  Oy^Areyir/at/on.  After  tAe 
matter  a /as  fAorcuoA/r  e/iscussee/,  tne^fo/forviny  resofut/on 
nos  offeree/  Ay  /?. ?r.  <5 rone,  secon/sf  Ay  /nr.  SAe/mcrf/ne, 

One/ corrief  uno/e/maeis/ye- 

/? esa/refi  /not  tAe  flresifsnf  Ae  aufAar/see/  to 
enysje  tAe  serr/ces  of  tor.  (/corps  S  Sart/eti  ’ 

7/7  ere-  Ae/ry  neijlirrfer  Aus/ness,  tAe  mect/r/y. 

On  mot/on  afu^  seeonfse/,  exfe/urnef. 

A  v  •  AZMe,  A- 

•  •  S?cS'f7/ Secre&r, 

/Dtnuies  ftrie  fiefteirr  Dlcetinj  of  trie  triaoejtf 
Directors  a'  7ril  £JtCcn  flrt/onJ  Gem-ni  Gbmtoy  Ae/t 
at  trie  Cjfice  of  trie  Gsmjrionf,  at  £ctis»n  tariorai/y,  O/vyr,  A  V., 
Purs</y:  Oetctvr  Jo*  /jrrj.. 

T^cre  wm present  fflcssrs.  £<//sonl  Jrierireratoe,  J.  1. 
7rior,ri;w>,  Dye,  UJUny/M/oy-'  ft  £  Mi/er  V  0)e o/o«  croft, 
fftr  Gfison  fin  crJrJ  c£  t/e  mcrttnjf 
’  i  rfc  minutes  of  tic yl/fr/cv*  mee6'y  we/e  ft*/,  Qnd  on 

met  ton  </u/jf  jeco/tyat,  ivttv  ojbjbtovej, 

trie  Peasunri  refri.  jriournj  a  cost  ria/arec  «  y- 
Chicirr  if*  of  Joliet  if,  *as  reaj  onJ  c  n/rre/f/oorj  co fi/e 

After  a  trienuji  Dseass/oa  os  to  tie  sarit  ffo/jer 
tyrj,  iAefo/A. I*y  metier)  was  marie  if  Air.  •Srie/mrA/iric,  Sivoot-t 
if  Air.  Aye:- 

/ffWolve-J,  that  m  appropriation  ef  ‘.wo  cents 
per  barrel  be  used  ndveriisin^.* 
tries  motion  ms  carried  wuMr^, 

Ufan  rnotieo  tf  Air.  Jic/mertM,  o«Wr-/  if  Air.  jf, 
trier, ^sen,  trie fo/tamy  r*e  (ten  was  CarniJ  ueMionrsf. 

‘Resoueo,  tbit  ibt  ef  ibe  President  be 
increased  to  Twelee  Tnoacjnd  Dollars  per 

otter  d*/f  SPCcnfeJ,  *vc ra  amount*/. 

ir  'fttj .  ySecratayr 

fMec/inj  of  tfe  Scan/  cf  Areo/rs  <d  *Af  C/ricrr 
Port/inJ  Sr nent  Sarfany,  fie//  Trues  JzV' xraee  li't 
/J,J,  at  O^k  /W,  At* a//  Ad. 

There  htm  Srcseet  /flours.  SAe/mer/ino,  /Soanes  A.  Thn/scn, 


/hr.  /fla/tiry  creti/e/ at  (Ae  meeine. 

.  /fl/nates  of  tr.e  meetiry  d  /fly  t/1  I,  ere  rto/  ant  uycn 

Mtitn  t/uSf  ieecn/e/  Men  yin  ret  ant  j/Vc/w'  i/acea  on^ie. 

The  Ireasareri  n/ert  oictdy  arx-iece  cn  Aae/zedee 
t/t*  d  read  ant  era'eret  i/acra '  eef/ri. 

Asi/naiicn  cf  iflr.  yf  £•  7ne/ryAson,  O/rectcr  eaj  acec/it 
on  meiicn  ef  /flr.  Aer/,  Seconded  Of  Air.  CAs/mer/ine  an/ Mr.  Snarree 
C/isen  waso.eete/a  D./ectcr/n  nis  //see. 

/ne  resynaAen  e/'  /flr.  \J.  /•  rncnysm  to  /Tee  dreei/rnt 
On  /entice  cf  Mr.  tflr/i "er,  Secrn/e/  iy  file,  fie//,  Mas  acec/tc/  an/ Mr. 
•Sht/nerAnc  mjj  ei’esh/ re  nisy/tee.  teinf  neyreder  tu/neas  of,n  /rcticr,  a'o^r  seccn /s/ 
tit  /eerier  Mu  a/  caret/  ,  . 

Acting  Ctcreta/ft 

'f  a  BLia-Ixix^  of  di*.  booed 
Ellison  PoillnnJl  CrntnV  Go,  ktU  altht 
•}  /KibVCnMvjQ.  ,Y\  J,  on  Pr'tAa^.Fab.U.f)  \* 

>r«\e.n(  ItUoit*.  Ihornab  A.Uinon.  SMmtrJ 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Directors  Minutes  (1916-1920)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  meetings  of  the  board  of  directors  for 
the  period  May  1916-June  1920.  The  pages  are  numbered,  but  the  sequence 
of  numbers  is  irregular.  Approximately  130  pages  have  been  used. 



Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Stockholders  Minutes  (1899-1915)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  stockholders'  meetings  for  the  period 
June  1 899-May  1915.  Preceding  the  minutes  is  a  letter  from  Edison  of  May  1 9, 
1908,  concerning  the  assignment  of  patent  rights,  along  with  a  copy  of  the 
minutes  of  the  incorporators'  meeting  of  June  8,  1899.  The  pages  are 
unnumbered.  Approximately  300  pages  have  been  used. 

ho  Board  of  Directors  of  this  Cory  any  bo 
uvcn  each  3hure  of  tho  capital  stock  of 
m.-.lor  of  forty  shares,  (boinj  ths  arxunt 
ay  hoL-ins  business)  tho  par  value  thoreof, 

jrer  on  demand. _ _ _ _ 

iractors  *oro  authorized  to  issue  the  stock 
3  extent  of  Two  thousand  Dollars  ($2000) 
joon  as  paid  for  by  the  sd'scribers,  in 

:ondod,  it  was 

it  in  ctnplianco  with  tho  laws  of  the  State 
sosynny  have  ana  continuously  caintain  a 
place  of  business  w  thin  the  Stute  of  New 

hat,  tho  capital  stock  of 
isod  to  $11,000,000,  of  shich 
ivido>i  into  180,000  shares 
2,000,000  shall  bo  preferred 
f  tho  pur  viduo  of  $50. each; 
t  tho  Board  of  Directors 
o  curvy  tho  foro^oin^  rasolu- 
thoy  shall  doom  most  advan- 

Orange,  K.  J.,  Vbj  14th.  1900.' 

To  Stockholdors  cf  the  Edison  Portland  caient  Co. 

Tha  1-111  is  new  in  course  of  construction  at  Stewarta7ille, 

Ron  Jersey,  five  miles  Rcrthoast  cf  Easton,  rormaylvenia,  ai.d  is 
on  tho  Polaucre,  Lackawanna  ft  Western  R.R.  It  is  in  a  Valley 
about  tliroe-quartora  of  a  uilo  -vide.  The  mountains  on  either  side 
consist  cf  Gneiss  rock;  the  principal  part  of  tho  Volley  is  of 
Uegnesia  Litustctia,  cr  Ro^iite,  vliich  lays  against  tho  Gneiss  rock 
of  tlio  mountains.  In  the  c outer  cf  the  Valley  is  a  core  of  client 
rock  and  a  l.-yor  cf  fessiliferous  limestone.  The  cement  rock  is  of 
tie  usual  cliaracter,  lev  in  macnosia,  and  doficlont  in  line,  so 
that  a  percent  cf  linoetono  is  required  to  trine  it  to  tho  proper  ‘ 
assay  for  producing  a  good  ceuant.  Tho  width  of  tiie  linosteno  ia 
CO  foot;  the  width  of  t!ie  ctaont  j  ock  is  GOO  feet,  all  between 
vails  cf  dolomite,  {oeo  aketch  #1.)  The  linaotono  assay  about  93u 
oarbonato.  Tha  peculiarity  of  this  doposit  iB  that  it  stands 
nearly  vortical  and  for  tno  alios  has  tie  same  width  and  is  in  a 
straight  lino.  All  other  Ceaer.t  Plants  in  tills  region  work  on 
deposits  noarly  flat,  with  the  limestone  underneath  so  that  it  can 
never  be  available,  lianoe  they  are  compelled  to  haul  thoir  liioe- 
stone  fraa  distant  localities  aid  ;-ay  for  it  in  some  casos  fully 
$1.25  por  ton.  - 

The  c ament  rock  in  tho  Eastern  States  whore  all  tha  dry 
Ceaont  Kills  are  eituatod,  is  of  the  sene  goologioal  age  and  laid 
down  at  approximately  t,he  sane  tire,  but  tho  mount  of  ^ilica, 
^Alusina  and  line  varies  fraa  top  tc  bottom,  hence  the  peawwt  I  tills 
7sxo  tcSo^^uo^sadvanticp  of  havirg;  to  contend  with  a  constantly 
varying  character  of  rock. 

Know ir«  those  disadvnntieos  we  sought  by  prosj<octire,  a  con¬ 
dition  where  tha  rock  should  stand  vertical  so  that  the  limestone, 
instead- of  being  several  hundred  foot  below  and  unavailable,  should 
be  thrown  19  find  at  tho  asne  tine  *isre  the  stratifications  of  tho 
c (iiant  rocki  so  the  mining  could  be  alor^  tho  lines  of  stratifica¬ 

tion,  (ah.otch  /2,)  and  not  at  rij^it  angles,  (e.<otch  #3,)  lienpo  the 
assay  will  be  practically  constant  if  the  linos  aro  followed. 

After  sinkii*;  about  two  miles  of  test  pits,  this  condition 
was  found  in  a  pineh  of  the  Valley  at  Stowartsville.  We  wore 
also  vary  dosirous  of  uairg  nodorn  store  dicvols  for  mining  and  tho 

conditions  found  at  Stevartovillo  are  ideal  for  ahovel  mining. 

7;i0  Cumpmiy  has  secured  all  of  tho  lands  (about  600  acres; 
where  the  shove  conditions  obtain  and  tho  amount  cosily  mined  is 
iblly  75  million  tens.  Tpe  works  are  on  a  plot  of  t7-ound  of  46 
acres;  tho  ground  is  flat.  .  The  mill  ia  built  on  a  straight  line 
end  will  be  2, '<00  feat  lor*>  A  brpad  gauge  Railway  runs  fran  the 
iaill  te  the  querry  9,000  feet  away.  Two  stoats  shovels,  each  weigh- 
inc  195,000  pounds  are  on  tho  ground}  one  for  tho  limestone  and 
ono  for  the  ccnent  rock.  The  reck  is  blasted  out  ord  on  to  the 
stratification  and  will  follow  tlie  linos  of  equal  assay. 

Our  stem  shovels  are  up  to  date,  and  can  eprt  do  losd  a  7  ton 
skip  in  -  l"l/&  minutes,  of  rock  of  5  ton  piAoes  and  mailer.  The 
amount  of  rock  a  eteaa  shovel  will  load  in  ten  hours  dopends  upon 
the  height  of  the  rorkirg  face  of  the  quarry  and  the  method  employed; 
on  a  sido  Mil  quarry,  at  Edison,  n.  J.,  there  lias  hoen  loaded 
1,300  tons  in  soven  hours.  In  a  through  cut,  850  tons  a  dv  ie  * 
fair  averse,  but  more  cm  be  done,  Wo  oxpoot  to  nine  anti  deliver 
to  tho  Cruslier  1,500  tons  of  oonont  rook  end  line  stone  in  tan 
hours,  at  a  cost  not  exceed!*;  ton  (1C)  cents  per  ten.  Tills  in¬ 
cludes  repairs  to  shovels,  drills,  railway,  loccmrtivo,  oars,  skips, 
air  conprosBor,  fuol,  supplies,  dyrunlto  and  sinking  fund  for  death 
of  machinery  no  longer  repairable.  0  .  ' 

T?e  havo  purchased  our  Engines  Vrcn  Allis  Go.,  Kilwnukos,  Tie. 
on  a  guarantee  of  13-1/S  pound  of  water  psr  indicated  horse  poser, 
and  have  placed  orders  for  e5>out  7.T?  of' tha  other  necessary  machin¬ 
ery;  tho  Ermines  aro  to  bp  dsllvored  in  August,  and  tha  othor 
mac  line ry  July  to  Octobor. 

Te  have  nearly  ample  ted  the  Railroad  from  mill  site  te  quarry, 
and  have  started  upon  the  found atien  for  the  various  taildlngs* 


We  havo  alto  completed  a  Vachino  Shop,  which  it  fully  equip¬ 
ped,  and  in  which  ve  er>ect  to  do  a  considerable  proportion  of  the 
nooossary  machine  work,  buying  tlie  eaatirQU 

All  tho  machinery  will  bo  put  on  rook  foundation  whero  posii- 
blo,  and  uhero  not  poasiblo  it  will  be  put.  on  separate  tteol  colirra 
which  will  be  independent  of  the  builaire«» 

The  buiiuinr.a  are  used  only  to  keep  out  the  weather  mri  will 
be  of  tho  li:/iteat  ateel  construction,  with  ooorttnted  roof  and 
aidoet  ly  this  neons  wo  will  have  cheap  construction. 

We  are  buildiry  at  !rr.  >’dison*s  Laboratory  a  conploto  turner, 
or.  which  there  will  be  several  charges  ov«r  oxist inc  burners,  and 
which  we  believe  will  greatly  incroasc  tha  output  per  lamer  and 
,  utka  a  nore  uniform  quality  of  clinker:  on  present  'errors  the 
regulation  ie  made  by  an  Attendant  on  each  burner  whr,  by  exper¬ 
ience,  juices  the  heat  and  renilate*  tho  ccnditiena,  with  result 
that  sonatinas  the  clinker  is  undenximt  and  at  others  it  is  over- 
cunit.  . 

!>.  Prison  not  only  expects  to  increase  tho  output  per  Himer 
very  considerably  over  what  is  beire  dono  at  present  on  existing 
burners,  l«t  also  oxpecte  to  reduco  the  mount  of  fuel  necessary 
per  barrel,  as  well  aa  to  make  a  vory  mifem  proauot. 

We  have  arranged  for  a  competent  trcineorinc  and  nochsnical 
fence  at  Stcwartsvillo,  and  are  pushing  tho  work  as  fast  as  we  cm 
with  tho  .’  atari id  in  hsid. 

The  Treasurer’s  report  is  herewith  subaltted. 


— o —  . 

S’.mary  of  Accounts,  Kry  1st.  1900 


Frtn  Stockholdaro  £197000 

Interest  on  Bank  Deposit  to.  $3760,21  ^ 

I.ess  intorost  allcrwod  cn 

anvance  psynonta  '  43.82  3716; 

Total  Kocoipts.  “5300716, 


RlrSTHr  revenue  Stanps 

Cert: floats  rooks  Ac.  $12219.95 

Kipau nos,  Poglatration, 

-rjunwo  Ac.  11415.C2  ' 

Experiments,  Plans,  Pat  tame  ' 

Construction,  Equipment  to.,  to.  130874.97 

Oenorrt  Lands,  Pailroad  tracks 
•  Total  Distant, 

Orange,  V.  J.  April  30th.  1901.  I 

Vr.  It.  K.  Sholraerdina,  President,  .  ■  J-,' 

The  Edison  Portloid  Cement  Co.,  .  ;  | 

Philadelphia,  Pa.  | 

Dear  alrj  | 

1  her,  herewith  to  hand  you  blue-print  of  our  Works  at  | 

Stevertavillo,  %  J.,  the  original  plana  arid  estlnates  ware  for  a  | 

plant  having  aeapacity  of  four  thousand  barrela  per  day,  but  dim  |jj 

progressed  with  the  dosifpilng  of  the  work,  It  was  fbund  we  could  j| 

construct  for  less  money  thm  originally  contemplated,  aid  It  was  jfj 

decided  to  constrxt  aa  much  as  possible  for  a. capacity  of  ton  thou-  I 

sand  barrels  par  day  for  the  following  reaaonat  I  1 

KlnS7.  In  vie*  of  the  very  much  less  cost  per  barrel  of  output.  fj 
SiVXrO.  In  vie*  of  .the  much  smaller  investment  and  doprecie-  j| 

tion  per  barrel  of  output.  fc 

t?e  therefore  desired  the  plait  for  a  capacity  of  ten  thoueand  I 

barrela  par  day,  and  have  built  a  large  part  of  it  to  that  capacity*  p 

and  have  so  arraiy^ed  the  plana  that  the  other  portion,  having  at  | 

firat  a  mailer  capacity,  can  o  asily  bo  increaaod  to  the  full  oapa-  || 

.  city  of  tan  thouaand  barrels  par  day,  without  in  any  wiy  charglrs;  K 

that  portion  that  ia  nc*  built  full  capacity  or  materially  interfto*  •:  || 

ing  *ith  the  operaticn  of  the  plant.  I  an  sure  the  future  will  “■  || 

prove  the  wisdom  of  this  to  every  etockholdor,  gf 

The  price  of  cement,  in  ay  opinion,  must  cons  down  offiisldor-  pj 

ably  from  present  market  ratee,  whoi  thj  consumption  will  be  anor-  S 

rnouuly  increased,  and  by  having  oup  plmt  built  for  tan  thouaaid  p 

barrels  per  day,  we  will  be  enabled  to  make  cement  at  a  oost  par 
barrel  far  below  our  firat  eatinate,  and  pannit  us  to  sake  a  veiy  jfe- 

hondeama  profit  when  all  existing  plmta  are  selling  below  their  || 

coots.  The  estimate  given  you  of  the  rest  per  barrel  based  on  «  H 

output  of  tan  thouaaid  barrels  par  day,  ia  conservative,  end  to  it  pj 
you  son  add  for  -contingencies  whatever  you  think  atqnla.  K 

In  tha  blue-print  1  send  you  of  the  pint,  the  rad  aeotlana  K 

are  those  that  havo  a  capacity  of  10,000  barrela  per  dayt  a  lu9  : 



part  of  thlo  i.  finished  including  the  Railroad  ,rxl  filing  Stock, 
Quany,  SU«  Shovel.,  Tatar  Pork,  and  I'aaonry,  also  Ian*  adiine.-y 
and  S-rin.a  no*  in  place.  This  represents  the  lariat  portion  of 
tho  total  into atnant.  Tha  yellow  aoctiona  ere  thoao  haring  a 
capacity  of  forty-fiio  hundrad  barrels  par  da?,  xhich  1*  tha  ssonnt 
»o  shall  bolld  to  conr.aot  trith  tho  red  .action,  aid  tha  dotted  linea, 
In  oonnoction  with  tha  yellow  aoctiona,  show  the  slzaa  of  tha  hiild- 
ingB  whan  they  ar»  brought  to  full  eapmily. 

Yearsvery  truly, 

Thomas  A.  Sdisoru 

1-ny  lot.  ItSl. 

Vr.  Th,  H.  Khotardir.o,  ^resident,  . 

Tho  Kdlasn  Portland  rasant  0©., 

miedalphio,  Ptw 

Doer  «Sru  . 

1  beg  to  herewith  aubait  the  foil  cuing  report  corarfre 
tho  c snat notion  cork  of  tho  Sdlcsn  Portion!  Ceaant  ftascsuy,  far 
tha  year  ending  M«y  1st,  1901* 

QOAHHT.  A  atcra  «horel  cut  has  bom  rads  into  the  quarry 
and  haa  baan  ran  esroas  tha  voino  of  oartonsto  of  lima  aid  into  tha 
cemant  rock,  and  a  curs*  haa  been  started  Into  tha  oartonst®,  riant 
22000  cubic  yard*  of  earth  aid  B40C0  cutrifl  yards  of  rook  liaw  be® 
removed j  teat  pita  ham  been  dag  cures o  tha  lino  of  tho  lireostona 
aid  oooant  rock  fbr  a  diotanea  of  firs  hundred  feat,  (vein  to  cheat 
600  ft.  ai do)  end  aenplco  hero  bom  analyzed  aid  results  a hen  a 
width  of  oeoant  rock  of  aororol  hundred  feet  that  requires  tha  addi¬ 
tion  of  a  very  snail  percent  ego  of  linseatono  to  Doha  proper  prapaiv 
tiona ;  in  feat,  a  ceneidoroble  quantity  of  the  c Grant  rock  la  prsa- 
tioally  perfect,  ta  we  feel  safe  in  stating  that  our  cbpaait  of  res 
material  ia  the  boat  yet  found  in  tha  otmsrrt  diatriot.  The  ad  rent  gM 
fbr  working  it  1?  steal  shovoln  hare  already  been  explained  in  a 
pnerioua  report. 

TAHDS  AID  HAICTATS.  8  l/%  adles  of  bread  gauge  railroad  with 
63?  rail  o  has  boot  laid,  including  16  switches.  DO  hare  bailt  t*S 
bribes,  one  of  otoal*  the  cthsr  of  wood  aid  the  railroad  la  ocelots 
aid  in  fine  anditien, 

HtCAVATlORS  AID  ORADIDB.  About  42,000  cubia  yerda  ef  excare- 
tloaa  hare  been  nsdo;  all  excavations  are  ccaplated  except  far 
•■sent  stock  hoots  aid  coal  houzs,  which  aeasnt  to  about  2S00  cubic 


About  26.303  cubie  yards  ef  grading  haa  bean  fini&sd  mi  there 
rwalns  ebzat  2»QP0  outdo  yards  yet  to  Is  dene  ca  seat  es  tha  brdld- 
iqgs  era  On&hed. 

SASfTOT.  Absot  16,000  oubds  yards  ef  eassay  barn  been  laid, 
alee  riaat  8,839  eablo  yarda  ef  eaacrata.  Thera  Id  about  ISO  ysrSa  ' 


y  and  5C0  yards  ocncrete  yet  to  do,  which  has  been  delayed 
on  account  of  failure  to  got  stool, 

SATE}  SOT  .CYSTS!.  A  rosonrcir  with  capacity  of  about  3,000,00C  j 
gallons  has  been  built;  6,600  feet  of  pipe,  largely  12  ani  14*  diarieter 
haa  been  laid  and  1,500  feot  of  6*  pipe  is  ready  to  put  in  place  in  { 

■  ri 

tiainel  soon  as  structural  supports  aro  ready.  A  2,500,000  gallon  ; 
Worthington  oloctric  pump,  with  building,  intake,  ete.,  haa  been 
placed  at  tho  rchatcGng  creek  fer  supplying  tho  reservoir,  and  a  ' 
dam  built  which  will  store  about  1,000,000  gallons.  The  flow  of  >| 

the  stress  has  been  moasurad  at  its  lowest  point  and  found  to  supply 

more  than  ie  necessary  for  the  needs  of  the  plant.  A  ditch  1500  "-'j 

foot  lorg.  haa  bean  dug  to  tako  caro  o  f  th  e  natural  drainage  of  tho  ; 
Mill  sits.  ''I 


CRUSH.©.  The  crusher  heuse  is  ccnpletod;  the  machinery  ;V;' 

ia  completed  except  putting  on  crushirv  plates  and  installing  the  ,-J 
iso  tore, 

.  D3YJB  JiOuSR,  The  building  '.s  completed,  except  a  few 
details,  p 

POCK  STOCK  HOC. IX,  The  building  is  completed;  the  con- 
voyors  aro  in  place  er.d  only  the  bslt  end  motors  are  necessary;  ;  .vi 
these  are  being  put  in, 

-0DSS.  The  HiUdir.*-  is  ccnplotod;  weir-king  bins  | 

and  mixing  heppar  are  completed  and  in  placo;  only  tho  scales  and  ■* 

floor ir.-^  aro  to  be  put  in.  h 

S-ALL  POCK  STOCK  HOC. S3,  The  building  is  nearly  ccnplotod; 
it  will  require  about  three  days  work  to  finish  it,  part  is  left  -  h 
open  fer  convenience  in  getting  in  the  machinery,  j  It 

CUKKSH  STOCK  KO'JSS,  The  mildirg  is  fraaed  and  cowered  ’/;<• 
with  ccrrugatod  iron. 

CLICKS?  Cn'iSHXH  KO'ISS.  The  buildirg  haa  not  yet  arrlwed; 
the  piera  for  machinery  haws  been  completed  and.  all  the  machinery  | 
ie  in  place  which  we  dare  eipoae  to  the  weather.  £3 

®TE5S  H0CSS  #1.  The  frame  of  the  building  ie  being  wrweted;  all 
englnei  foundations  ready,  Allis  erg ine  ia  ready  te  be  ast  up  sM8  • 
as  building  is  oefflplotad.  The  oentreatora  refused  to  erect  angina  'cl 

.  '  M 


exposed  to  the  weather. 

KIG113  HC11SX  #2.  The  building  is  completed  except  top  floor. 

The  Alii®  engine  ia  orected  except  the  light  parts  which  ore  on 

SHfrlXJ  H0TSS  #3.  The  building  ia  cocqiletod  except  top  floor, 
the  Allis  engine  ia  erected  except  li+.t  parts,  which  Controotor 
says  he  will  put  on  as  eocn  aa  Kb.  1  Engine  Elding  ia  erected. 

BOIL©  HOIJSS.  The  building  is  completed  and  tho  three,  500  3.  P. 
boilers  are  on  hand  sr.d  ero  b.oir.g  erected  by  ths  Contractor. 

■C0KV.W05S.  We  are  building  the  structural  parts  of  all  convey¬ 
ors  at  Stewartswille,  end  those  for  the  rock  crushing  part  of  tha 
plant  are  about  camlets  and  in  place;  others  are  being  made  md 
will  be  put  up  as  fast  as  steel  contractors  erect  buildings. 

The.  materiel  for  the  balance  of  tha  buildings  ia  promised  by  : 
July  1st.  next,  art  if  shipped  by  that  time  the  erection  of  tha 
buildir^a  should  be  caipletod  ir.  August.  Tha  delay  of  tho  buildings 
has  baen  the  seat  serious  matter  with  which  we  have  had  to  contend 
during  the  past  year  and  has  bocn  tho  chief  cause  cf  the  deity  in 
tho  completion  ef  tho  plant.  Part  cf  tho  extract  was  sublot  by 
tho  Contractor  to  another  Company  and  this  aub-Ccrapany  wre  put  in 
tho  hands  cf  a  Receiver,  which  made  mere  complications  anj  delays. 

Wo  have  had  a  representative  at  the  shops  cf  toth  Companies  ftr 
acme  time  end  receive  frequent  reports  on  tho  progress  of  the  work 
and  have  dene  everythin  possible  to  hasten  the  shipment  of  tho 
notorial.  Positive  promises  are  new.  made  that  tho  balance  cf  tho 
msterial  will  be  shipped  by  July  lat. 

ErUwlh'GS.  Wo  have  completed  during  th  o  past  year  1130  aaoaaihly 
and  detail  drawir^s.  This  does  r.ot  include  the  preliminary  sketches, 
of  which  there  are  a  an  Otises  fire  or  six  made  before  the  drawings 
are  atsrtod.  O 

TKST8.  Xvery  part  of  the  machinery  has  ba®  operated  and  felly 
testad  bafbrw  it  has  tsai  decided  to  pot  in  tho  plant,  and  by  this 
method  may  little  defeat*  here  been  OTorr**i» 

During  ths  year  o  system  of  separation  haa  bom  worked  eat 
which  doso  msj  with  fine  wsrwcne,  making  it  practical  t»  plaso  te 


tho  aertot  a  oars mt  of  which  over  98?  will  pa®»  through  ■  200  meah 
ooreen;  ona  unit  of  thia  ayataa  was  >>  lit  at  Orar.g>  and  about  8,000 
barrels  run  through  it  aa  a  teat,  with  result,  that  about  95?  of  the 
finishod  preSset  would  pass  a  200  mesh  aorean. 

Tfi£it3  OW  now  bring  nsde  on  the  full  siso  rotary  cement  ldln  at 
Ora&y,  tho  cool,  lixaatono  and  oonont  rock  has  been  ground  ready 
fBr  tho  teat;  tho  machine  for  projection  of  the  fuel  is  being  tostod 
and  perfected:  the  draught,  spsod  and  power  data  has  bean  obtained 
and  fire  will  bo  train  started  tomorrow  and  teat  continued  until 

IK  GS’JKAL.  Owing  to  the  very  open  "intar  we  hare  been  able  to 
carry  along  tho  excavations  and  masonry  work  almost  without  cessa¬ 
tion:  all  the  work  of  this  character  haa  been  done  >y  the  Company's 
foreee  at  a  ooat  conaidarably  less  than  the  figured  tendered  by 
outside  contractors. 

This  usy  cf  doing  the  work  has  another  feature  to  recomand 
it,  in  that  the  nill  being  such  an  absol  .te  departure  from  exiating 
Bill  dasifna,  md  with  unavoidable  delsya,  there  would  certainly 
hare  been  friction  end  expense  between  the  Compery  md  any  c attrac¬ 
tor,  Thia  appliea  with  equal  force  to  the  construction  of  much  of 
the  special  wachinery. 

Tho  work  aa  a  whole  ia  .going  forward  at  a  fairly  rapid  rat*, 
with  the  exception  of  the  construction  of  the  mill  builninga,  and 
wo  have  reason  to  believe  that  these  will  be  pushed  by  the  contrac¬ 
tor  froa  thia  time  on. 

Very  respectfully  your*, 

V.  S.  Nailery, 

Vic*-?rw  aidant. 

REPOST  of  the  Board  of  Director*  of  Ihs  Edison 
Portland  Ce-iant  Company  presented  at  th«i  annual  Booting  hold  in 
Caadon,  How  Jorney,  April  14th,  1903. 

Your  director*  hog  to  iubicit  the  following  report  of 
the  operation*  of  the  Corqmry  to  April  let,  1903  : 

Since  dnto  of  laat  report  tho  work  of  development  end 
coni  •.mot  ion  ha*  been  continued.  The  length  of  time  required  and 
expenditure  hare  boon  /^oatly  in  exceee  of  ell  expectation*,  many 
difficulties  and  disappointment*  hating  hlndkfrod  tho  progross  of 
tho  work.  The  plant  was  practically  completed  during  the  early 
part  of  the  present  year,  and  after  various  adjustments  have  boon 
made,  the  nnnufaeturo  of  cement  was  comnnced  and  the  product  waa 
steadily  increasing,  when  all  operations  were  abruptly  stopped  by 
a  disastrous  fire  which  occurred  on  March  2nd.  The  result  of  this 
firs,  olthci^j  involving  a  loss  estimated  at  lesB  than  415,000, 
was  most  distressing  on  account  of  the  loss  of  lifo  which  ensued. 

The  following  is  an  itemised  report  from  the  Asaiatant  Manager  at 
the  works  : 

*At  the  quarry  two  steam-shovel  cuts  havs  been  opened, 
•one  into  the  limestone  and  the  other  into  the  cement  rock. 

•Owing  to  tho  fire  in  the  coal  plant,  work  is  suspended  at  tho 
•quarry  hut  can  be  resumed  any  time  on  short  notioe.  During 
••ho  latter  part  of  last  sunnier  the  machinery  in  tho  Crusher 
•plant  was  ready  aid  operations  were  started  aider  the  personal 
•direction*  of  Mr.  Edison-  Running  testa  were  made,  and  whore 
•satisfactory  results  were  not  obtained  such  changes  as  Beemsd 
•neossBary  were  made,'"‘thon  tests  were  repeated  and  continued 
•until  the  results  desired  were  obtained  i  -This. policy  was 
•pursued  with  the  dryer,  rook  stockTS^fe0  grinding  and  1 
•blower  house  #1  plants,  and  very  many  of  th*  problem*  were 
■worked  out  satisfactorily. 

•The  teats  and  changes  in  tha  plants  chore  mentioned 
•oooupled  the  ties  up  to  shout  the  middle  of  October,  at  which 
•time  we  reached  the  Biln  plant. 

•After  the  firnt  teat  was  nnde  on  the  kiln,  it  ms 
•decided  to  change  the  apparatus  at  both  ends  of  the  kiln,  those 
•changes  taking  until  the  latter  part  of  December.  About 
•January  1st  wo  started  to  run  one  kiln  regularly,  and  the 
•latter  part  of  January  the  second  one  was  started.  At  first 
•the  product  was  about  20  barrels  per  hour.  This  was  increased 
•from  time  to  time  until  we  reochod  30  barrels  por  hour,  and  at 
•the  time  of  tha  fire  we  had  a  teat  under  way  on  one  of  the 
•kilns  which  indicated  a  largsr  output  per  hour  could  bo  obtain¬ 
ed  from  eaoh  kiln.  The  coal  consultation  per  barrel  of  cement 
•ia  less  than  75  pounds.  Wo  believe  that  there  are  otill 
■possibilities  of  greater  output  and  lower  coal  oonoumption. 

•As  eoon  os  we  had  clinker,  testa  ware  node  on  tho 
•clinker  crushing  and  clinker  grinding  plants,  and  the  same 
•policy  was  followed  as  already  stated  in  connection  with  the 
•other  plants;  and  at  tha  tins  of  the  fire  wo  wore  making 
•steady  progress  throughout  ths  entire  plant. 

•Complete  rocordo  have  been  kept  of  all  t.>*i  troubles 
■that  havo  caused  loss  of  time  and  output,  ani  from  thass 
■records  and  our  experience,  we  wore  hard  at  work  trying  to  cut 
•out  tho  troubles  that  cauaod  greatest  lose  of  time. 

To  hare  made  about  15,000  barrels  of  commit  and  have 
•on  hand  olinker  which  will  make  shout  15,000  barrels  sure. 

•This  clinker  will  be  ground  into  oorant  as  soon  as  changes  are 
•completed  in  the  clinker  grinding  plant. 

•On  Varoh  2nd  between  five  and  six  o'clock  P.V.  we  had 
•a  fire  in  our  coal  plant,  in  whioh  a  mnher  of  our  men  wers 
•killod  end  injured.  Six  wore  killed  outrigit.  anl  three, 
•including  oar  Hanagar,  Kr.  K.  A.  Darling,  died  subsequently. 

•Six  other  men  were  burned  and  sent  either  to  ths  hospital  at 

2  ' 

Kaaton  or  to  their  hoass.  Of  thoss  six  only  two  remain  in  the 
hospital;  tho  others  are  either  at  work  cr  will  report  for 
duty  very  shortly.  We  expsot  the  two  can  in  the  hospital  will 
soon  return  to  work. 

•We  havo  undor  way  the  rebuilding  of  the  ooal  plant, 
and,  to  eavo  time,  we  have  purchased  standard  ball  aid  tube 
mills  for  grinding  oo&l.  So  ore  pushing  tho  work  as  rapidly 
as  possible.  We  are  also  taking  advantage  of  ths  shut-down  to 
meko  suoh  changes  througiout  the  ontire  plant  whioh,  from  our 
experience  and  rocordo,  we  believe  will  greatly  facilitate  tha 
operations  when  wo  again  start  up.* 

It  will  bo  seen  from  the  above  report  that  the  plant 
provious  to  tho  fire  was  practically  oonqtleted,  and  after  nooeseory 
adjustments  would  havo  boen  oapable  by  this  time  of  produoing  about 
1500  barrols  of  oomont  por  day,  and  your  dirootors  are  satisfied 
that  tho  maohinery  and  prooesses  are  more  ooonomlcal  than  thoss 
heretofore  employed  in  the  Cement  business,  ani  it  is  expocted 
that  wh6n  the  plant  shall  again  he  ready  to  start  up  thie  will  ho 
practically  demonetratod . 

Tho  cost  of  building  ths  plant  has  been  more  than 
double  the  original  estimate*.  Tho  original  subscriptions  to  tho 
preforred  atook  amounted  to  $1,000, 000.  Subsequently  the  stock¬ 
holders  were  asked  to  auhecribe  to  $400,000  additional  stock,  hut 
practically  no  responses  were  reosived,  and  tho  money  had  to  bo 
obtained  through  underwriters  and  bankers  at  an  expense  in  stock 
amounting  to  $103,400.00.  It  had  been  hoped  that  this  sum  Wiuld 
be  sufficient  to  cosplete  the  plant,  hut  in  this  again  the  direct¬ 
ors  were  disappointed.  On  account  of  the  incomplete  condition  of 
the  plant  it  was  ispossihle  to  seotjre  additional  capital  from  the 
stock-holders  or  from  banks,  and  the  directors,  personally,  cos- 
menoed  making  advance,  to  the  Company,  anl  these  advances  now 

araoun*,  to  $253, M3  J51,  and  it  ia  probable  that  unlasa  othar  atook-  ^ 
holders  ahall  cons  to  their  oaalotance  the  directora  nay  bo  ooo-  r>  S 
polled  to  carry  theae  loona  until  other  financial  arrangemsnto  can  'J 

bo  casploted.  Ths  direotora  appeal  to  interoatod  atook-holdora  to  4 

join  than  in  carrying  the  Company,  an  all  atock-holdera  are  A 

intorootod  to  a  pro  rata  extent  of  thoir  holdinga  in  carrying  (ho  1 

Colony  along  until  ita  earning  capacity  can  be  eatabliahed.  ^  j 

The  loot  report  aubmittod  to  the  atock-holdera  in-  ,'jl 

eluded  the  following  figures  :  | 

Rboeipta .  $342,510.43 

Expenditures .  B61.345.72 

Loaring  a  balance  of .  81,164.71 

Since  that  dato  tho  receipts  hare  been  $1,042,452.37.  The  dia- 
buraeeisntB  for  construction,  interaot,  eto.  haro  boon  $1,034,314.85 
Balance  on  hand  April  1st,  1903,  $8,137.52.  Tho  itemised  re¬ 
capitulation  ia  aa  follows  : 


Prom  Stockholders . $1,424,500.00 

*  Votes  and  Loans - ....  468,208.76 

•  Interest .  8,310.43 

*  Cement  asads .  2.778.90  $1,903,798.09 


For  Construction . $1,872,679.80 

•  Interest .  19,495.29 

Ledger  a/o  Receivable - ...  3.485.48  $1.895,660.57 

Balance  on  hand  April  1st,  1903  $  8,137.52 

It  is  obrious  from  the  above  that  additional  capita 
oust  he  provided,  and  your  direotora  here  unanimously  decided  that 
the  only  feasible  method  of  securing  the  noeeaeary  capita  is  by 
tho  placing  of  a  cartage  upon  ths  plant  and  the  ia  suing  of  bonder 

and  they  recotnxond  that  ths  atook -holders  eholl  authorise  an  issue 
not  exceeding  $1,500,000  upon  euoh  terras  en,  in  ths  Judgmsnt  of  tha 
directora,  may  be  for  tho  beat  intoresta  of  the  Colony.  It  la 
estimated  that  about  $600,000  of  the  amount  thus  to  be  raised  will 
he  required  to  plaoe  the  Company  out  of  debt  upon  cospletion  of 
the  present  plant,  and  that  the  balanoo  will  be  required  to  in¬ 
crease  the  capacity  of  tho  plant  to  5000  barrels  par  day  and  to 
furnish  working  capita.  It  is  only  by  the  production  of  a  largjs 
output  -  which  will  enable  economical  production  -  that  tha  works 
can  be  made  very  profitable.  The  balance  of  the  amount  to  he 
raised  will  ba  required  for  working  capita. 

In  conclusion,  your  direotora  wish  to  state  that  thay, 
in  comson  with  all  other  atock-holdera,  hose  been  ouch  disappointed 
on  account  of  the  long  delay  and  large  investment  required  to 
complete  tho  plant.  They  have  given  much  of  thoir  tine  and  have 
made  sacrifices  in  providing  funds  required  fay  tha  Company,  but 
thay  aro  still  of  the  opinion  that  when  carried  to  final  comploticn 
tho  works  will  produce  cement  of  tho  highaot  quality  at  minimum 
coat,  and  believe  that  the  enterprise  sill  yet  prove  to  be  success¬ 
ful  and  that  final  results  will  hear  out  foraer  estimates  of 

Your  direotors  wish  to  place  upon  record  thoir  Borrow 
caused  by  tho  sad  death  of  '<r.  Darling  and  hia  associates.  «r. 
Barling  had  proved  himself  to  be  most  efficient,  zealous  and  of 
ths  highest  integrity,  and  his  death  io  to  he  greatly  deplored, 
and  his  loss  will  ho  keenly  felt  by  ths  Cotqjsiy. 

Respectfully  submitted,  - 

Philadelphia,  April  9,  1903. 


land  Ceoo ut  Company  uroson 
Camden  on  Hay  10th,  1504. 

Beard  of  Director: 
od  at  it3  annual  : 

sating  hold  in 

‘four  directors  beg  to  report  that  the  plant  cf  the 
Company,  which  was  damaged  'ey  fire  in  March,  1503,  was  again  put  in 
operation  in  October  of  that  year  and  was  operated  for  about  three 
months.  Various  adjustments  and  minor  alterations  wore  necessary, 
anil  tho  largest  production  was  fer  the  DOnth  of  November,  when  the 
output  was  C9 -‘M  barrels.  (Total  production  for  1503  was  about 
50,000  barrels).  These  operations  demonstrated  that  with  two 
kilns  the  plant  can  produce  from  1C00  to  1500  barrels  per  day. 

Mr.  Sdison  states  that  each  kiln  should  he  capable  of  producing 
an  avorags  of  TOO  barrels  per  day. 

As  previously  seated,  the  plant  i3  dosignod  for  an 
ultimata  capacity  of  10,000  barrels  per  day,  ani  the  small  output, 
therefore,  is  necessarily  expensive  owing  to  the  fixed  expenses 
which  must  be  divided  among  a  small  output,  arsd  c crone  eculd  r.ot 
be  produced  for  less  than  $1.00  per  barrol,  which  during  pit  past 
winter  was  highor  than  tho  avert;?  price  at  which  it  could  be  sold. 
It  had  not  boon  thought  wise,  however,  nor  were  the  funds  available 
to  increase  the  capacity  of  the  plant  until  a  sufficient  quantity 
of  coasnt  had  been  produced  and  marketed  to  demonstrate  its  satis¬ 
factory  quality.  About  50,000  barrels  of  cement  hare  been  placed 
upon  tho  market  and  subjected  to  the  cost  severe  tests,  having  been 
distributed  among  a  large  number  of  consumers,  to  be  used  in 
various  classes  of  work.  Tee  results  as  to  quality  have  been  asst 
gratifying,  and  it  i3  3afe  to  Btato  that  the  ndison  brand  of  cement 
is  superior  to  any  otter  brand  produced,  and  a  wide  market  is 
assured.  Tho  cost  of  the  plant  to  date  is  $2,435,049.00.  During 
the  period  of  c  obstruction  and  test',  -.ho  directors  cf  the  Company 
have  aaTanced  $349,735.30  without  security,  to  enable  tte  officers 
of  the  Company  to  complete  and  test  the  plant  an  presont  capacity, 
and  or.  April  let  tte  net  floating  debt  of  tho  Coup  any,  incltxiing 
eone  a anil  bills  and  notes  for  materials,  amounted  to  $920  765.42.  ‘ 
Acting  under  authority  givon  by  the  stockholders  at 
their  last  a.T.ual  mooting,  a  mortgage  for  $1,500,000.  haa  boon 

placed  upon  the  property  of  the  Company,  and  bonds  issued  to  that 
amount.  Tr.eae  bonds  aro  dated  April  1st,  1504,  nature  in  25  years 
and  boar  six  per  cent,  interest.  Under  data  of  February  13,  1904, a 
circular  letter  was  addressed  to  all  tho  stockholders,  offering 
these  bonds  for  sals  at  90  J§*  Op  to  the  present  tine  subscriptions 
havo  bean  received  for  664,000  bonds,  realising  $796,000.  Theeo 
subscriptions  havs  beer,  made  by  the  directors  end  by  Companies 
directly  rejrssontod  by  them,  other  stockholders  not  having  re¬ 

It  aoon  became  evident  that  in  order  to  realise  any 
considerable  profit,  the  capacity  of  tho  plant  had  to  be  increased, 
end  your  directors  instructed  the  Gonoral  Xtnager  to  preparo  plane 
and  specifications  and  proceed  to  instil  two  additional  kilns  with 
corresponding  machinery  so  as  to  increase  the  capacity  of  tte  plant 
to  2EOO  or  3000  barrels  tor  cay,  on  which  output  oven  at  present 
low  prices  of  cement  there  would  be  a  considerable  pirofit.  This 
increase  of  tre  plant  will  cost  about  $150,000,  mi  it  will  be 
necessary,  if  the  Company  is  to  be  free  fren  floating  debt,  that 
at  least  $200,000  additional  bonds  shall  be  sold,  and  tho  stock¬ 
holders  outside  of  the  Board  of  Directors  are  asked  to  subscribe 
fer  these  bonds. 

Tte  experimental  stags  having  beat  passed  and  the 
good  quality  of  the  cement  assured,  the  Cciqpany  has  every  prospect 
for  success  provided  it  ahall  now  be  financed  until  tte  larger 
capacity  car.  be  reached. 

I*8»3 S  8 

Bpblnaon  ?'ra.  Blanch# 

Hogers  F-noch  S. 

Hoas  lidaarH  J. 

Hoae  George 
Schtvolj  Aether  Hoc*.* 

Sehnatz  Suetere  T. 

Scattergooa  ~no:1“ 

Scheldt  Oeear  C, 

Seeds  Jacob  J. 

Serrlil  »s.  J. 

Shanbackar  Vary  'J. 

Shaw  ®n.  ?• 

ShcL-wnilne  Thornton  V. 
Sbelaardlne  Wi.  r.  -  ' 

Sibol  Vs.  H. 

Slsklne  Augona  S. 

SlaiUna  Sva  J. 

Siskins  Velaa  T . 

Slsler  J.  JaTl* 

Slinr  Paul  A. 

Snlta  Hobart  J. 

Salih  S.  UacCuen 
Southey  C.o. 

Sparks  i'aitle  X  • 

Stanlfortn  ‘-ana  V. 

Stint  5a.  H. 

Suuclee  fta.  L.  Trjatae  for  | 
Supplee  K.  Ursia 

Suppleo  Vs.  L. 

Taylor  Florence  H. 

Tarry  Chat.  T. 

Thompson  J.  Linton 
Ujoapaan  J.*« 

.  6 

60  50  l'W 

100  300  400  ' 

20  60  80 

360  350 

10  30  40 

1038  1176  2214  ' 

100  100 

100  300  400 

100  200  300 

830  830 

60  20  80 

10  10 

2813  10801  13614  - 

10  10  20 

1  2  3 

12  24  36 

1  2  ,  3 

100  125  $25 

Tl  112  183 

100  10° 

60  150  200 

150  150 

100  100  200 

20  20 

-  20  20 

'  166  166  332 

;  83  83  166 

84  84 

56  * 

100  200  300 

|  Thomson  Hobort  H.  / 
j  Thomson  "ho a.  H. 

.!  Thoapscn  7.  V'aacn 
j  Thuraton  Franb  5. 

|  Tomserc  B.F.  Jr. 

"]  Toma  and  H.b. 

Tomaa  na  Susan  3. 
Tunnel 1  F.V. 

Una  S.a. 

7an  Ball  Henry 
Tlllara  Farold  0. 

I  HbuiBortn  Herbert  A. 

|  Jailer  Janas  5. 

j  Jarren  Ar.hur  F. 

|  barren  5a.  Appleton 

j  t'arxlck  Cbas.  F. 

j  Vents  George  H«, 

jt  Jieand  Franklin  0.  Jr. 

|  White  Harry 

|  Wilson  H.H. 

|  axiaon  George  B. 

|  Wilson  Janes  C. 

5  Wolbert  Cha*.  a. 

6  Hood  Hufue  K. 

Joodaan  Valter  I. 


--  1526 

H  121 











,  325 



=•'"  6 



3902  5428 

100  200 

2000  2600 

700  1100 

100  200 

200  400 

•100  400 

100  100 

1000  2150 

5  10 

80  no 

92  92 

30  60 

300  300 

404  729 

5  5 

100  200 

316  549 

12  10 

60  80 

136  351 

g  i  £ 


Offices,  Charter,  Rot.  Stvqpo,  etc.  $95,350.64 
Kxperinonta  A  Plans,  Kodela.etc.  135,168.89 
Hill  Ksehinery,  Bldgs. .Quarries, etc. 1£16, 697 .59 
Real  Estate, Tarda  A  Railways  267,520.22 
Pay  Roll  Kot  Distributed  &  8.760.0L 

Leas  cec*nt  cade  chile 


Expanded  for  Constructing 
Underwriting, Bond, Disc. A  Int. 
Insurance, Int. A  Taxes 
Store  Rood  Stock 
Operating  crer  Credits 







Ledger  Accounts 
Cash  Balances 

feed it  Side: 
Preferred  Capital  Stock 
Bonds  Sold 
Bills  Payable 
Scrap  and  Pans 
Ledger  Accounts 


_ 10,608.94 






_ 21.Bq.74 


te  hold  unpaid  Touchers  not  included  ir.  abowe 

*  14,107.48 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Edison  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.  J., 

•kill  «nd  .bilur  conduct  the  Bcction  to  be  bell  tbit  d,,  lo,  I 

-d  ,hU  h  7  °,r 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Telegraph,  Freight,  and  Passenger  Station,  NET  VILLAGE,  N.  J. 

P.  O.  Address,  STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J, 

February  16,  1907. 

Notice  1,  hereby  glren  that  a  special  meeting  of  the 

E<“son  Poriiii'd  ce-ent  '-w  •«»  b.  heid  on 
Thursday,  the  28  day  of  February,  1907,  at  12  o'clock  noon,  at  the 
office  of  the  Coetpany,  No.  419  Market  Street,  Camden,  N«.  j.raey. 

said  meeting  the  stockholders  .ill  be  called  upon  to  take 
action  on  approral  or  dlsapproral  of  the  — -  • 


Rroferrofl  Sisyi 

Benton,  E.  S. 

EcniMcan,  lay?  B. 
BooHnirar,  0.  V. 
Bcat2ir&y<&,  CUPS.  B. 
Bsotirord,  Taco  0. 
BronfiMoa,  &•  1. 
Breeder,  7«s.  B. 

Broca,  EOary  P. 

Salt,  told,  E»q. 

D Kohler,  7.  7. 

Barracs,  Cha.  C. 
CcsgbeU,  KoSaeln  0.  - 

Cdjtooll,  rioffioW  8. 
Col&rall,  Bonrtoftta  C. 
Ca/srenter,  Vst.  H. 

Carr,  B.  7. 

Clartr,  ton*  M. 

Celle  toy,  Cfcso.'  X. 
Cell  la,  7.  X. 

Ooolt,  Charlotte  C. 
Cook,  Cfcarletto  H. 
CeoS,  Edgar  •. 

Cerr,  Bernard 
Crsao,  Huron  X. 
Crew/ord,  7c o.  0. 
Barling,  lasoU  ?. 
aamss,  7c9a 
tonal,  Korea*  X. 
Bari  £>  on,  7.  B. 
nUiaur,  toM  X. 

■  Xastocai' SsSBBSv.;- 

Esa  . 

Motoon,  Co.  H. 

*9  It  BrasSorty,  Hary  8. 

00  .  -  E£«y,  AMrcd  B. 

585  >  1;  tzttiir,  tollt  c. 

M  |  «fe».  X. 

to»r,  Hteteffd  B. 
ESlaen,  Cue’s  A. 
toleoo,  Esaaao  A.,  X 
Hsslaafcsn,  Poracll 
MMa,  7chu  ?. 

BUAs,  Oro.  w. 
tones,  Trjalngor 
i  E/re,  teoU  8. 
j  Mils,  Ire&rlal  A. 

S  Mioa,  B£*nr  8. 


iSaSsarea  fissaa 

119  2C0  JO? 

wea  ecs30  nm\ 

«M  tco 

,  ‘i  ITcnllln,  7esss 

£j  Oarrar,  0.  c arl 

[j  Oeraar,  Bernal  7. 

Otfecro,  B,  B. 

Oirerd  Srot  Ca. 

M  IN  [t 

■'I  to»,  too.  EoleoB. 
i  tot*®*.  Cfcno.  B. 
toots*,  quia 
toot*.,  BUXtaa  B. 
0rae°7.  Bay  Hasarco 
••tor,  t.  x. 


_■  --M  E^®3.  ®a.  *• 

^  ■  iv-|  ®«w8,-S?Ewa 

ty*H^  ■  SSisll  '• 

S  5  5  S  |  »  «  S  |  J  s  I 

§  as  |  a  *  § a 1 3 1 a  *  §  § « s 

8  gs  i  §  §  §  3  I  is  I  s  ills!  Bgi  Si  5  8  1  is  I  B  oB*  § 

It  wm  rogalnrly  »ot®4  end  sooondod  that  tin  follcoin* 
rtraclntlona  regarding  the  leauo  tr  eoracn  ntoefe  for  eortaln  pattata 
of  Hr.  thnjs  A.  EUeon  be  adopted,  end  the  uasa  rae  carried  by 
ballot,  £01,078  shares  bolng  octal  therefore. 

following  egroerento  in  roi 
Thorns  A.  Edison  |  cad  too 
by  veto  of  201,  S79  Sharon. 

tlon  duly  ooconded,  too  Board  of  Siren  torn  can 
ntruot  and  authorise  too  officers  to  esooote  the 
Etnto  in  regard  to  royalty  end  lloenoto  clth  Hr. 

too  cold  resolution  bus  BimnlitrJOly  earned 

Hr.  scattorgood  of  fa  rod  too  follculeg  resolution,  sl-lch  \ 
rao  duly  aecoaded,  that  too  Otocitooldnra  of  this  Cottony  hereby  end  \ 
tar  art  to  erpreoo  toolr  thernks  to  l£r.  Ehccua  A.  Bdloon  for  hlo  \ 

oatlutanoo  to  too  Colony  in  financing  echo  during  too  past  year, 
end  especially  in  enabling  too  Ccspsny  to  pay  its  dobto  to  lto 
directors  through  hlo  offer  to  turn  back  into  too  treasury  of  too 
Ccajony  too  $3,000,000.00  of  ooszeoo  otook  authorised  to  ba  leased 
at  too  last  annual  noting,  thick  oca  to  be  paid  hla  for  his  pateato. 

And  furthor  oitCicd  to  SKprtoa  the  toanSa  of  the  Btock- 
holders  to  these  Bireetora  oho  bare  naflo  cash  edsoacea  to  tha  ' 

Coarany  tu»d  era  silling  nos  to  accept  in  payssnt  thereof  toe 
preferred  otook  of  too  Coapony  si  to  a  beano  of  too  oharoa  of  oeama 

freight  ret*  of  30/  par  ton;  fonaarljr  w*  paid  fr oh  Croatooor 
Quarr7  6Q&  p»r  ton,  and  freo  th*  Anurlll*  quarries  60/  par  ton 
freight.  Th*  new  Quarry  and  Railroad  ara  In  oparetlon  and  are 
furnishing  us  a  high  quality  lloaatona,  afcloh  will  Rate  a  wary 
considerable  Baring  In  our  coats. 

Railing  prices  of  oerant  froa  January  to  about 
June,  1907,  war*  about  #1.00  par  barrel  not  f.o.b.  Mill,  and 

oonh  dlssconte  alleied  eust< 

your  bond^j^ld  cntsldo  of  the  Directors  warn  paid  in  each,  cod 
your  Sirootors  havo  taken  and  asreed  to  trka  olthar  etook  at  par 
or  notoa,  for  their  ooupcne,  Including  thooo  duo  April  lot,  l»Ofl. 

.1  At  your  loot  Heating  oration  wna  unde  of  nego¬ 

tiations  boles  told  between  the  Ceaent  Cocpanlon  of  tho  Boot  and 
Biot  olth  tho  intent  of  forSlca  a  national  association  te  Maintain 
soiling  prices  nndsr  a  patent  license,  and  at  that  tin*  tho  . 
presyeoto  ®oro  aoat  faxoroJilo  for  a  raocoaaful  ocnoluslea.  Then* 
negotlatlccs  continued  elth  aoro  or  Isas  success  until  August, 
nhen  thoy  received  gait#  a  sot-hack  so  for  as  tho  eastern  •  ebonies 
ocro  0 enceraoA.  In  ths  aaoatlso,  a  •geatlensn'o  agreazont*  was 
kept  In  effect  by  all  but  throo  of  tha  Easters  oceoanlo a,  hat  an 
thj  arrangcaent  develeped  uoithsr  tho  tsntlcaaa  nor  ths  agrceeunt. 
It  ran  decided  to  sign  a  ewplsaentary  agreanent,  under  uhleh  . 
prlooa  so  aid  ho  saintalned  uador  a  annoy  forfolt  end  tho  hacks 
of  aaoh  oMQenr  csralned  and  cheated  by  aa  arbitrator,  this  aaa 
fiaso  la  Janaary  last,  and  then  anothor  effort  au  talg  to  get 
the  Bhetera  oiunlee  te  eeo*  la  under  tho  patents,  hut  without 
swan  too.  to  B»y  lot  W*  the  nnlesatary  egroeaeat 


Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records 
Stockholders  Minutes  (1916-1920)  [photocopy] 

This  volume  contains  minutes  of  stockholders'  meetings  for  the  period 
April  1916-May  1920.  Some  of  the  pages  are  numbered,  but  the  sequence  of 
numbers  is  irregular.  Approximately  250  pages  have  been  used. 

this  data 



rffort  to  tewe  the  tees  returned  sen  presptly,  tewing  tha  gales 
■“  oot  oia*  fio  to  the  dialer a  but  to  the  larg*,  and  pel 
•ocally  mine  ttet  tha  ba«»  ore  bundles,  up  and  returned  to  us. 

In  spite  of  this  work,  our  Company  tea  boss  onapollod  to  purstesa 
a  largo  amount  of  baga  at  the  nlehe.t  price  it  has  ewer  bean  otm. 
polled  to  pay  for  tees,  this  being  necessary  to  enable  uo  to  send 
forward  our  shipments,  sad  area  at  the  peasant  hi  eh  prioos,  thors 
is  great  difficulty  in  sotting  proxpt  shipments,  so  it  tea  been 
nesotsaty  in  nan?  cases  to  haws  the  bags  coma  to  us  by  express. 

A  concerted  of fort  is  being  unde  by  all  the  accent 
■snufaotursrs  to  tty  and  introduce  tha  chippie  of  coasnt  In  bulk, 
os  thors  ars  Tory  on aj  oaass  where  this  can  bo  suflssssfully  dona. 

Tnaa  ss  resumed  manufacturing  operations  in  April, 
ISIS,  our  stock  of  osasnt  aooiaaulnted  rery  rapidly,  due  to  the  fssl 
ttet  se  did  not  haws  suffloisat  ordsrs  to  taka  ears  of  our  output, 
■ad  this  forced  US  to  go  Into  tho  market  and  miks  lev  prists  for 
Wit*  *  period,  so  to  mows  our  produot,  which  oaustd  our  ere  rags 

pries  far  19 U  to  te  iswsr  than  ttet  of  tha  wall  established  e<ms> 
psalM  who  had  teem  m  cootlnmsus  operation.  Dp  to  bay,  1017,  ws 
tert  tested  approximately  1.000,009  barrels,  which  till  repr scant 


Edison  Portland  Cement 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
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Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Coeditor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 
Helen  Endick 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editors 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Keith  A.  Nier 

Research  Associates 

Gregory  Jankunis 
Lorie  Stock 

Assistant  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 

Grace  Kurkowski 

Amy  Cohen 
Bethany  Jankunis 
Laura  Konrad 
Vishal  Nayak 

Student  Assistants 

Jessica  Rosenberg 
Stacey  Saelg 
Wojtek  Szymkowiak 
Matthew  Wosniak 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  1999  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University  •  ■ 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  or  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and  index  or  of 
the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  hi  any  form  by  any 
means — graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  includingphotocopying,  recordhigor  taping, 
or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of  Rutgers,  The  State 
University,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  hi  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  0-89093-703-6 

Q  £dU>oru  ?a 





Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Gregory  Jankunis 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Leslie  Fields 

Theresa  M.  Collins 
Gregory  Field 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Lorie  Stock 

Robert  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  Of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
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i  signature  used  with  permission  of  McGraw-Edisou  Company